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Bachelor Thesis template from thesis-template.com. I'm pretty new to Lyx and extended history, I would like to use it in order to write my Bachelor. Thesis within the next few months. As the terrorism essay, newbie I am - I've got some questions about different aspects, mostly. about a template I found online. Dresden at essay www.thesis-template.com I changed a lot according to my needs but. experienced some problems: there are no headlines at and religion the TOC and the following page. What do I have to. change in order to get headlines there as well? 2.) a) How can I change the appearance of various indexes (such as list of. figures, tables and abbreviations) in the TOC? Consider e.g. the bibtex-index: I can do a right-click and mark the checkbox and. it's listed. But what to do for the other indexes? b) Moreover, is it even possible to assign them a chapter number? Let's say my.
7th chapter is 'Indexes' containing list of figures at extended 7.1 and list of. abbreviations at 7.2 and kant thesis, so on. How to extended essay, achieve that? 3.) How to insert a non-breaking hyphen? Is there any better way than using. mbox? I read that there's a command for terrorism and religion, LaTeX ( -) or something similar. But. this one's not working in Lyx.
Suggestions anyone? Thanks in Advance and have a nice day. Re: Bachelor Thesis template from extended thesis-template.com. I'm pretty new to Lyx and essays and slavery, I would like to use it in order to write my Bachelor. Thesis within the next few months.
As the newbie I am - I've got some questions about different aspects, mostly. about essay a template I found online. Starting with the template: It has been published as a template for the TU. Dresden at www.thesis-template.com I changed a lot according to my needs but. experienced some problems: 1.) The whole document (excepting the title) should have headlines. But somehow. there are no headlines at the TOC and the following page. And Religion! What do I have to. change in order to get headlines there as well? 2.) a) How can I change the appearance of various indexes (such as list of. figures, tables and abbreviations) in the TOC? Consider e.g. the bibtex-index: I can do a right-click and mark the. it's listed.
But what to do for the other indexes? b) Moreover, is it even possible to assign them a chapter number? Let's say my. Essay History! 7th chapter is 'Indexes' containing list of figures at 7.1 and list of. Terrorism Essay! abbreviations at 7.2 and so on. How to achieve that? And finally just a minor problem - rather a question: 3.) How to insert a non-breaking hyphen? Is there any better way than using. mbox?
I read that there's a command for LaTeX ( -) or something similar. But. this one's not working in extended essay Lyx. Suggestions anyone? I would really appreciate if someone might help me on these problems. Thanks in Advance and have a nice day. Sunny regards from Berlin, Germany. I took only a quick look at the template and can not answer your. questions but wanted to give you some general advice. The template is. based on KOMA-Script, which has a very well written German manual, which I highly recommend. Many of your questions regarding. customization are KOMA-related questions in the end and for many of. What Is Enlightenment Thesis! them you will need to put LaTeX-code either in the preamble or via ERT.
The KOMA-handbook will help you to extended, find out, what code to put where. Berlin, then you might as well make your own template, based of. preferrable KOMA-Book or Memoir (rather than the standard classes). Simply start with the basic documents and slowly set up your document. the way you need it. Re: Bachelor Thesis template from thesis-template.com. preferrable KOMA-Book or Memoir (rather than the standard classes). Word Essay Equals How Many! don't have to learn all these LaTeX commands. But I'll try my best and have a. brief look at the KOMA Script documentation. to be some bug -- of course in front of the pc :-) Re: Bachelor Thesis template from thesis-template.com. Hi Maksi, thanks for your reply. preferrable KOMA-Book or Memoir (rather than the standard classes). that I don't have to learn all these LaTeX commands. Extended Essay History! But I'll try my. best and have a brief look at terrorism essay the KOMA Script documentation. Essay! this seams to kant, be some bug -- of course in front of the pc :-) (evil red text, i.e. raw LaTeX): Press Strg-L and insert appearing box. (This and a lot more about basic typograhic rules and. their implementation with LaTeX can be found in a PDF document: und ihre Umsetzung in LATEX.
3. Extended! September 2007. Re: Bachelor Thesis template from thesis-template.com. Back to the original questions: a non-breaking hyphen can be input as ERT. (evil red text, i.e. raw LaTeX): Press Strg-L and insert appearing box. (This and word, a lot more about history basic typograhic rules and. their implementation with LaTeX can be found in a PDF document: way to insert non-breaking hyphens, or in the terms of LyX a protected. hyphen. You can insert it by pressing Ctrl+Alt+-. More of those. commands can be found in the Insert-Special Character/Formatting. menu. So, don't ERTs for protected hyphens. Re: Bachelor Thesis template from natalie thesis-template.com.
commands can be found in the Insert-Special Character/Formatting. menu. So, don't ERTs for protected hyphens. find this shortcut neither the menu point (for non-breaking hyphen). But that's. History! good to know, thank you. Sat Essay Score 800! Here's a link to history, the document: thanks a lot, diefettenjahre. The KOMA forum entries helped me on this on what is enlightenment kant thesis (missing. parameter to ihead: The website is quite confusing. I found my biggest mistake.
The KOMA forum entries helped me on this on (missing. If you want to extended essay history, have headlines as well for the plain sides, you gotta add. parameter to ihead: Does anyone have a direct link to sat essay score 800, the coma docs? The website is quite confusing. History! template is using quite a lot of LaTeX to set up some individual stuff. Sat Essay 800! especially for TU (?) Dresden. Unless that look is history what you really, really want, you will have to score 800, change some things. And then it might. seem easier to start from scratch and build your own template (this way.
I learned a little bit about LaTeX) – that's what I meant with “having.
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How to extended, reboot/cold restart a Kindle. If you want to unfreeze your Kindle or restore the factory defaults, do the following: 1. Hold the power switch to the right for 20 seconds. 2. What Thesis. Press the extended history HOME button for sat essay score, 1 minute. Eventually you will see the extended screen to sat essay score, your right. 3. Extended Essay. Nine times out of ten just hitting the DEL button at this point will unfreeze your machine without having to lose all your files (please note, you can replace them later but it takes time and terrorism essay you will lose your notes, bookmarks, and settings). 4. If that doesn’t work you will have to restore the factory default settings by typing in essay history R E S E T. As soon as you hit the T it will reset.
That’s it. Please note that this is for the Kindle 3G + wifi 6 inch version. Have tried it and the tree screen does not come up! Desperate. Hi Eloisa, try it again and give it a couple of minutes.
It should work! If not, it might be a case of exchanging the one you’ve got. Contact amazon support. Thanks so much! My kindle wasn’t working at all. Right after I followed your instructions it was back to normal.
And even though i set it back to factory settings I had all my books back in under a minute. Score 800. Thanks! You are very welcome #128578; Dear Frank, I have tried to reset my grandaughters kindle as she cant remember the password and no joy. You cannot hold the on/off switch to the right, it does not have this option. Can you help please? Do you know which Kindle it is? Hey, Some idiot friends of mine were playing with my Kindel. Extended History. Apparently they “just turned it on” and sat essay score 800 then the extended screen went all crazy, but I noticed in astrology vs science some clearer parts of the screen that the essay Kindel was Reacting underneath the messed up picture… What do I do. Unfortunately I’ve not seen that before in natalie a Kindle (cameras yes) and extended I hate to say it, but it sounds like your friends (or another cause) may have damaged the what kant thesis screen.
I could be wrong though so I would advise calling or messaging Amazon support direct to see if they have experience of this. Let us know how you get on. I have the exact problem as you. Extended Essay. It was not caused by is enlightenment, friends. History. I used it one day and the next time the screen was half clear but the what Kindle is reacting? Did you find a solution? Great, thanks for sharing this blog article.Really looking forward to read more.
Will read on… HAH! This worked…!! Ironically, it froze on an amazon.com page :o) My screen froze during an experiment when I tried to access net radio via google on my new Kindle. Your suggestions worked like a dream. Thanks heaps and if you like any of my pewter art works let me know and I will do you a deal. Glad it worked for you Belle.
You too Anthony – if I ever need a new chess set I’ll know where to come. #128578; Does it wokr for kindle 3? Sadly none of that above worked for me. My kindle 3 screen just stayed blank. History. So, I took of the back cover with much effort and unscrewed the two screws holding the battery to the motherboard terminal and removed the battery and let it wait for a few minutes. Screwed the battery in again and the green led stayed lit as I put it back together. There was a pic on the screen like above except there was no password section or text on essays on christianity and slavery the bottom. There was a progress bar in the bottom though. After a few minutes the screen changed to the default dude under the tree and turning on it worked fine.
All my books where on there and checking that my current book was at the same section I was sure that everything was back to normal. Drastic last ditch effort before sending off back to Amazon. I am in extended essay history an asian backwater country at word the moment and history sending it off to get serviced is the probably the same as buying a new one and having to word essay equals, pay double for it because of customs. Pat. That sounds like your battery removal technique worked.
Thanks for the feedback. Enjoy your trip. Essay. Personally those Asian backwaters are some of my fave places on the planet. Patacuk’s method worked for me. Vs Science. I am in the Peace Corps in essay Azerbaijan and what is enlightenment I didn’t have the history option to take it into a store. Getting a replacement would have been a long process, as I have never seen in Kindle even in the capital of Azerbaijan.
I thought nothing would ever work, but Patacuk is a wizard. Dessay Illness. I carefully pried off the back cover of my Kindle. I used the end of a nail file because it has to be something thin enough to fit in the slots on the side of the extended Kindle case. Then, I used the screwdriver that I use to repair my glasses to unscrew the battery. Tiny screws so you will need something small to essay, fit in the tiny notches in the screw head. Then I lifted out the battery. I ate a quick lunch, then put the batter back in place and screwed the battery back in. Extended History. Once the terrorism essay batteries were tightly in place, my screen “became” unfrozen on history its own and I was on essays on christianity and slavery my “Home” page listing all my book titles. Thanks, Patacuk. Extended. Good luck to word essay how many, those whose screen is extended frozen!
Thank you so much.. my Kindle wouldn’t turn on, despite it having been almost fully charged the night before. Your instructions worked wonderfully! how long does it take to natalie illness, start the kindle, i did follow the instructions above and my kindle is under the recovery mode, am wondering if got frozen again or something,. I did follow the extended essay history 4th option but my kindle hangs and froze on the loading page and become unresponsive again. could you please advise me what I’ll do with my kindle, it’s kind of memorable and I really don’t want to lose the unit… hope to hear from you soon sir. Essay. Thanks… Hmm, hi Riacel. Not had that one before. It usually takes a few minutes to restart with steps 1-3, and then with any hard reset (step 4) it’ll take slightly longer.
So be patient, and extended essay history when everything looks like when it came form the factory you’re done – although minus the files – but you can re-download/sync these. It’s been a while since I’ve done it on what is enlightenment mine so I can’t give you an exact time. You may well lose your bookmarks/notes with the hard reset however. I started using kindle for editing purposes but stopped because of this. I hope this helps, let us know how you get on. Thanks so much! My wife’s Kindle did not completely freeze, but it would not access the restart menu. Your instructions worked like a charm! You are very welcome Tim, glad I could be of help!
I fixed my Kindle – using the drastic way of patcatuk! First I tried all other ways, then I e-mailed amazon, got the use of an “expert” who wrote to me telling it was a hardware problem and I would have to ship the history Kindle to score 800, amazon. Essay History. My Kindle had, however, just passed the one-year-warranty, so that would be expensive. That’s what I call planned obsolescence! It was difficult getting the astrology Kindle (“last generation”) apart, but with patience and a thin table knife, I got it done.
The rest – unscrewing the essay battery and is enlightenment waiting, and putting the Kindle together – was easy, and now the Kindle works! THANK YOU! I have the same problem- my screen froze, and it won’t reboot. It happen a year and a month after purchase, so no warranty replacement applies. T took out my battery, and screen is still as it was- frozen with vertical lines. put battery back, nothing happen. Took it out again. Anyone have more ideas how to bring it to live? Well, I guess mine is just dead broken, and will have to essay, buy a next one. But I’m so pissed off, that it broke down just after its warranty expired! Many thanks: 20 sec + 60 sec + del worked on an original “vanilla” Kindle. Hey, glad it worked for you John.
I love my vanilla kindle! OH MY GOSH! Thank you so much for giving this information, I was in the middle of checking my wattpad for how many reads I got and my kindle froze. I just want to score, say you are an absolute life saver! thanks again! Please Frank what is a vanilla kindle? Mine kindle was purchased several years ago and essay I don’t know what model it is. It just calls itself amazonkindle and has a tree logo. Hi Pamela, by natalie, vanilla Kindle I just meant the standard flavour Kindle.
AHHHh this doesn’t work and the night before it did and when i woke up it was frozen. Hi Karina, I’m not following you. You tried it, it worked, and then stopped working, is that right? No I restarted it last night and then the extended screen was still frozen so now I don’t know what to do about it and I don’t want to 800, go pay to get it done. Have you tried the instructions in the article above Karina? you’ll need to extended essay history, re-download all your files afterwards mind you. But the above is what I had to do in a similar situation.It’s been working ever since (touch wood). Greetings, tried all your suggestions, mine is still frozen at essays on christianity the load up screen…Please help. Hi Enrique, only just saw this. Have you had any joy with your Kindle yet?
Yeah me too. This sucks! Hi Alison, probs worth repeating the history above steps carefully, just to make sure. If it still doesn’t work contact the amazon support people for your country via the website. Essays. They are very helpful and will often replace the unit – either no quibbles if under warranty or for a reduced cost if outside warranty. Thank you Frank, it worked a treat. I could see my books listed but when I opened them I just got blank pages, no words. I followed your instructions and just pressing del worked, I didn’t have to reset. Thank you again, You are very welcome Claire, so glad it worked for essay history, you! #128578; Just took your great advice on 2000 how to extended, reset my frozen kindle after spending hours scrawling through the dessay kindle site for troubleshooting..followed your instructions on holding the off button for 20secs and then the history home page icon for 1 minute, worked a treat, restarted perfectly without loosing any prior downloads,just received all my new downloads that I had thought I lost..whole process took a couple of equals how many, minutes..fantastic, thank you, thank you..much appreciated.
Great to extended history, hear from you Martina – glad it worked!! Thanks for this, very very helpful. Dessay. Just unfrozen my daughters device. History. I appreciate your help! Very happy to hear that Helen. Is Enlightenment Kant. Glad I could help. Sadly my little one smashed my screen with a musical ball the other morning. Happily, Amazon replaced the whole unit half price, as it was outside warranty. Essay History. Apparently they’ll replace it gratis if it is still under warranty. Happy days!
Thankyou for this information was very useful and will use this in the future #128578; The reset steps worked.But I lost all my programs,books,games,etc. The reset program worked fine. But I lost all my books,games,etc.How do I get my I info back? Hi Bob, just hit the ‘syn and essays on christianity check new items’ link in the menu, or go to amazon and redownload via the ‘manage my kindle’ link. For local files just retransfer thru your kindle email address or via usb, hope that helps. Sorry, ‘sync and check for new items’. what can I do, if this steps dosn?t work and essay history kindle is still freez? #128577; Best thing to sat essay score, do is extended essay contact Amazon support in your country. Equals. Just go to the website and you can either email or request a call back.
I’ve found them v.helpful in the past. Let us know how you get on. OMG. This worked my Kindle wasnot working for 1 month and essay history now it is. 2000 Word Essay How Many. It feels so good to finally use my Kindle. Thanks. Extended. ):):):):)=D. I love that response, thank you Liza, glad I could help you get your books back! My kindle suddenly stopped working. I followed your instructions and it still is not working….what am I doing wrong? Please help!
Best to sat essay, contact Amazon support services by going to your country’s Amazon website, it may be something more troublesome. They are very helpful, and, if it’s still under warranty, Amazon support will often offer a replacement, if out of warranty, a reduction on a replacement. Let us know how you get on. Worked just like you said. Thank you very much for spreading your knowledge. This worked like a charm! I’m so relieved! Thank you!! Smiles for miles! You are most welcome #128578;
Hi. History. I followed your directions to the letter and my Kindle still did not respond. I spilled ice tea on and slavery both my Kindle 3 (wifi+3G) and my mp3 player last night. I called Amazon customer support and they could offer no help except to replace it for extended, $75.00 due to it being out of warranty and 2000 word equals I do not have the essay history money right now for it. I have taken the is enlightenment thesis Kindle apart to inspect it and upon inspection there doesn’t seem to be any evidence of extended essay history, stickiness from the ice tea from it. I have tried soft resetting, hard resetting, factory resetting, and your resetting suggestions as well.
I do not have a container big enough to house it with rice nor a Ziploc bag at this time. Idk don’t what to do at this point and I am devastated because I am not in a position to what thesis, replace this. I am desperate. Essay. I love my Kindle, I love reading, and in fact, spent a majority of the time when I am not at my 7 hour a day job reading. Do you have any suggestions at all for me please?
Thank you sooooo very much for essay, taking the time to extended history, read this and I appreciate it. Have a great day! Sounds like you’ve covered all the bases there. If you have a phone with a kindle app on I’d suggest using that for now. When my Kindle was killed by a small child and dessay a ball recently that’s what I did until I got my out-of-warranty replacement. I hated the extended essay idea initially but actually the reader is pretty good. Or borrow an old computer from dessay natalie someone, lots of people have them banging about. Extended. I’m sure I’ve got an old laptop you could have if you were local. You could try the rice/zip lock bag techniques in the mean time – I’ve never used them myself. Terrorism Essay. A washing up bowl or cheap bucket would do it no? Or simply leave it somewhere dry and warm for a few days.
There’s no guarantee with these techniques because even tho the innards might be dry you can’t tell whether something dry permanently damaged in the first downpour. Let us know what you try, and what works! Sorry I can’t be of more help. My querie is history not about score a frozen screen but wondered if you could help. I seem to have disabled my cookies and extended now I cannot access my mail, google etc on my kindle 3g and wifi. do you know how to enable them again. Your help would be greatly appreciated. My kindle screen has lines all over it. Also i have tried restarting several ways but they have not worked. What should i do. Definitely one for word how many pages, the Amazon support people, see the contact methods above. Sounds like more than software I’m afraid.
Please let us know what they say, thanks, F. My Kindle 3G wireless keyboard crapped out on me after 1.5 years of babying it: vertical and horizontal lines, after just only a year. As soon as I told Kindle Support about essay history this, they basically wrote off my device. They are willing to sell you a new one for $65 plus shipping. They love to essays, tell you that “there is no way to override the system, it’s not possible to extended history, provide you with a replacement device”. I would NOT buy another one if my life depended on it!
They are lots of essay equals how many, negative reviews, this is clearly a common problem and they company does not stand behind its product. Good comment Maria, what are other reader’s experiences? Thanks much for the info. I needed to reset to extended, factory in order to sell. On Christianity And Slavery. this was the only place i could find the info. Thanks Bryan. Glad I could help! Hi…I have recently installed a screensavers hack but cant work out how to essay history, get new screensavers on astrology vs science my kindle 3g…now i wish i hadnt done it!! how can i get it off? if i take it back to factory settings would that work..will i lose my books and extended history would i have to re-register the kindle?….I need help please. If you take it back to the factory settings it’ll be exactly as you had it when it was delivered. You won’t have any books on there, however all your book purchases are on your ‘manage your kindle’ page on essay amazon and you can re-download them all from there. If you sync your kindle they also appear as an ‘archive’ and essay you can re-download from there also.
To be honest I can’t remember if you have to re-register or not. And Slavery. If you do it’s not difficult. If you have any personal documents or annotations on existing files that you want to keep then you’d need to history, back them up first. For annotation files that’s the corresponding yourbookname.mbp file in the docs folder on your kindle, just copy it to your machine with the word how many pages book file. Hope that helps? #128578; Thanks, Frank! Travelling next week and did not want to lose my travelling companion! Worked beautifully! And thank you Barb, always great to essay history, hear! #128578; Excellent advice. Locked up in wifi mode.I was looking for a hole for score, a reset button,but then googled your page and it cleared exactly as you describe.Many thanks.
Very glad to hear it Gavin, thanks for letting me know and happy reading! Hi Frank, my kindle 3G had half a page frozen, Amazon will not repair or replace as warranty has finished, i have completed step four and history have got the recovery mode page, i was wondering how long this lasts? Also the bottom of the recovery page still appears shaded/ frozen does that mean it may not recover? Fingers crossed in anticipation! Thanks . Hmmm.
Half a page frozen sounds like it might be something to do with the screen rather than the software/operating system in which case I would get on essays to amazon support and ask them how to extended essay, replace the screen, they should then say they don’t do that and offer you a replacement model for 2000 word how many pages, 50% of retail. Is the frozen half-screen carried over across all screens? For example is it still frozen no matter which screen you’re on, book page, screen saver, etc? If so, then it is most likely a small crack or an essay history impact that has damaged the is enlightenment display underneath. Just reading your query again, “the bottom of the recovery page still appears shaded/ frozen”, this indicates that there is physical damage to it if the screen isn’t clearing. I would get on extended essay history to the support guys as above. Let me know how you get on! F. i cannot get my kindle wi-fi to stay on. i charged it, and then turned it off and now i cannot get it to come back on. please help. i have only had it since may. thanks so much. I had this problem just the other week, here’s what I did: You shut down Kindle Keyboard by sliding and holding the power button for five seconds.
The LED light will blink three times. Wait for the screen to go blank, then release the terrorism and religion essay power button. That’s it. It’s called a soft reset and that seemed to sort out all the wifi connectivity problems on my machine (mine wouldn’t recognize any wifi connection and would only connected via 3G). Let me know if that works. I’ll write this up as a proper post with pix at extended the earliest opportunity just for astrology vs science essay, you. Hi Frank, I have a kindle, it’s the one without a keyboard and you have to press the extended essay keyboard button before you can start to type.
Last night it said it needed charging so I plugged it in dessay and left it to power up all night. This morning I tried to switch it on and it still has the symbol of an uncharged battery, USB cable and a lighting strike. Any ideas what I should do? There are a few versions without a keyboard, the history best starting point is to go to the support website, select your model and see if there’s a solution there. If not, pop back here and sat essay score 800 I’ll see if I can help further #128578; I have attempted your instructions and get to the screen where you have to type in R E S E T. My problem is, that the extended history kindle by this point is unresponsive and so it wont let me type anything in and therefore wont reset. I do a soft reboot and everything works for about 30 seconds before freezing. Any suggestions? First, I’d make sure the Kindle is sat essay fully charged and essay history then try again. If that doesn’t work try downloading the thesis latest software from either here if you’re in the US or here if you’re in the UK. For other international amazon sites, just replace the .com in this address: http://www.amazon.co.uk/kindlesoftwareupdates with a .de .es. it. etc.
If the essay history above doesn’t work then you’ll have to contact amazon support direct as there may be others issues. Let us know how you get on. Spilled water on what kant thesis Kindle 3. Let it dry and now everything is extended working except the select button in the 5-way controller which makes my kindle useless. Replaced the terrorism essay midboard. No help. Out of warranty and far away from US (Israel). Any suggestions? Apart from using the menu to jump chapters nothing immediately springs to mind.
You could try out the essay solutions for laptop keyboards here: http://www.wikihow.com/Save-a-Laptop-from-Liquid-Damage. Have you called/mailed/IMed the support bods to see if they have any solutions? I’d be surprised if they don’t have regular calls about this. I’m just about to sat essay 800, have the roof ripped off my office so will mull it over. My son spilt water on my kindle and now when im reading it, it will start changing pages. What to do? Main thing is give it time to dry out fully, somewhere well ventilated but warm for essay, preference.
If you get condensation on electrical equipment for example, it can take a few days to dry properly. I had a problem wherein I tried to essays on christianity, go back to Factory Default via my Settings. Now the Kindle’s screen is frozen while starting up. Extended History. It has the tree, the sat essay boy and a message that says, “Please wait a moment while your Kindle starts up.” It’s taking hours. How long would a factory default startup normally be? Hi, it should only take a few minutes in essay total.
Make sure it’s fully charged then re-try. just returned from a 2 weeks-holiday. After 1 week my Kindle went dead. Could’nt reset anymore. Disaster! read your advise, it worked. The Kindle screensaverpage did’nt appear but I was able to type in and religion essay reset. Peter from Holland. So glad it worked for you Peter #128578; Thanks for letting me know!
about 2 months ago I tried to reset my Kindle Keyboard 3G. With your assistance it worked. Now it went dead again. This time your reset does’nt work. The Tree screensaver does’nt appear, I can’t type anything. I removed the backsite, unscrewed the essay history battery, replaced it again, but no luck. Is the sat essay score device ready for the carbagebin? Greetings from Holland, It might well be Peter. Is it still in warranty?
If so, you should be able to get a replacement by calling amazon support. If not, ring ’em up, ask for essay, options for fixing and they’ll usually give you 50% discount on essays and slavery a replacement. I hope that helps! thank you so much – I have rebooted my kindle successfully thanka to your instructions x. my kindle has “Collecting information. May take a min.” what should i do to make it work? Please help! Hi, I’m out of office so can’t check this one out. Let us know what you’ll find and I’ll check it when back. Thanks so much it worked great and Kindle is up and running! Wish I had seen this before I tried taking the back cover off, but it all turned out, thanks for the information! Thank You!
Kindle is alive after typing RESET #128578; Thank you so much! It was frozen on a webpage but you could still see the wifi connection, battery life, and time. Tried resetting it several times to essay history, no avail. This way finally worked #128578; Thank you so much! Now my kindle is terrorism working. Hello there.
I have pretty much the same problem as many others. Extended Essay. A frozen screen showing the reader under a tree. Plus there’s also a progress bar stuck somewhere. How the progress bar came up, I’ve no idea. Just found it that way in the morning a few days ago. I tried to remove and replace the battery but the display didn’t go blank or anything. Just stayed the 800 way it was. Another problem is that when I connect the charger, the orange light comes on for a few seconds and then goes off. Essay. The 20 sec + 60 sec + DEL method didn’t work either.
Amazons earlier declared it as defective and promptly offered a new one at a discount. HELP! Hi Nick, if you’ve removed the battery, replaced it, and then it’s still unresponsive it probably is defective I’m afraid as there may well be no power getting to word essay equals pages, the screen to rearrange e-ink. Amazon often offer either 50% discount on a replacement when out of warranty or a full replacement if still under warranty. I hope that helps? Thank you Frank. I did contact Amazon about the extended essay history problem. They were quick to kant thesis, offer a replacement at a discount.
Guess my Kindle’s gone for good #128577; did nothing to essay history, help my problem is there is 2000 essay equals how many a part of a picture stuck on it. See response to Nick’s post and extended history contact Amazon. Thanks Frank.. your tips did work to get my kindle out of freeze mode but problem of freezing appeared again and I removed the cover and disconnected battery and placed it again.. this seems to have work effectively. I also updated the what is enlightenment device with new software and now its working perfectly fine! PS: Removing the back cover is extended history not so difficult as it appears by looking at the device #128521; PS: Removing the back cover is not so difficult as it appears by looking at the device. Thanks Onkar, I’ll check this out. I’m so scared because the kindle that I have currently is not mine its a family friends one and I don’t have the money to replace it (crying).I put it on one day and the the what screen went weird and noq its semie blank .please if you know what to do ,reply to my comment I need this information as soon as possible please I really need your help.
Hi, if you can describe exactly what happened and exactly what you can see on the screen I’ll see if I can help. Thank you, this is extended essay very helpful. I have used this a few stime when the 2000 how many Kindle seemed to hang. Have you ever seen a Kindle screen that looks completely fine yet the extended essay image on the screen is all split at the bottom? It’s like a cracked screen except that the screen is word pages completely fine, just that parts of a page from a book are frozen while the rest of the screen is essay history fine. Sat Essay. It’s only on essay history the bottom half. My girlfriend owns it and she went to on christianity, put it on charge and just noticed the screen is looking all mangled. Extended Essay. We’re wondering what to do. Great blog, will definitely try the illness hard reset after it has charged.
I have, on mine when my son destoyed it with a ball. Also on a camera that got squashed in essay a pocket. It sounds like it’s cracked/damaged internally I’m afraid, best to give amazon support a call and see what deal thcoey can do you on astrology a replacement. I bought a sturdy case second time round! Thanks for extended essay history, this post. I had to equals, resort to extended essay history, drastic measures, but it’s working again! I was having trouble in that my collections disappeared and essays and slavery I followed instructions that I saw online to de-register and then re-register. I de-registered but I couldn’t re-register. Extended Essay. Kept saying my Kindle could not connect at the time and to try again. I did that a few times and still didn’t work. All my books were still showing on the screen.
I followed the instructions on this site and essays reset. I was now able to reset it and register again. Now all my collections are listed, but none of my books are there. How do I get my books back into the specific collections? Hi, if I understand your problem correctly you simply need to redownload each individual book by opening it with wifi connected, same if you go into extended your archive section. If that doesn’t crack it simply go to your ‘manage my kindle’ link on and religion your amazon account and resend all your books to the appropriate device. Extended. They’ll all still be stored on amazon, they’ve simply been cleared from the what kant local memory on your kindle. Redownload and let us know if that cracked it for you. I was reading all the history comments above but as much as I would like to and religion essay, agree with the extended essay others I can’t a couple days before I found this my kindle screen had froze and had lines across it and essay my green light was working just fine I had unscrewed the battery and left it out then screwed it back in and now the green light don’t work I was just wondering if I could have some help if u know anything about this if u know anything I would love to know thanks. I scrolled through/ read most of extended, this blog, but I just couldn’t find any response that helped with my problem. I have the basic edition, with no keyboard, and my screen is frozen.
Half of it is the charging symbol, and the other half is the off screen that displays advertisements. Illness. I can’t find a way to extended history, get the dessay natalie back cover off, and I only have an on/off button on the outside. Thank you for your time! Thank u so very much. It worked on my kindle touch)) That’s great to hear! Excellent pieces. Keep writing such kind of info on your. blog. Extended History. Im really impressed by your blog. Hello there, You’ve performed an excellent job.
I will certainly digg it and in my opinion recommend to my friends. Sat Essay. I’m. confident they’ll be benefited from this web site. I’ve tried these steps and nothing is happening. Essay. It’s rather frustrating. Any other suggestions? Unfortunately my kindle got stuck up while it was it the and slavery process of resetting. I typed reset on the screen it said please wait a moment and extended essay history since then it is terrorism and religion frozen on that screen, nothing is happening. Any suggestions? Hi am looking for help with my frozen kindle. It’s a KIndle Keyboard which has worked fine up until now.
Halfway through a book the page froze ?? And know some of the words have started to extended history, disappear ? I,ve tried different methods soft restart, hard restart but nothing seems to make a difference. Hate to admit being so careless but I uh… dropped mine. It slipped out of the leather case onto concrete. The left side of the screen is frozen on illness the last page of the extended essay history book I was reading. the right side is blank but I can see it reacting underneath when I try this reboot. Dessay Natalie. What do I do?? Is the extended screen damaged? It definitely sounds like it. What Is Enlightenment. Exactly what mine looked like when my sun decided to use my kindle for ball practice. See the extended history comments above for terrorism and religion essay, advice on replacements from extended essay amazon either in/out of warranty. They gave me a 50% discount on a repalcement when mine was out of warranty. If he does it again, I’m going for an upgrade: Kindle 4G.
Thanks a lot Frank, followed your instructions and my frozen kindle is now working fine – what a relief, thanks again Jane. After trying many things including amazons advice, this actually worked. This is the only link I’ve seen telling me to hold the home button down for sat essay 800, 1 minute, which is what did the trick. Chloe, you’ll have to give me more info on the problem please. Gagann, that’s a new one. Any progress?
Tony, sounds like it might be a physical screen issue I’m afraid. Essay. Check with Amazon support on this one and 2000 essay equals pages see the comments above about how to get discounts for extended essay, replacements or a replacement if still in natalie warranty. Jane and John: I’m very glad I could help. Thanks for letting me know! Hi Frank, Im wondering if you are able to help me solve a problem with a kobo ereader, It has lines across the screen which change when i press display, menu, home and back buttons so it does respond, i can get computer to recognize as ereader but nothing else, im asking as you successfully helped with my kindle 3g and im happy to say its still working. this ereader is a kobo n647, i have tried a few different things from the web so im hoping you have the answer, before i give up and extended essay throw it away. Regards Viv Gibson. I have tried everything with my kindle touch screen and it remains frozen on the page I was reading. Please is there something from under the back cover I can do?
I really need help with my 3rd generation kindle…. the sat essay 800 thing was aboout a week ago a screen came on saying critical battery. As soon as i put the kindle on extended essay charge my screen froze…. Dessay Natalie Illness. i have been looking at all different websites and nothing is working i have tried to contact amazon about it but i have had no response i had the kindle foe christmas from my mum and dad .. i am afraid to extended essay, tell them incase they shout at 800 me ….. then i wouldnt be able to get a new one…. i just need to know how to hard resart the extended kindle in the back ……. thanks. If you read my post you should be able to fix your kindle, Hi I have a Kindle fire HD, it turns on astrology vs science and charges but will not connect to pc or go past the ‘ kindle fire ‘ home screen, I have a lot of photos and essay videos saved to the device and but not to essays on christianity, cloud, can they be recovered?? Please help!!
I have a kindle keyboard, not 3G, I can’t get any books from Archives, the option is greyed out, I called Kindle support they told me to factory reset it, can’t do that either, that option is greyed out. Anyone know if there is essay any other way to what, do a hard reset on it? My mother’s Kindle keyboard had the critical battery error. Extended Essay History. I ordered a replacement battery and replaced it. Natalie Illness. Now I have the “repair needed” screen. I tried your hard reset and it begins to load but then flips back to the “repair needed” message. I did contact Kindle but, of course, the extended essay history it is out of warranty and they suggested replacement. Any help? Can you please tell me in detail what i should do before typing reset into kindle keyboard for a factory reset.
I should mention that i tried the 2000 word equals how many pages power swithch and essay home key and del button but my kindle is 2000 word just reloading one centimetre across and essay then stopping, i put a folder of books onto it and interrupted it whilst it was loading, power works fine and it connects to score 800, computer but pc doesn’t recognise it as a kindle just the g drive… i know its fixable, but in Tasmania nobody knows how to extended essay history, repair and natalie cost too much to send to Amazon.. out of warranty like 2 months anyway. I just held power button for about 30 sec and home button for 20 sec and essay history it then turned to a page where i typed in on christianity and slavery reset which put my kindle in recovery mode and then i pressed r key and i waited for at extended history least 5 minutes and illness then kindle reloaded, i now have a new kindle again and essay my books are in a calibre library so i havent lost anything, Hope this helps somebody else, they are fixable, you just have to keep trying. very happy kindle owner.. My kindle 3 has started doing something weird. After loading a new book today it has started resetting itself over sat essay and over. Extended. Once it resets, it goes to the home screen for a few seconds and then starts resetting again.
The slider button doesn’t help because it’s already resetting. I removed the battery and when I replaced it, it just starts resetting again. any ideas please. My 5 year old just reset her sister’s kindle fire hd. Is there any way to recover the photos she had taken with it?
dana, you need a usb cable. download a recovery app on your pc/windows computer. plug in the usb cable to kindle and pc. Score 800. your files should show on the recovery app. Brilliant! My old kindle suddenly started asking for a password which I did not have, and never have had! Your reboot worked perfectly. Thank you. I have just replaced a cracked screen on my Kindle 3G. Everythoing working except the ‘select’ button on the 5way.
I have tried holding ‘on’ button for extended, 20 seconds, doesn’t work. I can select a book but it wont open up. Any help appreciated. I sifted through so many Amazon help pages and forums, to no avail. Sat Essay Score 800. This is the extended essay history only place I found real help.
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5 Coke vs Pepsi 21st Century Case Study. op y 9-702-442 REV: JANUARY 27, 2004 DAVID B. YOFFIE tC Cola Wars Continue: Coke and Pepsi in the Twenty-First Century For over a century, Coca-Cola and Pepsi-Cola vied for “throat share” of the world’s beverage market. The most intense battles of the extended essay, cola wars were fought over the $60-billion industry in word essay, the United States, where the essay, average American consumed 53 gallons of carbonated soft drinks (CSD) per year. And Religion Essay? In a “carefully waged competitive struggle,” from 1975 to 1995 both Coke and Pepsi achieved average annual growth of essay, around 10% as both U. S. nd worldwide CSD consumption consistently rose. According to Roger Enrico, former CEO of Pepsi-Cola: No The warfare must be perceived as a continuing battle without blood. Without Coke, Pepsi would have a tough time being an original and terrorism and religion lively competitor.
The more successful they are, the sharper we have to extended, be. If the Coca-Cola company didn’t exist, we’d pray for someone to invent them. And on astrology vs science the other side of the fence, I’m sure the folks at Coke would say that nothing contributes as much to the present-day success of the Coca-Cola company than . . . Essay? Pepsi. 1. This cozy relationship was threatened in the late 1990s, however, when U. S. CSD consumption dropped for essays and slavery, two consecutive years and worldwide shipments slowed for both Coke and Pepsi. In response, both firms began to modify their bottling, pricing, and brand strategies. They also looked to extended history, emerging international markets to fuel growth and broadened their brand portfolios to include non-carbonated beverages like tea, juice, sports drinks, and on christianity bottled water. Extended Essay History? Do As the cola wars continued into the twenty-first century, the cola giants faced new challenges: Could they boost flagging domestic cola sales?
Where could they find new revenue streams? Was their era of sustained growth and profitability coming to a close, or was this apparent slowdown just another blip in the course of Coke’s and Pepsi’s enviable performance? 1Roger Enrico, The Other Guy Blinked and Other Dispatches from the Cola Wars (New York: Bantam Books, 1988). ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Research Associate Yusi Wang prepared this case from published sources under the supervision of Professor David B. Essays On Christianity And Slavery? No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, used in a spreadsheet, or transmitted in any form or by any means—electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise—without the permission of Harvard Business School. Copying or posting is an infringement of copyright. Extended History? [emailprotected] harvard. 2000 Word How Many Pages? edu or 617-783-7860. History? Cola Wars Continue: Coke and Pepsi in the Twenty-First Century op y 702-442 Economics of the U. S. CSD Industry Americans consumed 23 gallons of CSD annually in 1970 and consumption grew by an average of 3% per year over sat essay, the next 30 years (see Exhibit 1). This growth was fueled by increasing availability as well as by the introduction and essay popularity of diet and flavored CSDs. Through the mid-1990s, the real price of CSDs fell, and consumer demand appeared responsive to declining prices. 2 Many alternatives to CSDs existed, including beer, milk, coffee, bottled water, juices, tea, powdered drinks, wine, sports drinks, distilled spirits, and tap water. Yet Americans drank more soda than any other beverage. At 60%-70% market share, the cola segment of the CSD industry maintained its dominance throughout the 1990s, followed by lemon/lime, citrus, pepper, root beer, orange, and other flavors.
C CSD consisted of a flavor base, a sweetener, and carbonated water. Four major participants were involved in the production and essays distribution of history, CSDs: 1) concentrate producers; 2) bottlers; 3) retail channels; and 4) suppliers. 3 Concentrate Producers The concentrate producer blended raw material ingredients (excluding sugar or high fructose corn syrup), packaged it in plastic canisters, and shipped the blended ingredients to the bottler. The concentrate producer added artificial sweetener to sat essay 800, make diet soda concentrate, while bottlers added sugar or high fructose corn syrup themselves. The process involved little capital investment in machinery, overhead, or labor. A typical concentrate manufacturing plant cost approximately $25 million to $50 million to build, and one plant could serve the entire United States. No A concentrate producer’s most significant costs were for advertising, promotion, market research, and bottler relations. Marketing programs were jointly implemented and financed by concentrate producers and bottlers. Concentrate producers usually took the lead in developing the programs, particularly in product planning, market research, and advertising.
They invested heavily in their trademarks over time, with innovative and sophisticated marketing campaigns (see Exhibit 2). Bottlers assumed a larger role in developing trade and consumer promotions, and paid an agreed percentage—typically 50% or more—of promotional and advertising costs. Concentrate producers employed extensive sales and marketing support staff to work with and help improve the performance of their bottlers, setting standards and suggesting operating procedures. Concentrate producers also negotiated directly with the bottlers’ major suppliers—particularly sweetener and packaging suppliers—to encourage reliable supply, faster delivery, and lower prices. Extended History? Do Once a fragmented business with hundreds of local manufacturers, the landscape of the U. S. soft drink industry had changed dramatically over time. Among national concentrate producers, CocaCola and terrorism essay Pepsi-Cola, the soft drink unit of PepsiCo, claimed a combined 76% of the U. S. CSD market in sales volume in 2000, followed by Cadbury Schweppes and Cott Corporation (see Exhibit 3). Extended History? There were also private label brand manufacturers and essay several dozen other national and extended history regional producers. Terrorism? Exhibit 4 gives financial data for Coke and Pepsi and their top affiliated bottlers.
2 Robert Tollison et al. , Competition and Concentration (Lexington Books, 1991), p. 11. History? 3 The production and distribution of non-carbonated soft drinks and bottled water will be discussed in a later section. 2 Copying or posting is an infringement of astrology, copyright. [emailprotected] harvard. edu or 617-783-7860. 702-442 op y Cola Wars Continue: Coke and history Pepsi in the Twenty-First Century Bottlers. Bottlers purchased concentrate, added carbonated water and high fructose corn syrup, bottled or canned the CSD, and delivered it to dessay, customer accounts. Coke and Pepsi bottlers offered “direct store door” (DSD) delivery, which involved route delivery sales people physically placing and managing the CSD brand in the store. Smaller national brands, such as Shasta and Faygo, distributed through food store warehouses.
DSD entailed managing the shelf space by stacking the product, positioning the extended history, trademarked label, cleaning the terrorism essay, packages and shelves, and setting up point-of-purchase displays and end-of-aisle displays. The importance of the extended, bottler’s relationship with the retail trade was crucial to continual brand availability and maintenance. Cooperative merchandising agreements between retailers and bottlers were used to promote soft drink sales. Vs Science Essay? Retailers agreed to specified promotional activity and discount levels in exchange for a payment from the bottler. Essay History? tC The bottling process was capital-intensive and involved specialized, high-speed lines. Lines were interchangeable only for packages of similar size and construction.
Bottling and canning lines cost from $4 million to $10 million each, depending on volume and package type. The minimum cost to build a small bottling plant, with warehouse and score office space, was $25million to $35 million. The cost of an efficient large plant, with four lines, automated warehousing, and a capacity of extended essay history, 40 million cases, was $75 million in 1998. 4 Roughly 80-85 plants were required for dessay natalie illness, full distribution across the United States. Among top bottlers in 1998, packaging accounted for essay history, approximately half of bottlers’ cost of goods sold, concentrate for one-third, and nutritive sweeteners for one-tenth. Labor accounted for most of the remaining variable costs. Bottlers also invested capital in trucks and distribution networks.
Bottlers’ gross profits often exceeded 40%, but operating margins were razor thin. See Exhibit 5 for the cost structures of a typical concentrate producer and bottler. Do No The number of U. S. soft drink bottlers had fallen, from over 2,000 in 1970 to less than 300 in 2000. 6 Historically, Coca-Cola was the first concentrate producer to build nation-wide franchised bottling networks, a move that Pepsi and score Cadbury Schweppes followed. The typical franchised bottler owned a manufacturing and sales operation in an exclusive geographic territory, with rights granted in perpetuity by the franchiser. In the case of Coca-Cola, territorial rights did not extend to fountain accounts—Coke delivered to its fountain accounts directly, not through its bottlers. The rights granted to extended essay history, the bottlers were subject to termination only in the event of terrorism and religion essay, default by the bottler. The original Coca-Cola franchise contract, written in 1899, was a fixed-price contract that did not provide for contract renegotiation even if ingredient costs changed. With considerable effort, often involving bitter legal disputes, Coca-Cola amended the contract in 1921, 1978, and 1987 to history, adjust concentrate price. By 1999, over score 800, 81% of Coke’s U. Extended History? S. Is Enlightenment Kant? volume was covered by the 1987 Master Bottler Contract, which granted Coke the right to extended essay, determine concentrate price and other terms of sale.
Under the terms of this contract, Coke was not obligated to share advertising and marketing expenditures with the bottlers; however, the company often did in order to ensure quality and proper distribution of marketing. In 2000, Coke contributed $766 million in marketing support and $223 million in on christianity and slavery, infrastructure support to essay, its top bottler alone. Terrorism And Religion Essay? The 1987 contract did not give complete pricing control to Coke, but rather used a pricing formula that adjusted quarterly for changes in sweetener prices and stated a maximum price. This contract differed from Pepsi’s Master Bottling Agreement with its top bottler, which granted the bottler 4 “Louisiana Coca-Cola Reveals Crown Jewel,” Beverage Industry, January 1999. 5 Calculated from M. Dolan et al. Essay History? , “Coca-Cola Beverages,” Merrill Lynch Capital Markets, July 6, 1998. Timothy Muris et al. , Strategy, Structure, and Antitrust in the Carbonated Soft-Drink Industry, (Quorum Books, 1993), p. 63; John C. Maxwell, ed. Beverage Digest Fact Book 2001.
3 Copying or posting is an illness, infringement of copyright. [emailprotected] harvard. Extended Essay History? edu or 617-783-7860. Cola Wars Continue: Coke and Pepsi in the Twenty-First Century op y 702-442 perpetual rights to distribute Pepsi cola products while at the same time required it to astrology vs science, purchase its raw materials from extended essay Pepsi at prices, and on terms and conditions, determined by Pepsi. Pepsi negotiated concentrate prices with its bottling association, and normally based price increases on the CPI. Coke and Pepsi both raised concentrate prices throughout the score 800, 1980s and early 1990s, even as the real (inflation-adjusted) retail prices for CSD were down (see Exhibit 6). tC Coca-Cola and Pepsi franchise agreements allowed bottlers to handle the non-cola brands of other concentrate producers. Franchise agreements also allowed bottlers to essay history, choose whether or not to essays and slavery, market new beverages introduced by the concentrate producer. Some restrictions applied, however, as bottlers could not carry directly competitive brands. For example, a Coca-Cola bottler could not sell Royal Crown Cola, but it could distribute Seven-Up, if it decided not to carry Sprite. Franchised bottlers had the freedom to participate in or reject new package introductions, local advertising campaigns and promotions, and test marketing. The bottlers also had the final say in decisions concerning retail pricing, new packaging, selling, advertising, and extended promotions in its territory, though they could only use packages authorized by the franchiser.
In 1971, the Federal Trade Commission initiated action against eight major CPs, charging that exclusive territories granted to what is enlightenment thesis, franchised bottlers prevented intrabrand competition (two or more bottlers competing in the same area with the same beverage). The CPs argued that interbrand competition was sufficiently strong to warrant continuation of the essay history, existing territorial agreements. After nine years of litigation, Congress enacted the “Soft Drink Interbrand Competition Act” in 1980, preserving the right of CPs to grant exclusive territories. Retail Channels No. Illness? In 2000, the distribution of CSDs in the United States took place through food stores (35%), fountain outlets7 (23%), vending machines (14%), convenience stores (9%), and other outlets (20%). Mass merchandisers, warehouse clubs, and drug stores made up most of the last category. Bottlers’ profitability by type of retail outlet is shown in extended essay history, Exhibit 7. Costs were affected by delivery method and frequency, drop size, advertising, and marketing.
The main distribution channel for soft drinks was the supermarket. CSDs were among the five largest selling product lines sold by supermarkets, raditionally yielding a 15%-20% gross margin (about average for food products) and accounting for 3%-4% of astrology vs science, food store revenues. 8 CSDs represented a large percentage of a supermarket’s business, and were also a big traffic draw. Bottlers fought for extended, retail shelf space to ensure visibility and on christianity and slavery accessibility for their products, and looked for new locations to increase impulse purchases, such as placing coolers at checkout counters. Extended? The proliferation of products and packaging types created intense shelf space pressures. Do Discount retailers, warehouse clubs, and drug stores accounted about 15% of CSD sales in the late 1990s. These firms often had their own private label CSD, or they sold a generic label such as President’s Choice. Private label CSDs were usually delivered to vs science, a retailer’s warehouse, while branded CSDs were delivered directly to the store. With the warehouse delivery method, the retailer was responsible for extended, storage, transportation, merchandising, and terrorism essay stocking the essay history, shelves, thus incurring additional costs.
The word “fountain outlets” traditionally referred to on christianity, soda fountains, but was later used also for essay, restaurants, cafeterias, and other establishments that served soft drinks by the glass using fountain dispensers. 8 Progressive Grocer 1998 Sales Manual Databook, July 1998, p. Score? 68. 4 Copying or posting is an infringement of copyright. Essay? [emailprotected] harvard. edu or 617-783-7860. 702-442 op y Cola Wars Continue: Coke and Pepsi in the Twenty-First Century tC Historically, Pepsi had focused on sales through retail outlets, while Coke had dominated fountain sales. Terrorism And Religion? Coca-Cola had a 65% share of the fountain market in 2000, while Pepsi had 21%. Competition for fountain sales was intense. History? National fountain accounts were essentially “paid sampling,” with CSD companies earning pretax operating margins of around 2%.
For restaurants, by contrast, fountain sales were extremely profitable—about 80 cents out of every dollar spent stayed with the restaurant retailers. In 1999, for example, Burger King franchisees were believed to pay about $6. 20 per essay gallon for Coke syrup, but they received a substantial rebate on each gallon in extended, the form of a check; one large Midwestern Burger King franchisee said his annual rebate ran $1. 45 per gallon, or about what, 23%. Coke and Pepsi also invested in the development of fountain equipment, such as service dispensers, and provided their fountain customers with cups, point-of-sale material, advertising, and in-store promotions to increase brand presence. After Pepsi entered the fast-food restaurant business with the acquisitions of Pizza Hut (1978), Taco Bell (1986), and Kentucky Fried Chicken (1986), Coca-Cola persuaded other chains such as Wendy’s and essay Burger King to switch to is enlightenment thesis, Coke. Extended History? PepsiCo spun its restaurant business off to the public in 1997 under the name Tricon, while retaining the 2000 word essay, Frito-Lay snack food business. In 2000, fountain “pouring rights” remained split along pre-Tricon lines, as Pepsi supplied all of Taco Bell’s and essay history KFC’s, and the overwhelming majority of on christianity, Pizza Hut restaurants. Extended History? Coke retained exclusivity deals with McDonald’s and Burger King.
No Coke and Cadbury Schweppes handled fountain accounts from their national franchisor companies. Employees of the illness, franchisee companies negotiated and signed pouring rights contracts which, in the case of big restaurant chains, could cover the entire United States or even the world. The accounts were actually serviced by employees of the franchisors’ fountain divisions, local bottlers, or both. Local bottlers, when they were used, were paid service fees for delivering syrup and fixing and placing machines. Historically, PepsiCo could only sell directly to end-user national accounts. By 1999, Pepsi had persuaded most of its bottlers to modify their franchise agreements to allow Pepsi to sell fountain syrup via restaurant commissary companies, which sell a range of supplies to history, restaurants. Dessay Natalie Illness? Concentrate producers offered bottlers rebates to encourage them to purchase and install vending machines. The owners of the essay history, property on which vending equipment was located usually received a sales commission. What Kant Thesis? Coke and Pepsi were the largest suppliers of CSDs to the vending channel. Juice, tea, sports drinks, lemonade, and water were also available through vending machines.
Suppliers to Concentrate Producers and Bottlers Do Concentrate producers required few inputs: the concentrate for most regular colas consisted of essay, caramel coloring, phosphoric and/or citric acid, natural flavors, and caffeine. 10 Bottlers purchased two major inputs: packaging, which included $3. 4 billion in cans, $1. 3 billion in 800, plastic bottles, and $0. 6 billion in glass; and sweeteners, which included $1. 1 billion in essay history, sugar and high fructose corn syrup, and equals how many pages $1. billion in extended essay history, artificial sweetener (predominantly aspartame). The majority of U. Dessay Natalie? S. CSDs were packaged in metal cans (60%), then plastic bottles (38%), and glass bottles (2%). Cans were an attractive packaging material because they were easily handled, stocked, and displayed, weighed little, and were durable and recyclable. Plastic bottles, introduced in 1978, boosted home consumption of CSDs because of their larger 1-liter, 2-liter, and 3-liter sizes.
Single-serve 20-oz. PET bottles quickly gained popularity and represented 35% of extended essay, vended drinks and and religion 3% of grocery drinks in 2000. Nikhil Deogun and Richard Gibson, “Coke Beats Out Pepsi for Contracts With Burger King, Domino’s,” The Wall Street Journal, April 15, 1999. 10 Based on ingredients lists, Coke Classic and Pepsi-Cola, 2001. 5 Copying or posting is an infringement of copyright. Essay? [emailprotected] harvard. edu or 617-783-7860. Cola Wars Continue: Coke and Pepsi in the Twenty-First Century op y 702-442 The concentrate producers’ strategy towards can manufacturers was typical of their supplier relationships. Coke and Pepsi negotiated on behalf of their bottling networks, and were among the metal can industry’s largest customers. Essays And Slavery? Since the can constituted about 40% of the essay, total cost of a packaged beverage, bottlers and concentrate producers often maintained relationships with more than one supplier. In the 1960s and 1970s, Coke and Pepsi backward integrated to make some of their own cans, but largely exited the business by 1990. What Kant? In 1994, Coke and Pepsi instead sought to establish stable long-term relationships with their suppliers. Major can producers included American National Can, Crown Cork #038; Seal, and essay history Reynolds Metals.
Metal cans were viewed as commodities, and there was chronic excess supply in the industry. Vs Science? Often two or three can manufacturers competed for a single contract. Early History11 tC The Evolution of the U. S. Soft Drink Industry Coca-Cola was formulated in 1886 by John Pemberton, a pharmacist in Atlanta, Georgia, who sold it at drug store soda fountains as a “potion for mental and physical disorders. ” A few years later, Asa Candler acquired the formula, established a sales force, and began brand advertising of Coca-Cola. Tightly guarded in an Atlanta bank vault, the formula for Coca-Cola syrup, known as “Merchandise 7X,” remained a well-protected secret. Candler granted Coca-Cola’s first bottling franchise in 1899 for a nominal one dollar, believing that the future of the drink rested with soda fountains. The company’s bottling network grew quickly, however, reaching 370 franchisees by 1910. No In its early years, Coke was constantly plagued by imitations and counterfeits, which the extended essay, company aggressively fought in court. In 1916 alone, courts barred 153 imitations of Coca-Cola, including the brands Coca-Kola, Koca-Nola, Cold-Cola, and the like.
Coke introduced and patented a unique 6. 5ounce “skirt” bottle to astrology vs science, be used by its franchisees that subsequently became an American icon. Robert Woodruff, who became CEO in 1923, began working with franchised bottlers to essay history, make Coke available wherever and whenever a consumer might want it. He pushed the bottlers to place the beverage “in arm’s reach of desire,” and word essay argued that if Coke were not conveniently available when the consumer was thirsty, the sale would be lost forever. During the 1920s and 1930s, Coke pioneered open-top coolers to extended, storekeepers, developed automatic fountain dispensers, and introduced vending machines. Woodruff also initiated “lifestyle” advertising for Coca-Cola, emphasizing the is enlightenment kant thesis, role of essay history, Coke in a consumer’s life. And Religion? Do Woodruff also developed Coke’s international business. In the onset of World War II, at the request of General Eisenhower, he promised that “every man in uniform gets a bottle of Coca-Cola for extended history, five cents wherever he is and whatever it costs the score, company. ” Beginning in 1942, Coke was exempted from wartime sugar rationing whenever the product was destined for the military or retailers serving soldiers. Coca-Cola bottling plants followed the movements of extended, American troops; 64 bottling plants were set up during the war—largely at government expense. This contributed to Coke’s dominant market shares in most European and and religion essay Asian countries.
Pepsi-Cola was invented in 1893 in New Bern, North Carolina by pharmacist Caleb Bradham. Like Coke, Pepsi adopted a franchise bottling system, and by 1910 it had built a network of 270 11 See J. Extended History? C. Astrology Vs Science? Louis and extended essay history Harvey Yazijian, The Cola Wars (Everest House, 1980); Mark Pendergrast, For God, Country, and Coca-Cola (Charles Scribner’s, 1993); David Greising, I’d Like the World to Buy a Coke (John Wiley #038; Sons, 1997). And Slavery? 6 Copying or posting is an infringement of essay history, copyright. Astrology Vs Science? [emailprotected] harvard. du or 617-783-7860. 702-442 op y Cola Wars Continue: Coke and Pepsi in the Twenty-First Century franchised bottlers. Pepsi struggled, however, declaring bankruptcy in 1923 and again in 1932. Business began to pick up in the midst of the Great Depression, when Pepsi lowered the price for history, its 12-ounce bottle to a nickel, the same price Coke charged for its 6. 5-ounce bottle. When Pepsi tried to thesis, expand its bottling network in the late 1930s, its choices were small local bottlers striving to compete with wealthy Coke franchisees. Extended Essay History? 12 Pepsi nevertheless began to gain market share. In 1938, Coke filed suit against Pepsi, claiming that Pepsi-Cola was an infringement on the CocaCola trademark. Dessay? The court ruled in favor of Pepsi in 1941, ending a series of extended, suits and countersuits between the two companies. With its famous radio jingle, “Twice as Much, for Nickel Too,” Pepsi’s U. S. sales surpassed those of Royal Crown and Dr Pepper in the 1940s, trailing only Coca-Cola.
In 1950, Coke’s share of the U. S. CSD market was 47% and Pepsi’s was 10%; hundreds of regional CSD companies continued to produce a wide assortment of flavors. tC. What Is Enlightenment Thesis? The Cola Wars Begin In 1950, Alfred Steele, a former Coca-Cola marketing executive, became Pepsi’s CEO. Steele made “Beat Coke” his theme and encouraged bottlers to focus on take-home sales through supermarkets. The company introduced the first 26-ounce bottles to the market, targeting family consumption, while Coke stayed with its 6. 5-ounce bottle. Extended Essay? Pepsi’s growth soon began tracking the growth of supermarkets and convenience stores in the United States: There were about 10,000 supermarkets in 1945, 15,000 in 1955, and essays on christianity 32,000 at the peak in 1962. No In 1963, under the leadership of new CEO Donald Kendall, Pepsi launched its “Pepsi Generation” campaign that targeted the young and “young at extended essay history, heart. ” Pepsi’s ad agency created an intense commercial using sports cars, motorcycles, helicopters, and a catchy slogan. The campaign helped Pepsi narrow Coke’s lead to a 2-to-1 margin. At the same time, Pepsi worked with its bottlers to word essay how many, modernize plants and improve store delivery services. By 1970, Pepsi’s franchise bottlers were generally larger compared to Coke bottlers. Extended Essay? Coke’s bottling network remained fragmented, with more than 800 independent franchised bottlers that focused mostly on natalie U. S. cities of 50,000 or less.
13 Throughout this period, Pepsi sold concentrate to its bottlers at a price approximately 20% lower than Coke. Extended Essay History? In the early 1970s, Pepsi increased the concentrate price to equal that of Coke. To overcome bottlers’ opposition, Pepsi promised to use the on christianity, extra margin to extended history, increase advertising and promotion. Do Coca-Cola and Pepsi-Cola began to what, experiment with new cola and non-cola flavors and a variety of packaging options in the 1960s. Extended Essay? Before then, the two companies had adopted a single product strategy, selling only their flagship brand. Coke introduced Fanta (1960), Sprite (1961), and lowcalorie Tab (1963). Pepsi countered with Teem (1960), Mountain Dew (1964), and Diet Pepsi (1964). Each introduced non-returnable glass bottles and 12-ounce metal cans in various packages.
Coke and what Pepsi also diversified into non-soft-drink industries. History? Coke purchased Minute Maid (fruit juice), Duncan Foods (coffee, tea, hot chocolate), and Belmont Springs Water. Pepsi merged with snackfood giant Frito-Lay in 1965 to become PepsiCo, claiming synergies based on shared customer targets, store-door delivery systems, and 800 marketing orientations. Extended Essay? In the astrology vs science, late 1950s, Coca-Cola, still under Robert Woodruff’s leadership, began using advertising that finally recognized the existence of competitors, such as “American’s Preferred Taste” (1955) and “No Wonder Coke Refreshes Best” (1960). In meetings with Coca-Cola bottlers, however, executives only extended essay history, discussed the growth of their own brand and never referred to its closest competitor by name. 2 Louis and Yazijian, p,.
23. Sat Essay Score? 13 Pendergrast, p. 310. 7 Copying or posting is an infringement of copyright. [emailprotected] harvard. edu or 617-783-7860. Cola Wars Continue: Coke and Pepsi in the Twenty-First Century op y 702-442 During the 1960s, Coke primarily focused on essay history overseas markets, apparently believing that domestic soft drink consumption had neared saturation at 22. 7 gallons per capita in and slavery, 1970. Extended? 14 Pepsi meanwhile battled aggressively in the United States, doubling its share between 1950 and 1970. Astrology Vs Science Essay? The Pepsi Challenge. In 1974, Pepsi launched the “Pepsi Challenge” in Dallas, Texas. Coke was the dominant brand in the city and extended essay history Pepsi ran a distant third behind Dr Pepper.
In blind taste tests hosted by Pepsi’s small local bottler, the company tried to demonstrate that consumers in fact preferred Pepsi to Coke. After its sales shot up in Dallas, Pepsi started to roll out the campaign nationwide, although many of its franchise bottlers were initially reluctant to join. tC Coke countered with rebates, rival claims, retail price cuts, and a series of essays, advertisements questioning the tests’ validity. In particular, Coke used retail price discounts selectively in markets where the extended, Coke bottler was company owned and the Pepsi bottler was an independent franchisee. Nonetheless, the Pepsi Challenge successfully eroded Coke’s market share. In 1979, Pepsi passed Coke in food store sales for the first time with a 1. 4 share point lead. Breaking precedent, Brian Dyson, president of Coca-Cola, inadvertently uttered the essay, name “Pepsi” in front of Coke’s bottlers at the 1979 bottlers conference. No During the same period, Coke was renegotiating its franchise bottling contract to obtain greater flexibility in pricing concentrate and syrups. Bottlers approved the new contract in 1978 only after Coke conceded to link concentrate price changes to the CPI, adjust the price to reflect any cost savings associated with a modification of ingredients, and supply unsweetened concentrate to bottlers who preferred to purchase their own sweetener on the open market. 15 This brought Coke’s policies in line with Pepsi, which traditionally sold its concentrate unsweetened to its bottlers.
Immediately after securing bottler approval, Coke announced a significant concentrate price hike. Pepsi followed with a 15% price increase of its own. Cola Wars Heat Up. In 1980, Cuban-born Roberto Goizueta was named CEO and Don Keough president of Coca-Cola. In the same year, Coke switched from sugar to essay history, the lower-priced high fructose corn syrup, a move Pepsi emulated three years later. Coke also intensified its marketing effort, increasing advertising spending from $74 million to $181 million between 1981 and 1984. Pepsi elevated its advertising expenditure from $66 million to $125 million over the same period. Goizueta sold off most of the and religion, non-CSD businesses he had inherited, including wine, coffee, tea, and industrial water treatment, while keeping Minute Maid.
Do. Diet Coke was introduced in 1982 as the first extension of the “Coke” brand name. Much of essay history, CocaCola management referred to its brand as “Mother Coke,” and considered it too sacred to be extended to other products. Despite internal opposition from company lawyers over copyright issues, Diet Coke was a phenomenal success. Praised as the “most successful consumer product launch of the Eighties,” it became within a few years not only the nation’s most popular diet soft drink, but also the third-largest selling soft drink in the United States. 14 Maxwell. 15 Pendergrast, p. 323. 8 Copying or posting is an infringement of copyright. [emailprotected] harvard. Essay? edu or 617-783-7860. History? 702-442 op y Cola Wars Continue: Coke and Pepsi in vs science essay, the Twenty-First Century In April 1985, Coke announced the change of its 99-year-old Coca-Cola formula. Essay? Explaining this radical break with tradition, Goizueta saw a sharp depreciation in the value of the Coca-Cola trademark as “the product had a declining share in a shrinking segment of the vs science essay, market. ”16 On the day of Coke’s announcement, Pepsi declared a holiday for its employees, claiming that the essay history, new Coke tasted more like Pepsi. The reformulation prompted an outcry from Coke’s most loyal customers.
Bottlers joined the clamor. Three months later, the company brought back the original formula under the name Coca-Cola Classic, while retaining the new formula as the flagship brand under the what is enlightenment kant, name New Coke. Extended History? Six months later, Coke announced that Coca-Cola Classic (the original formula) would henceforth be considered its flagship brand. tC New CSD brands proliferated in the 1980s. Coke introduced 11 new products, including Cherry Coke, Caffeine-Free Coke, and Minute-Maid Orange. Word Equals How Many Pages? Pepsi introduced 13 products, including Caffeine-Free Pepsi-Cola, Lemon-Lime Slice, and Cherry Pepsi. The number of extended essay history, packaging types and sizes also increased dramatically, and the battle for shelf space in supermarkets and other food stores grew fierce. By the late 1980s, both Coke and Pepsi offered more than ten major brands, using at least seventeen containers and numerous packaging options. 17 The struggle for market share intensified and the level of retail price discounting increased sharply.
Consumers were constantly exposed to illness, cents-off promotions and a host of extended essay, other supermarket discounts. No Throughout the 1980s, the terrorism, smaller concentrate producers were increasingly squeezed by Coke and extended Pepsi. Pages? As their shelf-space declined, small brands were shuffled from one owner to extended history, another. Over five years, Dr Pepper was sold (all and in essays on christianity and slavery, part) several times, Canada Dry twice, Sunkist once, Shasta once, and A#038;W Brands once. Some of the deals were made by food companies, but several were leveraged buyouts by investment firms. Philip Morris acquired Seven-Up in 1978 for extended essay history, a big premium, but despite superior brand rankings and established distribution channels, racked up huge losses in the early 1980s and exited in 1985. What Is Enlightenment Thesis? (Exhibit 8a shows the brand performance of top companies, as ranked by retailers. ) In the essay history, 1990s, through a series of strategic acquisitions, Cadbury Schweppes emerged as the clear (albeit distant) third-largest concentrate producer, snapping up the Dr Pepper/Seven-Up Companies (1995) and Snapple Beverage Group (2000). Dessay Illness? (Appendix A describes Cadbury Schweppes’ operations and history financial performance. Dessay? ) Bottler Consolidation and Spin-Off Do Relations between Coke and its franchised bottlers had been strained since the contract renegotiation of extended essay, 1978. Coke struggled to persuade bottlers to cooperate in marketing and promotion programs, upgrade plant and score equipment, and support new product launches. 8 The cola wars had particularly weakened small independent franchised bottlers. High advertising spending, product and packaging proliferation, and widespread retail price discounting raised capital requirements for bottlers, while lowering their margins. Many bottlers that had been owned by one family for several generations no longer had the resources or the commitment to be competitive.
At a July 1980 dinner with Coke’s fifteen largest domestic bottlers, Goizueta announced a plan to refranchise bottling operations. Coke began buying up poorly managed bottlers, infusing capital, 6 The Wall Street Journal, April 24, 1986. 17 Timothy Muris, David Scheffman, and Pablo Spiller, Strategy, Structure, and Antitrust in the Carbonated Soft Drink Industry. (Quorum Books, 1993), p. Essay? 73. 18 Greising, p. 88. 9 Copying or posting is an infringement of copyright. [emailprotected] harvard. edu or 617-783-7860.
Cola Wars Continue: Coke and Pepsi in essay, the Twenty-First Century op y 702-442 and extended essay quickly reselling them to better-performing bottlers. Refranchising allowed Coke’s larger bottlers to expand outside their traditionally exclusive geographic territories. When two of its largest bottling companies came up for sale in 2000 equals, 1985, Coke moved swiftly to buy them for $2. 4 billion, preempting outside financial bidders. Together with other bottlers that Coke had recently bought, these acquisitions placed one-third of Coca-Cola’s volume in company-owned bottlers. Essay? In 1986, Coke began to replace its 1978 franchise agreement with the Master Bottler Contract that afforded Coke much greater freedom to change concentrate price. tC Coke’s bottler acquisitions had increased its long-term debt to approximately $1 billion. Score? In 1986, on the initiative of Doug Ivester, who later became CEO, the company created an independent bottling subsidiary, Coca-Cola Enterprises (CCE), and sold 51% of its shares to the public, while retaining the rest. The minority equity position enabled Coke to separate its financial statements from CCE. As Coke’s first so-called “anchor bottler,” CCE consolidated small territories into larger regions, renegotiated with suppliers and retailers, merged redundant distribution and material purchasing, and cut its work force by 20%. CCE moved towards mega-facilities, investing in extended essay, 50 million-case production lines with high levels of automation. Coke continued to acquire independent franchised bottlers and sat essay sell them to CCE.
19 “We became an investment banking firm specializing in bottler deals,” reflected Don Keough. Extended? In 1997 alone, Coke put together more than $7 billion in deals involving bottlers. 20 By 2000, CCE was Coke’s largest bottler with annual sales of more than $14. Is Enlightenment Kant? 7 billion, handling 70% of Coke’s North American volume. Extended? Some industry observers questioned Coke’s accounting practice, as Coke retained substantial managerial influence in its arguably independent anchor bottler. Essay? 21 No.
In the late 1980s, Pepsi also acquired MEI Bottling for $591 million, Grand Metropolitan’s bottling operations for $705 million, and General Cinema’s bottling operations for $1. 8 billion. The number of Pepsi bottlers decreased from more than 400 in the mid-1980s to extended, less than 200 in the mid-1990s. Pepsi owned about sat essay score 800, half of these bottling operations outright and held equity positions in extended, most of the astrology vs science, rest. Essay? Experience in the snack food and restaurant businesses boosted Pepsi’s confidence in its ability to essays on christianity and slavery, manage the bottling business. In the late 1990s, Pepsi changed course and extended essay history also adopted the anchor bottler model. In April 1999, the Pepsi Bottling Group (PBG) went public, with Pepsi retaining a 35% equity stake. By 2000, PBG produced 55% of PepsiCo beverages in North America and 32% worldwide. As Craig Weatherup, PBG’s chairman/CEO, explained, “Our success is interdependent, with PepsiCo the keeper of the brands and PBG the keeper of the word equals how many, marketplace. In that regard, we’re joined at history, the hip. ”22 Do The bottler consolidation of the 1990s made smaller concentrate producers increasingly dependent on the Pepsi and Coke bottling network to distribute their products.
In response, Cadbury Schweppes in 1998 bought and merged two large U. Vs Science? S. bottlers to form its own bottler. In 2000, Coke’s bottling system was the most consolidated, with its top 10 bottlers producing 94% of domestic volume. Pepsi’s and extended history Cadbury Schweppes’ top 10 bottlers produced 85% and 71% of the domestic volume of their respective franchisors. Essays On Christianity And Slavery? 19 Greising, p. 292. 20 Beverage Industry, January 1999, p. 17. 21 Albert Meyer and Dwight Owsen, “Coca-Cola’s Accounting,” Accounting Today, September 28, 1998 22 Kent Steinriede, “PBG Charts Its Own Course,” Beverage Industry, May 1, 1999. 10 Copying or posting is an infringement of copyright.
[emailprotected] harvard. edu or 617-783-7860. Adapting to the Times 702-442 op y Cola Wars Continue: Coke and Pepsi in extended, the Twenty-First Century In the late 1990s, a variety of sat essay score 800, problems began to emerge for the soft drink industry as a whole. Extended Essay? Although Americans still drank more CSDs than any other beverage, U. S. sales volume registered only a 0. 2% increase in 2000, to just under 10 billion cases (a case was equivalent to 24 eight-ounce containers, or 192 ounces). Dessay Natalie? This slow growth was in contrast to extended essay, the 5%-7% annual growth in the United States during the terrorism essay, 1980s. Concurrently, financial crisis in various parts of the world left Coke and Pepsi bottlers over-invested and under-utilized. Extended History? tC Coca-Cola was also impacted by difficulties in leadership transition. After the death of the popular CEO Roberto Goizueta in essay, 1997, his successor Douglas Ivestor had two rocky years at the helm, during which Coke faced a high-profile race discrimination suit and a European public relations scandal after hundreds of people became ill from contaminated soft drinks. Douglas Daft assumed leadership in April 2000; one of his first moves was to lay off 5,200 employees, or 20% of worldwide staff. While expressing “enthusiastic support for the current strategic course of the Company under Doug Daft’s leadership,” Coke’s Board voted against extended essay history, Daft’s eleventh-hour negotiations to what kant thesis, acquire Quaker Oats in extended history, November 2000.
As they had numerous times over the last century, analysts predicted the end of Coke and Pepsi’s stellar growth and profitability. Dessay? Meanwhile, Coke and Pepsi turned their attention to bolstering domestic markets, diversifying into non-carbonated beverages (non-carbs), and cultivating international markets. Balancing Market Growth, Market Share, and Profitability in history, the United States No During the early 1990s, Coca-Cola and PepsiCo bottlers employed a low-price strategy in the supermarket channel in order to compete more effectively with high-quality, low-price store brands. As the threat of the low-priced brands lessened, CCE responded in March 1999 with its first major price increase at the retail level after 20 years of flat take-home pricing. Its strategy was to reposition Coke Classic as a premium brand. PBG followed that price increase shortly after. Price wars had driven soda prices down to the point where bottlers couldn’t get a decent return on supermarket sales,” explained a Pepsi executive.
23 Observed one industry analyst, “Coke’s growth is coming internationally, and Pepsi’s is coming from Frito-Lay. 800? It is in essay, the companies’ mutual best interest not to destroy the domestic market and eat up each other’s share. ” 24 Consumers’ initial reaction to price increases was a reduction in supermarket purchases. When CCE raised prices in word how many, supermarkets by 6. 0%-8. 0% in both 1999 and 2000, comparable volumes in extended essay, North America declined each year (1. % in 1999 and 0. 8% in vs science essay, 2000). In 2001, however, the bottling companies effected more moderate price increases and consumer demand appeared to be on the upswing. Essay History? Do Both Coke and how many pages Pepsi also set about to extended essay, boost the sat essay, flagging cola market in other ways, including exclusive marketing agreements with Britney Spears (Pepsi) and Harry Potter (Coke).
Pepsi reintroduced the highly effective “Pepsi Challenge,” which was designed to boost overall cola sales and draw consumers away from private labels as much as it was to essay history, plug Pepsi over Coke. In contrast to the supermarket channel, Coke and Pepsi’s rivalry in the fountain channel intensified in the late 1990s. To penetrate Coke’s stronghold, Pepsi aggressively pursued national 23 Lauren R. Rublin, “Chipping Away: Coca-Cola Could Learn a Thing or Two from the Renaissance at PepsiCo,” Barron’s, June 12, 2000. 24 Rublin. 11 Copying or posting is an essay, infringement of copyright. [emailprotected] harvard. Essay? edu or 617-783-7860. Essays? Cola Wars Continue: Coke and Pepsi in the Twenty-First Century op y 702-442 accounts, forcing Coke to make costly concessions to extended history, retain its biggest customers. Pepsi broke Coke’s stronghold at Disney with a 1998 contract to supply soft drinks at the new DisneyQuest, Club Disney and ESPN Zone chains. After a heated bidding war in astrology vs science essay, 1999 over the 10,000-store chain of Burger King Corporation, Coke again won the fountain contract involving $220 million per year for 40 million gallons of syrup soda, but only after agreeing to double its $25 million in rebates to the food chain. Pepsi also sued Coke over access to the fountain market, charging Coke with “attempting to monopolize the market for fountain-dispensed soft drinks through independent foodservice distributors throughout the United States. Coke persuaded a Federal court to dismiss the extended, suit in 2000.
Despite Pepsi’s efforts, at the end of 2000, Coke still dominated the fountain market with 65% share of national “pouring rights” to Pepsi’s 21% and Dr Pepper/Seven Up’s 14%. tC The Rise of Non-Cola Beverages As consumer trends shifted from diet soda, to lemon-lime, to tea-based drinks, to other popular non-carbs, Coke and astrology Pepsi vigorously expanded their brand portfolios. Each new product was accompanied by debate on how much each company should stray from its core product: regular cola. On one hand, cola sales consistently dwarfed alternative beverages sales, and cola-defenders expressed concern that over-enthusiastic expansion would distract the history, company from its flagship product. Also, history had shown that explosions in demand for alternative drinks were regularly followed by slow or negative growth. On the other hand, as domestic cola demand appeared to plateau, alternative beverages could provide a growth engine for the firms. No By the late 1990s, the soft drink industry had seen various alternative beverage categories come and essay go. From double-digit expansion in the late 1980s, diet CSDs peaked in 1991 at 29. History? 8% of the CSD segment and then declined to their 1988-level share of 24.
4% in astrology essay, 1999. PepsiCo’s introduction of history, Pepsi One in late 1998 was partially responsible for the minor recovery of the diet drink segment. Flavored soft drinks such as citrus, lemon-lime, pepper, and root beer were also popular. In 1999, Mountain Dew grew faster than any other CSD brand for the third year in a row, posting 6. 0% volume growth, but in 2000, its growth slowed to 1. 5% due to terrorism, competing “new-age” non-carbs. Do. Extended History? At the turn of this century, CSDs accounted for 41. 3% of total non-alcoholic beverage consumption, bottled water accounted for astrology, 10. 3%, and other non-carbs accounted for extended, the remainder. 25 When measured in thesis, gallons, sales of extended, non-carbs rose by 18% in 1995 and 5% in 2000, compared to 2000 equals, 3% and 0. 2% respectively for CSDs.
The drinks with high growth and extended history high hype were non-carbs such as juices/juice drinks, sports drinks, tea-based drinks, dairy-based drinks—and especially bottled water. In the 1990s, the bottled water industry grew on average 8. 3% per year, and volume reached more than 5 billion gallons in 2000. Revenue growth outpaced volume growth, with a 9. 3% increase to approximately $5. 6 billion, and per capita consumption gained 5. 1 gallons to 13. 2 gallons per person.
Pepsi’s Aquafina went national in 1998. Coke followed in essay, 1999 with Dasani. Though Pepsi and Coke sold reverse-osmosis purified water instead of spring water, they had a distribution advantage over competing water brands. 26 Coke and essay Pepsi launched other new drinks throughout the 1990s. They also aggressively acquired brands that rounded out score 800, their portfolios, including Tropicana (Pepsi, 1998), Gatorade (Pepsi, 5 Maxwell. Does not include “tap water / hybrids / all others” category. History? 26 Reverse osmosis is a method of producing pure water by forcing saline or impure water through a semi-permeable membrane across which salts or impurities cannot pass. 12 Copying or posting is an infringement of copyright. [emailprotected] harvard. edu or 617-783-7860. 702-442 op y Cola Wars Continue: Coke and Pepsi in the Twenty-First Century 2000), and SoBe (Pepsi, 2000). Natalie? Both companies predicted that future increases in market share would come from beverages other than CSDs. Pepsi pronounced itself a “total beverage company,” and extended essay Coca-Cola appeared to be moving in the same direction, recasting its performance metric from share of the astrology vs science, soda market to “share of stomach. ” “If Americans want to drink tap water, we want it to be Pepsi tap water,” said Pepsi’s vice-president for new business, describing the philosophy behind the new strategy.
27 Coke’s Goizueta had echoed the extended essay, same view: “Sometimes I think we even compete with soup. ”28 Though cola remained the clear leader in terms of both companies’ volume sales, both Coke and Pepsi relied heavily on non-carbs to stimulate their overall growth in the late 1990s. In 1999, non-carbs accounted for 80% of Pepsi’s and 2000 word equals how many pages more than 100% of Coke’s growth. 29 tC At the turn of the century, Pepsi had the lion’s share of non-CSD sales. Extended Essay History? Pepsi led Coke by a wide margin in 2000 volume sales in three key segments: Gatorade (76%) led PowerAde (15%) in the $2. 6billion sports drinks segment, Lipton (38%) led Nestea (27%) in the $3.
5-billion tea-based drinks segment, and Aquafina (13%) led Dasani (8%) in the $6. Natalie Illness? 0-billion bottled water segment. 30 Including multi-serve juices, Tropicana held an approximate 44% share of the $3-billion chilled orange juice market, more than twice that of Minute Maid. 1 With the acquisition of Quaker and South Beach Beverages, Pepsi raised its non-carb market share to 31%, to Coke’s 19% (see Exhibit 8b). No Non-CSD beverages complicated Coke’s and Pepsi’s traditional production and distribution processes. While bottlers could easily manage some types of alternative beverages (e. Extended History? g. , cold-filled Lipton Brisk), other types required costly new equipment and changes in production, warehousing, and distribution practices (e. g. , hot-filled Lipton Iced Tea). In many cases, Coke and Pepsi paid more than half the cost of 2000 essay pages, these investments. Essay History? The few bottlers that invested in these capabilities either purchased concentrate or other additives from Coke and Pepsi (e. g. , Dasani’s mineral packet) or compensated the franchiser through per-unit royalty fees (e. g. , Aquafina). Most bottlers, however, did not invest in hot-fill (for some iced tea), reverse-osmosis (for some bottled water), or other specialized equipment, and instead bought their finished product from a central regional plant or one owned directly by Coca-Cola or PepsiCo. They would then distribute these alongside their own bottled products at sat essay score, a percentage mark-up. More split pallets32 led to extended essay history, slightly higher labor costs, but otherwise did not significantly affect distribution practices.
Despite these complicated and evolving arrangements, higher retail prices for alternative beverages meant that margins for the franchiser, bottler, and distributor were consistently higher than on CSDs. Internationalizing the Cola Wars Do As domestic demand appeared to plateau, Coke and Pepsi increasingly looked overseas for new growth. On Christianity? Throughout the 1990s, new access to markets in China, India, and essay Eastern Europe stimulated some of the most intense battles of the cola wars. Is Enlightenment Kant Thesis? In many international markets, per capita consumption levels remained a fraction of those in the United States. For example, while the 27 Marcy Magiera, “Pepsi Moving Fast To Get Beyond Colas,” Advertising Age, July 5, 1993. 28 Greising, p. 233.
29 Bonnie Herzog, “PepsiCo, Inc. : The Joy of Growth,” Credit Suisse First Boston Corporation, September 8, 2000. 30 Maxwell, p. 152-3. 31 Betsy McKay, “Juiced Up: Pepsi Edges Past Coke, and extended essay history It has Nothing to Do With Cola,” The Wall Street Journal, November 6, 2000. 32 Pallets are hard beds, usually of wood, used to organize, store, and transport products. A split pallet carries more than one product type. 13 Copying or posting is an infringement of copyright. [emailprotected] harvard. edu or 617-783-7860. Cola Wars Continue: Coke and Pepsi in the Twenty-First Century op y 702-442 average American drank 874 eight-ounce cans of CSDs in 1999, the average Chinese drank 22. In 1999, Coke held a world market share of 53%, compared to Pepsi’s 21% and Cadbury Schweppes’ 6%.
Among major overseas markets, Coke dominated in Western Europe and much of Latin America, while Pepsi had marked presence in the Middle East and Southeast Asia (see Exhibit 9). C By the end of score 800, World War II, Coca-Cola was the largest international producer of extended, soft drinks. Coke steadily expanded its overseas operations in the 1950s, and sat essay score 800 the name Coca-Cola soon became a synonym for American culture. Coke built brand presence in developing markets where soft drink consumption was low but potential was large, such as Indonesia: With 200 million inhabitants, a median age of 18, and per capita consumption of 9 eight-ounce cans of soda a year, one Coke executive noted that “they sit squarely on the equator and essay everybody’s young. It’s soft drink heaven. 33 By the sat essay score 800, early 1990s, Coke’s CEO Roberto Goizueta said, “Coca-Cola used to be an American company with a large international business. Essay History? Now we are a large international company with a sizable American business. Astrology? ”34 No Following Coke, Pepsi entered Europe soon after World War II, and—benefiting from Arab and extended essay history Soviet exclusion of essay, Coke—into the Middle East and Soviet bloc in the early 1970s. However, Pepsi put less emphasis on its international operations during the subsequent decade. In 1980, international sales accounted for 62% of extended essay, Coke’s soft drink volume, versus 20% for Pepsi. Pepsi rejoined the international battles in kant, the late 1980s, realizing that many of its foreign bottling operations were inefficiently run and “woefully uncompetitive. ”35 In the early 1990s, Pepsi utilized a niche strategy which targeted geographic areas where per capitas were relatively established and the markets presented high volume and profit opportunities.
These were often “Coke fortresses,” and history Pepsi put its guerilla tactics to essay, work, noting that “as big as Coca-Cola is, you certainly don’t want a shootout at high noon,” said Wayne Calloway, then CEO of PepsiCo. 6 Coke struck back; in one high-profile coup in 1996, Pepsi’s longtime bottler in Venezuela defected to Coke, temporarily reducing Pepsi’s 80% share of the cola market to nearly nothing overnight. In the late 1990s, Pepsi moved even further away from head-to-head competition and extended essay instead concentrated on emerging markets that were still up for grabs. What Thesis? “We kept beating our heads in markets that Coke won 20 years ago,” explained Calloway’s successor, Roger Enrico. “That is a very difficult proposition. 37 In 1999, PepsiCo’s bottler sales were up 5% internationally and its operating profit from overseas was up 37%. Extended Essay History? Market share gains were reported in most of Pepsi-Cola International’s top 25 markets, including increases of 10% in India, 16% in China, and terrorism essay more than 100% in history, Russia. By 2000, international sales accounted for 2000 word essay how many pages, 62% of essay, Coke’s and 9% of Pepsi’s revenues. Do Concentrate producers encountered various obstacles in international operations, including cultural differences, political instability, regulations, price controls, advertising restrictions, foreign exchange controls, and lack of infrastructure. When Coke attempted to acquire Cadbury Schweppes’ international practice, for example, it ran into regulatory roadblocks in Europe and in Mexico and Australia, where Coke’s market shares exceed 50%.
On the other hand, Japanese domestic-protection price controls in the 1950s greased the terrorism essay, skids for Coke’s high concentrate prices and high profitability, and in India, mandatory certification for extended history, bottled drinking water caused several local brands to fold. 33 John Huey, “The World’s Best Brand,” Fortune, May 31, 1993. 34John Huey, “The World’s Best Brand,” Fortune, May 31, 1993. 5 Larry Jabbonsky, “Room to Run,” Beverage World, August 1993. 36The Wall Street Journal, June 13, 1991. 37 John Byrne, “PepsiCo’s New Formula: How Roger Enrico is Remaking the Company#8230; and Himself,” BusinessWeek, April 10, 2000. 14 Copying or posting is an infringement of copyright. [emailprotected] harvard. edu or 617-783-7860. 702-442 op y Cola Wars Continue: Coke and sat essay score Pepsi in the Twenty-First Century To cope with immature distribution networks, Coke and Pepsi created their own ground-up, and extended often novel, systems.
Coke introduced vending machines to Japan, a channel that eventually accounted for more than half of Coke’s Japanese sales. 38 In India, Pepsi found the and slavery, most prominent businessman in town and gave him exclusive distribution rights, tapping his connections to extended essay history, drive growth. Significantly, both Coke and Pepsi recognized local-market demands for non-cola products. In 2000, Coke carried more than 200 brands in Japan alone, most of which were teas, coffees, juices, and flavored water. In Brazil, Coke offered two brands of guarana, a popular caffeinated carbonated berry drink accounting for one-quarter of that country’s CSD sales, despite rivals’ TV ads ridiculing “gringo guarana. ” tC When the economy foundered in certain parts of the world during the late 1990s, annual consumption declined in many regions. Major financial quakes in East Asia in essay, 1997, Russia in 1998 and Brazil in 1999 shook the cola giants, who had invested heavily in bottler infrastructure. From 1995 to 2000, Coke’s top line slowed to an average annual growth of less than 3%. Profits actually fell from $3. 0 billion in 1995 to $2.
2 billion in 2000. In Russia, where Coke invested more than $700 million from 1991 to 1999, the collapse of the extended, economy caused sales to and religion essay, drop by as much as 60% and left Coke’s seven bottling plants operating at 50% capacity. In Brazil, its third-largest market, Coke lost more than 10% of its 54% market share to low-cost local drinks produced by family-owned bottlers exempt from that country’s punitive soft-drink taxes. In 1998, Coke estimated that a strong dollar cut into net sales by 9%. Pepsi, with its relatively lower overseas presence, was less affected by the crises. History? Nonetheless, Pepsi also subsidized its bottlers while experiencing a drop in sales. No Despite these financial setbacks, both Coke and Pepsi expressed confidence in astrology vs science essay, the future growth of international consumption and used the downturn as an opportunity to snatch up bottlers, distribution, and even rival brands. Extended Essay History? To increase sales, they tried to make their products more affordable through measures such as refundable glass packaging (instead of plastic) and cheaper 6. ounce bottles. The End of an Era?
At the turn of the century, growth of cola sales in the United States appeared to have plateaued. Coke and Pepsi were investing hundreds of millions of dollars to shore up international bottlers operating at terrorism and religion essay, low capacity. The companies’ overall growth in soft drink sales were falling short of precedent and of investors’ expectations. History? Was the fundamental nature of the what is enlightenment thesis, cola wars changing? Would the parameters of this new rivalry include reduced profitability and stagnant growth— inconceivable under the old form of rivalry? Do. Or, were the troubles of the late 1990s just another step in the evolution of two of America’s most successful companies? In 2001, non-cola, non-carbs, and even convenience foods offered diversification and growth potential. Low international per capita soft drink consumption figures hinted at tremendous opportunity in extended, the competition for worldwide “throat share. ” Noted a Coke executive in 2000, “the cola wars are going to be played now across a lot of vs science essay, different battlefields. ”39 38 June Preston, “Things May Go Better for Coke amid Asia Crisis, Singapore Bottler Says,” Journal of Commerce, June 29, 1998, . A3.
39 Betsy McKay, “Juiced Up: Pepsi Edges Past Coke, and It has Nothing to Do With Cola,” The Wall Street Journal, November 6, 2000. 15 Copying or posting is an infringement of copyright. [emailprotected] harvard. edu or 617-783-7860. Do Exhibit 1 702-442 Copying or posting is an extended history, infringement of copyright. Score? [emailprotected] harvard. edu or 617-783-7860. No U. S. Industry Consumption Statistics 1970 1975 1981 1985 1990 1992 1994 1995 1996 1998 1999 2000 Historical Carbonated Soft Drink Consumption Cases (millions) Gallons/capita As a % of total beverage consumption 3,090 22. 7 2. 4 3,780 26. 3 14. 4 5,180 34. 2 18.
7 6,500 40. 3 22. 4 7,914 46. Extended? 9 26. 1 8,160 47. 2 26. 3 8,608 50. 0 27. 2 8,952 50. Score 800? 9 28. 1 9,489 52. 0 28. 8 9,880 54. 0 30. 0 9,930 53. 6 29. 4 9,950 53. 0 29. 0 22. 7 22. 8 18. Essay? 5 35. 7 6. 5 5. What Kant? 2 1. 3 1. 8 26. 3 21. History? 8 21. 6 33 1. 2 6. Terrorism? 8 7. 3 4. 8 1. 7 2 34. 2 20. 6 24. 3 27. 2 2. 7 6. 9 7. 3 6 2. 1 2 40. History? 3 24. 0 25. 0 26. 9 4. Essays On Christianity And Slavery? 5 7. 8 7. 3 6. 2 2. 4 1. Essay History? 8 46. 800? 9 24. 3 24. Extended History? 2 26. 2 8. 1 8. 8 7. 0 5. 4 2. 0 1. 5 47. 2 23. Equals Pages? 3 23. 8 26. 5 8. 2 9. 1 6. 8 5. 4 2. 0 0. Extended Essay History? 6 1. 4 50. 0 22. 8 23. 2 23. 3 9. 6 9. How Many? 4 7. 1 4. 8 1. 7 0. 9 1. 3 50. 9 22. 3 22. 8 1. 3 10. Extended History? 1 9. 2000 Word Essay How Many Pages? 5 6. 8 4. 9 1. 8 1. 1 1. Essay? 2 52. 0 22. 3 22. 7 20. 2 11. 0 9. What Is Enlightenment Kant Thesis? 7 6. 9 4. 8 1. 8 1. 1 1. 2 54. 0 22. 1 22. 0 18. 0 11. 8 10. 0 6. 9 4. 7 2. 0 1. 3 1. 3 53. Extended History? 6 22. 2 21. 9 17. 2 12. 6 10. 2 7. Illness? 0 4. 6 2. 0 1. 4 1. 3 53. 0 22. 2 21. 7 16. 8 13. 2 10. History? 4 7. 0 4. 6 2. 0 1. 5 1. 2 114. 5 126. 5 133. 3 146. 2 154. 4 154. 3 154. 0 152. 6 153. 6 154. 1 153. 8 153. 6 68 56 49. 2 36. Dessay? 3 28. 1 28. Essay? 2 28. 5 29. On Christianity? 9 28. 9 28. 4 28. 7 28. 9 182. 5 182. 5 182. 5 182. 5 182. 5 182. 5 182. Extended? 5 182. 5 182. 5 182. 5 182. 5 182. 5 U. S. Liquid Consumption Trends (gallons/capita) Carbonated soft drinks.
Beer Milk Coffeea Bottled Waterb Juices Teaa Powdered drinks Wine Sports Drinksc Distilled spirits Subtotal Tap water/hybrids/all others Totald tC opy Source: John C. Maxwell, Beverage Digest Fact Book 2001, and The Maxwell Consumer Report, Feb. 3, 1994; Adams Liquor Handbook, casewriter estimates. aFrom 1985, coffee and tea data are based on a three-year moving average to counter-balance inventory swings, thereby portraying consumption more realistically. bBottled water includes all packages, single-serve, and bulk. cSports drinks included in “Tap water/hybids/all others” pre-1992. This analysis assumes that each person consumes on and slavery average one-half gallon of liquid per day. -16- Cola Wars Continue: Coke and extended Pepsi in the Twenty-First Century Advertisement Spending for the Top 10 CSD Brands ($ millions) op y Exhibit 2 Share of market 2000 Total market 20. 4 13. 6 8. Essays On Christianity And Slavery? 7 7. 2 6. 6 6. 3 5. Extended? 3 2. 0 1. 7 1. 1 1999 20. Vs Science Essay? 3 13.
8 8. 5 7. Extended Essay History? 1 6. 8 3. 6 5. 1 2. 1 1. What? 8 1. 1 Advertisement Spendinga per essay history 2000 2000 1999 share point 207. Essays On Christianity? 3 130. 0 1. 2 50. 5 84. 0 83. 6 0. 5 44. 5 NA 2. 7 148. 9 91. 1 25. 5 37. 1 68. 4 71. Extended History? 3 0. Equals? 8 39. 2 NA 2. 9 tC Coke Classic.
Pepsi-Cola Diet Coke Mountain Dew Sprite Dr Pepper Diet Pepsi 7UP Caffeine Free Diet Coke Barq’s root beer Total top 10 702-442 72. 9 72. 9 10. Extended Essay History? 2 9. 6 0. Dessay Natalie Illness? 1 7. 0 12. 7 13. 3 0. Extended? 1 22. 3 NA 2. Astrology? 4 604. 2 485. 2 8. 3 707. 6 650. 0 NA Source: “Top 10 Soft-Drink Brands,” Advertising Age, September 24, 2001; casewriter estimates. Essay? aAdvertisement spending measured in 11 media channels from vs science CMR.
Brands and total market in 192-oz cases from Do No Beverage Digest/Maxwell. Case volume from all channels. 17 Copying or posting is an infringement of extended essay history, copyright. Kant? [emailprotected] arvard. edu or 617-783-7860. 702-442 Cola Wars Continue: Coke and Pepsi in the Twenty-First Century U. S. Soft Drink Market Share by essay Case Volume (percent) 1966 op y Exhibit 3 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 1998 2000E 27. 7 1. Dessay Natalie Illness? 5 1. 4 2. 8 33.
4 28. 4 1. 8 1. 3 3. 2 34. 7 26. 2 2. 6 2. 6 3. 9 35. 3 2. Haven’t found what you want? 12-22 Newhall St, Birmingham B3 3AS, UK [emailprotected] Hi there, would you like to get such a paper? How about receiving a customized one?
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Independence and separatist movements can be found in virtually every country in the world. Some of them are well-known. For instance, the essay history Tamils in what is enlightenment, Sri Lanka, the Corsican movement in France, and the Basques and extended essay Catalans in Spain. Is Enlightenment Thesis! These are all well-documented and history researched. In Columbia, there is the and religion Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia or Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionarias de Colombia (FARC), and in Indonesia there are the Aceh and Maluku movements. In North America, the Cascadia movement calls for an independent nation made up of British Columbia, Oregon, and Washington. Extended! Even Western Kansas wants to separate, not to mention Quebec, Canada. Word Essay Equals How Many Pages! In Somalia, there are independence movements in Puntland and history Somaliland. Relatively quiet African countries like Senegal also have low grade conflict. The Casamance region of the country is home to terrorism and religion essay, the Jola people who have a long tradition of peaceful independence demonstrations.
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The history of international humanitarian aid before the 20th century was the focus of this project. The incorporation of realist, liberal, and constructivionist perspectives were required. I read a couple of essay equals, books but mostly used peer-reviewed journal articles to extended history, find the information my client needed. I also read numerous whitepapers and reports written by aid workers and natalie illness organizations. Historically, the definition of humanitarian assistance has changed and has covered a broad range of issues, ambiguities, and contradictions. Identifying the evolving connections and differentiations between the extended essay history different forms of sat essay 800, humanitarian aid formed a large part of my work. Human rights violations, poverty, famine, armed forces intervention, natural disasters, emergency disaster relief, and aid offered in conflicts zones were also covered in my report.
Researcher, February - March 2011 (NDA in Place) I was hired by an author writing a book about parenting. The book was research intensive. It is a follow-up to history, another successful book by the same author. I also helped to develop the bibliography. Researcher and Writer for sat essay 800, a Dance Studio in London, February 2011. This project involved finding dance instructors with outstanding credentials in Ballroom and Latin dance in the UK area. I also did some basic PR writing for upcoming events.
I then submitted the press releases to various area newspapers, and essay history arts and sat essay entertainment editors that I had identified. Researcher for a Washington, DC-based Consultancy, February 2011. I was asked to find the recent sales and marketing numbers for caffeine pills. Annual and wholesale sales numbers for essay history, coffee were also requested. Plus, sales figures for grass seed, both wholesale and retail, for a number of countries, were a part of my research. Researcher and Editor for a Canadian Filmmaker, February 2011.
My job was to do research on eight countries and also provide histories of their political situations. The information was used as part of a proposal for government funding. Score! I also helped edit the document. Researcher and Editor for a Canadian Lawyer, January 2011. My role in this project was to act as a research assistant for my client. He was under a lot of pressure to have an article finished for extended, a legal journal. The paper explores the nature of the venture capital industry in Canada. I did basic research for the twenty-five page article, while my client handled the legal aspects. I also helped with the editing and the bibliography. Researcher for a New Luxury Magazine, January 2011.
I was hired to fact check a number of articles that were written for the premier issue of a new magazine that will offer articles of interest to affluent women with a net worth of more than ten million dollars. My client is currently selling books to and religion essay, an Asian distributor, but isn't sure if the discount they are getting is fair or typical. She wanted me to find out what the typical discounts for sales from publishers to distributors are in different parts of Asia; what the typical discounts for sales from distributors to extended history, resellers (bookstores) are; what the what is enlightenment kant typical discounts for sales direct from publishers to extended history, resellers (bookstores) are; and if most publishers sell through distributors or do many bookstores buy directly from publishers in that particular market. This project was a difficult one for me. It took a lot of primary research on terrorism and religion, my part, with help from some specialized databases and a number of publishing associations to find the answers. Internet Researcher for an Online Radio Show, December 2010 - April 2011. I was hired to finding interesting items for an online radio news show; to find background information on guests and potential guests; and essay do some writing and editing. I worked for this company for five months as a part-time freelance researcher. Researcher for a British Manufacturer, December 2010. Finding the contact information for the principal manufacturers of domestic water filters and purification products and their contact details in the United Kingdom was the starting place for this project. First, I had to establish which companies were the best in astrology vs science essay, their field.
The second part was to determine which of them had the best specification systems available. For example, which filters were the most effective on a sliding scale? Finally, I had to provide research and product information on three specific types of filters: reverse osmosis systems, carbon-based systems, and in-line carbon systems, particularly for American style fridges. Substantive Editor, November - December 2010. My client wrote a book that he is hoping will prove to be the right material for a positive family movie. Essay! I was hired to review the word equals pages book, make edits, suggest rewrites, and strategize on the overall plot of the extended history book.
Great project. My job was to help an 2000 essay how many, art history student, doing a Master's degree, find information and photographs about both the Parthenon frieze and the Ara Pacis Augustae. My client lives in China and said she was unable to locate adequate reference materials or resources in her local libraries, nor were her professors able to help with the extended history research since they specialize in Chinese art history and not Western art history. I found a number of good articles and full-text digital books that she was able to use to complete her thesis. A first time author contacted me for sat essay score, help with research for extended essay, a non-fiction book she was writing for Penguin about on-demand Internet streaming video companies in 2000 word how many, the United States and Canada. I was asked to find news stories, quarterly financial conference call transcripts, and other corporate/SEC type documents on a few companies from essay 1997-present.
I checked all the business databases I had access to and was able to find some of the and religion information, but the rest was not easily accessible and would cost a lot of money to obtain. Business research is always difficult to do because the information a client would like may not exist, may be proprietary, or may be very costly. Researcher for an Educational Publishing Company in Boston, October 2010. I was hired to essay, fact check two middle school social studies books. Very little was true fact checking and was more checking the source that was already noted. Each chapter had approximately sixty digital assets to check. Researcher for a Consumer Insights Company, October 2010. This contract involved researching the cultural and economic differences that exist between the provinces and territories of Canada.
I then wrote both individual summaries of the information and also a comprehensive report that gave an overview of the differences. Sat Essay Score! The information was used as part of a global pharmaceutical company's marketing campaign. Researcher for an Asian Design Consultancy, October 2010 - February 2011. This multi-pronged project was very challenging. Essay! It required me to investigate the economic factors that may impact or influence the bathroom products and accessories markets in what kant thesis, Asia. A thorough analysis (both qualitative and quantitative) of the Asian industry and the key market factors/drivers of bathroom products and accessories was also needed. The identification of the extended essay history market gaps for essays, bathroom products and accessories and the apparent opportunities within the Asian industry were compiled, along with a series of recommendations and proposals of business models to capitalize on the Asian market were uncovered from the extended history findings.
Countries of terrorism and religion, interest: Singapore, Malaysia, Thailand, Vietnam, Indonesia, India, China, and Dubai. Asian socio-cultural drivers, including country-specific consumer developments, consumer cultures and niche segments, and people/consumer insights into extended essay history European bathroom products were a part of the value-added research. An analysis of the Asian Market, including market size, market share and segmentation, industry barriers, and and slavery ways to overcome both competitive and essay entry-level considerations was a major part of this research project. I was lucky enough to be given access to essay equals pages, a number of specialized online databases to history, do the bulk of the research. I collated the information and wrote a series of reports for astrology, the client. Business Intelligence Researcher for a Law Firm in New York, October 2010 - January 2011. This very hands-on position saw me scoping out new resources for competitive information. I was expected to offer strategic input, analyze business data and information, and provide support for the decision-making process. I also conducted primary research for a series of special projects working as part of a firm-wide virtual library team.
Researcher for a Large UK Telecom, September - October 2010. This qualitative customer experience study of B2B Direct Marketing companies in Spain, the Netherlands, Germany, Portugal, Italy, France, Sweden, China, Japan, Korea, Hungary, Argentina, Brazil, and Mexico was a new experience for me. I worked with a great team of freelance researchers and was project-managed by a consulting group with its head offices in London. Researcher for a B2B Start-Up, September 2010. This company hired me to research and identify small businesses in the B2B space that can serve a national audience in the categories of Business Growth, Employee Rewards, and Productivity Improvement. They built a B2B ecommerce engine that created a community for small businesses through discounted group sales. Extended Essay! In essence, they were interested in score, sourcing unique deals that can serve a national audience of small businesses and its employees. Researcher, September 2010.
This client wanted to build an online database of good sources for information on the history of cookbooks. My role was to find the websites of cookbook publishers around the world. Extended Essay! I also used the Internet to illness, find information on cookbook awards; leading food critics; fairs, such as the Paris Cookbook Fair; and essay authors who have won or were short-listed for awards such as the International Association of Culinary Professionals Cookbook Awards, the James Beard Cookbook Awards, and Gourmand International's World Cookbook Awards. Dessay! I also collected websites that review gourmet food products and restaurants. Fact Checker for a Healthcare Software Company, September 2010. I fact checked a lengthy historical timeline that traced the evolution of consumer health technologies over the last one hundred years. Business Researcher and extended essay history Interviewer for a UK Branding and Design Consultancy, August - November 2010. I was asked to help with the early stages of a book about astrology branding. They were interested in talking to a cross section of essay, people around the world about what they think of personal and professional branding, what it means to what, them, and how it affects their lives. They needed help on identifying potential candidates, getting their contact details, writing/phoning/emailing them, interviewing them, writing up the transcripts, and extended essay identifying trends.
Researcher for a Health Services Manager, August 2010. This project focused on researching the phenomenon of reactivity, including the Hawthorne Effect. I also identified and described significant findings that came out of the terrorism and religion Hawthorne Studies and led to essay, changes in theories about how managers should behave to and religion essay, motivate and inspire their employees. The other part of the project was to explain and describe how effective human resource management planning, recruitment, and essay selection can assist in and religion essay, the continuous growth and essay development of an sat essay score 800, organization. Researcher and Editor, July 2010. I helped a senior citizen from Phoenix, Arizona with his memoirs. Essay! I did some research on his hometown and edited the manuscript.
Substantive Editor and essay Bibliographic Consultant for a PhD Thesis, July 2010. Researcher for a Technology Provider for Financial Institutions, June - July 2010. I was asked to extended history, develop a number of white papers and sat essay score executive briefings that are now used as content in presentations, webinar decks, and videos. One of the topics I researched was how much money companies in the financial services industry spend on technology services. Essay History! The client also wanted me to find out which social networks financial institutions actively participate in illness, regards to particular topics. I also had to research item processing outsourcing, including SWOT information, market share, industry trends, information to support building a business case of why a financial institution would outsource their item processing functions, and benefits of outsourcing. Extended History! The other main thrust of my work was research on online banking and terrorism and religion essay bill payment processes. I had to find out the major players, SWOT information, market share, industry trends, and information to support building a business case of why a financial institution would switch to my client's company for their online banking and extended essay bill payment services. Identifying which factors contribute to a financial institution's decision process for selecting a vendor was also requested.
Examples would be accuracy, error rate, speed, and conversion impact. Medical Researcher and Editor for a Dental Company in San Francisco, June 2010. This new venture capital backed dental company hired me to do the research for and create white papers and 2000 essay equals tech briefs on a number of topics. I also helped them edit and write some of their clinical materials. Researcher for a Master's Student, May - June 2010. My job was to help with the research for a Master's level dissertation on deceptive marketing. I also worked on the literature review. Researcher for a Pennsylvanian Communications Consultancy and Design Firm, May 2010. The topic of the research is training materials used to teach and guide service employees in completing basic stepwise processes.
The client was especially interested in in-situ, on-the-job training, not classroom training or e-learning modules. This research assignment was two-pronged: find out the best current ideas that can guide design of such training materials, and identify some specific, instructive benchmarks from across different industries and history the military. I was expected to conduct the research online and to sat essay score 800, use secondary sources, such as LexisNexis, Questia/Highbeam, and Factiva. The deliverable included a report that summarized the key insights together with links to and copies of primary sources. The industry benchmarks included illustrations. Extended Essay History! They expected brief progress reports and telephone discussions to make sure the work was focused appropriately.
Everything was delivered in an accessible digital form. Researcher for Queensland University of Technology, May 2010. I was hired to natalie illness, research creative writing programs at Australian universities, including how many there are in history, Australia, how long they have been around, what they offer, a brief profile of the staff working for them, and a short history of their development. Creative writing programs have existed in the United States for over a hundred years, with the establishment of creative composition courses at Harvard University in on christianity, the 1880s and the founding of the prestigious Iowa Writers' Workshop in 1939, the oldest graduate-level creative writing program in America. In England, the Bloomsbury Group laid a solid foundation for creative writing from the 1920s onwards. These informal networks were important because they allowed writers to critique each other's work, exchange ideas, and essay act as mentors; the type of role that is how many pages now fulfilled by essay history, universities. But these networks were often only for the elite or for those who ran in artistic circles. Equals Pages! In Australia, creative writing higher degrees are relatively new and find their roots in the Colleges of Advanced Education programs of the 1980s. Just a decade ago, few Australian universities offered creative writing doctorates or master's programs.
Now many offer a full range of creative writing programs, from history undergraduate to doctoral levels, and essays on christianity and slavery are in high demand. The Australian Learning and Teaching Council has an history, interesting report on the Australian Writing Programs Network (AWPN) here. Researcher for a PhD Student, May 2010. I was hired to fact check a thesis. My client also needed a lot of help with the references because although she originally meant to make the footnotes and bibliography entries as the thesis was being written, deadlines were looming and she didn't keep track of them. I had to go over each section of the thesis and where an author was cited, either in parenthesis or directly in the text, I needed to check the source. In the majority of cases, the 2000 how many source was already listed in the bibliography, but essential information was missing.
I followed the MLA style guide and made sure that the bibliography was up to par. I also had to go back and essay history cite the source in the text and sat essay associate each with a particular page number. That meant that I had to extended history, search the actual source for the information cited and vs science essay then insert the page number or numbers in the thesis text. Researcher and Writer, April - July 2010. I was asked to extended essay, research and write a comprehensive series of articles covering a variety of kant thesis, topics based on a wealth of primary source materials and subject matter expert interviews for an online nanotechnology knowledgebase.
The tool will be used by nanotechnologists and science institutes. The client provided me with a conceptual framework, expert resources, and access to source materials. I uploaded the extended essay material using a content management system that was created with information architecture and instructional design input from me. The entire development process, from initial research, content gathering, drafts, and essays on christianity final production of the knowledgebase took four months of part-time work. Researcher, April - June 2010. My client is writing a book about how cities around the world thrive or die. Extended History! I did a lot of research and read many books, articles, and city planning maps. I then summarized pertinent information into a series of white papers. Using a number of expository forms, my client discusses what makes a city successful.
Of course that changes over time. What made a medieval city successful is a lot different than what makes a modern city such as New York successful. The humanistic management of cities; the right mix of aesthetics and practical, user-friendly spaces; and balancing grand and classical structures with contemporary initiatives in cities are covered. Essay! Encouraging city planners to take a progressive approach to the development of urban areas is extended history key, as is considering diversity to what is enlightenment kant, create a better quality of urban life. While important aspects of reimagining cities are things such as cleaner public transit and building using the latest energy efficient designs, we also have to consider that people need a daily connection with nature and require sustainable urban areas that incorporate green spaces and natural life forms and systems into their cityscapes.
Rooftop and sidewalk gardens are two examples of how urban planning can transform city areas from distressed and grey communities to revitalized neighbourhoods that promote health, a connection to nature, and a place that inspires and history stimulates the human psyche. Recognizing that city environments can be planned in such a way that the lives of people are enhanced by dessay natalie, encouraging physical activity and surrounding them with beautiful vistas rather than decaying urban infrastructures goes a long way towards creating cities that will thrive along with their inhabitants. Researcher and Writer for a Non-Profit, April - May 2010. This project focused on the loss of religious buildings in the United States, particularly in relation to changing demographics, economic hardship, shrinking congregations, or as a result of religious orders paying out large amounts of money to victims of molestation and abuse. In order to extended, bring this reality to the public's attention and to help congregations learn of their counterpart's struggles and creative solutions, my client had me do research on what kant thesis, a number of religious buildings and arrange interviews with some of the important stakeholders. I then compiled the information and wrote a report. Many communities have faced the loss of their places of worship. Many of essay, these buildings are sold to sat essay 800, land developers who turn them into condos or level them to history, construct residential or commercial buildings. Churches and synagogues are an essential part of natalie illness, urban hubs, providing sanctuary, community outreach, jobs for extended history, the community, improved mental health for residents, reduced levels of crime, foster charitable contributions, encourage volunteering, support a variety of local businesses, and improve the vitality of the community. Their loss can be devastating, not just to art and architectural history, but to society as well.
Churches contribute to vitally important components of successful societies and their presence in communities provide many benefits that cannot be measured solely by direct revenue. I worked for an art institute's online division to assist with arranging image permission requests and researching the fair use of copyrighted works. In this case, my clients had been involved in holistic nutrition and medicine for over thirty years as patients. They both take 75-100 supplements daily, including standard vitamins, a number of word equals how many, esoteric ones, and also longevity and cognitive supplements. They also had many chelation IVs, ALA IVs, Myers Cocktails, Phosphatidyl Choline pushes, ozone IVs, oxygen therapies, had taken heavy DHEA and HgH injections for extended essay history, two decades, and even bought a mostly UV-B sun-tanning bed to increase Vitamin D levels. And, for over thirty years, they only saw American College for Advancement in Medicine sanctioned holistic MDs. They also read over terrorism and religion, one hundred holistic e-newsletters weekly, as well as a number of print ones.
They hired me to do some detailed research on Enhanced External Counterpulsation Therapy (EECP), a procedure performed on people with angina, heart failure, or cardiomyopathy. Extended Essay! I also provided a list of MDs who would perform the procedure for dessay illness, preventive purposes. Since they were considering moving to another state, they asked me to generate a list of doctors who offered certain protocols. They also asked me to find the best type of sauna and where it could be bought. Finally, I investigated a number of new supplements, therapies, procedures, blood tests, and extended essay history looked at other relevant research studies. I used the Internet and a number of academic and medical databases to do the score research. Researcher for an Upcoming Book on Customer Conversion Rates in Retail Operations, March 2010. I did some initial research for this book. It is being written by essay history, the founder of a business analytics company that works with leading retailers, including Hallmark, Adidas, Home Depot, and Sears. The book is about the importance of measuring prospect traffic and customer conversion rates in retail operations.
It is a follow-up to 2000 word pages, When Retail Customers Count . Fact Checker, Proof Reader, Researcher, Substantive Editor, and Writer for history, an Upcoming Book that Looks at Evolution as a Religion, February - June 2010. I was contacted by a first-time author who had spent years researching and writing a book that challenged the theory of evolution. As a product of the public school system, he was taught to believe in evolution and never thought to question it until a chance meeting with a biology professor from UCLA in the 1970s, who told him that the possibility that life could have happened by 2000 word equals how many, chance was 1 in 10 to the 27th power. History! That remained with him and prompted a great deal of thought and 2000 equals eventual research into extended the complexities of life. The end result of essays and slavery, his journey is extended essay history this book. Dessay Natalie Illness! This was a big project for extended essay history, me. Each chapter was proof read and fact checked.
As a result, a lot of additional research was needed. I used articles I retrieved from terrorism and religion essay academic databases to find information and also found that Google Books was an invaluable tool. The book came to me with incomplete footnotes and needed many others added. As a substantive editor, I advised my client to make some major changes in how the information was structured and arranged. I also edited the book and rewrote sections of it to make my clients' ideas shine through more effectively. Finally, I created a sixteen page bibliography and formatted the book in preparation for publication. The premise of his book is extended history that Evolution is a faith-based theory.
It stands alongside other faith-based movements, such as Christianity, Islam, and Judaism. The one common thread that binds these great religions together is FAITH. Faith may be defined as having complete, unwavering trust and terrorism belief in a concept for which no scientific evidence is extended essay available. The theory of evolution gained wide exposure following the essay publication of extended, The Origin of and religion, Species by Charles Darwin in 1859. It became a very popular book and went through six editions within a brief period of time.
The book was particularly popular in academic circles. In Darwin's day, the cell was thought to essay history, be so simple that brilliant scientists of the day accepted his theory of evolution to explain the foundation of life. As science advanced and the complexity of the cell became clearer, the idea of intelligent design became more and more compelling. This book does a very good job explaining intelligent design and irreducible complexity. Evolutionary presentations found in articles and textbooks, and on christianity used by millions of students start with the assumption that the accidental formation of life is a fact. Mutations and accidental mistakes in essay history, cell reproduction are credited with species' progression. This faith-based evolutionary concept uses the assumption of the 2000 word essay equals how many pages original cell as a point of departure, which then leads to extended history, broad-based transitional forms and 800 the tree of life, and concludes, with life as we know it. Essay! Many prominent evolutionists and other professionals define evolution as a religion. Sir Julian Huxley, Charles Darwin, James D. Watson, George Wald, George G. Dessay Natalie! Simpson, Jonathan Sarfati, James Perloff, Luther Sunderland, Friedrich Engels, Karl Marx, Adolph Hitler, Fred Hoyle, Stephen Hawking, Stephen Jay Gould, Antony Flew, Francis Crick, Michael Denton, Richard Dawkins, and essay history James F. Coppedge are just some of the people covered in this book. Client and Market Researcher for a California Insurance Brokerage, February 2010.
I was hired to find insurance brokers in the Los Angeles area who have clients with small commercial buildings and who also place that business in the wholesale insurance market. I collected the names and addresses of the firms, noted if the firms were an insurance brokerage, if the firms handled small apartment buildings, and if they placed any of this business in the wholesale marketplace. Researcher for 2000 word essay how many, a Marketing Director, January 2010. My client needed a list of bankrupt or no-longer-in-business companies that were issued a UCC certificate prior to August 28, 2002 in the United States. This certificate would give them a block of Universal Product Code (UPC) barcodes. He also needed the extended essay history last known contact information of an terrorism, executive or owner of those companies: the last available contact information of the owners or higher up executives, or someone with access to the certificate and the ability to transfer ownership. The more contacts I could collect the better because there would be a segment that would not be interested in essay history, selling the certificate or have enough codes remaining to sell. My client didn't care how old the certificates were but pointed out that the companies that received their certificate closer to their demise date would be optimum and would increase the odds of having more remaining usable codes. Ultimately, he was hoping for 200-300 contacts going back two to three years prior to August 28, 2002. Score 800! The end goal was to purchase the UCC certificates, thus taking ownership of their block of barcodes.
The UCC completely changed the essay barcode regulations post August 28, 2002, but any code established before that date is still valid and has fewer regulations attached to it. This was a project that I couldn't do in the end. I did work on finding the information but I ran into trouble. Equals! I did find out that a definitive list of all UCC certificate holders (prior to extended history, August 2002) doesn't exist. I figured if I could find that list I could then check the companies and their status. The inventor of UPC, George Laurer, can't even get a list, even though he has tried for illness, years. I then contacted a friend of mine from grad school who does business research for a living and who has access to essay, very relevant databases and he couldn't find the information either. One thing that might help my client is what is enlightenment kant thesis if he can find a list of the companies involved in history, the class action suit levied against the GS1 in the state of Washington.
The GS1 lost and all prefix owners prior to August 28, 2002 became exempt to the GS1's renewal fees. Researcher for a Marketing Support Company in Reston, VA, January 2010. My job was to research federal agencies that have issued grants in the past five years. I was expected to name the agencies, the award amounts, levels of essays and slavery, profit, time frames, the winners, and their competition. Brief descriptions of the grants were also requested.
Another part of the project was to investigate federal agency grant trends and projections. My client was interested in finding out more about the health, security, space, IT, and education sectors, and other industries that have shown growth and are projected to show growth in the grant arena. Finally, I was asked to extended essay, research the link between federal grants and formal procurements, and discuss how the link affects the element of developing customer relationships. A ten page white paper was the end result of my research. I included graphs that depicted past and future market percentages. Researcher for an Upcoming Book on Japanese American Baseball, January 2010. Specifically, I was asked to illness, find newspaper articles from Honolulu, Hawaii newspapers between the years 1915-1920. Extended History! The client also wanted articles from a Japanese American newspaper based in Los Angeles called the Rafu Shimpo , years 1925 to astrology vs science essay, 1927. I used LexisNexis but those years were not indexed. I then did a search for the information on the newspaper websites, but most only archive a few years online.
I then wrote a number of newspapers to ask for essay history, assistance but surprisingly, the newspapers don't even have extensive archives offline and couldn't help me. I then thought to write the state libraries, but they weren't helpful either and suggested that I come in and search their microfilm for the articles. Since I was thousands of miles away, that wasn't an option. I suggested that my client make use of a library research service that allows you to hire a librarian to find and print out the information and mail it to you. The other alternative was to post an ad on Craigslist asking if there was a local student interested in going to on christianity, the library and performing the task for him. Posting an ad on pertinent universities' electronic job boards and extended essay history requesting the same was also suggested.
Researcher for a Vitamin Company, December 2009. I was asked to use excerpts from biochemical texts and published medical studies to find scientific verification for the three step process that takes B vitamins to dessay illness, the generation of energy. Higher potencies of extended essay, B vitamins help the body generate more energy. The process starts with the ingestion of and slavery, B vitamins, which increases mitochondrial function and performance, which in turn increases ATP production. Increased ATP production leads to more available energy.
PubMed was my main tool. Market Researcher for a North Carolina School, December 2009. This school was interested in hiring a consultant to conduct market research for essay, them. As a state-funded special education school for students with sensory disabilities, they wanted to determine how to essay, better serve their students, community, and extended essay history state using socially-responsible initiatives. As part of their strategic plan, the school needed to evaluate the market so as to continue delivering high quality education and to ensure its relevance to society. Working with management to implement objectives and astrology vs science directly targeting important priorities will allow the staff to increase its effectiveness and to expand their programs. RSS Consultant, December 2009. I was required to set up a series of RSS feeds for news, blog entries, and articles.
The focus was on the emerging business of trading emission credits, which is a way for low emission companies to sell its credits to benefit higher emitting companies. It is a bigger business in Europe than in North America, and my clients wanted to find out what is happening in essay history, this market-based approach to sat essay score, controlling pollution. They also asked me to find some older articles on the subject. I was hired to find email addresses and fax numbers for lingerie businesses in the United Kingdom, Ireland, France, Belgium, and Italy. Researcher and essay Writer for a Class Action Committee, November 2009 - February 2010. This American public-interest organization was waging a battle for healthcare reform against a private hospital company, questioning its integrity and accusing it of being corrupt. I was hired as a secondary researcher to vs science, supplement the efforts of its information team, which consisted of a researcher and two health-care analysts. Extended! They believed their research efforts could be improved by bringing in a consultant. Above all, they were looking for hard facts that could be incorporated into reports. Essay! Some of the tasks could be completed quickly in a few days, other larger projects were targeted at a few weeks.
I worked for a number of essay, people in the organization, but had a primary project manager. The following are examples of the work I did: 1.) research specific lawyers, including who they had worked with, what political parties they contributed to, their connections to particular politicians, and anything else that could be important for my clients; 2.) I was asked to obtain certain court records for them; 3.) transcripts of television shows were requested; 4.) I often was asked to pull together all existing news and astrology essay clips about certain hospitals and then write succinct memos covering the most salient points; 5.) I was also expected to take a look at certain civil and criminal court cases and obtain the records; 6.) keep my clients updated on a regular basis through memos about a series of subjects; 7.) investigate a federal budget for extended history, specific line-items and find out who sponsored them; and 8.) access information on score, Washington lobbyists and find out how much they were getting paid. Overall, a very challenging four-month part-time job. Survey Developer, Researcher, and Writer for a Report on the Social Value of Leisure for an International Cruise Line, November 2009. My client will use the information I found in a variety of ways, including in the development of its leisure programming and in its advertising packages. Instead of looking for data on Baby Boomers or Seniors, this study focused primarily on young people, ages 21 to 50. We started by developing a survey that zeroed in on their spending habits, lifestyle choices, recreation habits, and leisure values. We posted it on very appropriate websites and were surprised by the number of people who took the extended history time to 2000 essay pages, answer our questions. Further analysis was conducted by extended, gender because we were also interested in male/female preferences when it comes to relaxation, socialization, competitiveness, and the importance of score, pleasure as a form of recreation. It is important for recreation planners and extended leisure service providers to astrology vs science essay, understand the leisure values of the people they work with in order to provide adequate services and programs.
Today, more than ever, people are seeking to improve their quality of life through enjoyable recreation and leisure pursuits, especially when they are on vacation. They are increasingly aware of the essay history importance of preventative health strategies, rest, and recreational activities, and try to incorporate this philosophy into the vacation packages they spend money on. With more disposable income, good jobs, and a heightened awareness of the world and its travel opportunities, young people will continue to become the focus of terrorism essay, cruise lines and resorts. I also read a number of history, studies, academic articles, and what is enlightenment kant thesis books on extended history, the subject of leisure and put all the information into a report. Researcher for a Book Proposal, October 2009. I helped an author put together a book proposal on the subject of test stress. He needed me to research a large number of studies, facts, and astrology vs science figures for the audience and marketing sections of the proposal.
He also had a lengthy list of very specific questions I had to find answers for. Researcher and extended Photographic Consultant for a US-based Newspaper Columnist, October 2009. I was hired to sat essay score, find information on the South Bank Skate Park, which is extended essay located underneath Queen Elizabeth Hall on the Thames in London. I was also asked to essays on christianity and slavery, find copyright-free photographs of the area. The park has been popular with skateboarders since the early 1970s. For almost forty years, this public space has acted as a community for extended, thousands of young people and is widely acknowledged as London's most beloved skateboarding area. Performance and essays and slavery graffiti artists, photographers, tourists, and buskers also migrate to the park. The Graffiti Archaeology Project has an essay, archive of the area's art throughout its history. The park also appeared in a Tony Hawks computer game. Although its size has been reduced in recent years and partly given over to retail shops, the government has agreed that this vibrant public space has had a very positive impact on and slavery, thousands of young people and contributed to extended essay history, the cultural heritage of London, so much so, that plans for more retail outlets were recently nixed. Researcher and Writer for a Non-Fiction Book Proposal (NDA in Place), October 2009.
My client is a well-known author with over twenty-five years experience in the fields of filmmaking and technology. The project I worked on with him was for a non-fiction book about the convergence of astrology vs science, a number of complex digital technologies. I helped with the research and design of the book proposal. Essay History! I also assisted with the astrology essay writing and editing of the first three chapters of the book that were sent to the publisher along with the proposal. Researcher for an Educational Publisher, September 2009. For this project I had to do research on a number of interrelated subjects: US college enrollment growth due to the recession; job training growth in general; colleges moving toward online learning and digital course materials; high schools moving toward online learning and digital course materials; digital books and their affect on traditional book publishers; and the growth of ebooks in any channel over time. I used a number of academic databases to do the research, collected articles on each topic, read them, making notes as I did. History! I took all important information and made a series of essays, short reports, one for each of the topics I had researched. College enrollments are closely aligned with the economy. History! When the economy weakens, there is an increase in post-secondary enrollment rates as people hasten to natalie illness, increase their employable job skills and ride out the storm. When the economy strengthens, enrollment rates fall off as more people look for jobs instead of attending college.
This is particularly true for community colleges during the global recession that began in 2008, when students cut across all demographic groups. According to a survey by the Sloan Consortium, higher education institutions believe that bad economic news is good news for both overall and online enrollments. More people go back for additional schooling in essay, a bad economy, specifically people working in essay how many pages, low-paying jobs. The largest universities and extended essay history all community colleges in northeast Mississippi reported their enrollment numbers were through the roof, driven by a weak job market and high unemployment. California college officials reported turning away 250,000 community college students because they had no room for them. Historically, when the and religion economy slows, one of the first things cut is job training. Funds for job training/re-training have recently increased but the state of essay, these types of programs are still far from what they were in 1979. So, it is impossible to say whether job training funds will decrease as the on christianity and slavery recession wanes, but it is extended essay history very likely they will since the unemployed will be moving into jobs and not spending as much time in retraining programs. The stimulus spending bill signed in early 2009 includes $4.5 billion for job training.
Armed with new federal funds, American states are trying to help their jobless residents. The new Economic Stimulus Act includes $5.7 billion for workforce programs, which represents the vs science largest infusion of dollars into the workforce in decades. Private companies are also partnering with states to help with job training. For example, Microsoft Corporation works with state officials in Florida, New York, and Washington, using the company's e-learning programs and online certifications. If you want to extended essay, help people get back on their feet, you need to take a rigorous new approach to technical training. Online learning is an important piece of the puzzle and continues to essays on christianity, be the fastest growing segment of higher education. And yet the educational establishment still debates whether e-learning can ever be as good as traditional teaching at essay history, a campus. A study released by the US Department of Education found that when compared to face-to-face teaching, many types of online college courses were better at sat essay score, raising student achievement. President Obama has also endorsed online education, while talking about his recent community college initiative.
Convenience is one of the main reasons why so many students take courses online. They are available 24 hours a day and extended essay are particularly attractive to on christianity and slavery, younger students, who are quite at ease navigating their way through the collaboration software, digital tools, and video components used in online education classes. Online learning has turned a corner and moved into history mainstream education as advancements in technology and high-speed broadband networks allow for a more interactive and personalized learning experience. Established brick and mortar universities, such as MIT, Stanford, Cornell, and Penn State are putting their curricula online and are now offering extensive online learning options. UMassOnline reports that enrollment among students under the age of astrology essay, 25 has increased 91 percent over the past three years. Thomas Edison State College in Trenton, N.J. is reporting a 100 percent growth rate over the same period. The shift from paper to extended history, digital textbooks is also gathering speed as school systems struggle to what is enlightenment kant, provide students with books at a time when budgets are being cut. The California Digital Textbook Initiative will replace some high school science and math texts with free ones in hopes that the state will save hundreds of essay history, millions on textbook purchases. It will be years before students will have access to all their books in a digital format, but there is no question that competition from dessay open-source materials poses a real threat to traditional textbook publishers.
Moving towards open-source materials is well under way in higher education courses as President Obama pushes for the creation of free online courses to improve community colleges. Extended Essay History! According to the National Association of College Stores (NACS), which tracks the higher education retail market and terrorism essay reports the latest findings, e-books currently constitute a small portion of the college textbook market but are expected to reach 15 percent of textbook sales by 2011-12 and essay are increasingly nudging their way into the marketplace. For example, CourseSmart is vs science a joint venture of the leading traditional publishers in essay history, North American higher education. Companies such as McGraw-Hill Education, John Wiley Sons, Elsevier Science, Cengage Learning, Princeton University Press, and what is enlightenment thesis Sage Publications, Inc. provide digital books and learning tools to millions of student with more than 7000 titles. They are also accessible on Apple Inc.'s iPhone, iPod Touch, and the Blackberry, to name a few.
The most popular college texts can be downloaded at approximately half the price of traditional texts. NACS' Student Watch 2010: Student Attitudes Perceptions reported that the average full-time college student spent an average of $693 on history, college textbooks and course materials in 2010. Going digital seems to on christianity and slavery, make a lot of sense when you consider numbers that high. Amazon.com is currently conducting a pilot program that provides students at Arizona State University, Case Western Reserve University, Pace University, Princeton University, Reed College, and the University of extended history, Virginia with the revamped Kindle and the ability to download textbooks. As portable gadgets become more ubiquitous, digital publishing will continue to grow. Initiatives such as Google's Library Project also go a long way to explain the increased interest in digital books and devices, especially since Google made sure that all digitized materials were formatted for mobile devices.
Apple also plays a crucial role in the transition from print to digital with its iTunes University. It offers college lectures and provides free storage and dessay bandwidth to universities, some of which make their lectures available to all, while others restrict based on enrolment. The Association of American Publishers (AAP) has tracked digital book sales since 2003, which were $20 million at the time. Extended Essay History! By 2007, that had more than tripled. By 2008, revenues were reported as $113 million. Essay! An added note: according to the AAP, the first quarter of 2011 saw e-book sales explode to $233.1 million.
Historical Newspaper Researcher for an Author, September 2009. My client wanted access to Los Angeles newspapers' accounts of the essay history death of Thomas Ince and the subsequent coverage. Essays On Christianity! His novel will feature the extended history death of Thomas Ince as a small part of the plot. On Christianity! Ince was born in 1882 and was famous as the owner of his own progressive movie studio. He was also a well-known actor, screenwriter, director, and producer. Ince was considered an industry leader and Hollywood virtually came to a standstill the day of his funeral. He died at his home in Beverly Hills in 1924 after falling ill aboard William Randolph Hearst's yacht, the Oneida , amid rumours that he was murdered by extended essay history, Hearst over a dispute about a woman.
The official cause of his death was heart attack. In the end, there was no official investigation into Ince's death. On December 11, 1924, the Los Angeles Times published the following: District Attorney, Chester Kempley, announced that he had uncovered nothing to dessay, justify him in proceeding further with the matter. He said, I began this investigation because of the many rumours brought to extended, my office regarding the astrology vs science essay case and have continued it until today in order to extended essay, definitely dispose of them. I am satisfied that the death of astrology, Mr. Ince was caused by heart failure as a result of acute indigestion. There will be no further investigation, at least as far as the county of San Diego is concerned. Extended! If there is any investigation of the stories of liquor drinking on board the 2000 essay pages yacht where Mr.
Ince was a guest it will have to be in Los Angeles, where, presumably, the extended essay history liquor was secured. I used LexisNexis to find over fifty full-text newspaper articles for what kant, my client to read for essay history, his research. Joomla Consultant and Content Provider for Mystic River Marina, August - October 2009. I helped the web programmer design this site, integrating a number of photographs to essay, spotlight the marina's many amenities. I also did some research into local businesses, services, and events to add pertinent information to the website. I used Joomla to make the pages and also wrote or edited the website content. Medical Technology Researcher for a Medical Center, August - September 2009.
This project required me to research thirty medical innovations identified by clinicians and medical researchers using web-based resources and medical journals accessed through proprietary databases. History! I then wrote a brief for each technology that included a description of the and religion application, the technologies or methods it will replace or complete against, its clinical trial status, the current state of development, regulatory approvals, commercial availability, companies involved with the technology, patient benefits, and when it is likely to appear in the marketplace. Researcher for a PhD Student (NDA in Place), August 2009. Client Researcher for an Art Restorer, August 2009. A professional conservator of paintings hired me to find contracts for her company. It had been awarded some lucrative state and extended federal preservation jobs, but she wanted to find more state and federal painting or mural restoration projects on which she could place bids. She'd had little success finding such contracts herself and needed some assistance. I used the Internet to do some of the work, but focused my attention on the appropriate government agencies and community organizations to find the information.
Internet Researcher for a Documentary Filmmaker in Mongolia, July - September 2009. My client needed help locating rural schools and libraries in Mongolia, including a description, photographs, and contact information for each. Natalie Illness! He wanted to tell the stories of extended, people who use extraordinary efforts and ingenuity to bring knowledge to those without access. In many remote areas of the world, there are no library buildings. Instead, there are donkey, elephant, and astrology essay camel libraries; wheelbarrow, boat, bus, and train libraries are also very common. Essay! Some libraries are housed in the homes of farmers and people come and go, sometimes great distances, to terrorism, select books. These mobile libraries and their librarians play a key role in the lives of people living in rural areas. For them, the arrival of the mobile library is an important occasion and an exciting event. My primary tool for this project was the Internet and extended essay history a few NGOs, operating in the area. Researcher and Survey Designer for a Study on Homeschooling in the United States, July 2009. There is no question that homeschooling, when properly done by competent people, can be a wonderful experience for everyone involved.
Many glowing reports have already been written that highlight the advantages and what is enlightenment unlimited learning possibilities that go along with home-based education. Studies have definitely shown that some homeschooled students score much higher than the average publically-educated child. But what about the dark side of homeschooling? What about the parents who say they are homeschooling their children but are, in fact, not actually teaching them anything, resulting in illiterate adults? Who is monitoring these children? In some states, the extended answer is is enlightenment kant no one. Most states do insist upon some form of annual standardized testing and a monitoring of the homeschooling program, but many leave the extended history enforcement of provisions to local school districts, which have few resources to do so. Essays On Christianity! My client decided to write a book that uncovers some of the extended history darkest secrets of the homeschooled, including profiling the uneducated and lazy parents who have fallen through the astrology cracks and are pretending to homeschool their children without the knowledge of extended, any educational agency. The other allegation that the author wanted to explore was the contention that homeschooled children are more likely to be abused and because they do not attend school, nobody knows. Some of the on christianity children are also subjected to an extraordinary amount of religious instruction, to the detriment of other subjects.
Others are simply put to work. We started by essay history, designing an online survey that we posted in multiple places on the Internet. Equals How Many! It basically asked if the extended essay history reader knew of word essay, any children being kept home from school, but who were receiving little in history, the way of sat essay score 800, educational instruction. Essay History! For example, some parents believe that taking their children for a walk and pointing out the clouds constitutes a science lesson. Similarly, they believe making a cake together and cooking supper every day can be counted as hours spent learning. Word Pages! Most parents consider these types of activities interacting with their children, not school lessons. We were surprised by the number of responses we received.
My other duties included doing a review of the literature, researching state laws and legislation, and working with the survey results to generate statistics and graphs. Researcher for a Project on essay, the Management of Serials in Academic Libraries, July 2009. I was asked to undertake the research for this project because my client, an academic librarian, was very busy with other responsibilities. This is the dessay natalie illness type of work that takes a lot of time. After I used a series of academic databases to extended essay, do the research and downloaded over one hundred appropriate articles, I had to read them.
As I read through each article, I copied important points and placed them into a Word document with related bibliographic information. I also added my own notes, possible points of departure, and dessay natalie illness ideas on extended essay, how the information could be integrated into the final report. Essays On Christianity! Libraries of all types are facing a digital revolution that is continuously changing and difficult to manage. For years, library finances have been struggling to keep up with the growth of journals. The shift from ownership of physical collections to licensing content for essay, electronic resources has occurred quickly in the fields of medicine and science, but other collections are mired in problems, uncertainties, and vs science essay controversies. As universities and colleges offer more online courses and create global educational environments with increasing numbers of offsite international students, they have no choice but to make a move from essay history print to word equals pages, digital serial collections. History! The changing culture of scholarly communication and learning will continue to challenge librarians and require even more change from libraries.
The transition from print to electronic resources has meant better service to library patrons, but the challenges of managing electronic resources have forced library staff to work more collaboratively and advocate for the creation of new partnerships and resource-sharing in order to transform library services. Libraries and serial publishers face unique challenges in the acquisition of electronic resources, including new pricing models, obtaining access rights, and determining packaging options. Effective communication, enhanced library workflows, new partnerships, electronic resource management systems, and the utilization of what is enlightenment kant thesis, web services are all important factors in the reshaping of library services in extended essay, this digital age. Fact Checker for an International Publisher of Consumer Periodicals and Books, June - August 2009. I was hired to fact check and verify the information in a four book series. The project was fun and interesting, in part, because the trade books were very entertaining and provocative to read. Topics included a history of food in New York City, the culture of fear in America, the sat essay science behind gadgets, and the resurgence of the cupcake. Researcher for an Examination into Publicly-Available Information for a Content-on-Demand Company (NDA in Place), June 2009. Fact Checker and extended history Researcher for equals how many, a Nutrition Magazine, June 2009. I was required to do some fact checking and research for a new fitness, exercise, and nutrition magazine. From time to time, I am contacted by them to verify article facts or do the research for history, new articles.
Internet Researcher for an Overview of terrorism essay, APIs (Californian Consultancy), June 2009. This long established company was interested in branching out and incorporating some new ideas and technology as a way to expand its business. They decided that a web application programming interface (API) was something they would like to investigate. An example would be the Google Maps API that can be used by anyone to build a business around. Extended History! Real estate developers and agents come to mind.
I discovered that there are tens of thousands of APIs available for free on the Internet. Word Essay Equals How Many Pages! Lots of options for essay history, my clients to choose from. Illness! Here is one website to give you an idea of the types of businesses that can be started by using an API. Researcher and Writer for a California Health Information Management Consultancy, May - July 2009. The company needed to acquire hard data on the market for US health and science staffing services, as well as on essay history, the US staffing industry, in general, to aid in sat essay score 800, the formulation of their marketing strategies. The research was limited to the US market only. Essay! The data collected for 2000 word essay, each sector included market size in dollars, geographic distribution, client universe (# of establishments) by sector and sub-sector, and employment universe (by relevant profession). The universe of staffing firms in OAI sectors; financial data on top 25 players in each sector; total number of extended, people employed by health science staffing companies; market share held by the top 25 health science staffing companies in each sector; trends in word essay equals how many pages, health and science staffing; merger and acquisition activities in the last five years; trends in usage of extended history, staffing services for health and is enlightenment thesis science staffing; fastest growing health and science professions being staffed by essay history, the staffing industry; and seasonality of staffing employment were all included in the deliverable. Government data sources, such as the US Bureau of Labor Statistics, US Dept. of Commerce, US Bureau of the Census, and other federal agencies and departments; commercial data sources, such as LexisNexis, Dun Bradstreet, and Standard Poor's; trade data sources, such as the dessay illness American Staffing Association, the extended essay history American Nurse Association, and other relevant trade associations; media data sources, including trade publications, industry white papers, professional association publications, industry analysts and experts; company and industry websites; and and religion online research reports were the tools I used to find the information. I then used Excel to input the data I was able to extended history, find. Researcher for a Newspaper Journalist, May 2009.
This project involved finding statistical information on patterns of private philanthropy. Americans, Europeans, and Japanese were the focus of the research. My client, a journalist, was working on a piece. He requested specific numbers to make the comparisons, including gross amounts and a careful breakdown of what was included and thesis how it was sub-divided in categories such as religious, secular, arts, health, science, emergency relief, and other similar sub-categories. Bibliographic Consultant for a Medical Publishing Company, May 2009. My client had 250 references stored in an EndNote library. EndNote is a bibliography program that keeps track of your references.
Many of the references were missing some of the information and needed to essay history, be polished up. In some cases, I had to illness, find the city of extended, publication, clarify authors' names, and about 25-30% were missing the date. The good thing about this job was that most of the references were imported from PubMed journals, so finding the missing information wasn't all that difficult. For some of the other references I had to use WorldCat to find them because they were pulled from dessay illness diverse sources, including psychology books, federal reports, book chapters, and websites. Co-Designer of Three Web-based Applications for North American Organic Farms, April 2009. Small, family-run organic farms are often burdened by debt, or at least a lack of money. Coming up with the extended essay funds to pay for the services of a web programmer or a designer is difficult for many, even when their businesses would run a lot better with the essay help of extended history, information technology. So, when one such farm approached me for advice, I decided it would be a good project to get involved in. For example, they run an sat essay 800, organic co-op, but had no online application form for people to sign up for the service. Instead, they had posted a PDF application form which had to be printed off, filled in, and mailed using the postal service.
A bigger problem for them was they didn't have a web application that local restaurants could use to make their weekly orders, nor did they have an easy way for history, customers to order any of their almost 150 product seedlings. I worked with a programmer to design the forms and the application interfaces. I then inputted all the product information and prices. The applications have subsequently been offered to many other farms across North America. Researcher and Writer for an European Conference on the Subject of Collaborative Divorce, April 2009. I acted as a research assistant for a presenter at a conference. Her topic was collaborative divorce, a method of practicing law in which divorce lawyers for both parties agree to help their clients work through their conflicts and astrology find resolution using non-adversarial interest-based negotiation and cooperative techniques rather than litigation. The lawyers are key in collaborative divorce and are committed to essay history, settling all issues and conflict in creative, fair, and non-confrontational ways. The process is much less expensive than a regular divorce case that goes to court. The collaborative divorce model was developed in on christianity and slavery, the early 1990s by lawyers and other professionals who believed that litigation was injurious to the principals involved, especially the children. It is also a way to avoid the arbitrary and essay uncertain outcomes of court litigation and allows both sides to 2000 essay equals pages, achieve an equitable and fair divorce settlement that reduces the negative consequences that are often an outcome of traditional divorces.
Learning new skills, such as conflict resolution, effective communication, and healthy co-parenting tips are also goals of the process. The model has spread rapidly throughout the extended history United States, Canada, Australia, Europe, and other parts of the world. Researcher for a Privacy Consulting Company, April 2009. This company specializes in creating strategic privacy governance programs for major corporations. Corporate privacy is a major issue and terrorism and religion essay is expanding as personal privacy is shrinking.
Privacy initiatives need to support business strategy and has to extended essay history, scale across all units. Affordability, effectiveness, and sustainability are also important aspects of privacy programs. The use of appropriate technologies and compliant infrastructures also play a critical role. My role in the project was to assist the astrology vs science essay primary consultant in a privacy scan for an American food corporation, make recommendations for next steps, and help write up the summary report. Market Researcher for a Regional Car Dealership, April 2009. My job was to find research studies that examined how Canadian women buy cars.
Pertinent questions included: are they the primary purchasers or are they influencers?; are there any big picture buying patterns?; and are there any legitimate statistics that can answer these questions? The other part of this research project looked at how women shop for vehicles versus how men shop for them. Fact Checker and Editor for a Book on the History of Jazz, March 2009. I was given a manuscript on the history of jazz in the United States and Western Europe to read and was asked to extended essay history, fact-check it for accuracy and natalie illness consistency, editing as I went through the process. Ideas of democracy, modernism, racism, and redemption are covered in the book.
Researcher for an Upcoming Book, March 2009. For an author based in Ontario, Canada, I conducted research for a book on American and Canadian water issues, focusing on the crisis that some bodies of water are experiencing, the essay history most promising methods of conservation, and the commodifaction of the global water supply. The book was structured as an easy to is enlightenment thesis, read introduction to the subject and was not particularly scientific or technical in nature. Researcher for an Asian Agricultural Organization, February 2009. For this project, I had to find all current and archived news stories about Indian agriculture, its farmers, and extended history how new technological advancements may be able to help both. I used LexisNexis and ProQuest to do the astrology essay work.
Business Researcher for a Technology Presentation (NDA in Place), February 2009. I was hired by a software company specializing in next-generation operating system platforms to extended, find a diverse collection of data that its in-house research department was having difficulty finding. One aspect was searching for global ecommerce statistics for 2002 and onwards. The research was needed urgently because of a time sensitive race between two companies developing the same technology, a technology that has mega implications for ecommerce. Internet Researcher and Writer for a Report on Search Engine Optimization, January - February 2009. A well-established web company contacted me to put together the latest information on search engine optimization.
For many years, its rankings had always been respectable, but all of a sudden, they took a big hit and revenues began to slump. The company then hired a series of sat essay score, SEO experts, all of whom had different ideas, opinions, and extended essay costly steps for the company to take to sat essay score, solve the problem. Instead of spending any more money and changing everything on its site one more time, they decided to find out which SEO best practices were presently being employed and extended essay what results they could expect. I did a series of interviews with SEO experts, read the most recent reports and books I could find, visited Internet forums specializing in SEO, and searched the web for vs science, value-added information. Essay History! I put all pertinent findings into a white paper. Researcher for an Australian Consultancy, January 2009. The main objective of this project was to establish if pheromones increase a person's attraction.
The client required a list of human-based clinical studies and sat essay score research papers. The deliverable was a highly condensed summarization with copies of the research papers and essay history clinical trials attached in the appendix. I searched for studies that confirmed pheromones increase a person's attraction. Some of the questions I tried to answer were: does a person's attraction increase if pheromones are applied on the body? If so, what sort of pheromones? Artificial or animal derived? Can the natalie illness human body increase attraction with an increase in pheromone production from the inside?
There are nutritional supplements available on the Internet that make such claims. Is there any research to substantiate this claim? Researcher, Writer, and Editor for a Publication on ACRL Literacy Standards, Instructional Scaffolding, and the Value of Web-based Tutorials in an Academic Setting, January 2009. I worked with a librarian on this project. Extended Essay History! She needed help with researching, writing, and dessay illness editing to take her ideas and turn them into an article. When you look at the research habits of NextGens, a couple of things become pretty obvious: they use the Internet as a starting point for research instead of essay history, searching academic databases; when using library databases, they often disregard help screens; and they employ a very erratic style of searching webpages for information, something that Angela Weiler called I don't think, I click in Information-Seeking Behavior in Generation Y Students: Motivation, Critical Thinking, and word equals pages Learning Theory . Almost every academic database has a different interface, a different set of search protocols, and different full-text retrieval engines, meaning access to these resources is extended essay history less than transparent. For example, PsycINFO offers the option of using controlled vocabularies, while JSTOR doesn't. Essay! Before conducting a search, LexisNexis forces the user to select different source areas, while the best way to search Factiva is to make use of its subject directories to narrow searches. Some provide full-text articles, while others, only the bibliographic information and essay history perhaps a pointer to where an article can be retrieved. Even experienced researchers become confused when faced with multiple procedures. It takes quite a bit of terrorism, expertise to navigate digitized information systems and extended history use them well enough to get the natalie best available information.
That is why it is important, if not crucial, to offer sufficient support when students are first being introduced to research tools in an academic setting. Essay History! Support from librarians is a key component, but web-based tutorials are also critical because they tap into the independent and tech-savvy nature of NextGens and are also cost effective. Students could benefit from having basic explanations of elements found on search results pages, definitions of commonly used terms, and simple contextual maps to explain the basics of information retrieval for the wide array of databases found in 2000 equals how many pages, academic libraries. Maybe academic libraries and extended the tools they offer their students shouldn't differ that much from essays on christianity online businesses such as Amazon, Google, and Netflix, which spend a lot of their time and money focused on improving the self-service functionality and extended usability of their websites so that visitors can find the answers they need when they need them. Perhaps emulating their self-service models to create an instructional framework could go a long way to facilitate active learning and may even serve to increase a user's general research skills. Researcher for a Real Estate Marketing Company, December 2008 - February 2009.
A company that provides innovative, web-based marketing systems and software for both real estate agents and mortgage brokers contacted me for sat essay, research help and the creation of content for their marketing files containing local-based information. I eventually researched approximately 250 topics, including many in the area of financial services. I also wrote a series of articles for their monthly newsletters which cover a variety of subject matters. My client was looking for a list of public relations companies that were founded by women and who have their primary offices in essay, Canada, Australia, and the United Kingdom. Researcher for an Upcoming Historical Novel on William Marshal, the 1st Earl of equals pages, Pembroke, November 2008 - January 2009.
I read a large number of books and academic articles on the life of history, William Marshal. I also read background information on the late twelfth and early thirteenth centuries as preparation for terrorism, my work. I then created a series of summaries on a large number of topics and events so that my client could more easily write the book, without having to stop every day to do more research. Extended! William Marshal's life is well-documented because his eldest son commissioned a record of his life shortly after his death in 1219. The resulting work was L'Histoire de Guillaume le Mar?chal and and religion it contained many eyewitness accounts of Marshal's life from his contemporaries. Extended Essay History! William Marshal was born during the tumultuous Civil Wars of King Stephen and Empress Mathilda. Sentenced to death at essays on christianity and slavery, the age of five by King Stephen when his father refused to surrender, William Marshal had a notorious beginning. Extended Essay History! He was a hostage of Stephen's, held in surety in exchange for his father's good behaviour. But his father, John Fitz Gilbert the Marshal, had other ideas. Although Stephen's knights urged him to hang the child, the king decided to give John Marshal another chance to save his son by forfeiting the castle at Newbury.
But William had three brothers and a young mother. Essays! When King Stephen's messenger delivered the ultimatum he was told that John cared little if William was hanged since he had the anvils and hammers to make more and even better sons. He said his youngest son was of far less value than his castle at Newbury. King Stephen had every right to hang the boy, but William was not executed and went on to become an important bodyguard for Eleanor of Aquitaine and a courageous knight. Over his life, he served four kings: Henry II, Richard I, John Lackland, and was made regent for the nine year old, Henry III. Researcher, Editor, and Analyst for a Real Estate Strategy Consultancy, November 2008 - January 2009.
I was hired to history, read, review, and edit five strategic plans that my client had written for various commercial real estate projects. The typical document was 80-100 pages. I edited, filtered, and condensed the reports into three templates to serve as base documents for future reports. I found that some things were stated more clearly in one report than another. My client needed the best of each report standardized and applied to three different templates for three different types of terrorism, real estate projects (i.e. town center, regional mall, entertainment focused center).
I also analyzed cities, regions, states, and then produced market overviews for projects that my client was working on. Extended Essay History! For example, if one of the consultants was given an assignment in astrology, downtown Atlanta, he/she would need an overview of downtown Atlanta, with a focus on real estate. The number of businesses in the downtown core, daytime work population, traffic statistics, total number of hotel rooms, square footage of extended essay history, office space, rental rates, retail sales, job growth, downtown residential population, etc. Typically, a ten page report provided a good overview. I also supplied my client with a write up of the overall national real estate market with overviews in housing, hotels, office space, apartments, and retail. Researcher and Writer for a Study on Recession-Proof Industries, November 2008. An American college was intrigued by the idea of developing new diploma programs based on the premise that the courses would provide recession-proof jobs for graduates. When jobs are scarce and the economy is going through a downturn, many people go back to school to upgrade their skills. Why not offer them programs that could keep them employed long into the future? No career is truly recession-proof, but discovering the high-demand jobs of the future and updating your skills accordingly, can go a long way in offering economic security.
Emerging fields such as geographic information systems, green energy, and specific healthcare occupations are currently receiving a lot of attention. The most important part of this project was the dessay natalie illness futures research I did for it. Every year we are surprised by social, economic, and technological upheavals that appear to essay history, come from nowhere. How can we plan for the future, when we don't know what will happen tomorrow? Predicting which jobs will still be vital a decade from now is not an easy task and must be made using some of the principles of scenario planning. Terrorism Essay! Key to preparing for the future is making better decisions today.
We can do this by highlighting large-scale forces that push the future in different directions. The work I did was summarized into a report and extended essay history given to the provost for equals pages, evaluation. Researcher for history, a Washington, DC Non-Profit, October - November 2008. This research project is part of astrology vs science, a multi-prong initiative that looks at how politicians are using the Internet and essay history if it changes the way they govern. I looked at politicians from many countries, not just the United States.
I basically used the Internet for all of my research, collecting information on different politicians and parties, and on how they are using the medium to transform the democratic process. I put all my findings into a report. All four major candidates in France's presidential election are using Second Life, opening virtual campaign headquarters there so that visitors (in the form of avatars) can ask questions, debate with politicians, and attend political rallies. Hillary Clinton, Barack Obama, and John Edwards are also campaigning in Second Life. Clinton has even held press conferences at her virtual headquarters. UK politicians are increasingly using blogs and are responding to the posted comments. Blogs have become extremely important, with millions reading both local and national blogs daily. The British Conservatives have launched their own Facebook pages to attract new support.
Facebook is 2000 word equals how many pages a really fast growing way for politicians to communicate with constituents. Voters who become a 'friend of the Conservatives' receive regular updates and tips on how to get involved in the political process. European politicians are using podcasting, vlogging, blogging, and other Web 2.0 tools to raise funds, recruit volunteers, and to organize supporters. Britain's Conservative Party leader, David Cameron, has his own video blog to post slick clips that attract voters and extended essay engage the public in a new kind of conversation. The Conservatives say the party has been inspired by what's happening in essays, America.
Social networking sites had a huge impact on the United States Presidential elections. Extended Essay! Barack Obama credits social networking and Web 2.0 tools for his campaign's phenomenal support and successful fundraising efforts. He won every important caucus state by using these tools because he was able to move thousands of people to organize. Obama used the Internet to organize his supporters in such a way that would require an army of volunteers in traditional campaigns. The Internet also allowed him to run a campaign for much less money. For instance, Obama's campaign is what is enlightenment taking advantage of YouTube for essay history, free advertising. Also, the ad material they created for their YouTube channel is currently being watched more than ten million hours, something that would cost tens of millions of dollars on broadcast television.
And, unlike direct mail, the Internet costs nothing in comparison. The election of 2008 is already being called the 'YouTube Election' thanks to the videos uploaded by presidential hopefuls. Photographic Researcher, October 2008. My job was to find images of gods and goddesses associated with knowledge, learning, wisdom, writing, books, and libraries. These images of deities will be used as part of a librarian's presentation at a conference in Thailand. Hermes was the kant Greek god of extended history, knowledge and invention; Vidya Lakshmi is the Hindu goddess of learning and rational thinking; Lono is the Hawaiian god of learning and intellect; Seshat (Sashet, Sesheta, Safekh) is the Egyptian goddess of writing, historical records, accounting and mathematics, measurement and architecture to the ancient Egyptians. Seshat was the goddess of libraries, knowledge, and geomancy; Thoth was the kant thesis oldest and extended history greatest of Egyptian librarians and what is enlightenment was known as the inventor of writing and acted as scribe to the gods; Ganesha (Ganpati) is the history Hindu God of knowledge and is enlightenment kant thesis learning; Wei T'O is the ancient Chinese god of libraries and extended essay history books; Hayagriva is the Hindu God of learning and wisdom; Carmenta is the on christianity and slavery Roman Goddess of writing and the alphabet; Saturnus was the extended history Roman god of astrology, learning; Nabu is the Babylonian god of writing and wisdom; Quetzalcoatl is the Aztec god of learning and creation; Sarasvati is the Hindu goddess of books and knowledge; Tenjin is the Japanese god of extended history, learning, language and calligraphy; Nisaba or Nidaba is the Sumerian goddess of equals how many, writing, the Learned One and essay scribe of the Sumerian heaven; Bridget is the Celtic goddess of writing, poetry, and learning; Buddha Manjushri is a god of sat essay score, learning; Ogma is an Irish god of writing, eloquence and poetry; Vagdevi is a Hindu goddess of learning; The other gods of education and knowledge were the Muses, who were the daughters of memory and extended essay goddesses of the arts and libraries; Athena was the is enlightenment kant goddess of wisdom, learning, and teaching; Minerva was the Roman goddess of wisdom, learning, art crafts and industry; Apollo was the Greek god of knowledge, past, present, and future; and Danu was the Celtic god of essay, knowledge. This is a webpage showing the images of the sat essay 800 gods and goddesses I found.
Here is the essay key that goes along with the photographs. Environmental Researcher for a Study on the Environmental Impacts and Health Concerns Related to what kant, Wireless Internet Towers (Washington State Grassroots Organization), September 2008. This project was both interesting and frustrating. I found an equal amount of information on both sides of the extended history debate. What Is Enlightenment Kant! Often when you are hired as a freelance researcher, the client is expecting you to deliver only information that supports the way they see a situation.
They want you to find information that backs up their viewpoint. In this case, that was difficult. Many of the reports and articles I read on the subject reported that there is very little to extended history, worry about when it comes to the potential health risks associated with exposure to microwave radiation. A number of experts stated that microwave ovens are more of a health risk than ISP towers because they leak radiation. And, as they point out, cell phone towers are much more of a concern when it comes to health. Essay How Many Pages! In general, public health implications of extended history, wireless technologies is a relatively new phenomenon and it will be several more years before studies can reliably demonstrate and predict what exposure to all kinds of microwave radiation does to the human body and if it alters brain chemistry. Another part of my research was to sat essay score, find information on how Internet towers affect the value of homes located near them.
The information I could find points to history, the subjectivity of each case. For example, a home may decrease in value by vs science, 20-30 percent in some areas, but in other locations, namely very rural areas, an Internet tower could be viewed as a positive by people looking to buy a home with access to extended, high speed wireless. The perception of the buyer is key. One of the questions that arose out of my research was how the locations for these towers are chosen. Particularly, why are they built anywhere near houses and people? The answer is they need access to electricity, so a location can't be a very remote and uninhabitable area, and must as a consequence, be built in terrorism and religion, populated areas supplied with power. One other interesting point was raised by this research: when you say no to Internet towers, sometimes you are saying no to a lot more. We found that entire rural areas of the extended essay history United States are basically without reliable and speedy access to the Internet because local people have fought against towers. Without access to a high speed connection, you are invariably cutting people off from having access to a lot of important information. The Internet has become a lifeline to rural communities.
Think also of small businesses, the home schooled, and the telecommuters. The Internet is a critical utility and is as important as telephone, electricity, and terrorism and religion mail. Living in isolation, off the grid, is just not an option anymore. The Internet provides too much opportunity. Even the off-gridders have Facebook pages these days, which is kind of funny. The Internet gives you access to the whole world and extended essay history hundreds of natalie illness, years of extended essay, knowledge. For instance, the National Library of Wales is digitalizing everything printed about terrorism essay Wales and the Welsh people since the 16th century. And, every day, another service becomes available only online.
Researcher for an Overview on Best Practices for Corporate Website Usability, Customer Experience, and Usability Engineering, September 2008. I was hired by essay, a North Carolina consulting firm and directory to on christianity, evaluate their website and extended online social communication tools. After losing some of their ranking in various search engines, they decided that it was a good time to take a closer look at their online presence and find out if customers and essay visitors to the site were having a positive experience. Sometimes companies spend so much time and money on positioning themselves for search engine optimization that they forget the basics of customer service. Extended Essay History! Unless the experience is user-friendly and barrier-free, people won't come back. Search engine spiders are getting better at indexing Flash elements but without a duplicate site for spiders and for users without the needed plug-ins, parts of terrorism and religion, my client's site was inaccessible to many. The site also relied, in part, on audio cues alone, which meant that the hearing impaired couldn't fully use the site, nor could those that didn't have speakers hooked up to their computers.
The website also could not be read by the computers of extended essay history, visually impaired users. Computers are unable to terrorism and religion essay, read text that is enclosed in graphics. People with disabilities were unable to navigate the site because it was built to be visually pleasing rather than informationally and structurally sound. Extended! Visitors were also unable to change the font sizes, which is one of the biggest mistakes you can make. On Christianity! I also found that users were unable to efficiently and quickly locate information on the site. The interface design required people to guess where items were because the extended essay history information was not well organized or properly labeled. The site's navigation wasn't easy to use or find because it featured a navigation scheme considered cutting-edge. Dessay Illness! The reality was that users couldn't figure out how to essay history, use it, especially since it did not remain in the same place throughout the website. A breadcrumb trail built directly into the navigation is a very helpful component of illness, a site, as is extended essay using webpage titles and subtitles to indicate what section of the terrorism essay site a person is in. Researcher for extended history, a Study on astrology, the Portrayal of Male Librarians Throughout History, August - September 2008. I spent quite a lot of time researching male librarians, from the earliest documented accounts.
This project was multi-pronged and extended complex. The first thing I did was a literature review. I used a series of online academic databases to find good articles and astrology vs science books. My client requested that I highlight the most important points in each article and extended essay history write a summary. Natalie Illness! After my initial research, I put all the information together and wrote a report that chronologically tracked librarians over extended essay history, time. I also put the highlights into a simple timeline.
Historically, the image of the male librarian has come full circle. The profession was originally peopled by bookish men, although there are certain exceptions. The famous philanderer, Casanova, was the librarian for Count von Waldstein in the Chateau of 800, Dux in extended, Bohemia. Ancient librarians had high social status and were often scholars or priests. They were generally the terrorism essay only literate people in their communities. Extended History! The chief Librarian of Alexandria was chosen by the king and was always a prominent scholar. In Egypt in dessay natalie, the early 500s, Pachomius started a monastery and insisted that all resident monks read and essay write.
Many monastic enclaves emerged throughout the Roman Empire and most had theological libraries. Monasteries in the Middle Ages were centered on essay, librarianship and libraries, housing monk scribes, with the head scribe often put in charge of the library. Extended Essay! The Benedictines created libraries and the scriptorium became sacred. Word How Many! It soon became customary for monasteries to lend to other monasteries, giving birth to inter-library loans. Prior to 1870, public opinion was that librarians were introverted, mean, eccentric, and extended essay male. Early male librarians were seen as dusty old bachelors, and undernourished, weak and non-masculine bibliophiles.
The masculinity of male librarians was never questioned when libraries were the score exclusive territory of male employees. That changed when libraries were primarily the workplaces of women. Male librarians were then stereotyped because they were seen to work in extended essay, a female-dominated profession. And Religion Essay! By the end of the 19th century, the history profession was slowly transforming into a 'woman's profession,' thanks to Melvil Dewey's School of Library Economy, the first institute to offer formal training for future librarians, including women. He established a pool of relatively cheap female labour that transformed the landscape of librarianship over word pages, the next half-century. Once exclusively the domain of men, librarianship evolved over time to not just incorporate women, but to become a profession that is almost completely associated with them. Women weren't seen as having a role in the profession until World War I. A review of American and essay history British articles written prior to 1914, shows that librarians were always referred to dessay illness, as he. In the era following World War II, men were actively recruited into the profession and there was an increase in the number of men entering the field, enticed by extended, higher salaries and rapid advancement into administrative positions. Stereotypes of male librarians as effeminate was a big factor in keeping many from 2000 word working in academic librarianship, especially since the public perceived such a man as a failure who couldn't find work in typically traditional male professions, such as law and medicine. Men of that era tended to consider librarianship as better suited to women than men. His very identity as a man could be compromised by choosing to become a librarian.
Because the workplace is dominated by women, male librarians find themselves associated with the extended essay stereotype. Like male nurses, male librarians, have a fear of being perceived as homosexual since they work in a feminized profession. Surveys do not show that there are any more gay male librarians working in the field of librarianship than there are in the general population, just that it is possible that societal homophobia forces many gay men away from score 800 typical men's work and into jobs that were once called sissy jobs, such as dancer, librarian, secretary, and florist. More importantly, what movies, comic books, and literature have said about male librarians is that they are typically effeminate, weak, nerdy, etc., with effeminate being the most important trait that can be traced back to the gay stereotype. When you research male librarians throughout history, homosexuality has not been one of the main stereotypes that comes up, not at all. There is no substantial evidence to indicate that a large number of male librarians are gay, although surveys indicate that there is a perception that gay males predominate in librarianship. According to essay history, a famous study by James V. Carmichael, the proportion of homosexuals and heterosexuals among male librarians is comparable to that in the general population.
In reality, the majority of male librarians surveyed had a MLIS degree and were older married men. The stereotype that men in thesis, libraries are more likely to be gay is a myth. The homosexual image is only one of the extended history stereotypes associated with males in the library profession. Male librarians are often thought of as the systems guy who joined the vs science essay profession because of its technological aspects and because they are seen as more technologically-savvy than women. Extended Essay History! Men who work in libraries are frequently seen as in charge, with patrons assuming they are managers or directors. Astrology! Male librarians appear in many movies. In the Rose , Volker Prechtel played an anti-social male librarian; in Brazil Jonathan Pryce played a male librarian who was seen as a failure; in Offbeat , John Turturro played an anti-social male librarian, Neil Pepper; in The Spy Who Came in from the Cold , Richard Burton portrayed a male librarian characterized as a failure; in Ghostbusters , John Rothman played an history, anti-social male librarian; and In the Name of the Father , Alan Barry was socially-inept, archivist Jenkins. What Kant Thesis! This is essay history a webpage displaying pictures of male librarians that I collected. Here is the key that goes along with it.
Medical Researcher for a Study on the Effects of Candida Yeast, August 2008. Using a number of relevant books and academic articles obtained from MedLine, I provided my client with the sat essay latest information on candida yeast, its symptoms, the effects it can have on the body (short and extended history long-term), and treatments, including comprehensive cleanses to rid the body of the overgrowth of candida albicans yeast. Researcher for an Entertainment Company, July 2008. My job was to identify all sport and entertainment venues with seating capacities greater than 12,000 in North America, South America, and Western Europe. 2000 Word Essay Equals How Many! Government documents were a great help for extended, this project. Researcher for a New York City Research and Consulting Firm, July 2008. The firm assists organizations in optimizing their education and training resources, and teaches them how blogs might contribute to a learning environment. The company retains the services of score 800, independent researchers to research and write on topics related to learning and development in large organizations.
The topics I was hired to do were e-learning, learning technologies, leadership development, and measuring training-related performance improvement. Client and Market Researcher for a Nutraceutical Manufacturer, June 2008. The CEO of a small manufacturing company of essay, nutraceutical products hired me to identify and research companies who may be potential customers for products he manufactures. I also created profiles for the companies. Researcher and Writer for a Report on the Future of Life Insurance, May - July 2008. This project was a summary of insurance market activity for several countries.
Specifically, I had to find information on essays, life insurance penetration, trends, challenges, leading players, sales channels/distribution, foreign investment, bancassurance, direct sales and marketing, health insurance, growth metrics, and IFAs. History! I was hired to do the research and write the report. This wasn't an easy job because a lot of the score information and statistics I needed were proprietary and already compiled into extended essay very expensive reports, which my clients weren't interested in dessay, buying. I was fortunate that I had access to a few insurance associations, which allow members access to timely statistics and reports. I was also able to make use of databases, such as Factiva and LexisNexis, and was able to get additional data from a few insurance experts working overseas. For the most part, I combed the Internet and read every whitepaper and report I could find and made use of each country's insurance association, such as the Berlin-based, German Insurance Association (GDV). Extended Essay! As the insurance industry continues to evolve worldwide, distribution becomes more of a factor. Tied agents and brokers, once the mainstay of the illness industry, dominated most markets.
But that is changing at various rates, depending on the region. Currently, the extended history trend is towards the development of alternative distribution channels. In South America, distribution varies by country but many are experimenting with new sales channels such as drugstores, supermarkets, and and religion malls. Some countries in the region require an extended history, intermediary for any insurance transaction, a regulation that is preventing countries such as Brazil from developing alternative distribution systems. In 2005, nineteen life insurers and twenty-four non-life insurers were operating in the country. Brokers and agents dominate the distribution channels in Colombia, but there too, company-employed representatives and banks are gaining ground. What Is Enlightenment! In Colombia, brokers dominate the group life market. In 2005, 52 registered brokers were working in the field. The individual life market is extended dominated by agents, approximately 10,000 of score 800, them. But it is the banks that are increasingly becoming a one-stop shop for history, financial services, since they have a better image than the kant insurance industry. The last year has seen the German life insurance industry busy reacting to changes in the legal and regulatory framework.
Introduced in extended essay history, May 2007, the EU Insurance Mediation Directive (IMD) and natalie the Insurance Contract Law, which came into effect in January 2008, are regulations that have increased the complexity of the life insurance business model, leading to higher expenses. Also, the EU Mediation Insurance Directive has had a significant impact on distribution. Higher deferred acquisition costs and extended history surrender values, and a change from policy model to an offer-acceptance model are two of the changes that are creating new challenges for insurers. The German life insurance industry is still one of the least profitable in Europe, as German life insurers' business prospects remain weak overall. Preliminary results for 2007 indicate a decrease of 7.1% in total new business premiums to EUR 146.1bn and gross written premiums stagnated at EUR 74.3bn. Fitch currently believes that from 2009, new business in Riester and illness overall, will slow down. Fitch is forecasting acceleration in competition from within Germany as investment funds and banks try to benefit from the changed product environment given their experience in short and long-term savings products. Increased competition is also expected from foreign insurers. Essay History! The distribution landscape for German insurers has also changed dramatically in astrology vs science, recent years.
Also influencing German life insurers is new legislation such as the Retirement Income Act (Alters-Eink?nfte- Gesetz) and the Tax-Amendment Law (Steuer?nderungsgesetz). After the partial lapse of tax benefits for extended history, traditional endowment policies, the new life insurance products require a much higher degree of vs science essay, sales force competence, as product advantages are more complex to explain to the consumer. This may spell bad news for direct sales. As in Japan, the essay history South Korean sales force is primarily made up of women: shop owners and homemakers selling insurance part-time have historically been the what thesis distribution channel that long-established domestic South Korean insurers used to sell their products. These independent agents had little training, and as a result, the industry was marred by complaints of essay, non-professionalism, mis-selling and low customer retention. Upon entry to what is enlightenment kant, the market, foreign insurers insisted upon a professional sales force and have done a lot to essay, professionalize the industry. ING Life Korea is noted as a pioneer in dessay natalie illness, this area, and has a network of professional, self-employed full-time tied agents. This model has brought about fundamental changes in the insurance market landscape. The Financial Supervisory Service (FSS), South Korea's insurance regulatory body, reports that insurance salespeople are becoming more professional and are making more money. What has traditionally been a female-dominated field is now attracting men to the profession.
Male life insurance planners totalled 26,396 as of March 2007, accounting for 20% of the total number of people selling life insurance. The ratio of extended essay, men has more than doubled since 2002 when it was a mere 9.1%. Researcher for 2000 essay equals how many, a Non-Fiction Biography, May - June 2008. My client was commissioned to write a 80,000 word biography on a series of women political leaders. I was hired to help with the research. I was given a two page document that outlined the book specifications in which the author made comments about the type of content she was looking for. The book specs included a list of in extended, print competition books to serve as models. Astrology Vs Science! I was expected to identify a list of history, relevant articles and books that the word how many author could use to extended, write the natalie biography.
I also had to extended history, create a working Table of Contents. Researcher and Survey Designer for a Study on Learning Commons in North American Academic Libraries, May 2008. My job was to find as many articles as I could on academic learning commons in natalie, North America. I read all of them and extracted the sections I thought were most important for my client, who needed the information to write an essay, article he could publish and to terrorism and religion, create a presentation he had to give at a professional conference. Essay History! At this point in the project, I suggested we develop a survey that could be sent to astrology vs science essay, hundreds of librarians. I collected a large number of email addresses for essay, academic librarians working in learning commons. Astrology Vs Science! I then put together a series of survey questions that were pertinent to our research question. My client provided feedback, we made some changes, and the survey was sent out. We got a very good response and my client was able to get more insight into the state of learning commons in universities and how reference service has evolved because of extended history, them. Another component of the project was to astrology vs science, find out how many graduate students work in learning commons and offer consultations to essay, undergraduate students.
The nature of learning is changing. A learning commons should recognize that the needs of the score learner are paramount. This includes new learning pedagogies, a greater emphasis on extended essay history, collaborative learning, and a recognition that advances in technology have a major impact on how students now acquire, organize, and disseminate information. The evolution of the information commons concept has been one approach to providing new and refined levels of essay how many, service to academic library users. Extended History! The concept can be readily adapted to the campus culture and the needs of individual institutions. Terrorism Essay! Given the rapid alteration of the collective information landscape, learning styles of customers, and extended the nature of library operations, usage patterns of library resources have steadily evolved. Many libraries and librarians have recognized these fundamental changes and some have further undergone a series of organizational developmental processes to adapt and cope with the terrorism and religion essay new realities. Extended History! Creating a learning commons is one of the ways in which libraries are responding.
The learning commons is not just a concept, it is a place, and in many instances, it exists in the library. What Is Enlightenment Kant Thesis! Academic institutions are supporting a learning commons model because the faculty and administration recognize that students learn in dynamic ways. Learning commons are spaces with the technology and design that emphasize knowledge creation. In the essay history framework of the learning commons, the librarian as facilitator is emphasized. The librarian becomes a partner in the collaborative process on specific projects. Dessay Illness! The librarian is also responsible for marketing the learning commons and evaluating the outcomes. Another area that the essay history librarian needs to coordinate is the increase in dessay natalie illness, technical services to essay history, make sure that the tools are available and easily manipulated by users. What Kant Thesis! The challenge in this philosophy is extended essay striking the right balance between the need for supporting technology in the public computing area and providing traditional reference services. New patterns of service delivery are developed to better service the needs of students in this environment. Most information commons are based on a partnership between the 2000 word how many library and information technology services of the university with varying degrees of collaboration and integration between the two functional areas. Extended History! In some cases, multimedia services are also involved.
The emphasis on how to house physical collections, accommodate library staff, and seat readers has been replaced by a focus on user needs and essays and slavery expectations, and client experiences. A key feature of the information commons is the essay history help provided to and religion, users. Extended Essay History! The arrangement of the computers, the sat essay 800 ease of moving between the desks, and the placement of the information desk all contribute to its success. Students are not always willing to leave their computer and approach a desk, no matter how friendly and helpful they know the staff to be, so it is necessary for staff to extended, go to astrology vs science, them. A primary aim of the information commons is to create an environment and a service that will give students the opportunity to extended, develop information and computer literacy skills. Library design should not be dominated by a concern for score 800, information resources and their delivery.
It should incorporate a deeper understanding of the independent, active learning behaviours of students and the teaching strategies of faculty meant to support those. Staff should regularly rove around the commons. Researcher and Writer for a Presentation on essay history, the Future of Academic Libraries, April 2008. My role in this project was to on christianity, identify important trends and challenges that will shape the future of academic libraries. I used a number of databases to find relevant articles on history, the topic. I also searched the what kant thesis Internet for information, and interviewed a number of experts in extended history, the area of score, futuristic studies and libraries. My deliverable was a comprehensive report which my client used to build his presentation. The future of the academic library is a topic of continuing concern for the profession, particularly in view of advances in essay, technology. Can libraries harness these new technologies to fulfill their mission in essays, this new information landscape? Academic libraries are changing faster than at any time in their history and have entered a period of enormous transition. Identifying relevant technologies to employ in libraries to support services is crucial, and considering the impact of social networking and mobile devices on users and their expectations is also important.
Libraries that integrate the interactive world of Web 2.0 ensure they are keeping pace with new ways of learning and interacting with students in essay, provocative ways. Sat Essay Score! Today's students have grown up with computers and are technologically-savvy. Their expectations and attitudes have been shaped by the Internet and other types of digital media. What kind of information are they looking for and how do they want to access it? Recent studies have found that even researchers and members of faculty prefer to access information on their computers from home or the office, and visit the library very irregularly. How can libraries make the information easier for them to access and use? Many students lack the basic skills to extended essay, research online and often use Google to vs science essay, begin a search. They have difficulty establishing whether a website provides quality and essay accurate information.
One of the astrology vs science essay core problems is extended that the prospect of essay, using their library's online databases to find good information and refereed articles is overwhelming to extended essay, them. Each database has its own set of rules and terrorism and religion if you don't know them, you will not get good results. Students also don't like to ask for help. They have grown up in a digital world that sanctions independent and essay history self-paced learning and require library services that are structured to accommodate them. University libraries' online catalogues have long been characterized as difficult to navigate and not intuitive.
Libraries need to start taking lessons from dessay business and workplaces to make quality information easily accessible to students like Amazon has done. Visitors to the site can look inside many books, read reviews, and extended history learn about similar books. Word Equals Pages! Google Books is a great tool because you can search in all the books at one time. This is an invaluable tool for research. A key point to make here is essay that rather than providing new and essay exciting services created specifically for the digital age, libraries are taking the essay history safe route by providing their users with the essays on christianity and slavery same old types of services wrapped around online technologies. It just doesn't scale well. Yes, they offer online catalogues and other web-based services but they aren't adaptable and they aren't that easy to navigate and use, especially if you don't have a degree in library science. Libraries should begin developing custom portals to allow easier search options for their collections.
Expensive, high quality information goes unread by a majority of students because they have no idea how to access it. History! Libraries should do whatever it takes to what, expose their digital collections, even if it means teaming with commercial players such as Google. If not, they run the risk of becoming irrelevant. Developing new and innovative services will be key to bringing academic libraries into a successful future. They will be judged by the quality of the services they offer and the quality of the staff. I think libraries need to establish themselves as agents of essay, change - become leaders in an increasingly complex, information-rich world, if they hope to remain relevant.
Technology and shifting expectations are radically changing the job of the natalie illness librarian and their role in the digital era. Essay History! Expectations of what kant thesis, students, academics, and researchers act as drivers of change in libraries. It is true that universities and their libraries are currently facing a sort of perfect storm: they are being pressured to spend larger amounts of their budgets on computer systems, budgets which are shrinking due to the global financial crisis; they are receiving fewer endowments from private individuals, who have seen their net worth plummet in the last few years; and unprecedented transformations in scholarly communications coupled with advances in technology have also made the mission and position of academic libraries precarious. The evolution of student expectations and extended history a cry for increased accountability and competition have made this a difficult time for all libraries. But it can also be a time to reinvent the academic library and overcome the challenges. Website Content and Photographic Designer for a Well-Known Business Site Specializing in terrorism essay, Gourmet Food Products, April 2008. I acted as a stylist for the redesign of this website, working with the web designer to create a fresh updated look for this forty year old company. Essay History! I rewrote a lot of the content and found or commissioned photographs that really added to the customer experience.
I proofread a document on the rise of dessay natalie illness, flood devastation in the United States. People continue to build homes and businesses in areas that are prone to floods. Tens of thousands of essay, people have lost everything to floodwaters of the score ever-urbanized seaboards that are routinely hit with big storms described as isolated events but which cause billions of dollars in damages. Historically, the response has always been to employ engineering solutions to meet the extended essay history challenge of flooding, along with calls for more sophisticated rainfall prediction models and better floodplain maps. This paper asks, what's next? For instance, Central Texas has been identified as the most flash-flood prone area in the country by the National Weather Service, but Texas has no comprehensive flood safety education program of any kind.
A lack of understanding of flood risk causes deaths, massive property damage, and billions of dollars in lost revenue and aid. More stringent floodplain building codes, converting floodplains back to open spaces and parks, and terrorism publishing an annual report that identifies flood-prone areas of the extended country can go a long way in saving lives and and religion raising public awareness. Business and Market Researcher for an Insurance Start-Up, February 2008. I was hired to find information on essay, efforts to 2000 equals how many pages, sell life and health insurance directly to the consumer, without the help of insurance agents (direct marketing) in the following countries: England, France, Spain, Germany, Poland, South Africa, China, India, and Korea. Identification of essay, companies that sell direct, information about their business models, the pages outlook for selling direct in the countries, articles about selling insurance to the middle market in the countries, and information about the history future of the agent distribution channel in each of the countries formed the bulk of my research. Researcher for a Book on illness, Luxury Shopping, January - May 2008. My client wanted to write the definitive guide to luxury shopping throughout history. That meant starting at extended history, the beginning and researching the oldest luxury shops that exist in North America and Europe. Sat Essay! As you might have guessed, London, England has some of the oldest, most luxurious, and expensive specialty stores in the world.
We didn't simply focus on apparel and extended history accessories, but also looked at essays and slavery, furniture, stationary, fine jewellery, art and antiques, cosmetics, gifts, and even gourmet food and wine. One of the components of the research considered if paying more actually translates into a better quality purchase. We also added research on how the shopping experience has changed since some of these companies have opened online stores, and if the products differ from those found in their brick and mortar locations. Researcher for a Magazine Journalist, January 2008. I was asked to research the selling of digital assets. I primarily used LexisNexis to find newspaper and magazine articles on the subject. I also used the essay history Internet to do some of the research. In-game trading has grown in popularity over the past five years, in step with the growth of the MMOG games industry. Commodification of virtual goods is happening whether developers want it to or not. Inflation is on christianity and slavery rampant in most games, with rising prices subsequently fueling real-world trading. In 1999, virtual assets were increasingly being traded for extended essay history, real money. eBay began selling digital property in 1999, primarily those associated with Ultima Online. eBay offers gamers the chance to bid on terrorism essay, hundreds of essay, items, including characters, gold, armour, magical potions, trinkets, and property.
Recently, a gamer sold his account for $4,000, and many others have also gotten thousands of dollars. What this means is you no longer have to be an experienced player to equals, have property and mature characters. As long as you have money, you can acquire whatever you want instead of putting in the time and work. This is changing the nature of gaming. Sony's EverQuest also has a vibrant secondary market with hundreds of items currently listed on eBay, some selling for thousands of dollars. The birth of this secondary market elicited various reactions from companies operating MMORPGs. For example, Electronic Arts, publisher of essay, Ultima Online, was excited by dessay natalie illness, this turn of events and extended essay history let its players trade their virtual assets for free. On the other hand, Sony Online Entertainment, the operator of EverQuest, asked eBay to take down any auctions for EverQuest assets.
This was mostly due to frauds occurring in the market. Items bought on eBay are regularly not delivered, resulting in angry customers turning to Sony for essay how many, help. In 2000, it officially outlawed the secondary market by adding certain clauses to extended, its end-user license agreement, telling sellers that character sales infringed upon its EverQuest copyright. In January 2001, Sony managed to convince eBay and Yahoo Auctions to remove all auctions of essays on christianity, EverQuest virtual assets, but this did nothing more than move the trading to other marketplaces, such as PlayerAuctions.com. The unauthorized, black-market auctions grew so quickly that Sony was forced to essay, police eBay and essay other sites full-time. By 2005, Sony had developed its own virtual asset auction website called Station Exchange to sell assets of specific EverQuest II servers.
Security effectively eliminated fraud by forcing sellers to place items in special accounts so that Sony could make sure that buyers received what they paid for. But the illegal auctions continued. In January 2007, eBay announced that it would pull all auctions for virtual artifacts, not just Sony assets, except for Second Life assets because that virtual world encourages its members to mix real life with virtual life. All Real Money Transfers (RMT) were suspended, in history, part, because the legal complexities of virtual property and intellectual rights to the property were unclear. With eBay out of the way, companies such as IGE, which describes itself as the world's largest secure network of buying and selling sites for massively multiplayer online game (MMOG) virtual currency and terrorism assets on the Internet, will make more money. The World of Warcraft banned the sale of in-game items because it doesn't allow players to upgrade their characters or tools by history, paying money. The company expects players to earn them the old-fashioned way and on christianity and slavery will ban a player if they are caught selling outside the game world. In December 2005, it closed more than 18,000 WOW accounts for that reason.
Researcher for a PowerPoint Deck on the Importance of essay history, Government Documents, January 2008. My client had to make a presentation at an American Library Association conference and needed my help to research the topic and create the PowerPoint deck. One of the areas he wanted to focus on was the user's right to 2000 word essay equals, access government information and the importance of preserving it for future generations. Extended Essay! Government documents tell the story of a nation, since almost every aspect of society is terrorism essay documented by local, provincial, and federal agencies. Becoming an informed citizen has a long history in American culture and forms an important component in the democratic process. How can librarians assist their patrons in essay, accessing and understanding government information and become better informed citizens? Offering better service in essays, this area of essay history, librarianship should be a primary concern for libraries, allowing better dissemination of and religion essay, information to students and researchers. Many libraries recognize the importance of government documents to researchers in areas such as law, political science, and history, but there are also teachers, genealogists, cartographers, small business owners, sociologists, geologists, university administrators, and local government officials to extended, consider. Government documents play an important role in the research process, with statistical publications some of the what is enlightenment thesis most frequently consulted. Some government documents are available online, but the collections are far from complete and tend to disappear without any notice. Extended! They are also not very well organized.
State and illness local documents present their own special problems because they are often classified using home-grown indexes, which can be ineffective. Librarians need to standardize how they arrange government documents to make the process easier for the average user. The other component covered in the PowerPoint presentation is the extended history lack of bibliographic instruction focusing on using online government information. Studies of undergraduate library use show that new strategies are needed for integrating government information into standard library instruction. Researcher for an International Insurance Group, December 2007. I was hired to identify the number of power plants in the United States (by state), Canada, South America (by country) and Western Europe (by country). I also had to identify the power source for each plant (steam, internal combustion, combustion turbine, non-conventional, geothermal, oil, coal). I used government documents to complete the project. Researcher and Writer for 800, a Book Proposal, December 2007. I worked on a book proposal for an American entrepreneur writing a book about a multi-step plan to assist with the start-up phase of new business ventures. The premise of the book is that there are many core reasons for business failure but they can be avoided through competent and considered planning.
Researcher for a Start-Up, December 2007. I was asked to find out the percentage of extended essay history, visitors to contact pages of small businesses/boutique websites that result in the visitor calling or emailing the business, and what percentage of those contacts result in a sale. I did some research and 2000 word it seems as though the extended average conversion rate (unique visitors to a boutique business' general website into paying customers) is about 1%. But this doesn't measure bounce rate (the percentage of terrorism, visitors who only view one page, then leave) and repeat visitors who return to the site over several days. Extended! What my client was looking for is a combination of online consumer behavior, conversion ratio, and website analytics. I wasn't able to provide him with extensive information because, although the essays on christianity statistics had been compiled, the report was very expensive to buy and my client did not have the budget for it, nor did he have the budget for me to start from scratch. Researcher for an Academic Librarian, November 2007. My client is an academic librarian, working towards tenure. As a result, he not only has to work full-time, but also has to work on studies and papers that will help him get promoted. That's why he hired me. This project focused on the future of reference service in academic libraries.
As a first step, we worked together to develop a survey that asked librarians a series of questions about reference. I had already spent time on the Internet collecting the email addresses of extended, reference librarians working in terrorism and religion, universities and colleges in Canada, so I sent the survey to them. We had a very good response and their comments added a lot to my final report, which included statistics, graphs, and all comments from responding librarians. Next, I did a literature review, pulling the most important points from each article to make it easy for my client to write up the paper. Extended Essay History! This is some of essays and slavery, what I learned from the project: The bottom line is extended essay that many users of reference have moved online and expect reference when and where they need it. They also tend to be self-sufficient and have embraced the self-service ideology for most things in their lives. Long gone are the days when librarians could sit back and wait for library users to natalie illness, come to them, especially with the rise of extended essay history, online databases and virtual courses, which are crucial not only to part-time students, but to natalie, special-needs students.
Reference services also need to accommodate the nomadic NextGens by supplementing traditional face-to-face service with online communications. The changing nature of college students makes it important for reference librarians to be comfortable with new technologies. Students expect services and resources when and where they need them, not when and where the extended essay history library staff wants to provide them. New models of service are popping up to supplement traditional reference services: outdoor mobile reference kiosks are scattered across university campuses; librarians offering reference help in dining and natalie illness residence halls; librarians walking through study areas with laptops, asking if students need help; using Web 2.0 technologies, such as MySpace to reach out; email reference; and conducting reference interviews through chat. Several libraries are incorporating training to help familiarize staff with Web 2.0 concepts. Reference librarians will continue to be flexible and creative in using technology to supplement more traditional methods of service delivery. It is extended very important for sat essay, the survival and growth of libraries to go where the extended users are.
However, given the preference for independent information collection, virtual reference is unlikely to be viewed as the solution to most students, particularly since it is still based on the patron interacting with a librarian and doesn't reflect the fact that information-seeking in a digital environment differs greatly from traditional library-based research. Other forms of creative online reference help need to be developed that incorporate the way electronic resources are used. Many of the astrology vs science challenges facing libraries are the same as they have always faced: providing products that their patrons want and succeeding in a competitive environment. Nothing has changed. The current twist is choosing the right delivery system as publishers and library consortiums try to keep up in a networked world of electronic reference products.
It is only through such experimentation that libraries will learn what applications are appropriate for what tasks and what reference environments. The progress of technology has allowed, and will continue to extended, allow, reference services to become more collaborative, to the benefit of both individual services and reference work in general. Researcher and Writer for a K-12 Book on America's Security Agencies, November 2007. My role in this project was to look through the manuscript and taking important points from each chapter, provide qualitative web links for the topics covered. For each link, I created a fifty word descriptive annotation.
I also wrote a bibliography. The research I did is found in the back of the book and can be used by students to do further research and dessay illness write reports. Fact Checker and Bibliographic Consultant for a Manuscript on Inventors, October - December 2007. This book covers a number of famous and not so famous inventors who changed the world. Elisha Graves Otis invented the elevator brake, which permitted skyscrapers to be built; Alfred Nobel was a wealthy industrialist, who invented dynamite; Robert Metcalfe is the history inventor of dessay illness, Ethernet; Louis and Auguste Lumi?re invented a camera and projector system they named the Cin?matographe, which became the foundation for essay history, the film industry; Ray Kurzweil invented the Kurzweil Reading Machine, which reads printed materials to visually impaired people; Charles Goodyear's discovery of vulcanization made rubber strong enough to be used in natalie, the manufacture of essay history, automobile tires; Milton Bradley invented the Checkered Game of Life (later sold as the Game of dessay natalie, Life) and history launched an entire new range of board games; in 1976, Seymour Cray designed and built the CRAY-1, the world's first supercomputer; Douglas Engelbart owns the patent for the computer mouse; Art Fry, product development researcher at 3M, is the person responsible for essays and slavery, Post-it Notes; pioneering automotive engineer, Henry Ford, was an inventor with many patents on automotive components and was famous for creating the assembly line that revolutionized the auto industry and made cars cheap enough for the ordinary person; and Thomas Alva Edison was the inventor who held patents for more than one thousand inventions. He is famous as the inventor of the phonograph, the incandescent electric lamp, the first industrial research laboratory, and the motion-picture projector.
I did a lot of research to make sure my client had all the facts and dates correct. I also created the bibliography. Fact Checker for a Book on the National Parks of the essay United States, September - November 2007. National parks are going through a transitional period and are faced with many problems. Encroachment, pollution, animal control issues, the dilemma of essay how many pages, dams, and the reality that drug cartels are using national parks to grow marijuana, putting visitors and park wardens in history, danger when they come upon natalie illness these illegal operations.
Interests of various indigenous groups were also covered in essay, the book, along with problems associated with visitors to is enlightenment kant, parks. Essay! My job was to make sure all information was accurate, and in some cases, expand the scope of the sat essay score 800 subject matter. Acadia National Park, Everglades National Park, Glacier National Park, Rocky Mountain National Park, Grand Canyon National Park, Great Smoky Mountains National Park, Alaska's Denali National Park and Preserve, Yellowstone National Park, and Yosemite National Park were covered in the book. Researcher for a Series of Educational Booklets on the Amendments to the United States Constitution, September - October 2007. The members of the Constitutional Convention signed the United States Constitution on September 17, 1787 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
The members met because the history states were very dissatisfied with the Articles of Confederation and there was a need for a stronger centralized government to astrology vs science essay, keep the federation together. After months of extended essay history, debate and many compromises, the draft Constitution was presented to the states for acceptance. What Kant! The Constitution was eventually ratified, establishing the new Federal government in 1789. It is no surprise that the Constitution would need to change as the extended history country grew and matured. An amendment process was built into the original document to facilitate these changes and make room for additions. The first ten amendments are collectively called the Bill of Rights. To date, there have been twenty-seven amendments to the US Constitution.
An overview of the Constitution, a look at the Bill of Rights, along with a number of the Amendments, were included in my work. I then had to provide a number of modern examples that challenge some of the on christianity Amendments. Some of the amendments I researched were the essay history establishment of women's suffrage (Nineteenth Amendment), the abolishment of slavery (Thirteenth Amendment), the prohibition of alcohol (Eighteenth Amendment), the repeal of prohibition (Twenty-first Amendment), the right to dessay natalie, keep and bear arms (Second Amendment), the granting of citizenship to and protecting the civil liberties of recently freed slaves (Fourteenth Amendment), and the right to essay history, have individual freedoms (the Fifth Amendment). The history and the events leading up to each amendment and the politics and personalities behind the 2000 equals changes to the United States Constitution are discussed. Extended! I wrote summarizations of the amendments, how and why they came about, and characterizations of the main players. I also included scenarios on how these historical occurrences affect us today. Science Researcher for Industry Canada, July - September 2007. I used the Internet and academic databases to find examples of nano-bio-info convergent applications that are usually embedded in systems. Converging technologies are applications having new and combined features derived from the and religion essay intersection or combination of different enabling technology platforms. Convergence represents a new way of viewing cross and multi-disciplinary possibilities, and it will provide major recombination opportunities for business and entrepreneurs.
It may also present unintended social consequences. A diverse private - public partnership, combining key organizations is required to explore the convergent landscape, the history potential opportunities, as well as the sat essay score unintended negative implications. My client's primary need was to expand, deepen, and add new prospective applications to their present inventory in three areas: 1.) Energy Environment (EE), including energy production and distribution; energy end use and extended essay device efficiencies; environmental stewardship + toxicology; environmental monitoring + sensing; and bio-remediation. Essays And Slavery! 2.) Water, Food and Bio- Products (WFB), including synthetic, bioengineered foods; industrial bio-products; bio-fuels, bioenergy systems optimization; food processing and packaging; and food and water freshness and preservation. History! 3.) Health and dessay illness Life Sciences (HLS), including nano-bio pharma-drug design and delivery; bio-computation, nano-imaging for medicine; bio-nano materials for health devices; bio-nano diagnostic devices and extended arrays; and bio-nano-genetic medicine. The challenge was to identify, analyze, imagine, and speculate how these new technologies, their innovative functionalities, and public partnership-stewardship implications may affect a selected set of terrorism and religion essay, sectoral activities that are deemed critical for extended essay history, Canada's future.
Here are a couple of the technologies and their applications that I was able to find: 1. Researchers at the ARC Centre for Functional Nanomaterials, University of New South Wales, Australia, are developing new coatings they hope will be used for self-cleaning surfaces in hospitals and the home. Used on outdoor surfaces such as self-cleaning windows, titanium dioxide (TiO2) particles work by dessay illness, absorbing UV light below a certain wavelength, exciting electrons and giving the particles an oxidizing quality stronger than any commercial bleach. These nanoparticles kill microbes and break down organic compounds, and water runs straight off surfaces coated with TiO2, washing as it goes. Extended Essay! 2. Motorola Labs and Arizona State University (Tempe, Arizona) announced a key advancement in the use of single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) in Field Effect Transistors (FETs) to sense biological and chemical agents at essays on christianity, low concentrations. Together, the research teams tuned SWNT-FETs to extended essay, sense specific agents by applying a peptide-functionalized polymer coating that does not affect their ability to transmit electrical signals. This developing sensor technology could be used to monitor a host of environmental and what health issues, including air and water quality, industrial chemicals, and biological agents, especially in the area of homeland security. 3. Until now quantum dots have been known primarily for their ability to produce a dozen different distinct colors of extended essay, light simply by varying the is enlightenment size of the individual nanocrystals, a capability particularly suited to fluorescent labeling in biomedical applications. But chemists at Vanderbilt University discovered a way to make quantum dots spontaneously produce broad-spectrum white light. The report of history, their discovery, which happened by accident, appears in astrology vs science essay, Quantum Dots that Produce White Light Could Be the Light Bulb's Successor. 4. The EU-funded BioFinger project is another interesting project.
Its aim is to develop versatile, inexpensive, and easy-to-use diagnostic tools for health, environmental and other applications. The BioFinger device uses cantilevers on a disposable microchip, making it small and portable, and allowing it to be reconfigured with new on-chip cantilevers to detect different substances. The tip of the cantilever is coated with chemicals allowing it to bend and essay history resonate when it binds specific molecules (such as those on the surface of bacteria). Astrology! The analysis which can be performed anywhere, anytime, takes between 15 and 20 minutes. 5. Nano-scale sensors are in development that will monitor toxins and essay history bacteria at all stages of food processing. This will help producers spot salmonella in chickens or e-coli in spinach, long before the products reach the shops. Self-monitoring food packaging will mature into technology like the nano-tongue. Wired into your fridge, it will detect and warn you of how many, a whole range of chemicals given off by rotting food, or the presence of bacteria, and then clean them. 6. The food industry is excited about essay sell-by dates and self-preserving food. Nano-coatings will make the sat essay lifespan of manufactured food even longer.
Food manufacturers including Unilever and Nestle plan to use nano-encapsulation to extended essay history, improve shelf life and is enlightenment kant engineer taste sensations in extended, fat-based foods like chocolates, ice creams, and spreads. 7. Development of word equals how many, nanotechnology for rapid detection of food pathogens, specifically, new rapid methods for detecting food pathogens will be developed using high sensitive Surface Plasmon Resonance (SPR) sensors based on nanostructured substrates. A new generation of nanotechnology companies is focused squarely on the water and food purity market, using nanoparticles that form chemical bonds with contaminants and extended essay history don't let go. Vs Science! Thiol-SAMMS, a powder, can suck up 60 percent of its own weight in mercury, arsenic, lead, and other metals, and is so absorbent that a single tablespoonful has the essay same surface area as a football field. Rice University researchers have demonstrated nanorust, microscopic particles of the metal magnetite that bond to arsenic in water and can then be lifted out with an astrology, ordinary magnet. 8. Tiny magnets help drugs reach the spot.
Inhaled drugs could soon be guided to the lungs by magnetic fields using a new technique developed by extended essay history, researchers in Germany. On Christianity And Slavery! The team performed computer simulations and experiments on mice to show that drugs mixed with tiny magnetic nanoparticles could be delivered to the lungs up to eight times more efficiently than if inhaled normally. Nanocarriers may not only be used for the administration of drugs to the airways but also to deliver vaccines since the extended stimulation of a long lasting, protective immunity to respiratory viruses is often difficult to achieve with conventional respiratory vaccines. 9. Nanopatches are expected to make needles a thing of the past. The patch will contain very tiny projections (micro-nanoprojections) that when applied to the skin will deliver vaccine to the target cells below the surface. It's a revolutionary approach that will overcome several of the problems of existing vaccine delivery, including the need for medical personnel to administer needles, the cost and logistics of storing and transporting vaccines, and hygienic needle use and disposal. All things considered, this technology will have a huge impact on the way vaccination programs are administered in third world countries with the potential to reach far greater numbers of people than under conventional needle technology. 800! 10. Tissue engineering and rejuvenation medicine using self-assembling nanostructures to create fully biological or biohybrid tissues and organs in vitro that can be safely implanted in the human body is also on the horizon.
11. Researchers are attempting to essay, develop more accurate and sensitive techniques to monitor cellular changes of cancer cells in both temporal and 2000 word essay spatial domains using nanotechnology and are now working to miniaturize MEMS devices to the nanoscale. 12. Magnetic nanoparticles heat up when a time-varying magnetic field is history applied. This characteristic is used to burn away cancer cells (Hyperthermia), which can specifically destroy the desired target without deteriorating healthy surrounding tissue. Cancer cells are more sensitive to temperatures in excess of 41 degrees C than their normal counterparts. What Thesis! 13. History! Near-infrared light, which passes harmlessly through our cells, causes carbon nanotubes to terrorism, heat up enough to destroy cells. The nanotubes can be placed only in cancer cells by coating them with folate to extended essay history, attach to the numerous folate receptors on cancerous cells. 14.
Magnetic nanoparticles for pages, cell isolation where the attraction between an external magnet and the MNPs enables separation of a wide variety of history, biological entities. Examples are the isolation of cancer cells in 800, blood samples or stem cells in bone marrow to history, allow for improved diagnosis and the removal of word how many, toxins from the human body. Essay! Furthermore, MNPs can be biologically activated to allow the essays and slavery uptake of cells via endocytotic pathways, thereby allowing certain cellular compartments to be specifically addressed. Once taken up, the desired cellular compartments can be magnetically isolated and accurately studied using proteomic analysis. 15. Gold nanoshells for tumor detection: when injected into the blood stream, they naturally congregate at tumor sites so that no additional targeting is necessary. In order to feed their growth, tumors create many, many blood vessels very quickly, so the vessels are often defective, allowing the nanoshells to slip through vascular leaks and gain access to the tumor. History! Detecting and 2000 essay equals how many targeting tumors by exploiting their surrounding vascular defects is known as enhanced permeability and history retention, or EPR effect. 16. Nanotechnology research tools to allow better understanding of cellular behavior, the difference between normal and abnormal cells, and communications between cells are currently being developed. These tools can measure energy metabolism, internal fluid flow, transportation of components, and the signaling pathways of cells.
Lifestyle Researcher and vs science Consultant for an Upcoming Book on Ethical Living (NDA in Place), June - November 2007. My role in this project was to research topics for a book that looks at the issues surrounding consumer life, including the clothes we buy, the extended essay history food we eat, the products we buy for our homes, and how consumers can make realistic choices that are ethically motivated and environmentally friendly. Researcher for an Education Resource Organization, May - June 2007. I used academic journals, websites, and books to find information on a wide variety of subjects, including great minds of ancient science and math, cultural holidays around the world, how to avoid plagiarism, landmark supreme court cases, and 19th century philosophers. This material was then used to write booklets for illness, the K-12 education system. Researcher and Writer for an Online Legal Information Company, April - May 2007. I was employed to find information on a number of current topics making the news, including various types of extended essay history, food poisoning. I then wrote articles for each and had them published on my client's website. Historical Researcher for Enslow Publishers, March 2007.
Thomas L. Jennings, Patricia Era Bath, George Washington Carver, Lonnie G. Johnson, Percy Lavon Julian, Lewis Howard Latimer, Jan E. Matzeliger, Garrett A. Morgan, Madame C.J. Walker, and Granville T. Woods are some of the African-American inventors that appear in 2000 equals how many pages, this book. My job was to use the extended essay history Internet to find interesting information about essays on christianity and slavery these inventors. I then had to summarize each website and make a record for each to insert into an online database. Before America abolished slavery in 1865, only free African-Americans were allowed to patent an invention. After the history enactment of the U.S. Patent Act in essays and slavery, 1790, there was some documentation of the works of African-American inventors, but that documentation is essay history sketchy because the Patent Office usually didn't record or ask for the race of the illness inventor. Even after slavery was abolished, there were other obstacles facing African-American inventors. They didn't have the same access to education, apprenticeships, and training programs as whites. Interacting with other inventors and being nurtured through mentorships was not for them. They also found it difficult to get funding to finance their research and development, and the money to market their inventions after they were patented was unavailable to them.
Many gave up the rights to their work to get the financial backing they needed, so they never made any money from sales of their inventions. Essay History! From 1910-1930, more than two million African-Americans migrated from the natalie illness rural south to escape racism and prejudice. They arrived in northern cities to a new way of life, leaving the history fields for better paying jobs in machine shops and factories where they were able to develop new technical skills and where they were exposed to a new mentality, one which brought out their inventive natures. Thomas L. Jennings was the essay how many first African-American to receive a patent. In 1821, he received a patent for a dry cleaning process that he invented.
Researcher for a Web 2.0 Start-Up, March - May 2007. My job was to generate a number of extended, reports that incorporated statistics, trends, revenue and business models, market numbers, and historical growth rates. I also researched articles that would help my clients have a deeper understanding of their customers and competitors. Researcher for a UK Non-Profit Charitable Organization, March 2007. I was hired to assist in the research for a report on how information and communication technologies are changing the and slavery way voluntary and community organizations (VCOs) conduct their day to day business. Researcher for an Academic Library Consultant, March 2007. I worked with a consultant to develop a Library Disability Services Strategic Plan for a Seattle University Library.
The goal was to conduct a formal strategic planning process to gauge the extended essay growth in service and to identify recommendations for what, improvements that would meet the future needs of students and faculty with disabilities to make sure they have access to independent learning. We created a series of surveys and questionnaires as our point of departure. An extensive literature review into extended best practices formed a large part of natalie, my work for this project. I also accessed disability plans for a number of extended history, comparable libraries to check on their policies. The demand for vs science essay, service continues to history, grow as libraries continue to struggle to meet the demands of students with disabilities. Only a few years ago, students with disabilities had little choice when it came to technology that facilitated independent use of astrology essay, digitized information. Things are changing and students have much better access to information technology and have the extended essay ability to convert materials into electronic text, which allows them to read more effectively and quickly. The following are some of the recommendations we made to the library committee: provide library spaces that are appropriate and safe; make informed staff available to students with disabilities; make certain that LDS study spaces are available whenever the library is open; require staff to undergo training in special software applications and sat essay score equipment for the disabled; monitor developments in IT for new technology that will level the academic playing field for students and faculty with disabilities; provide access to the extensive library collections; and supply well-equipped library workstations. Researcher and Writer for a London-based Author, February - March 2007.
I was hired to research topical subjects of interest for HR professionals, including current trends, employment legislation, recruitment, HR networking, talent management, the implications of social media, and outsourcing. I also provided my client with a series of mini reports that I wrote for each topic. My client wanted me to history, find articles and reports that address the issue of attrition of bank checking accounts. Retail banks are currently having difficulties retaining checking account customers because of intense competition between banks for such customers. I was hired to get some hard data on the phenomenon. Factiva was invaluable for the project. Business Researcher, January 2007. I was hired to word, find information on best practices for fulfillment/retention of financial services sold via direct marketing.
The Direct Marketing Association was a very helpful resource for this project. Business Researcher, January 2007. I used a series of questionnaires, surveys, and interviews to help my client's company become more successful and profitable. I also used government and public data, along with other financial statistics, to create a development strategy to move the business forward. Researcher and Annotator, January 2007. My job was to read 200 articles in the area of human and organizational systems thinking and extended essay history write an annotation for each. This work was done for a doctoral student.
I also rewrote his comprehensive assessment paper. Knowledge Manager and score Researcher for an International Insurance Group, January 2007. On a monthly basis, I identify information that relates to a particular sector of the insurance industry. It is used as a foundational element in a strategic knowledge sharing system for a global operation. The research is shared with business units throughout the essay world. Terrorism Essay! These are some of the subjects I regularly research for this corporation: Long Term Care Insurance, Marketing Insurance, Term Life Insurance, Life Insurance Distribution, Critical-illness Insurance, Policyholder Marketing, Insurance Overviews, Digital Marketing, Baby Boomer Market, Customer Retention and Loyalty in Bancassurance, Insurance Market Development, Green Bancassurance, Orphan Management, Distribution Models of Insurance and Financial Industries, Trends in history, the Insurance Industry (US, Canada, Europe, Asia), High-Net-Worth Market, Multi-Channel Distribution, Insurance Products, Banks Selling Insurance, Annuitization, Cross Selling Insurance, Country Profiles and Research on New Countries, New Insurance Markets, Best Practices for Fulfillment or Retention for Financial Services Sold Via Direct Marketing, Direct Marketing, Competition: ACE, AEGON, Aetna, AIA, AIG, AON, AXA, Cigna, Middle-Market Insurance, Longevity Insurance, Whole Life Insurance, Insurance Regulations, Securitization, Simplified Issue Insurance Products, Universal Life, Insurance Research Studies, Orphan Policyholders, Insurance Conferences and Seminars, Best Practices in Direct Mail, Telemarketing, Ecommerce, Statement Based Marketing, Direct TV, Outsourcing Claims, Emerging Markets Insurance and Banks, Reinsurance Market, Reinsurance Companies, Insurance Companies/Brokers, Bank Market, Marketing, Ecommerce, Customer Retention, Compliance for 800, Communication, Data Protection and Data Transfer Regulations in the European Union and Asiapacific, Creative for Direct Marketing, Professional Broking, Information Security, Voice Message Broadcasting, Mobile Banking and Payments, Private Placement Life Insurance (PPLI), Payment Protection Insurance (PPI), Professional Liability, Solvency II, Deregulation, Insurance/Bancassurance Lead Generation, Microfinance and Microinsurance, Bancassurance, Selling Insurance Online, Country Profiles and Research on essay, Existing Countries, Industry Profiles, ULIPs, Attitudinal Data, Bluetooth Marketing, Insurance Direct Marketing, Scor, Trends in the Bank and Bancassurance Market (Americas, EMEA, Asia Pacific), Accident Protector, Accidental Death Insurance, Disability Insurance, Senior Accidental Death, Income Protector, Credit (Card) Insurance, Serious Illness/Cancer, Call Monitoring and Speech Analytics, Corporate Marketing and Branding, Direct to Consumer Marketing (New Players/Trends in the Direct Marketing Business), Takaful (Islamic) Insurance, Charity and Insurance, Direct Marketing Technology, Insurance-Linked Securities Market, Mobile Banking and Microinsurance, Mobile Insurance Payments, and score Behavioural Targeting. Business Development and Researcher for an Internet Start-Up, December 2006. I was hired on an ongoing basis to identify and match innovative business opportunities with my client's company vision. Competitive analysis, targeting potential new customer bases, and assessing target markets is included in my work. Ultimately, my role is to suggest possible new products and services, and brainstorm entirely new business markets and models. Other duties see me analyzing the needs of key customers, monitoring progress, offering solutions, negotiating fees, and contracting new business for extended history, them.
Researcher and Editor for dessay, a PhD Student, December 2006. My client had the task of writing a lengthy essay on an ethical dilemma in contemporary social work. Ethical dilemmas present the decision-maker with competing perspectives which are of proportional or similar worth. In order to focus the situation, you must state the dilemma in history, ethical terms. I was asked to find the appropriate information and supportive articles, and helped with structuring the essay and editing it. Photographic Researcher, December 2006. I was asked to find photographs and the names of astrology vs science essay, those sitting on a number of Australian banking boards. Sports Researcher for MyReportLinks.com, November 2006. I was given the manuscripts for a number of Grade 7+ books on popular sports teams. Sensational sports teams such as those featured in this series, are teams that have success on the field and are able to extended essay history, capture the imaginations of fans off the vs science field. Each book tells the history of a team and highlights its top players, managers, and personalities that have made the team great.
I read the history manuscripts and then found thirty qualitative websites for word how many, each one. Besides the extended history usual book format, the publisher also provides links in each of its books that relate to the topics covered. Sat Essay Score 800! Choosing websites for school children is not as easy as some may think. Essay! There is a lot to on christianity and slavery, keep in mind. The accuracy and currency of the content and the credibility of the site's creators are the most important factors when assessing whether a site should be recommended for students. Information that is correct and up to date, with appropriate author's credentials; content that is serious and scholarly; information that is history politically, religiously, or otherwise unbiased; sites that appear well maintained and updated; and those with correct spelling and grammar are good places to begin. 2000 Word Essay How Many Pages! Websites should meet the same stringent standards required of print products. A few other things to essay, watch for are: is there advertising? How is the overall design and presentation of the site? Are there graphics or other features that take a long time to terrorism and religion, download?
Do you need to have specialized software to access sections of the site? Do all the links work? Once I had found the links, I wrote an history, annotation for vs science essay, each one that summarized the contents. An online database was then used to insert all bibliographic and value-added information for each site and uploaded to the company's server. The Los Angeles Dodgers, the New York Yankees, the extended Miami Heat, the Cleveland Cavaliers, the Chicago Bulls, and the Pittsburgh Steelers were some of the titles I did this work for. School children will use the research to on christianity, learn more about extended essay their favorite athletes and what it takes to become a professional competitor. Designer and word equals how many pages Project Manager for a Business Website, November 2006.
I worked with an experienced web programmer and essay history designer to recreate an already existing ecommerce site, focusing on the newest digital marketing techniques to complement the client's business plan and target audience. The design incorporates intuitive user interfaces with logical and easy-to-use navigation elements that are accessible and usable to a wide variety of operating systems and technologies. Endangered Species Researcher and Writer for MyReportLinks.com, October - December 2006. Jaguars, whooping cranes, cheetahs, otters, rhinoceroses, grizzly bears, Florida panthers, giant pandas, mountain gorillas, wallabies, orangutans, and bighorn sheep were some of the animals I researched for this job. Predators, competition for food, hunting, fire, loss of natural habitat, poaching, limited geographic range, pollution, use of animal parts in traditional Asian medicines, illegal trade, and the introduction of non-native animal species were some of the sub-topics I focused on. I then wrote profiles for each and provided other annotations.
The information will be used as part of an online educational tool for students and will also appear in a series of books for the K-12 market. Researcher for dessay natalie illness, a PhD Student, October 2006. This project involved me finding the newest and most cutting-edge information on running injuries, injuries in recreational adult fitness activities, and extended the etiology and prevention of sports injuries. Researcher for an Academic Librarian, September 2006. An academic library was considering opening a reference desk inside Second Life. One of the librarians on the committee asked me to do some research on on christianity and slavery, the avatar-driven virtual world, in preparation for a meeting. I chose a hands-on approach to this research project by joining Second Life to learn about history it instead of reading articles.
Second Life is free to join and many of its activities are free. Others cost money and must be paid in Linden dollars, the official currency of the virtual world. If you want to own land, you have to pay a monthly fee. Businesses, corporations, banks, car manufacturers, clothing designers, tax professionals, politicians, embassies, hotel chains, real estate companies, non-profits, and entrepreneurs are using Second Life as a way to dessay natalie, reach out to customers. The educational uses of this virtual world is also growing. For example, Stanford University's Humanities Lab has set up a museum dedicated to history, award-winning American artist and filmmaker, Lynn Hershman Leeson.
Universities, such as Harvard, Pepperdine, Elon, Ohio, Ball State, New York, Stanford, Delft University of equals how many, Technology, and AFEKA Tel-Aviv Academic College of Engineering have opened cutting-edge virtual classrooms on Second Life. Extended Essay! Many libraries have also established 'ask a librarian' reference desks. Researcher for an European Consultancy, September 2006. I was hired to help my clients develop a more coherent ecommerce strategy. Dessay! Specifically, I had to look for information on life and health insurance sales over extended history, the Internet (global scope); electronic policy delivery/fulfillment; email marketing of financial services; and the use of the equals how many pages Internet to support direct mail marketing or telemarketing campaigns.
Once I had collected the essay information, I read everything and and religion essay wrote a report. Researcher for extended essay history, an International Insurance Group, August - December 2006. Working with a web programmer, I helped design and create an application to store, categorize, and annotate digital information. I then did my research using academic journals, trade publications, magazines, newspapers, country reports, industry profiles, market research reports, and product reviews. This great tool allowed me to store the articles and vs science information I found for my client, create bibliographic profiles for each article, categorize by subject and country, write abstracts, add keywords, and make comments and notes. Business Plan Writer, Researcher, and Editor for a Pharmaceutical Start-Up (NDA in Place), August - September 2006. This not-for-profit organization needed my assistance with researching and writing a business plan, one based on ideas from the field of social entrepreneurship.
My clients are working on the release of an important, innovative, and controversial psychoactive substance that can be used to treat addiction to opiates, methamphetamines, and other drugs. Extended History! The medication displays anti-addictive properties, interrupting the symptoms of drug withdrawal syndrome and reduces drug cravings, which allows an addict to 800, detoxify with minimal symptoms. I also worked on the problem statement. I added new information to try to explain in more detail what my client had in mind. Extended Essay! I added hyperlinks and posted the business plan and what kant other background information online for supporters and potential investors who might want to read more. To date, drug development has been largely confined to the RD-based pharmaceutical industry, which has grown into one of the extended history most prosperous industrial sectors by focusing on the most lucrative medical markets.
This reliance on market-based incentives and commercial actors to on christianity and slavery, generate new medicines has transformed drugs into regular consumer goods. The limitation of essay, this system is that market forces skew drug development investments toward diseases and patients that guarantee the highest financial returns. Given that North America, Europe, and Japan account for 80% of the world's pharmaceutical market, the health needs of the astrology majority of the world's population are being sidelined by the proprietary pharmaceutical industry. While publicly financed research institutions are involved in the early phases of research and extended essay drug discovery, the expertise, infrastructure, and management capacity for taking these findings through the drug development pipeline are almost entirely concentrated in the private commercial sector. While multi-million dollar investments fund research aimed at developing highly profitable drugs for prosperous markets, drug RD for neglected diseases is stifled. That is why when Doctors Without Borders won the 1999 Nobel Peace Prize, it committed the prize money to the development of an alternative model for the research and development of new drugs for neglected diseases. As a result, seven organizations joined forces to establish the Drugs for Neglected Diseases Initiative (DNDi): the Oswaldo Cruz Foundation from Brazil, the Indian Council for Medical Research, the Kenya Medical Research Institute, the Ministry of Health of on christianity and slavery, Malaysia France's Pasteur Institute, M?decins sans Fronti?res, and the UNDP/World Bank/WHO's Special Programme for Research and Training in Tropical Diseases, which acts as a permanent observer to the initiative. Drugs for extended essay history, Neglected Diseases Initiative (DNDi) is a collaborative, patients' needs-driven, non-profit drug research and terrorism and religion development organization that is developing new treatments for malaria, visceral leishmaniasis (VL), sleeping sickness (Human African Trypanosomiasis), and Chagas disease. Government Documents Researcher and essay history Writer for an Association of Curriculum Development, August 2006. Many school teachers have few opportunities to improve on their course preparation techniques and feel unqualified to vs science essay, teach particular subjects.
For example, surveys show that elementary school teachers feel they are more unprepared to teach math and science than any other subjects. Helping K-12 educators enrich their understanding of the subjects they teach and mastering new teaching strategies results in more effective inspired teachers and greater progress for students. Teaching children about the extended essay United States federal government and astrology how it is structured can also be challenging for educators. I was hired to do basic research on the Executive Branch, the Legislative Branch, and extended essay history the Judicial Branch, which interprets America's laws. On Christianity! I was then expected to package the information in such a way as to provide a step by step guide on essay history, how to more easily and score 800 interactively teach middle school students about the three branches of government.
Quizzes, games, and group activities were developed. Digital Photographic Consultant and extended history Image Stylist for Online Store, July 2006. I received a large number of digital photos to be used for a gourmet food website. My job was to 800, choose a selection that would best reflect the company brand and facilitate the building of an online retail environment that maximized customer experience and retention. Historical Researcher and Writer for an Education Resource Organization, June - July 2006. I researched and developed a series of virtual education field trips and finding aids that focused on history, American historical events and sites. Gettysburg, the National Mall in Washington, DC, Martin Luther King, Jr's National Historic Site, and the John F. Kennedy National Historic Site were included in the project. Business Researcher for a Technology Start-Up, June 2006. Habbo Hotel, Second Life, Club Penguin, Nicktropolis, Neopets, Webkinz World, Whyville, and Disney Extreme Digital were the virtual worlds I was asked to research, focusing on when they were founded, how many users they have, their demographics, revenue models, terms and conditions, and their privacy policies. I was asked to find the same information for social networking sites Bebo, del.icio.us, Facebook, Flickr, MySpace, Imbee, Piczo, and YouTube. Additionally, my clients were interesting in knowing which Second Life asset providers and creators were considered the top players in the field.
Team-VIP, Player Auctions, Markee Dragon, Gaming Treasures, EyeOnMOGS, The Electric Sheep Company, Aimee Weber Studio, Accident Designs, and Anshe Chung Studios are some of them. Here is terrorism a little of what I found out about some of the social networking sites. Extended! 1.) The Bebo site was founded in January 2005 and given a major relaunch in July of essays on christianity, that year. It reports 30 million registered members, viewing over extended essay, five billion monthly page views. Bebo is essays and slavery developing its business model around what it calls 'engagement marketing' where ads are spread virally around content. It has also announced plans for a platform that will allow users to choose the ads they receive. No revenue numbers are available. Product placement will be a crucial revenue stream.
It was announced that Orange has paid Bebo to provide its customers with an exclusive mobile version of its popular social network, at essay, least for a while. The move follows a similar tie-up between Vodafone and MySpace, which was announced in February. Bebo also announced that it is introducing a music download service that will allow bands to sell music. On Christianity! The indie store service will be available to Bebo users in the UK, Ireland, US, Canada, Australia, and extended history New Zealand. San Francisco-based social network Bebo recently raised $15 million from Benchmark Capital, and essays rejected a ?300 million ($552 million) acquisition offer from British Telecom Group in 2006. 2.) Facebook launched in February of 2004. It has 20 million active users. Extended! It is terrorism and religion free to essay history, use, but ad-driven.
Revenue is estimated to be $50,000,000 per year and is expected to generate revenue of more than $100 million this year. Facebook got its first major influx of money last summer when Microsoft guaranteed to pay approximately $200 million in sat essay score 800, ad revenue through 2008. Co-founder, Mark Zuckerberg has recently said that the ad contract had been extended through 2011. Extended Essay! Facebook continues to look for new markets and dessay is going beyond college and high school markets, now allowing new users from corporate networks to join the essay history social network. Inside Facebook lists ten companies that are currently Facebook-enabled: Accenture, Amazon, Apple, EA, Gap, Intel, Intuit, Microsoft, Pepsi, and PricewaterhouseCoopers. Zuckerberg, now 22, reportedly turned down a $750-$800 million offer from Viacom, holding out for $2 billion, according to news accounts.
More recently, it was reported that he received an offer of close to $1 billion from terrorism essay Yahoo!, which he also turned down. Extended Essay History! Some analysts expect Zuckerberg will file for an IPO in the next two years, when Facebook is expected to be much more valuable. He will have time to build up its ad sales and sat essay score 800 create demand for its stock before going public. 3.) Flickr was launched in 2004. There is history a free version and also a paid subscription that costs $24.95 US per year. In March 2005, Yahoo! acquired Flickr. Financial terms were not disclosed. Sources believe that the acquisition price was anywhere from $17 to $35 million (cash and stock deal), although most people in vs science, the know put it at $30 million. Flickr reportedly has 7.2 million registered users and 23 million monthly unique visitors.
This is only an estimate since Yahoo! does not divulge revenue numbers. Co-founder and general manager, Stewart Butterfield, talks about Flickr's growth in size and quality, and its status as a Yahoo company: We don't break down revenues by property but I can definitely say we're happy with it. The core of the business is the premium subscription service, and we do much better in that than we expected in the early days. We're gradually starting to experiment more with branded advertising and extended history there's contextual advertising in the search. Over time, advertising will become a bigger component of the revenue picture. So people are definitely happy at Yahoo!. There's never been any worries about Flickr's revenue and the long-term potential is excellent. Dessay Illness! 4.) The MySpace service was founded in essay, July 2003. It has 100,000,000+ users and an average of 31.5 billion unique page views per month. It is free to use, but ad-driven.
MySpace was bought by thesis, Rupert Murdoch in July 2005 for US$580 million. Various analysts have called it the deal of the century because it is reportedly worth anywhere from $6-8 billion in the current market. History! In March 2007, Pali Research analyst, Richard Greenfield, wrote that MySpace is now generating in excess of $30 million a month in revenue, with about 800 $24 million in domestic revenue and $6 million internationally. Google recently agreed to pay MySpace at least $900 million over three years to sell text and essay history banner advertisements on on christianity, its site. MySpace is essay history gaining a strong footing in the mobile world. A recent deal with Cingular has resulted in the sign-up of 200,000 MySpace mobile users.
Really cashing in will mean reinventing the astrology vs science essay ad business for the social networking world. Essay History! One way of is enlightenment kant, getting rates up is to extended essay history, create customized ads. 5.) YouTube was founded in February 2005 by three former employees of PayPal. It is ad-driven and astrology vs science free to use. Before being bought by Google, YouTube reported that its business model was advertising-based. Some industry commentators have speculated that YouTube's running costs - specifically the bandwidth required - may be as high as US$1 million per month, fueling criticisms that the company never had a viable business model. The site was losing lots of money, had huge expenses, not much revenue, and no profits, but Google was interested anyway and acquired it for $1.65 billion in Google stock.
Traffic was climbing and still is. Since the deal, YouTube's audience has grown forty percent and has more visitors than any other video website, many that you can't easily find watching TV. According to comScore Media Metrics, YouTube's 136 million monthly visitors made up about 18 percent of the history world's Internet audience in January. YouTube already has partnerships with NBC, CBS, Universal Music, Sony BMG and Warner Music. Terrorism! What it doesn't have a lot of is the kind of content that advertisers are interested in being associated with. In addition to selling banner and search ads, YouTube is doing custom campaigns for extended, major brands that cost about essays on christianity $750,000 a pop. YouTube is serving 100 million videos per day. Fact Checker for an Upcoming Book, June 2006. Fact checking involves verifying facts and checking quotes, dates, names, page numbers, addresses, spelling, titles, statistics, geographical locations, and history citations for accuracy, relevancy, and legitimacy of content using reliable sources.
I was hired to fact check a non-fiction book and do the 2000 word work within a very tight schedule. Bibliographic Consultant, May - June 2006. I was hired by a major publishing house to extended essay history, assist copy editors and the project manager with the essay footnotes and bibliography for a non-fiction book. What sometimes happens when copy editors make their final tour through a book is that the extended bibliographic citations get moved around and become attached to the wrong text. My job was to iron out the difficulties, check for the accuracy of each note, and to make sure that the proper format was used. I also compiled the bibliography for the book. Business Development Researcher (NDA in Place), May 2006. I was asked to research and identify appropriate Venture Capitalists and Angel Investors for a business that is currently looking for capital.
I was asked to find out the ownership structure of Scientific American Inc. They are publishers of the magazine Scientific American . I was also asked to obtain information on the senior management at Scientific American and/or their Board of Directors. Scientific American is a private publication. Scientific American Inc. is a private division of vs science, parent company, Verlagsgruppe Georg von Holtzbrinck, in Germany, which is also privately owned. This was a challenging assignment and I used some specialized databases to extended essay, find the information. Historical Researcher and Writer for MyReportLinks.com, April - May 2006. My duties included reading a number of manuscripts on famous inventors. Henry Ford, Julius Robert Oppenheimer, Thomas Alva Edison, Philo T. Word Essay How Many! Farnsworth, Louis Pasteur, Guglielmo Marconi, Nikola Tesla, and Johannes Gutenberg were included in the project. I used the Internet to find quality information about the inventors and history wrote a summary for each of the 240 websites.
I then created a database record for each site and inserted them into an online database. Sat Essay! The information will be made available to school children who buy the book and used to history, write reports. I was asked to find out the on christianity and slavery top ten blogs and extended what business models they are using to make money. Score! Using Technorati as my primary source, I found that the top three blogs were engadget, boingboing, and TechCrunch. A large assortment of ads, sponsorship ads, RSS ads, membership in a larger network, and extended history selling branded merchandise, formed the basis of the blogs' business models. Essays On Christianity And Slavery! Additional income streams used by other top blogs include: asking for extended, donations, selling books based on kant, blog content, affiliate programs, user subscriptions, paid job postings, and speaking and consulting fees. Business Researcher, April 2006. My job on extended essay, this assignment was to find consultants and on christianity and slavery experts to extended history, become a part of the primary management team for a new company.
I found software engineers, programmers, security experts, and communication technologists to join the team. Researcher for kant, a Commercial and Residential Insurance Company, March 2006. Operating in thirty-five states, this insurance company needed my help to identify information relating to a potential new class of business for them. Specifically, they were interested in essay history, finding out 2000 essay how many which insurance companies and brokers provide insurance to family/semi-commercial gentlemen horse farms in the United States, including those which offer stabling services and riding lessons. There is extended essay history no central list or database that would have this information available. 2000 Word Equals Pages! Many insurance companies that write property and casualty insurance have a program that is generally called a farmowners policy. A farmowner's policy is similar to a traditional homeowner's policy with the addition of coverage for farm type exposures.
It is possible horse farms could be written under such a program. Many of the larger insurers have farmowner's programs, such as Nationwide, Erie, Allstate and State Farm. In regards to brokers, there is no list of available markets for horse farms from the history standpoint of surplus lines. Surplus lines policies are often available for specific types of risks that mainstream insurance companies will not write. Essays On Christianity And Slavery! Brokers are required to file affidavits listing the policies they write through surplus lines insurance companies, but they are not required to identify their markets. Most of the carriers are not willing to write policies for such farms. Some of the carriers that did provide coverage for farms were willing to extended essay, pick up a limited amount of equine coverage but were not willing to, if there was any kind of business involved. Besides doing exhaustive Internet searches with various keywords and phrases, I also sent out hundreds of emails to various associations to see what I could find out. A lot of people wrote me back and 2000 equals how many pages tried their best to be helpful. Many said that no one keeps track of extended essay, which companies provide insurance for the kind of establishments my client was interested in.
I wrote a variety of insurance libraries around the country, and all directed me to the Insurance Marketplace, International Directory of Excess, Surplus, Speciality Lines and Industry Services , 2006 Edition. A number of horse associations also told me that this publication is the what is enlightenment kant thesis best one to use for this type of information. I wrote every state horse council, chapter, and association I could find to ask what companies their members use. Extended Essay History! Some of the organizations seemed to have made arrangements with particular insurance companies so that their members were able to get better deals. I emailed every national horse association and council I could find, such as the American Horse Council, the American Quarter Horse Association, and the United States Equestrian Federation to ask for suggestions. A few associations, such as the United States Equestrian Federation, told me that the association offers members insurance through specific companies. Sat Essay Score! In their case, it is through Equisure. I also wrote every state department and extended essay history commissioner of the Insurance Information Institute to sat essay, request the extended history information. Many said that type of natalie illness, information was not collected. Others suggested specific companies to contact.
I wrote every state association of the essay history Independent Insurance Agents Brokers of America, Inc.. On Christianity And Slavery! I contacted every state representative connected to extended, the National Association of Professional Insurance Agents to ask for their insight. I was told that kind of insurance is handled by excess and surplus lines companies. Through some of my reading, I noticed that there seems to be an upward trend in country estate hobby farms, so one would assume that the market for that type of insurance would be growing as well. Researcher for the Discovery Channel, March 2006. I was hired to do some initial research for an upcoming documentary on Tuvalu, an island nation in the South Pacific Ocean. The research centered on essays and slavery, global warming, climatic changes, and flooding. Project Manager for a Start-Up, February - December 2006. My main job for this client was to keep the team on track, making sure that projects were completed on time, setting up meetings, helping with status reports, answering emails, and resolving issues in a timely manner.
Researcher and Editor, February 2006. The subject of my research work was Memetics and its connection with terrorism and warfare. My client was interested in writing a series of articles on the topic for a possible book. I then helped with the history editing. Business Researcher, February 2006.
I was asked to find a variety of vs science, information on a large number of extended essay history, popular massively multiplayer online role-playing games (MMORPGs), including the number of users they have, the dessay illness price of the games, their revenue models, terms and conditions of use, and privacy policies. Some of the games I researched were World of Warcraft, Vanguard: Saga of Heroes, City of extended, Heroes, City of Villains, Lineage, Lineage 2, RF Online, Final Fantasy XI, Star Wars Galaxies, Dungeons and Dragons, Eve Online, EverQuest II, Guild Wars, Maple Story, The Matrix Online, Mu Online, Rappelz Online, Dark Age of pages, Camelot, RuneScape, Scions of Fate, Dofus, ArchLord, Hero Online, EverQuest, Ragnarok Online, Ultima Online, Toontown, and extended history Asheron's Call. My client also requested the on christianity demographics for MMORPGs. Extended Essay! The research shows that typical users of traditional MMORPGs are between the ages of astrology vs science, 18 and 35. Numbers coming out of the Daedalus Project estimate that only essay history 25% of MMORPG players are teenagers, and paints a picture of a very diverse demographic that is made up of retired people, college students, middle and high-school students, young professionals, and a large number of middle-aged married people.
More than 73% of the players have some college education. Analysts have projected that the terrorism essay total worldwide game industry revenue will increase to $54.6 billion by 2009. Another part of my research was determining how many Power-Leveling companies there are and how the prices they charge vary by extended essay, company, game, and service. IGE.com is one of the leading companies in the field, as are the essay MMORPG Exchange, Mogs, and essay history PGMx. Science Technology Foresight Researcher for the Office of the 2000 essay equals National Science Advisor, January - March 2006. ONSA identified the requirement for, and essay the importance of terrorism and religion essay, developing a ST foresight strategy in order to essay history, better focus and sat essay 800 improve Canada's future strategic preparedness for new and emerging technologies that will impact Canada's future economic performance and its security of extended, critical infrastructure. And Religion Essay! To this effect, I was hired to locate and assess reports on PACT applications, web references, and sources for experts. I assisted ONSA in history, finding, documenting, and summarizing relevant research and applications reports on convergent technologies and on christianity and slavery compiled them into an accessible, organized format. I reviewed the current PACT documentation to ensure that new and additional information was the focus of the searches, and developed a framework for extended history, comparing and ordering the prospective applications to ensure that the information could be assigned or allocated according to broad sectors. My final report summarized the research so that it could be used in vs science essay, PACT events throughout the extended essay history year.
I created a template for foresight web searching and a thirty page guide on references, along with a methodological summary of which search references worked best and why. I also compiled a source list of all the reports that can be activated or linked to and inserted them into on christianity the PACT knowledge base. Government Documents Researcher and Writer for an Association of Curriculum Development, December 2005 - January 2006. Teaching specific subjects in the K-12 school system can be difficult and complicated, particularly to essay, certain students. Differentiated instruction is used to sat essay score, overcome some of the problems by using a number of extended essay, different instruction methods to and slavery, facilitate learning. Continually questioning what works in the classroom and confronting the challenge of creating and using alternative approaches to learning is history central to what is enlightenment kant, progressive education. For this job, I was expected to develop research modules on three independent government agencies: National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), and the Peace Corps. Health Researcher for a International Nutrition Company, December 2005. My job was to supply research on a wide variety of ingredients found in a selection of vitamin and health supplement products. This really great job actually began in August 2004, when I helped the author with his pending proposal for extended essay, the book. A year later we began putting the book together.
I did extensive original research, summarizing it into briefs for the author. I used a wide range of resources, finding appropriate information in magazines, newspapers, books, government documents, websites, and databases. I edited and critiqued the work in progress, and fact-checked the materials. I also compiled the endnotes (including formatting them into the Chicago Style), references, sources, and created the bibliography. I later worked with copy editors to put the finishing touches on the book, checking the copy for readability, style, and agreement with editorial policy. I also helped with verifying facts, dates, and statistics.
One of the most important parts of my job was to what thesis, act as a sounding board, to tell my client the extended history truth, offer support (because the process is a difficult one), and keep the project on track. The author's intention in writing Privacy Lost: How Technology is Endangering Your Privacy was to explain the connection between technology and privacy and speculate a little on where things might be headed. The premise of the book is that our privacy has become lost because of technology. Technology has changed our culture, how we communicate and how we don't. It has affected our ability to control our personal information, who sees it, what they see, what they do with it. Dessay Natalie Illness! Our privacy is already lost, whether we know it or not. Whether we can find it again is still unclear. Throughout the book you'll find numerous stories and history examples, culled from newspapers, magazines and of course, the Internet.
Sure, privacy violations happen to on christianity, celebrities, but more often it affects normal people, the extended essay history ones who mistakenly think that the government or the law is protecting them. This book is about this connection between technology and privacy. And Slavery! It's not just written for privacy advocates or for technologists. Rather, it's meant to be read by anyone who is disturbed about the growing amount of data available on history, them, about who's doing the and religion essay collecting and what the collectors are going to do with all of our personal information. The subject of privacy is applicable to anyone concerned about the growing number of exceedingly well-publicized privacy violations and wondering about how many more incidents haven't become public. It's hard not to notice the unending stream of essay history, news stories describing one egregious privacy violation after another: companies losing the financial information of millions of users; a Veteran's Affairs employee's laptop stolen along with the personal information of nearly every American who has ever served in the military; and word essay pages a Boston newspaper that wrapped papers in printouts of their customers' credit card numbers. They are all documented and discussed in extended history, this book. The stories alone are a testament to the effect of technology on our privacy. Researcher for a United States Law Firm, September - December 2005. My client is a class action attorney in need of some assistance finding information on a particular engine.
Specifically, he was suing an what is enlightenment, automobile manufacturer. The allegedly defective design of a specific engine component was at issue. While the firm also hired expert engineers to consult with, as a preliminary effort, I was hired to find all available literature regarding this engine design and to tap into a vast literature of automobile design engineering literature. I searched for and evaluated relevant resources, schematic representations, and extended essay articles, then forwarded copies for review in an organized format. Vs Science! I also searched the Internet to find consumers talking about their problems with the engine and collected their contact information for a class action lawsuit. Researcher for a Busy Academic, September - November 2005.
I was hired to extended essay history, act as a research assistant, finding timely articles on social work related issues. Contemporary psychotherapy, traumatized impact of child sexual abuse, perspectives on youth care programs, attachment theory, and the boundaries between physiotherapy and psychotherapy were just a few of the subjects I researched. Agoraphobia, chronic pain in primary health care, biopsychosocial rehabilitation programs, and multidisciplinary approaches to the treatment of chronic pain were also scanned and profiled. Researcher and Writer for a Technology Start-Up (NDA in Place), August - September 2005. My work was assisting the 2000 equals how many pages company directors in preparing a PowerPoint business proposal deck by supplying the market research and preparing the templates and text. Business Plan Researcher and Editor for Start-Up, August 2005. I assisted in establishing contact with potential backers, allies, stakeholders, advisors, and partners, along with helping research appropriate materials for the plan, writing and editing the documents, and finding missing references.
Without backers, advisors, or a team, most investors don't have enough information with which to judge the prospects of a company. I helped to assemble a serious upper level team. I also helped with development and strategy, and to create a coherent capital formation strategy for successful seed-stage financing. Historical Researcher and Writer for an International Association for Learning, July - August 2005. I researched and history developed American history information resources for topics that focused on political and cultural upheaval, revolution, and the American Indian Wars. The California Bear Flag Revolt, the Texas Fight for Independence, the Alamo, the Cherokee Trail of Tears, the Kansas Border War, and Custer's defeat at Little Bighorn were the main events that I covered in this project. The materials will be used as an accompaniment to 2000 word, online courses. Research Assistant for an Educational Writer, June 2005. Nutrition, weight management, and the causes of increased levels of extended essay history, obesity among children in the United States were a few of the research areas covered. Obesity and the need for weight management, risks of being overweight or obese, nutrition and your body weight, the food pyramid and portion sizes, metabolism, a road map to a healthy weight, diets, medications, surgery for weight loss, the digestive system, eating disorders in young people, and weight management for vs science essay, young people, were some of the history specific research topics.
I did the natalie research, found the academic articles, photocopied them, and sent them to the author. Philosophy Researcher for a PhD Candidate, June 2005. My research focused on investigating the extended essay history rhetorical devices that Bentham used in his writings, and why those devices made his writing more or less persuasive. Historical Researcher and Writer for an International Association for Learning, April - June 2005. My work included researching, profiling, and writing about significant 19th century American historical events and what kant thesis people, including the California Gold Rush, the essay history Transcontinental Railroad, the Pony Express, the building of the dessay illness Erie Canal, the Louisiana Purchase, Lewis and Clark, and the Oregon Trail. The information was developed to use in the creation of alternative learning resources. I was hired to assist with the development of an information web portal specifically targeting Chief Medical Officers.
The site is called CMO Exchange, a members-only, web-based portal meeting the extended essay history unique information and resource needs of astrology vs science essay, Chief Medical Officers and executives with comparable titles. CMO Exchange has been conceived and developed as a targeted information portal directed specifically and customized individually for the sole use of essay history, Chief Medical Officers and Medical Directors. CMO Exchange is developed by World Congress, the producer of events that convene senior-level executives from all segments of the health care industry. World Congress events include The World Health Care Congress, The World Health Care Innovations in Technology Congress and the World Congress Leadership Summit series. My focus was to work with the project manager on the Custom Research area that allows members to request quality information on any topic they need, on a project-by-project basis, including business development, change management, best practices, and medical management resources and reports. I also developed an online request form for CMOs looking for in depth research. Essays On Christianity! The online form requested the following information: definition of research needs in as much detail as possible, time frame to be searched, description of limits or restrictions, reason for needing this information (i.e. Essay History! journal article, conference presentation, research backgrounder for thesis, a book, etc.), preferred format of results (formalized report, list of article citations, website addresses, etc.), specific goals of the history research project, provision of keywords and significant terms, depth of is enlightenment thesis, research required, and an overview of research already completed to history, avoid duplication. Astrology Vs Science Essay! I also worked on a research project for them that examined best practices in the use of medical directors in case management: best practices of how managed care organizations and extended essay history medical management companies use medical directors to enhance clinical and cost savings outcomes in case management. Traditionally, case managers have only come to astrology vs science essay, medical directors when they had a medical management coverage decision to extended essay, make - a pretty typical utilization management function. Case managers have otherwise functioned largely independently, helping to coordinate care during and in astrology essay, the recovery from an essay, acute event. My client was interested in using his case management team to drive more effective outcomes on astrology, a long term basis, engaging the extended case managers and medical directors in more discussion around the appropriateness of the care the thesis member is extended history receiving, not just the efficiency of its delivery.
He was also interested in the roles other companies have medical directors play, the structure of the interaction of medical directors and dessay nurses, and essay any best practices. Environmental Researcher and Writer for Enslow Publishers, February - May 2005. I was hired to is enlightenment kant, investigate the extended essay history key issues associated with the global endangerment of animals, including their predators, the competition for food, hunting, fire, the loss of natural habitat, poaching, limited geographic range, pollution, entanglement in fisher's nets, illegal trade, and sat essay the introduction of non-native animal species. The Sperm Whale, the essay Right Whale, the Green Sea Turtle, the Gal?pagos Penguin, and the Humpback Whale were some of the illness ocean creatures that I researched for this project. Extended Essay History! The deliverables were used in sat essay 800, a series of educational books for middle school children. Researcher for an Upcoming Work of Fiction, February - April 2005. My client is writing a family saga that sweeps across time, generations, continents, and cultures. My role was to extended essay history, assist in the research by making sure that historical references, geographical descriptions, cultural content, and other day-to-day nuances were accurate for the time and place. Business Researcher, January 2005. I was asked to find information on a number of U.S. companies, including uncovering their ownership structure, internal infrastructure, bylaws, and articles of astrology vs science, incorporation.
I consulted Infogroup's OneSource aggregator of essay, business information and Hoover's proprietary business information services to essay equals pages, do the research. Since some of the companies are private, OneSource provides only the bare bones of financial and analyst information for them. Private companies are not obligated to provide the detailed and regulated reporting that applies to public companies under SEC, OSC, etc. Also, if a company was incorporated in essay history, Delaware, you can expect very little information because Delaware does not provide much detail from its state corporation records. Historical Researcher and Writer for terrorism and religion essay, an Academic Publisher, January 2005.
I created online finding aids and cyber documents for the following: the seven wonders of the ancient world; seven wonders of the modern world; seven wonders of the natural world; and extended history the seven natural wonders of North America. Essays On Christianity! The seven wonders of the ancient world are the Great Pyramid of Giza, the Hanging Gardens of Babylon, the Temple of Artemis, the Statue of Zeus, the Mausoleum at Halicarnassus, the essay Colossus of astrology, Rhodes, and history the Lighthouse (Pharos) of Alexandria. Five of the seven wonders were constructed or sculpted by the best Greek artists and architects of the what is enlightenment thesis time. Extended Essay! Despite the differences in and religion essay, design, all provide proof of the advanced capabilities of ancient technologies. 1.) The only one of the history ancient wonders that still exists is the dessay illness Great Pyramid of Giza. Essay! It is the oldest of the ancient wonders and remains substantially intact. Constructed over a twenty year period concluding around 2550 BC, it is believed that the pyramid was built as a tomb for and religion, Egyptian Pharaoh Khufu.
Standing at almost five hundred feet, the Great Pyramid was said to extended essay, be the dessay illness tallest manmade structure in the world for almost 4000 years. 2.) The Hanging Gardens of Babylon were designed around 600 BC as a present by King Nebuchadnezzar II to his wife, Amytis of essay history, Media, because she missed her mountainous and foliage-lush homeland. In his Geographies , Strabo reports that the gardens were quadrangular in shape and were a series of arches and terraces. The water was brought in by means of a chain pump from the nearby Euphrates River and would flow down the terraces spreading water to all the gardens. 3.) The Temple of Artemis at Ephesus was a massive monument located near Ephesus, an ancient city that was located in what is now Turkey. 800! It was built to honor the goddess of hunting, nature, and fertility. The temple was made of marble and extended had many bronze statues. Pliny said it took more than 120 years to build and was one of the thesis largest temples ever built in ancient times. It was rebuilt several times over extended essay, the centuries before its final destruction. The temple was burnt to the ground on July 21, 356 BC by thesis, Herostratus, a native Ephesian.
The reconstructed temple was destroyed during a raid by the Goths in 262 AD. In 401, the temple was attacked by essay history, a Christian mob and and religion essay its stones were carried off and used to build other structures. Essay! 4.) The Greek city of Olympia was home to the Statue of Zeus, an ivory and gold statue of the god. It was built by Phidias, the famous Athenian sculptor, who was commissioned by astrology vs science essay, the priesthood to design a chryselephantine statue of Zeus. It took twelve years to history, finish the almost forty foot high sculpture.
The statue sat in and religion essay, the inner chamber of the Temple of Zeus at Olympia for approximately 800 years. There is a debate over history, what ultimately happened to the sculpture. Some scholars say that it was stolen, taken to Constantinople, and destroyed in 475 AD by fire. Others argue that it was destroyed in the 5th century AD along with the temple. Essays On Christianity And Slavery! 5.) The Mausoleum of Halicarnassus was a 135-foot high marble tomb conceived by essay history, Queen Artemisia, wife of Mausolus, who was the ruler of Caria. Some of the best artists and craftsmen of the time period helped build and decorate Mausolus' beautiful tomb. In Natural History , Pliny the Elder, reported that along the south and north sides it extends for a length of 63 feet, but it is vs science essay shorter on the front side, the total length of the circuit being 440 feet; the tomb is extended history 25 cubits high and is surrounded by sat essay, 36 columns. Skopas did the extended history carving on the east side, Bryaxis on the north, Timotheos on the south, and Leochares on the west, but before they had completed the work the Queen died. They did not stop working, however, until it was complete. Score 800! For above the pteron (peristyle) there is a pyramid which is equal in height to the lower part and tapers toward the extended essay top in pyramidal fashion with 24 steps; at the top there is a marble quadriga which Pytheus made. With this added, the total height of the building comes to 140 feet.
The Mausoleum remained in good condition for sixteen centuries before an earthquake damaged the roof and the colonnade. In 1494, the Knights of St. John of Malta dismantled the dessay natalie illness tomb and used the stones to essay, build a castle, which still stands today in is enlightenment thesis, Bodrum. Only the foundation remains at the original site, but several of the sculptures have survived and extended essay can be found at the British Museum in London. 6.) The Colossus of Rhodes is an ancient day Statue of Liberty. Located in the harbor of the Mediterranean island of Rhodes in 800, Greece, the statue was believed to have stood guard against incoming ships. The construction of the 120 foot statue was finished around 282 BC and was dedicated to the sun god, Helios. It was toppled by an earthquake in 226 BC.
7.) The Lighthouse of Alexandria, also known as the extended essay history Pharos of Alexandria, was built between 280 and word how many 247 BC on the island of Pharos off the essay history coast of Alexandria, Egypt. Its purpose was to guide sailors into the harbor. There was a mirror on top to reflect sunlight during the day and what kant a fire would guide the sailors at night. The Lighthouse of Alexandria stood over four hundred feet high and maybe as high as four hundred and fifty. Extended History! Earthquakes damaged the lighthouse through the centuries, but it was said to be still partially standing when Mamluk Sultan of Egypt, Qaitbay, began to fortify Pharos Island by building a citadel as a defensive stronghold on the lighthouse's foundations in 1477. The construction lasted two years. Kant Thesis! The seven wonders of the modern world are the Panama Canal, the Netherlands North Sea Protection Works, the Empire State Building, the Golden Gate Bridge, the CN Tower, the Itaipu Dam, and the Channel Tunnel. Each of extended history, these structures was so innovative that in 1994, the American Civil Engineering Society named them wonders of the modern world. According to is enlightenment kant thesis, the organization, they are examples of modern society's ability to essay history, achieve the unachievable, reach unreachable heights, and scorn the notion it can't be done. Sat Essay 800! The seven wonders of the natural world are Mount Everest, Nepal; Victoria Falls, Zambia/Zimbabwe; Grand Canyon, United States; the Great Barrier Reef, Australia; the Northern Lights; Paricutin Volcano, Mexico; and the Harbor of Rio de Janeiro. Extended History! The tradition of listing the seven wonders of the world carries on today.
Unlike the wonders of the ancient world, we can claim none of the glory for creating the terrorism essay wonders of the natural world. Nature carved these sites that we so admire. Over the course of millions of years, rivers flowed over their rocky beds, eroding the stone and extended carving waterfalls and canyons. Volcanoes and mountains rose up from the earth in reaction to movement far beneath the ground. Powerful forces of nature shaped the on christianity land we know today. Finally, the seven natural wonders of North America are: on the east coast is the Florida Everglades, a subtropical wetland. On the extended history west coast, California has two natural wonders: Glacier Point, in Yosemite Park, made of solid granite, and the tallest living trees in astrology vs science essay, the world can be found in the Redwood Forest. Alaska is home to Mount McKinley, the essay tallest mountain in North America. The Grand Canyon is another natural wonder and is located in Arizona.
On a typical day, the Canyon can have a temperature difference of 50? between its floor and its highest rim. Canada and New York share the natural wonder of the Niagara Falls, and the Mississippi River passes through ten states. These seven natural wonders are all different, but they share something in kant thesis, common. Essay History! They are majestic works of art, shaped by natural forces. Researcher for a Book on Architecture, December 2004 - January 2005. Over the last three hundred years, the homes we live in essays on christianity, have changed a great deal. Changes in extended history, the way we use space, advances in architecture, reduced family size, new materials, and technological innovations in the housing industry have transformed both our living spaces and us. My job was to research the many transformations that have taken place in terrorism, North American residential housing over the last three hundred years, including changes in lot size, square footage, number of rooms, and how heating and lighting changed the way we live and use our homes. My job also included predicting the future of housing.
I used academic journals, databases, books, and the Internet to conduct my research. Business Researcher and Editor for a California Start-Up, December 2004. My client needed an experienced editor and extended essay fact checker to essays on christianity and slavery, make his business plan more clear, compelling, and concise for an Angel Investor. He also needed additional research and help with his references. Researcher and essay Fact-Finder for a Prominent American Legal Team (NDA in Place), December 2004.
I used academic databases, journals, print publications, and the Internet to conduct value-added research. Business Researcher for a Mexican Medical Consultancy (NDA in Place), November 2004. I was hired to find information on the latest technological advancements in a number of related high-tech fields. Researcher and Writer for an Educational Enrichment Company, November 2004. My duties included reading educational manuscripts and researching related subject areas on the Internet. 2000 Word Essay Equals How Many Pages! I then used the websites I found to create a large number of records and put them into an online database. The information is used by school children to write reports and essays. Researcher for a Business Book, October - November 2004. My work revolved around fact checking and gathering statistical information on international business failure/survival rates and the truth about extended essay franchising.
Science Researcher for Enslow Publishers, Inc., August - September 2004. For this project, I did research on the planets (the Earth, the Moon, Mars, the Sun, Uranus, Jupiter, Pluto, and Saturn) in 2000 essay, our solar system, their moons, asteroids, and comets. I compiled the information and created electronic K-12 educational resources. I also looked at important astronomers and extended essay astrophysicists throughout history and wrote summaries of their work. Researcher and and religion Writer for a Book Proposal, August 2004. I assisted the history author in organizing the sections of his book proposal.
I researched additional facts, figures, and other information to incorporate into various sections of the document, including the market potential of the publication, promotional opportunities, and terrorism and religion essay anticipated readership. I also edited the document and extended essay added large sections of text to add depth and more perspective to on christianity, the subject areas covered. Editor for a Hong Kong University Research Proposal, August 2004. Writing research proposals for additional funding can be time-consuming and very stressful for academics. It takes more than a good idea to obtain a grant. My job was to help clarify the major themes and add additional sections to the proposal. Researcher and Writer for an International Non-Profit, August 2004. I was hired to look at how the economic success of a country affects the philanthropy of history, its citizens, and how the politics surrounding debt forgiveness, the Heavily Indebted Poor Countries (HIPC) Initiative, the IMF, and the World Bank puts many developing countries in a state of crisis. Health Researcher for an American Nutrition and Health Start-Up, July - August 2004. I was hired to research the health benefits of vs science, a wide variety of vitamins and extended minerals.
The information was used as the documentation for nutritional software. Science Researcher and Writer for a Canadian Government Institute, July - August 2004. My job was to find the astrology latest research on drugs such as ecstacy and other party drugs, steroids, heroin, cocaine, crack, nicotine, marijuana, methamphetamine, amphetamines, nicotine and tobacco, and inhalants. After collating and analyzing the data, I developed a number of informational techbriefs. Business Researcher and extended Fact Checker for Upcoming Business Book by Best-Selling American Authors (NDA in Place), April - July 2004. I used journals, monographs, and online resources for this soon-to-be-published book on how to get wealthy and stay that way. The thrust of my research was real estate related. Graphic Design for National Research Council of Canada, April - May 2004.
The poster was designed to accompany a conference paper that was presented at the EU-US Scientific Seminar held in Seville, Spain, 13-14 May 2004. The poster was designed with Louis Atkinson. View a small version here. Historical Researcher and Writer for astrology vs science essay, an Academic Publisher, March 2004. I was hired to do value-added research for a series of books on ancient societies.
Subject areas that I worked on were Ancient Rome, Ancient Egypt, Ancient Greece, Ancient Mesopotamia, the Ancient Inca Civilization, the Mayans, and the Persians. Researcher, Writer, and Editor for extended essay history, a Tenure-Track Professor, March 2004. I rewrote and edited an article on Chinese Archaeology for my tenure-track client based on comments he received from the terrorism essay editor of an academic journal. I also had to do some research to fill in extended history, the blanks. The article was subsequently published. 2000 Word Essay! In light of the relatively few articles highlighting Chinese archaeological websites and essay history the issues surrounding them, the terrorism and religion essay purpose of the paper was to discuss some of the features and characteristics found on the Internet. Good websites can provide readers with the essay latest information and also help point out trends in the development of astrology vs science essay, Chinese archaeology. But what constitutes a good website? The ability to sift through the ever-increasing amounts of information made available online to find quality and accurate data is becoming more important every day.
Using credibility, accuracy, reasonableness, support, and uniqueness as criteria for website evaluation, the authors analyzed five websites in an effort to determine the value and quality of the information. The article discusses the evaluation of websites dedicated to Chinese archaeology and also points to six main characters of online resources for the subject area. In addition, questions are raised concerning the extent to which online Chinese archaeological resources can advance general awareness of the field and contribute to essay history, a growing body of knowledge. Researcher and Writer for and slavery, National Research Council of Canada (Planning and Assessment, Corporate Services Division), February - April 2004. I was hired to research and co-write a paper focusing on new strategic capabilities for Canada's science and technology (ST) institutions, foresight planning and activities, organization strategies, scenarios definition and elaboration, and bio-health innovation and stewardship. The paper was presented at the EU-US Scientific Seminar, 13-14 May 2004 in Seville, Spain. Essay! Foresight planning is an innovative and provocative process, which produces strategic insights, especially for those willing to think outside traditional boxes.
Scenarios allow a better idea of the range of futures that are possible and shed light on the challenges, choices, and implications that exist. They can weave together past, present, and future elements and help develop new views of science and technology, and then integrate them into a number of imaginative stories to allow individuals and groups to what is enlightenment kant, see things previously unnoticed or acquire new viewpoints on familiar situations. Extended History! Foresight planning has enormous potential to advance innovation, while focusing on the required next steps and strategic investments needed to pages, move toward preferred futures. Scenarios can be a powerful reminder of the importance and significance of long term policy work in a governmental setting, emphasizing the potential of strategic thinking, and enhancing one's preparation for multiple situations of prospective challenge and opportunity. In Canada, like many other places in essay history, the world, reaction to events is the and slavery order of the day, rather than proactive strategies and planning in scientific and technological thinking.
We can no longer rely on mental and essay history analytical models that are getting shorter and what is enlightenment thesis shorter with each passing year. Organizations that participate in foresight activities can more easily overcome problems and create opportunities and history responses that are robust, agile, and informed by science and technology knowledge. By using knowledge, imagination, and creativity, we can invent a better future. Researcher for an Architectural Firm, February 2004. This research project involved finding information on terrorism essay, residential and commercial building statistics for the North America market, along with data on the assessment of energy conservation measures, sustainable architecture, the environmental impact of buildings, and ecological land use. Fact Checker, January 2004. My research included checking facts for an upcoming publication on international security and global cooperation. History! I learned a lot about terrorism international politics and the new technology being used to history, create a safer world. When considering global security in essay, the 21st century, it is important to not just understand what the threats are, but also find innovative solutions.
Many countries face 21st century security threats but are using 20th century archetypes to combat them, even though traditional security doesn't work and brings about insecurity. Old-fashioned security models need to extended essay history, be put aside, especially since threats are no longer confined to the state versus state paradigm. Essay How Many! The global playing field is different now and old hierarchies have been replaced. Global cooperation is no longer defined as collaboration among states; it now involves individuals, corporations, NGOs, and other non-state actors. In this post-9/11 world, our old perceptions of safety and complacency no longer work against an enemy who wants to undermine a way of life, leaving us vulnerable to attack. We need a better organized and full-proof system that will leave legitimate travelers and visitors feeling safer, more secure, relaxed, and welcomed, while minimizing security breaches and increasing the likelihood of history, detecting and neutralizing organized threats. We need a safe and systematic process to verify identity and check credentials, but even more than that, we need a technological system that has the capacity to accurately predict both a person's present condition and future intentions by investigating facial expressions, brain activity, and involuntary mental clicks of recognition. With identity theft on the rise, and the prevalent use of false travel documents, the current system is particularly vulnerable to abuse. Implications for sat essay, personal privacy were also covered. Project Manager and Small Business Researcher, December 2003 - January 2004. I managed an online technology project that focused on using blogs in small businesses.
I helped choose the templates and worked with the tech person to get the blogs online. I also designed the essay information architecture, and created categories and 800 some initial posts on each one to get the content started. Businesses are beginning to understand that there are benefits to creating blogs and using them as corporate tools for sharing expertise and communicating with customers and extended essay history potential customers. A business blog is a marketing tool that works for you 24/7, and is probably the best tool available. They can also direct more traffic to company websites. Since blog software is easy to use and often free to use, it is a good choice for small businesses that don't have the budgets for expensive websites and designers. Business blogs also allow a company to interact more easily with their customers and 2000 connect with a target market on extended essay history, a more personal level. The time spent in creating content for a business blog is an investment in the future of word equals how many pages, your business and worth every minute because it will increase your visibility in the search engines and history attract new readers. Is Enlightenment! Establishing credibility and increasing transparency, while generating inbound leads, are all good reasons why starting a business blog makes sense. Client and Market Researcher, December 2003.
I identified business partners for a technology company interested in expanding its client base and growing the business internationally. Business Researcher, November - December 2003. I was hired to locate and essay history collect information relating to the development of and slavery, a virtual intentional community of cooperation for a specialized group of international entrepreneurs. In particular, my clients were interested in designing a virtual community that facilitates cooperation amongst entrepreneurs, a place where companies and individuals can access resources, and to make it easier to start successful business ventures that offer good ROI. For centuries, intentional communities have brought idealists together to extended, create a better world by sharing a common root value of cooperation, promoting dialogue, and sharing information and experiences with others on natalie illness, similar paths. Extended History! As a long-time member of Howard Rheingold's private virtual community, Brainstorms, I have experience working in the field of virtual community development. Researcher for an Upcoming Book on Living a Quality Life, August - November 2003. My role in this project was to help the author develop a list of subject areas to cover in the manuscript.
We decided upon 98 topics for this encyclopedia of sorts (Qualipedia™). I then worked with a programmer to create an online software tool that would eventually house the research information, separated into individual records with eight fields/areas of interest. For example, introduction to topic, purchasing, selection, maintenance, implications, tips, etc. I then began researching, using both print and electronic resources, and the Internet to do my work. We ended up with over 3000 research records, which the author will use to write her book.
Editor for a Tenure-Track Professor, July 2003. I edited my client's paper for acceptance into an academic journal. With my assistance, the paper was published. The paper provides tips for kant thesis, finding Chinese history journals on extended essay history, the Internet, and offers practical help to librarians and score researchers building websites or electronic libraries for extended essay, China studies. Researcher and Writer for what is enlightenment kant, Canada Health Infoway, a Canadian Government Agency, May - June 2003. My job was to find the latest information on international best practices and lessons learned for electronic health records, specifically for the United States, New Zealand, Australia, England, and history the European Union. I then used the kant review of the literature to extended essay history, write a report that will be made available through Canada Health Infoway. Editor and Researcher for a Tenure-Track Professor, April 2003. For this project, I developed and conducted a survey for my client that investigated collection development practices for Chinese electronic resources in North American East Asian libraries. The survey was sent to all East Asian libraries in North America that have websites and electronic resources available on them.
I made the survey accessible through email and kant also created an online version. When I compiled the results, I used Excel to run the essay stats and make the graphs. Essays On Christianity! Finally, I edited and rewrote parts of my client's article, incorporating the essay history study results, which helped him to get it published. The paper examines electronic resources, including journals and databases for Chinese studies, collected in North American East Asian academic libraries. A small survey of 26 East Asian academic libraries in North America was conducted in May 2003 in order to learn more about collection development practices and accessibility issues for Chinese electronic resources. Based on an eight question survey, 57 per cent of the responding libraries have collection development policies for their electronic resources, 36 per cent do not while 7 per cent were unsure. Budget constraints, time constraints, lack of technical support, lack of training, and Chinese/English computer operating system incompatibilities were given as the top five constraints in the collection of Chinese electronic resources and providing access to them.
Researcher for Rheingold Associates, March - May 2003. Our team worked with a major Internet player to test the efficacy of its search engine. Vs Science Essay! The first phase involved testing a search product and required me to spend several hours a week for a couple weeks trying the product. The second part required me to provide feedback and to participate in extended, private online discussions with the company's team and other RAers. The final requirement was that I sketch out a user case study from my experience as a professional researcher using the tool. Professional researchers utilize the Internet for many aspects of their work. For instance, they could be hired to search for links to Canadian educational resources for a government portal, or newspaper articles about astrology recent fires caused by unattended cooking. For other projects, researchers search for papers, electronic journals, and conference proceedings, to use as resources for the writing of literature reviews, white papers, annotated bibliographies, books, etc.
They need powerful tools to do the job, tools that allow them to work quickly and smartly. This new search tool would be a great addition to any researcher's toolkit. The ability to exclude terms and fine-tune searches are extremely powerful tools for extended essay, a researcher because as the Internet gets larger, there is more and more available to sift through in order to find the appropriate information for a client. The search tool saves time and can help build stronger search strings by allowing the up-front search power of exclusion/inclusion to do a lot of the work for you at what thesis, the outset. Extended History! I re-did some of my searches associated with an what is enlightenment thesis, NDA project that I had recently completed using it and extended essay was amazed at the direction I was taken by the terms in the Fine Tuning section of the tool, terms that I had not thought of using until much later in my search were included in its exclusion/inclusion list. Word Essay Equals How Many! Not only is a researcher able to exclude or not exclude and therefore, include terms provided, it allows the user the opportunity to further the essay history fine-tuning process by allowing the addition of information through the Choosing Interests section. One thing to keep in essays and slavery, mind, is that many types of researchers are often asked to find information they have no previous knowledge of, so any extra direction at the outset of extended, a search cycle is critical for success.
By analyzing the essays and slavery terms provided in the Fine Tuning section of the search tool, a researcher could easily build a more appropriate search string and history add those additional areas of thesis, interest for extended, their subject area to the Choosing Interests section. Dessay! It is this multi-step process of history, exclusion/inclusion, wherein we find the tool's greatest strengths for word essay pages, researchers. There is also power found in the provision of the Personalize options, where a choice of fonts and colours can be made. For someone who may have to spend fourteen hours a day searching through pages of Internet links, having the ability to control the extended display of the information is essential and can prevent headaches and eye strain. Astrology Vs Science! In addition, the ability to search more than one phrase is also uncommon among search engines, and is therefore, both very useful and history powerful. Internet Researcher for on christianity and slavery, Elike Solutions (NDA in Place), March - May 2003. I worked with my client and extended his PR person to put together information packages for shows such as 60 Minutes . Dessay Natalie Illness! What we needed was to find specific families/individuals who had suffered from unattended cooking fires. Our focus was on five major local media markets nationwide: New York, Boston, DC, Chicago, and extended essay Los Angeles.
These stories were then packaged for the media as a tie into sat essay 800 a patented consumer device. Some of the problems I encountered were that newspapers like to sell their articles, so most are not indexed by Google; newspapers have very poor archives or very inadequate search engines; newspapers will give you a headline but would like you to pay $2.95 or more per article; many articles about fires do not include names; and many locations, besides the ones my client really wanted, were included in the final report because I couldn't always find articles from the regions my client wanted. Researcher and Cybrarian for Canada Health Infoway, a Canadian Government Agency, March - April 2003. I was part of the team that created the knowledge portals for extended essay, Infoway's intranets and website. Specifically, it was my responsibility to find every website, listserv, newsfeed, PDF document, report, and digital resource that was specifically related to vs science essay, electronic health records. First priority was given to extended essay history, Canadian sites in both (or either) French or English, followed by international sites in either French or English. Natalie Illness! I was not expected to conduct literature searches on the topic. The Infoway team was looking for extended history, 1.) as comprehensive a search as possible given the time constraints 2.) quality information. Every resource was then entered into and slavery a multi-field database and extended an annotation was written for each one.
Feedback and search results were sent to the KM team in Montreal on dessay illness, a regular basis. Project Manager and extended essay Moderator for a National Research Council of Canada Internet Workshop, January - February 2003. I worked with the Canadian Science and Technology Foresight Pilot Project (STFPP) team to develop, implement, and host a week-long virtual workshop/conference to elaborate and develop the initial findings from a series of onsite workshops and technical panels that were held in dessay natalie, the fall of extended essay, 2002. The online workshop's purpose was to enable all the participants, as well as a selected group of additional experts and generalists who were not able to be involved in the fall events, to consider the findings that were summarized into two reports and to help develop the 2000 word essay how many information further in preparation for the scenarios work to essay, be done by the project team in March 2003. The workshop was deemed to be a critical element of the iteration of observations and results from the word essay equals fall events of 2002. I worked with the project leaders to organize and plan the virtual conference. My work also included helping to write the email invitations; contact all guests and provide them with their registration information; set up the conference, which used conferencing software called Caucus; help the team develop the workshop itinerary; work with a graphic designer to create the essay workshop graphics; host the event; was present at the conference, checking in at word how many, least twelve hours a day to greet the history participants and be available for essays and slavery, help questions; help those with problems; and extended format posts, especially long posts that needed HTML tags inserted to terrorism essay, facilitate reading. Essay! I also made sure the client got a CD-burned copy of the event.
Great project! Internet Researcher for is enlightenment kant thesis, a Virginian Company, January - February 2003. My job was to search newspaper databases, the Internet, Google News, and LexisNexis for articles that my client was interested in reading. Extended History! I then used online resources, such as telephone directories, reverse look-up, tax assessor data, and score real estate property report databases to locate various people. Internet Researcher for an International Insurance Group, December 2002. The research I did was needed as value-added information for a business plan for a proposed international insurance venture start-up that plans to specialize in large-scale property insurance. I had to identify all cities in essay history, North America, South America, and Western Europe with commercial office buildings in excess of 50 stories or with 3,000,000 rentable square feet. Search Engine Optimization, November 2002. I helped a dentist from sat essay score 800 Los Angeles to rank higher in web searches for California cosmetic dentistry and TMJ/migraine/headache dentistry.
I did this by using a multi-pronged approach to search engine optimization. Website Design and extended essay Database Integration, August - November 2002. I worked with Higher Mind Productions to 2000 essay equals, help design Smart Mobs, the essay companion website and blog for Howard Rheingold's new book. Score! I also created individual database records for each of the 1000 citations in the online bibliography so that it would act as a mirror for the book's bibliography. Note: although the site we did is no longer online, here is a screenshot of our design. Client and Market Researcher, August - October 2002. I was successful in finding funding opportunities for my client, an international non-governmental organization.
In the initial stages of this complex project, I was given 962 printed survey documents, many of which were three feet wide and six feet long scrolls. Essay History! My first task was to digitize the huge amount of information that was found on each one. In many cases, I chose to use an industrial/architectural-sized scanner to create high-resolution scans and then OCRed the dessay natalie data myself. I think it was the best solution, especially since I was working under a pretty demanding deadline. I then inputted all of the essay history data into two separate Excel spreadsheets using assigned categories and additional ones that I developed. Sat Essay Score! I read all of the survey answers and then made an intellectual decision as to which assigned category each of the extended answers best fell into. I basically summarized open-ended answers/thoughts into pre-assigned categories.
Of course, accuracy and consistency were very important, especially for vs science, running the essay quantitative stats (pivot tables and crosstabs) later. I also created two separate Word files to hold almost 900 long answers for the qualitative data that helped draw a portrait of what the respondents thought. We were looking for themes, sub-themes, and essays and slavery patterns in their words. In addition, some online research and extended email correspondence was needed to complete the project. Here are some of the questions the reference librarians were asked in the survey: are you paid to read?, has current awareness helped you to provide reference service?, has television and radio helped you to answer reference queries?, do you watch TV news shows?, and do you read print papers and magazines on own time?
The survey covered both academic reference librarians and public library reference personnel in the United States and Canada, asking them about their reading habits. We were interested in the extent to terrorism and religion, which librarians read newspapers, periodicals, fiction and non-fiction, and asked them to extended history, recount stories about how reading has made them better librarians. A lot of work, but a very exciting, and fulfilling project. I helped my client with photographic research for a large-scale government mural contract in Camden, New Jersey. I took advantage of New Jersey's digital image collections and what Camden's historical societies' online photographic archives to do my research for this floodwall mural project. I then created an online tool that allowed my client to view and extended download the images. He used the photographs as a point of departure for his painting. Researcher for a Vermont company, March 2002. For this contract, I did market research for kant, a firm that specializes in mediating and resolving architectural and construction legal disputes. I also did some preliminary search engine optimization for them, including the creation of meta tags and title tags.
Researcher for Elike Solutions, February - March 2002. My research work for extended essay history, this job was associated with a patent that will help to prevent kitchen fires from even starting. My client was interested in sat essay score 800, identifying victims of extended history, fires that were caused by unattended cooking. 2000 Essay How Many! He needed recent (within the last two years) victims of fires from the essay Washington DC area, Virginia suburbs (Arlington, Alexandria, Fairfax), Maryland suburbs (Montgomery County, Prince Georges County, Bethesda, Silver Spring), or as close as possible to DC. Anywhere in Virginia, Maryland, Delaware, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, New York was acceptable. I was asked to find newspaper articles and press accounts, with the names, addresses or other identifying information of victims so that a Product Liability lawyer could work with them to obtain compensatory damages from stove and and slavery range manufacturers. Researcher for an Information Science Study on essay history, Deselection Policies in illness, Libraries, January - April 2002. This project set out to uncover what policies libraries follow when weeding (deselecting books), how they do it, if there are complaints, what the librarians think of extended history, weeding, and if they have ever saved any books that were to what, be weeded out of the history library system. My first task was to take 300 multi-page paper surveys that consisted of illness, open-ended questions and transfer them to digital format. I used a scanner and OCR software to extended, do it.
In total, there were nineteen questions covering every aspect of score 800, weeding. Essay! I then entered all data into nineteen separate Word files, a file for each of the survey questions. Librarians gave many different answers to all of the and religion questions, so I had to analyze them to generate enough categories to fit each answer into. For instance, when looking at history, the answers for 'reasons for weeding' I came up with the following categories: accuracy, condition, space, circulation, duplicates, vital resource, age, superseded editions, scope, and alternative form. For 'what is done with weeded books' I used the categories of sell, trash, recycle, donate, give to dessay illness, other libraries, and put into storage. Not all the answers fit perfectly into the categories, but it was important to history, generate meaningful stats from the data. 2000 Word Essay Equals Pages! Each set of answers were analyzed and categories were chosen for each one. I then created Excel graphs with the information from the essay reports. I was also asked to pick out the essays on christianity most interesting responses for each of the nineteen questions, so the author could highlight them in extended history, his final write-up. The top three reasons librarians gave for deselecting books were accuracy of the information, the condition of the books, and space restrictions.
In answer to what is done with the weeded books, the top three answers were sell them, throw them away, and donate the books. One thing that kept coming to my mind during this project was how book jobbers and standing orders, etc. affect deselection in the long run. Are the best books chosen to begin with? It takes a very intuitive smart person to set up those types of terrorism and religion essay, contracts correctly. I wonder how often they use reviews in the process. I believe one library director had weeding built into the review process, which forced the librarians to do more.
Overall, there seemed to be some lack of understanding that weeding is an essential component for a circulating public library. In part, that might be blamed on library school programs that barely touch upon this aspect of collection management. In addition, some of the librarians seem to lack any knowledge of what their library's mission is. They see libraries as historical archives and believe they should hang onto every book ever purchased. As the pre-eminent futurist Paul Saffo has pointed out, libraries were originally created in an era of scarce information . librarians were sort of mad information hoarders, who were hoarding in history, the public interest. Not so anymore, the days when libraries could collect everything just in case are over. There is an increased necessity for librarians to visualize a rebirth that emphasizes a library connected to a network of electronic information and to other libraries that can offer them interlibrary loan services for their clients.
I guess the striking thing for me is the difference in is enlightenment, philosophy amongst the extended librarians. Some are very concerned that the patrons receive misinformation by reading dated materials, especially scientific, medical and legal, while others say they weed to make space for new books. Other librarians do admit to what is enlightenment, weeding when crowding is an issue, but that is not a norm. For example, they wouldn't just weed out books that didn't meet the criteria just to make more room. That is good. Many librarians are reluctant to weed. Extended! They have a problem with the process for many reasons, including the worry attached to astrology vs science essay, what patrons will say about getting rid of extended essay history, books that were bought with tax payers money, and not having the resources available to replace the items they weed, thus, leaving holes in the collection.
Some libraries get around this by weeding as new books come in, so the process is seamless and there are no complaints by the public. Librarians also fear they will make a mistake or weed books that other librarians or members of staff feel should remain in the system. Many believe books should be given 'second chances' and marketed better since they were placed too high or too low on and slavery, the shelves and the public just couldn't find them or notice them as they made their way through the stacks. They remember how much the books cost and really think it is better to give the books another round in the circulation process before the items go out the door, never to return. They don't think they have the expertise to do a good job and are overwhelmed by other duties. Many of them just don't want to weed because it takes so much time. Extended! From reading the survey answers, it seemed that some librarians use this as an excuse - they say they don't like the concept, but it might be because they just don't have the dessay natalie time to do it properly. I think some of the best library directors interviewed recognize that the reluctance is based on ignorance. Extended History! Librarians just don't realize how important weeding is to the management of the collection and to and slavery, the satisfaction of the extended history patrons.
One of the main factors cited is the trouble associated with getting rid of the books. They feel their hands are tied when it comes to disposing of the materials. They have no real space to put the books when they come out of the collection, but must find room since the main avenue for disposal is the terrorism essay Friends of the extended history Library sales, which only occur once or twice a year. It seems like a very frustrating process for them because besides the dessay natalie illness time it takes to actually find the books that need to come out of the collection and making sure the essay materials meet the criteria to be weeded, they run up against opposition with other staff members disagreeing on astrology, their choices; members of the public looking for books they miss; finding room to store the books for history, the sales; worrying that the funds won't be available to replace the information that is lost by weeding; and the problems associated with what to do with the books that do not sell. There seems to be so much red tape involved that you can hardly blame them for thinking that weeding is a big problem, which some of them are unequipped to sat essay score, deal with. Even when they put the leftovers in the dumpsters, they have members of the public complaining about the waste of government money and even those who will drag the books out of the garbage and essay demand they be put back in the collection. They would like to have more options when it comes to disposing of books that don't sell, but are hesitant about sending non-fiction books to schools that may be filled with misinformation. Researcher, Survey Designer, and Project Manager for a Study on Multi-Cultural Library Services, January - March 2002. This research study is being used as a vehicle to find out natalie illness how major public library systems in Canada purchase materials for their ethnic populations. Diverse communities need diverse types of essay, materials in 800, their public libraries, not just what has traditionally been available. Extended Essay History! Is the changing face of the Canadian population reflected in public libraries by incorporating the library and information needs of a diverse community of public library patrons?
Are libraries committed to diversity through management decision-making, by educating staff of the needs of changing communities, and by dessay natalie, diversifying staff so that the communities' ethnic populations are represented by library employees? My part: I searched for and read a couple of hundred public library collection development policies. I then worked with my client and the original concept he had for the study, to generate a series of questions for the survey. I placed them into ten separate categories. Extended! Working with a web programmer, I helped to design and create an online survey, a nation-wide survey of public libraries of all sizes, including branches. A sample of the survey questions can be read here. Almost all questions could be answered using drop-down menus and natalie illness clickable multiple-choice answer boxes. Extended Essay History! I then did an Internet search for appropriate listservs where I could post the survey. A summary of the project and the web address to the survey were uploaded. The survey was also emailed to over 1600 Canadian public librarians. Results/answers were emailed to me.
I used Excel for the data entry and to run the score 800 statistics. I also did a partial literature review for the project. Project Manager and Researcher for an Academic Research Project on extended essay history, Email Reference, January - March 2002. This research project was developed to find out the condition of astrology vs science, email reference service in Canadian public libraries. With more and more libraries offering to answer questions electronically, the researchers were interested in studying the timeliness and correctness of the answers supplied by librarians, and the overall effectiveness of digital reference desks. This study was originally undertaken in 1999 and was repeated for comparison purposes. Extended! I helped develop the reference questions, sent the emails, corresponded with the librarians, compiled the answers, and ran the stats, also generating graphs. Designer, Content Researcher, and illness Writer for a Corporate Website, December 2001 - January 2002. I designed the essay history website and developed the information architecture. Sat Essay Score 800! I then did a lot of research into what types of content should appear on the website and wrote the copy. Client and essay Market Researcher for Higher Mind Productions, October 2001 - January 2002.
On this project, it was my job to identify corporations and individuals that might need the is enlightenment kant various services my client offered. I also made the initial contact, wrote proposals, negotiated fees, and managed projects. Project Manager for history, the Redesign and Enhancement of the International Association of Aquatic and Marine Science Libraries and Information Center's Website, July - October 2001. This project began for me in January of 2001 when I identified the international association as a possible client for my employer. On Christianity And Slavery! Three months later, I wrote the proposal that won the company the contract for the redesign. I came onboard as project manager, working with the web committee to establish milestones, keeping everything on track, and acting as the main contact person. Later in the project, additional roles for me were content checker, quality controller, and researcher for the public domain images used on the site. I had a contract to maintain the site, edit the content, and upload new information until 2004. Market Researcher and Event Organizer (NDA in Place), June 2001.
My role was to essay, locate a large number of people who might like to attend a seminar on learning how to create targeted resumes. The seminars took place across the United States and score were developed to essay history, teach job searchers how to focus on their desired position; how to spotlight their skills and experience; how to create a highly focused format for dessay, their resumes; how to ensure that their resume rises to the top of the stack; how to catch the attention of headhunters, corporate recruiters, hiring managers; how to analyze their skills and experience; how to impress the hiring manager; figure out if their dream job is realistic for them; and the secret of getting past the screeners. Professional consulting services were also made available to enrollees at discounted prices. My job was to locate the contact information for extended history, product managers or product marketing managers working for companies located in New York City and the immediate vicinity. These companies had to 2000 pages, sell products in the knowledge management, library/information science, information retrieval, computational linguistics or natural language processing fields. Smart Mobs: The Next Social Revolution is a book that details how the rise of pervasive mobile communications combined with always-on Internet connections produces new kinds of essay history, ad-hoc social groups. Smart mobs emerge when social networks use mobile communication devices, pervasive computation, peer to peer, and reputation management methodologies to coordinate collective action - political, social, economic. Natalie! This great job began in April 2001. Essay History! One of what, my first assignments was to help design an online database that would meet our research requirements and find a host that was cost-effective, allowing more than one person to work at the same time. Extended Essay History! The database has really been successful and presently contains almost 1000 records, complete with bibliographic information, thesis statements, quotes, and notes.
My work also included finding interesting and knowledgeable people from dessay illness all over the world, who are doing work in extended, various fields and contacting them to set up interviews. To date, we have met with people in Canada, Seattle, New York, Boston, San Francisco, Los Angeles, Stockholm, London, Helsinki, Surrey, Palo Alto, San Jose, Tokyo, and Amsterdam. Essay! I also did original research, summarized our research materials, compiled sources, wrote, fact-checked, formatted Word files for the publisher, and created tables of content and endnotes (including formatting them into the Chicago Style). In addition, I edited and extended essay history critiqued the work in progress, and 2000 how many pages made the bibliography. Project Manager and Researcher for an Upcoming Book on Third-World NGOs (University of Toronto), March - May 2001. There has been a steady growth in the number of non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and other civil society movements and coalitions in the last decade of the 20th century and the first years of the 21st century. NGOs, especially large international NGOs, and civil society movements often fill the vacuum left by governmental actors in extended essay, such diverse fields as the environment and dessay illness social justice. Large international NGOs adopt causes in third-world countries and bring their resources to bear on issues that local governments often do not want to deal with. In addition, NGOs typically make use of information communication technologies (ICTs) to further their aims. The proliferation of large international NGOs and the use of ICTs by large international NGOs has been examined in a number of studies. What has been neglected, however, are NGOs operating in the so-called 'developing' or 'third-world' countries.
This research project therefore has a twofold purpose. First, it explores the relationship of history, 'third-world' NGOs with large international NGOs. Has that relationship been fruitful, or has it been fraught with tensions and conflicts based on philosophical differences? Second, has the introduction of ICTs been a panacea for third-world NGOs or do ICTs bring with them a host of problems and concerns that are not obvious at first glance? This book is about third-world or Southern NGOs, ones that operate mostly in Africa, South America, and dessay the less-developed countries. The focus of the book is two-pronged: the relationship that third-world NGOs have with their bigger brother/sister NGOs in the developed world. Do they get along?
Do they feel they are being treated as equals by first world NGOs. AND, how do third-world NGOs get their information? How do they use information technology? My work for this project included the design and implementation of an international online survey, deciding which NGOs to essay, include in the study, collecting articles on the subject, and data analysis. I also project managed. I needed a definition for Southern NGOs. I found that they are mostly those operating in 2000 word how many pages, Asia, Africa, South America, and other less- developed countries, including those in extended history, countries such as Turkmenistan.
One of the first things I did was to search for third-world or Southern NGOs concerned with such issues as environment, social justice, and economic rights. Later, when I was further into the project, I added some centered on what is enlightenment kant, women and extended essay their issues because they are often fighting for human rights, economic freedom, and environmental improvements. Once I had a good starting point, I searched in the Yearbook of International Organizations , however, almost immediately I saw a problem using just this resource to sat essay, compile a list of 150 NGOs that fit the bill since so many smaller regional organizations had no profiles in the database. Essay! It is possible that some NGOs do not realize that they can submit their contact information and mission statement. One of the aims of the Union of International Associations is to on christianity, facilitate the evolution of the activities of the world-wide network of non-profit organizations, especially non-governmental or voluntary associations, not just the larger international organizations that get the lion's share of media attention in the First World. Since my mission was to find smaller, regionalized, down-to-earth non-governmental organizations, I spent many hours sweeping the Internet using a variety of search strings and a series of online maps to make sure I was being comprehensive. I used maps of Asia, Africa, and South America and researched out each country separately to extended, see if they had NGOs that fit the sat essay category. Many that I discovered on essay history, portal sites or in directories and wanted to include in the study had no web presence, nor email address. Since I needed to find a website so that I could establish a profile and was also required to astrology essay, have an email for each NGO so that they could be contacted, I had to leave those out extended of the study. As a result, there are some countries that were not included because the required information was not found.
The survey we conducted was meant specifically for small and medium-sized NGOs who work in Africa, South America, or Asia. Email messages were sent to a random selection of 120 southern NGOs in March-April 2001 inviting them to go to a website that had a copy of the survey and to complete a series of questions using the web form. They could also answer the survey by hitting reply to the email we sent. In addition to three preliminary questions that elicited basic demographic data, the survey consisted of sixteen questions on two topics: (i) the way in which southern NGOs perceived and used information and communication technologies (ICTs) and (ii) the sat essay 800 relationship of southern NGOs with international NGOs. One of the outcomes we were hoping for extended essay, was to improve the relationship between small local NGOs and larger international ones. Here is a sampling of the questions we asked: About how many times would you say that your NGO has had significant working contact on a specific issue with large international NGOs in what thesis, the past 12 months?; Do you feel that your NGO is sufficiently consulted by large international NGOs on matters of local concern about which your local NGO has special expertise?; Has the use of ICTs affected internal working relationships within your NGO? In other words, has it caused any changes in the decision-making process or organizational structure of your NGO?; and Has the introduction of ICTs, especially the extended essay history Internet, eroded your NGO's use of indigenous and informal communication channels? All questions were accompanied with a request for specific examples. Cybrarian and Facilitator for OSN 2001, an Online Event Sponsored by Group Jazz and Rheingold Associates, March 28 to April 11, 2001. Online Social Networks 2001 brought together the most experienced designers and instigators of online think-tanks, virtual team communication spaces, and virtual communities to sat essay 800, discuss the art of extended essay history, designing, launching, growing, and essays maintaining online social networks.
For two weeks, from March 28 to April 11, registered participants, speakers, and workshop leaders joined together in structured conversations about practical issues related to online social networks. Caucus web conference software enabled registered participants to interact at any time during the event, from anywhere in the world, using text and images, through a net-connected web browser. Market Researcher for extended history, an International Artist, March - April 2001. I was contracted to compile a list of sat essay score, prospects that might be interested in buying art. The target market was Interior Designers who specialize in hotel, restaurant, corporate, and extended essay history high-end residential custom art work, with a first preference given to east coast designers. Email addresses, websites, and dessay natalie telephone numbers were collected for each. I also put together a list of interior design trade shows, conferences, annual meetings, and essay history other gatherings of interior designers who specialize in high-end markets, basically any where my client could make contact with these professionals.
I was hired to find magazine circulation managers, circulation directors, and circulation specialists for a successful direct marketing company which has a growing catalog division and a need for sat essay score, an experienced manager to oversee marketing and promotions, generate new business, design renewal campaigns, develop email and direct mail campaigns, do list selection, and integrate innovative technologies to their circulation operations. Archival Researcher for a Small Publishing Firm in Switzerland, March 2001. I was hired to collect the essay names of old and new catalogues of publishing houses from all over the world. My client then planned to request hard copies of each or at terrorism, least a facsimile. Catalogues from extended Australia, Austria, Belgium, Canada, China, Croatia, Denmark, France, Georgia, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Israel, Italy, Japan, Latvia, Luxemburg, New Zealand, Norway, Peru, Russia, South Africa, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, the UK, and illness the USA were some of the ones I discovered. National libraries and archives were important sources for the information I was asked to find, but I also made contact with private collectors to do my research. Another component to this project was researching the extended history history of publishing and advertising. The collection of catalogues helps to preserve the business history of publishing and and religion provides us with a pictorial history of catalogue design, as well as insight into the evolution of books and essay history what people read the last number of decades. Researcher and Writer for the National Research Council of what thesis, Canada, January - March 2001.
My research work centered on taking a look at where people and virtual communities believe interactive digital video and visualization/VR/virtualized reality will be by 2010. Extended History! I used online resources, communicated with some of the score finest scientists in the field, and conducted a small survey during the extended history course of the project. Essays On Christianity! I then wrote a report that summarized my findings. Researcher and extended essay history Writer (NDA in Place), January - February 2001. I did value-added research and some writing for an international cosmetics corporation.
Client and Market Database Researcher and Creator (NDA in Place), December 2000 - February 2001. My job was to sweep the Internet to uncover a large number of terrorism and religion essay, appropriate contacts to be used by an Internet start-up as a foundation for the generation of contracts. I then created a multi-field online database and essay history inputted all the data. Website Accessibility/Usability Evaluator for Seven Federally-Controlled Canadian Corporations, December 2000 - January 2001. I was hired to evaluate seven websites to check for barriers to accessibility. Corporations such as CBC wanted to dessay illness, know if their website had limitations that prevented people with certain disabilities from using it to history, the fullest extent. They wanted to make sure that they had strategies in place to what, help the disabled overcome the limitations of the media. Essay! Some of the things I checked for were text equivalents for and religion, every non-text element, including images, image maps, and animations; ensure that all information conveyed with color was also available without color; use of descriptive link text, not just click here to ensure that each link made sense when it was read out of context, or by a screen reader; and the provision of clear and consistent navigation and links. In addition, I ran usability tests on all sites, checking for over-use of cutting-edge technology, long scrolling pages, illogical navigation structure, long download times, and dead links.
Researcher for Cameron Halifax Associates, November 2000. I was contracted to 2000, find library science listservs and library school alumni organizations. These resources will be used by a head hunter to identify possible candidates with MLIS degrees to fill positions in Silicon Valley start-ups. Researcher for extended history, Cameron Halifax Associates, November 2000. I was hired to find advertising sales managers or advertising salespeople working in the magazine industry. On Christianity! The client is a dynamic publishing and extended direct marketing concern with unique products in print and online. Website Accessibility Consultant for 2000 essay how many pages, GEIS, October - December 2000. I was hired to redesign the site and make the extended essay history changes necessary to obtain Priority 1 Accessibility status. Client and kant thesis Market Researcher for Cameron Halifax Associates, October 2000. My client specializes in recruiting talent in Information Science, Knowledge Engineering, Ontology, and related fields. His clients are primarily in Cupertino, Mountain View, and San Francisco.
My job was to extended essay, identify a number of possible candidates for various positions, including a copy of their resumes and their contact information. Researcher and score Writer for extended essay, AOL, October 2000. I researched and created a PowerPoint deck and a five-page handout for a business presentation on the provision of accessible Internet-related products and astrology services for extended history, people with disabilities and the development and implementation of AOL services that would enable deaf people to communicate via the Internet using TTYs and Internet appliances. Since text telephones (TTYs) use outdated and incompatible technology, many deaf people have no access to the Internet. As a result, companies and 2000 equals how many pages governments are looking for cost-effective and cutting-edge ways to provide accessible services to extended history, deaf consumers.
Providing access requires significant annual expenses, but there is illness significant pressure on organizations to become accessible to people with disabilities with the extended implementation of the dessay illness Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA). The Internet offers huge potential to extended, the deaf population for education, training, employment, and empowerment, a new kind of freedom and independence. The creation of a deaf global village can be a reality. The timing is great for moving the entire deaf population onto the Internet. An Internet-TTY Gateway would enable deaf consumers to switch to essay, the Internet without losing contact with the TTY-using community.
The deaf population would benefit by extended history, having more opportunities for education, training, and employment, without all of the expense. Essays! Providing a way to extended history, communicate with hearing people via email and messaging would also make deaf people more employable. 2000 Word How Many! The anticipated parallel development of wireless instant messaging extends this model to extended essay, enable direct TTY-to-wireless-phone messaging capability. Researcher for Rheingold Associates, September 2000. I was hired to collect and format public domain images for a corporate strategy game based on Charles Cameron's thought tool, HipBone Games. The deliverables were used during an international online conference. Researcher for the National Research Council of Canada, August - November 2000. I collaborated with a senior strategist to develop an online survey that focused on an innovation-oriented group, aged 35 years old or younger to explore what their assumptions and expectations were in 2000 word equals how many, regards to essay history, the driving factors for Science and Technology (ST) for the first decade of the 2000 word essay how many 21st century.
I, as the researcher, carried out and extended essay history oversaw the survey study. I had to astrology vs science, decide where to extended essay, post the survey and research which individuals I would email it to directly. Is Enlightenment Thesis! I also collected some informed intellectual speculations from experts and scientists in the area of future scenario work, and essay some of the astrology essay latest information gleaned from Internet sources. I collocated them into a ten page report, highlighting some of the more important trends, insights, and issues. Additional deliverables included a copy of the essay survey questionnaire, all completed surveys, the dessay natalie illness reports generated from the survey software, and extended history a collocation of answers for what is enlightenment kant thesis, each essay-type question included in the survey. Essay History! The purpose of the project was to survey a group of Science and Technology future-oriented individuals, focusing on those who are young and actively involved in leading edge developments in ST fields. The survey included questions about the vs science dominant issues and controversies involved in ST, their impact on research facilities, such as the history National Research Council of word equals, Canada (NRC), and the critical priorities for technology and skill development.
Furthermore, it endeavored to ascertain the most innovative or consequential fields/sub-fields of essay history, ST, as well as the word equals changes needed to improve the ST system for the world of the 21st Century, along with other queries. The links between science and research outcomes and socio-economic progress are complex and uncertain, however, future scenario work offers promise as a means to help ensure that science, engineering, and technology contribute to national objectives through the extended history identification of priority areas in research and development for both economic and social benefit. There is value in using scenarios as a tool in what, managing change and to address broad issues of skills, culture, innovation, and communications, so as to develop alternative perspectives on Canada's longer-term requirements for science and technology and how we might better position ourselves to extended essay history, respond to natalie, the challenges of essay history, shaping our future. Terrorism! It allows managers to consider strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and essay history threats in and slavery, a dynamic context provided by essay, long-term perspectives, bringing together many factors crucial to competitiveness and innovation, such as helping to identify commercially valuable research areas and indicating emerging market needs. By looking forward to possible future developments and their implications for research, the economy, and society, we can obtain valuable alternative perspectives on score 800, our present activities. We live in a complex world where technologies that did not exist a few decades ago are playing key roles in our social and economic life.
We now understand that the development, acquisition, and application of knowledge through science, technology, and innovation can create new sources of wealth and improve the quality of our lives. Knowledge and skills have become key factors in extended history, developing and sustaining international competitiveness. Research in science and engineering gives Canada a strategic capacity to compete in the knowledge-based global economy, an economy whose rapid pace of change owes much to the pace of advances in science and technology. Scientific discoveries are key drivers of economic growth and have a vital influence on the quality of kant, our lives in providing personal success and prosperity, and for economic growth and social development. Accordingly, scientific and technological research is history one of the best investments government can make for the future because it contributes to growing an economy that has more high-skilled workers, high-wage jobs, a cleaner environment, a healthier population, advanced information technology infrastructures, a stronger, more competitive private sector able to maintain a place in world markets, an educational system that is challenging, and dessay natalie illness an inspired scientific and extended essay history technological research community focused on improving the quality of life and on successfully meeting global problems through cooperation with other countries. The most important measure of success for ST is the ability to make a difference in sat essay, the lives of extended essay, people: to 800, harness ST to improve the quality of life and the economic strength of a country.
Science and technological industries have changed the way people work, live, and learn. There is a need to build a forward-looking science and technology system. Since the strategic direction, skills and knowledge generated by ST will impact on extended, our ability to meet our future needs, our ST system must look ahead and be open and responsive to early and possibly weak, signals of what thesis, change. Collecting and combining information and gathering opinions in such a survey will help to build perspectives on possible futures to 2010, providing a broad context for identifying future needs, while enabling us to essay history, assess how well our current science, engineering, and technology system is and religion essay positioning itself to meet these needs. We need a society that can make informed choices, one that is technologically literate, and one able to embrace innovation and entrepreneurship. This study will aim to provide an information base to assist NRC in making better informed longer-term decisions on the development and application of science and technology. Researcher and extended essay history Senior Editor for Internet Start-Up, Good Enough Information Systems, July 2000 - April 2001. My work focused on helping organizations and corporations integrate the Web Accessibility Initiative (WAI) Guidelines into their website designs and content structure to allow a high degree of usability for people with disabilities. Other duties included performing website usability assessments and helping non-profits and small businesses employ technology to become more effective, primarily using the dessay illness ASP/Webware model. I also researched and wrote internal reports, developed and templated company processes, and wrote or edited articles, press information, and history proposals. I was also the pages manager of the website.
Good Enough Information Systems Inc. is a completely virtual consulting company that is dedicated to making organizations, particularly non-profits and small businesses, more effective through the extended history appropriate use of essays and slavery, technology. We focus on providing solutions that offer impact and extended essay history simplicity rather than over-elaborate code or animated extravaganzas. We work for clients all over Canada and the United States on individual consulting and development projects. One of the big problems with technology investments is that cutting-edge today is obsolete tomorrow, and the solution you spent $50,000 on is enlightenment kant, this year will cost $1,000 in two years. Good Enough Information Systems Inc. specializes in helping an essay, organization build a 'good enough' system to meet its requirements without paying for more than it really needs. Researcher for University of Toronto (NDA in Place), April - June 2000. Researcher for thesis, an Upcoming Book on Non-governmental Organizations (NGOs) and Other Civil Society Movements, February - March 2000. My role was to examine the information that was available online, in academic journals, newspapers, and books on the international organization, La Francophonie.
I evaluated sources, summarized findings, and wrote a lengthy report to facilitate the author's work. In this age of globalization, non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and other civil society movements and history coalitions have become vastly more diverse and influential. This book explores the crucial role that efficient, skilful use of information and communications technology and news media has played in increasing the influence and vs science essay enhancing the work of civil society organizations. Rich in case study material, it examines NGOs and other civil society organizations in the policy fields of development, security, international law, human rights, and humanitarian action. In addition, the book examines the relationship between civil society and intergovernmental institutions such as the United Nations, the World Trade Organization and the G7/G8. Information is power. In the history last twenty years, citizens' movements have used information to expose, mobilize, and persuade.
By doing so, they have irreversibly altered the relationship between citizens and those who govern. Designer and Website Content Developer for a Conference Center and essay Reception Hall, Lafayette, LA, January - February 2000. Client and Market Researcher for Higher Mind Productions, December 1999. The age old problem of not having enough time or money to identify new markets is a real challenge for many companies, not just start-ups. Extended! Lack of 800, trained in-house staff and not enough time for essay, them to learn market research methodologies, has many companies hiring freelance client researchers like me to find new clients and to recommend new business directions. Working on a limited budget, I considered my client's current priorities, did some research, and identified new markets for the company. I also delivered strategic market and sat essay score 800 customer insights by analyzing impacts on marketing and product strategy.
Website Designer and essay Content Developer for a Real Estate Firm in Jennings, Louisiana, November - December 1999. Researcher for Howard Rheingold's Revised Edition of his Best-Selling, The Virtual Community: Homesteading on the Electronic Frontier that was released in 2000 essay, November 2000 by MIT Press, October 1999 - April 2000. My work consisted of compiling an extensive new bibliography that is meant to essay, serve as a guide to further research on virtual communities and the issues that surround online life. In addition, I carried out a literature review, wrote a report, was a fact checker, and acted as a bibliographic assistant to the author. Researcher and Project Manager for an Academic Study, October 1999 - February 2000. This research project was developed to find out the condition of email reference service in Canadian public libraries. My part of the project included working with the astrology vs science principal researcher to develop the questions used in the study; deciding which libraries to include and collecting their 'ask a librarian' contact information; creating the email addresses that were used to extended history, send the inquiries to the libraries; sending out the email reference questions each week and collecting the answers; researching articles written about email reference and dessay natalie illness compiling an annotated bibliography based on them. I also asked the libraries used in essay, the study for their email reference service policy if they had one. I then compiled all the answers.
With more and more libraries offering to answer questions electronically, the researchers were interested in studying the accuracy of the answers that were supplied by the surveyed librarians, their timeliness in answering, and the overall effectiveness of digital reference desks and 'ask a librarian' programs. We were also interested in finding out astrology essay why libraries were offering email reference and if its integration changed reference departments. The offering of email reference service is a significant step in the development of the concept of a virtual library. The continuing growth in the number of libraries with access to extended essay, electronic data networks is beginning to impact the way these organizations conduct their business. For library clients, this promises both more convenient access to information and to library professionals. Clients will increasingly expect to vs science, access information and extended essay history the services of librarians at work and at dessay illness, home. Libraries will increasingly have new opportunities to deliver services, such as reference services, to users who now find it difficult or inconvenient to visit the library.
However, if remote reference services are to become common, it is necessary for the information profession to prepare now by identifying both advantages and problems for clients and reference intermediaries alike. One problem in providing reference service over an electronic data network is replacing the face-to-face reference interview, which allows for immediate clarification because of its interactive nature. Can an electronic interaction be equally effective? Verbal and non-verbal channels, such as inflections and paralinguistic devices are often equally important in a reference interview. Many of extended essay, these cues are, of course, not present in an electronic interview. New and rich protocols for essays and slavery, communicating non-verbal signals will no doubt develop to fill the void. Here is a sample of the questions used in the study: When did Kitchener, Ontario change its name from history Berlin?; Would you happen to terrorism and religion, know what the date was for the so-called Fog Bowl? It was a football game in the Canadian Football League (CFL).; Would you able to tell me how many Grammy Awards that Celine Dion has won?; I am looking for the postal address of the British Records Office in London, England. It is the office that handles public records.; On what date will Easter 2067 fall?; Could you tell me what the Consumer Price Index was for essay history, September 1999 in Canada?; and score I am trying to find out the date when and the place where the extended history tidal wave hit Newfoundland.
For comparison purposes, this unobtrusive study was repeated during the Winter of astrology vs science essay, 2002. Meta Tag Creator, Search Engine Optimizer, Website Content Developer, and Editor for a South Louisiana Arts Portal, September - October 1999. I created a series of history, meta tags, including the Dublin Core sets, for a large number of websites under the umbrella of the portal, and wrote content/edited all websites. Researcher for the National Research Council of Canada, July - December 1999. This was an extensive research project that included a sweep of the Internet, academic databases, and library OPACs for the latest information on virtual communities, scenario planning, online culture, innovation, future scenarios, systems thinking, and avatar technology. I read all materials, wrote several reports, and developed a series of PowerPoint slide decks for use in federal government departments. Researcher and Website Content Developer for a Louisiana Art Consortium, July - August 1999.
Primarily, my job was to research American copyright law as it pertains to artists. I also helped to design the website, create the content, and develop the meta tags. Search engine submission and optimization were also a part of the project. Researcher for astrology, the CanLearn Educational Database, February - September 1999. The nature of my work was to sweep the Internet for websites featuring Canadian educational businesses, organizations, associations, scholarships, student loans, schools, indices, language training courses, literacy centers, and other education choices, such as home schooling and extended essay history private school programs. I also helped to develop the categorization schema used for classification, and worked with the programmers to create the interface for an online database that was eventually used to input all websites.
Once I found an appropriate website, I created an annotated record for it and then inputted the data into the database. I was also expected to evaluate the dessay natalie process on an ongoing basis. CanLearn is the extended history only online post-secondary education resource that provides Canadians with the information and services they need to 2000 equals, decide what and essay history where to study and how to cover the terrorism costs. The CanLearn site was developed by the Department of extended essay, Human Resources and Skills Development Canada in collaboration with provincial and dessay territorial governments and Canadian learning and history career development organizations. It provides all the necessary resources, from interactive planning tools to information about savings programs, student loans, and scholarships, to Canadians facing important decisions when saving for, selecting and financing their post-secondary education. 800! It also provides Canadian governments, learning institutions, and other organizations with the means to collaborate on extended essay, the provision of information and planning tools for Canadians.
For this project, I was required to perform both a literature review and a sweep of the Internet for particular deliverables that helped to prepare a strategic government analyst for a European conference on information and knowledge management. I read all the articles and pulled important points from each. I then wrote a paper on KM to summarize my findings. The literature review, the articles, and the report were all sent to the client. Above all, companies, governments, and large corporations often do not know what they know. On Christianity And Slavery! Knowledge management attempts to prevent problems such as lost knowledge or lost income by establishing human and technological networks capable of harnessing a company's collective expertise and experience.
The move from an industrial-based economy to extended essay history, a knowledge or information-based one demands a top-notch knowledge management system to secure a competitive edge and a capacity for learning. 2000 Essay Pages! An organization's ability to quickly tap into its internal wisdom gives it a competitive edge in the marketplace. Extended Essay History! As a result, knowledge is displacing capital, natural resources, and labor as the basic economic resource. Governments know this all too well. Researcher for the Canadian Directorate of Museums, December 1998 - January 1999. My job was to find out how many international museums have an online presence and then establish what these institutions offered as far as web-based educational materials. Essay! I was also required to do a literature review for the latest research on extended history, visual literacy, in hopes of making a case for including visual art in school curricula, regardless of the size and is enlightenment kant means of the extended school district. I printed off all relevant articles and mailed them to the executive director. Dessay Illness! Part of the research was used in preparation for a speech given at an American Association of Museums conference for educators in the United States.
This project was centered around finding out how many United States public and academic libraries index their local newspapers. I visited hundreds of library websites looking for the information and made several phone calls to extended history, library directors asking if their libraries indexed the natalie local newspapers. Many did. Extended History! The information was needed for score 800, the value-added component of essay history, a proposal submitted to the federal government for a major legacy indexing project of American newspapers. I also ran some statistics and wrote a report of the findings. The nature of dessay illness, my work was to conduct a literature review of the latest materials published on a wide range of topics, including reference services and American and Canadian government information policies. Primarily, I used Dialog, LexisNexis, Library Literature, the Internet, and library catalogues for the various literature reviews I compiled, but also manually reviewed many journals and books for the needed information. I then read, evaluated the materials, and wrote one to history, two page summaries for over two hundred separate works.
You can view some of my research notes for this book at Government Documents Research. If democracy is dependent upon governments providing equitable, free, and easy access to its information resources, then programs such as the Federal Depository Library Program must be considered integral components of the government's dissemination machine. The most important argument against a one hundred percent electronic universe for terrorism and religion essay, government information is that it prevents many users from essay having access to important government information. From lack of technological finesse, lack of natalie, money to buy the necessary equipment, to lack of training, there are many reasons why individuals will be prevented from having access. Furthermore, many depository libraries do not have the needed equipment, the extended history infrastructure, nor enough trained staff to facilitate the transition to electronic government information. There has been inadequate federal planning and essay policy directives to essay, ensure that libraries and their staff can move from a traditional model of librarianship to one which makes resources available to the public in electronic formats. Librarians need to be able to essay equals pages, access, use, and communicate network literacy to the population, if the strategies of NII and NREN (National Research and extended Education Network) are to be successful and widespread throughout society.
Therefore, strategies must be developed to ensure that electronic technologies will become integral in the 21st Century, as well as capable of bringing different segments of society together (i.e. the haves and the have-nots); able to promote social equity in terms of network literacy; and enhance the role of libraries and educators to bring about the equals how many pages desired objectives. Researcher and Writer, Current Events Awareness Study, February - August 1998. The study attempted to find out the state of extended essay history, information access to current event inquiries as it pertains to national newspaper articles in public library settings. My duties included assisting in developing the areas of inquiry, helping to create the questions used in the study, and making over three hundred phone calls to a series of public libraries across Canada. Subsequently, I wrote a detailed report of the findings.
In this study, we discuss, from a historical perspective, the value of reading newspapers as an sat essay 800, integral part of reference service provision. We then examine, through an essay history, unobtrusive test of telephone reference service at twenty-one public libraries in Canada, whether reference staff are paying attention to newspapers in their work. We drew questions requiring short factual answers from the national paper of record, The Globe and Mail . We asked these questions 231 times. We found that respondents answered 19.5 percent of sat essay score, these questions accurately, and made referrals to external agencies about one quarter of the time. When we followed up on these referrals, we found that 60 percent of them led to accurate answers. Patrons who ask telephone reference questions can therefore expect to get an accurate answer at a rate of 34.2 percent, including successful referrals to external sources. This relatively low level of accuracy could cause the loyalty of patrons to their public libraries to erode, since at least one management study of high-level business executives has suggested that accuracy is the extended history most important factor in determining service quality. Libraries might want to institute policies that provide time for their reference staff to read newspapers and magazines. Schools of library and information science might wish to stress the 800 value of keeping up with current events in the syllabi of any reference courses that they offer. Patrons have many reasons for making a telephone reference inquiry rather than a physical visit to the library. Extended History! Certainly, many patrons could come into the library, but there are just as many patrons who are unable to visit the library.
They might be strapped for time, or they might be unable to get to the library because of physical constraints or the lack of natalie, transportation. In these instances, a reference staff member who suggests that a patron come into the library to look for extended essay history, an answer might not be offering a real alternative. In the study reported here, 36.4 percent of telephone reference inquiries ended in astrology essay, the patron being told to visit the library. In light of this, Canadian public libraries may wish to extended essay history, consider instituting a telephone reference system of the kind Tour described, when visiting the library to get an answer is not a requirement. These are the eleven questions used in the study. 2000 Word Essay Equals How Many Pages! Following each question is the bibliographical information for each news story: 1.) Do you know where I could find a copy of the essay history official CIA report about the Bay of Pigs? (C.I.A. Bares Own Bungling in '61 Report on Bay of Pigs, New York Times , Feb. 22, 1998, A1, A6; Secret Report Blames CIA for Bay of Pigs Fiasco, The Globe and Mail , Feb. 23, 1998, A11.) ; 2.) Can you give me some information about whether the musical work Symphony No.
3 by the British composer Sir Edward Elgar has ever been finished? (A Change of Heart Brings a New Elgar Work, New York Times , Mar. 12, 1998, B1, B9; Pomp and Circumstance, The Globe and Mail , Mar. 14, 1998, C17.); 3.) Can you tell me the name of the architect for the National Museum of the American Indian in Washington, DC? (Museum of the Indian Drops its Designer, New York Times , Apr. 4, 1998, A13, A15; Cardinal Ignores Dismissal Notice, The Globe and astrology vs science Mail , Apr. 7, 1998, C1, C2.); 4.) Could you provide me with any kind of list of essay, all the plants that are endangered globally? (One in Every 8 Plant Species is Imperiled, a Survey Finds, New York Times , April 9, 1998, A1, A22; Plant Species Threat Cited, The Globe and Mail , Apr. 9, 1998, A15.); 5.) Has there ever been a credit union owned by blacks in Canada? If so, could you provide me with some details? (A Community Loses its Line of Credit, The Globe and Mail , May 1, 1998, A2.); 6.) Do you know of any publication that provides a list of abandoned communities (towns, villages, outports) in Newfoundland? (What's Lost and What's in Danger, The Globe and how many pages Mail , May 4, 1998, A13 [op-ed page].); 7.) Are there any statistics available on how many children have been using Ritalin in Quebec in the last few years? (Ritalin Raises Alarm in Quebec, The Globe and Mail , May 27, 1998, A1, A5.); 8.) Are you aware of any studies that link how well CEOs of companies play golf with how well their companies perform on extended essay history, the stock market? (Duffers Need Not Apply, New York Times , May 31, 1998, Section 3, p. 1+; Study Links Golf to Great Returns, The Globe and Mail , Jun. 2, 1998, B12.); 9.) Can you give me some information about the first person to circumnavigate the world solo? (A Hero Except Back Home, The Globe and Mail , Jul.
17, 1998, A2; Canada's Own Ancient Mariner, The Globe and Mail , Jul. 18, 1998, D16 [front page of weekend book section].); 10.) Could you give me some information as to whether it is legal to sell the manganese-based gasoline octane booster MMT in Canada? (Threat of NAFTA Case Kills Canada's MMT Ban, The Globe and Mail , Jul. 20, 1998, A1, A5; Gas War: The Fall and Rise of MMT, The Globe and what is enlightenment kant thesis Mail , Jul. Essay! 24, 1998, A1, A5.); 11.) I'd like some information about the approximate number of native artifacts that have to be returned by Canadian museums under the terms of the Nisga'a treaty with the astrology vs science essay federal government and essay history British Columbia. (A Time for Giving Back, The Globe and Mail , Aug. 1, 1998, C1, C8.) See findings in: Dilevko, J. and E. Dolan.
Reference Work and the Value of Reading Newspapers: An Unobtrusive Study of Telephone Reference Service . Reference User Services Quarterly 39 , no. 1 (1999): 71-81. Researcher, Website Evaluation Study, Fall 1997/Summer 1998. With the assistance of students from two government documents classes at the University of Western Ontario library school, a comparative study was done on a large number of illness, American and Canadian government information websites. We were investigating how well the sites did when it came to scope, currency, accuracy, ease of use, organization, appeal, search capabilities, quality of online materials, and learning factors. My primary duties included entering the data into Excel, creating graphs and charts, and essay history collocating the written summaries. For statistical purposes, the websites were classified into the following categories: 1. Finance: treasury, finance, commerce, auditor general, management and budget, privatization, management board secretariat, the GAO, and revenue; 2. Astrology Vs Science Essay! Justice: crime, attorney general, justice, and solicitor general; 3. Public Services: transport, health, social services, communications, education, census, energy, consumerism, citizen and culture, housing, travel, heritage, statscan, defense, veteran affairs, and women; 4. Environment: environment, natural resources, fisheries, the extended department of the interior, Indian affairs, agriculture, and the EPA; 5. International Affairs: foreign, international industry, immigration, and international trade; and 6. Economic Development: opportunity agency, labour, economic development, human resources, industry, and ACOA. Research Assistant, November 1997 - May 1998. I was the researcher for a study carried out on behalf of the Federal Depository Services Program, Public Access Services Division (Bruno Gnassi). Providing Canadian citizens with free, equitable, timely, and uncomplicated access to federal government information is a national and worthy goal.
Now that official publications in print form are gradually being replaced by electronic documents increasingly available on terrorism, the Internet, systematic examination of the capabilities of federal depository libraries to provide permanent access and quality reference service to the Canadian public is essential. The study reported here was funded by the Depository Services Program (DSP), Public Works and Government Services, Canada, and undertaken by researchers in the Program of Library and Information Science, Faculty of Information and Media Studies, University of Western Ontario. For this investigation, a set of essay history, government documents-related questions were developed and tested for use in an unobtrusive evaluation of on christianity, full and selective depositories in academic and public libraries located across the five geographic and socio-cultural regions of Canada. The purpose of this study was to investigate how well library staff members in essay history, Canadian federal depository libraries are answering government documents reference questions and whether they are using Internet-accessible and web-based sources to do so. Research questions were formulated as follows: what is the degree of natalie illness, accuracy of government reference service in Canadian academic and public libraries that participate in the Depository Services Program, as measured by the number of complete answers supplied by library personnel to history, specific questions?; To what extent do staff members in these libraries make use of electronic information sources such as CD-ROMs and the range of websites made available by terrorism and religion, the Canadian federal government?; and history which categories of government reference questions are the most difficult to answer for library personnel at depository libraries? While there are legislative libraries with full depository status in word equals pages, most provinces, public access to government documents is extended essay history most readily achieved through public and academic libraries. Accordingly, the research questions developed for this study were examined through the lens of four categories of depository libraries: academic full depositories, academic selective depositories, public full depositories, and public selective depositories.
This study was conducted using paid proxies in a cross-country unobtrusive evaluation of reference service at academic and public depositories. The quality of reference service was operationally defined as the percentage of complete or combined complete and is enlightenment kant thesis partially complete answers to 15 government documents questions. Selection of essay, tested libraries was based on a proportionally stratified cluster sample. In the first instance, proportional stratification was effected on the basis of the five geographic areas of Canada. On the second level, clusters of cities and towns within the geographic areas were identified, and a sample of public and academic depository libraries was taken to reflect the proportion of these libraries in 2000 word how many pages, the depository system as a whole.
Fifteen different questions were asked a total of 488 times at 104 libraries in history, 30 metropolitan census areas as defined by Statistics Canada. Essays On Christianity! Each proxy package consisted of 15 different questions and a brief survey form. Proxies were recruited from students enrolled in the Master of Library and extended history Information Science (MLIS) program of the astrology vs science University of extended history, Western Ontario (UWO). Questions were asked from 10 December 1997 to 10 February 1998 - a period during which many students traditionally return to astrology essay, their hometowns for the holiday season. To a certain extent, cities chosen for the study were determined by the travel plans of the extended essay history proxies.
My specific duties included collection of the survey data, inputting it all into Excel, creating a series of tables and charts, and what is enlightenment helping to analyze the findings. In addition, I was expected to follow-up on over two hundred referrals received from the extended essay history initial inquiries made by our proxies. ( See findings in the government document entitled: Government Documents Reference Service in Canada: Implications for Electronic Access Ottawa, Ont.: Minister of Public Works and Government Services Canada, 1999. - vii, 100 p., 111 p., vii).
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essay on anonymity Social Research Update is published quarterly by the Department of Sociology, University of Surrey, Guildford GU7 5XH, England. Subscriptions for the hardcopy version are free to researchers with addresses in the UK. Apply to SRU subscriptions at the address above, or email firstname.lastname@example.org. A PDF version of this article is available here. The Anonymity of Research Participants: Assumptions, Ethics and Practicalities. Anne Grinyer is a lecturer in the Institute for extended history, Health Research and in the School of Independent Studies at Lancaster University. On Christianity? She is a sociologist of history, health and illness and word essay pages, has a special interest in extended history the construction of scientific and medical knowledge, the management of health risks and in score qualitative research methods. Essay History? She has recently written a book on young adults with cancer based on narrative data written by their parents.
Anonymity for respondents/participants is and slavery, assumed to extended essay history be an integral feature of ethical research The legal requirements of the Data Protection Act assume anonymity should be maintained wherever possible Most researchers go to considerable lengths to protect respondents' identities Respondents may, however, feel that they 'lose their ownership' of the data when anonymised The allocation of pseudonyms to protect identity can cause unanticipated distress The practicalities of mixing real names and pseudonyms in publication can be complex. When researchers consider the issue of the anonymity of research participants, concern may be most likely to focus on how it can be maintained, particularly when under pressure from on christianity authorities to divulge identities (Grinyer 2001). However, what I consider here is the apparently underestimated likelihood of research participants wishing to be acknowledged in published research thus enabling them to retain ownership of their stories. The consideration of mechanisms to protect the identity of research respondents appears to have become central to the design and practice of ethical research. Consequent assumptions about the desirability of anonymity are embedded in various codes of ethical conduct. Extended Essay History? For example The British Psychological Society's code says the following: Participants in psychological research have a right to expect that information they provide will be treated confidentially and, if published, will not be identifiable as theirs. (Robson 1995:43) The British Sociological Association Code of sat essay 800, Ethical Practice adopts a similar stance: Research participants should understand how far they will be afforded anonymity and confidentiality and should be able to essay history reject the use of data gathering devices such as tape-recorders and video cameras. Dessay Natalie Illness? (BSA:704) The same code of ethical conduct continues by emphasising the importance of history, respecting the anonymity and privacy of research participants. A range of authors in a variety of methodological texts address anonymity, and the norm is to emphasise the importance of maintaining it (for example: Heath and essay equals how many, Luff 1995:308, Newell 1995:110, Procter 1995:258). Thus the usual 'rule of thumb' according to Barnes (1979:39) is that data should be presented in extended essay such a way that respondents should be able to recognise themselves, while the reader should not be able to sat essay identify them.
Since the introduction of the Data Protection Act (1998) which came into effect on 1 March 2000, the consideration of extended, anonymity and privacy is no longer simply a matter of ethics; it can also have legal implications. And Religion Essay? The fundamental principle of the Act is the extended protection of the rights of individuals in essays and slavery respect of personal data held about them by data controllers -- including academic researchers. Concerns relating to history the misuse of personal data have stemmed from the vast amount of dessay natalie illness, data that new technologies have enabled to be amassed on extended history individuals, though the Act also applies to both electronic data and natalie, manual data (paper, card indices, files etc.). The Act addresses a number of issues relating to anonymity and says that anonymisation should be carried out essay history, as far as possible to increase the security of data processing. Once data have been completely anonymised and can never be reconstructed to identify the terrorism and religion essay individual, they no longer constitute personal data and so are exempt from the Act. However, the extended history commissioner acknowledges that in practice true anonymity may be difficult to achieve and recommends that all unnecessary, identifying detail should be stripped from research data prior to publication. On Christianity And Slavery? In instances where the identity of an essay history individual may be difficult to conceal because of details of personal circumstances, explicit consent must be obtained before publication can proceed. Such mechanisms for the protection of individuals do of course have a central place in the design and conduct of ethical research and there are many instances in which the astrology essay guarantee of anonymity to research participants is of paramount importance. Yet these concerns may have led to a culturally embedded assumption that anonymity is an essay history ethical prerequisite, particularly in 2000 pages areas of extended, investigation that may be of a sensitive nature.
All the guidelines discussed thus far are based on essay the premise that individuals not only deserve the protection of anonymity, but that they actively desire it. However, the experience of a recent research project with the essay history parents of young adults with cancer suggests that the issue of identity/anonymity is more complex and less predictable than it might at first appear and may problematise some of the ethical and legal requirements for good practice. A challenge to the orthodox assumptions. The research sought to understand the effects on families when young adults between the dessay natalie illness ages of 18--25 are diagnosed with cancer. A call for narratives was made and disseminated through a number of cancer charities and essay, other relevant organisations.
The reasoning behind this methodological approach was that respondents would be able to decide without pressure if they wished to vs science contribute an extended essay account, they would be able to choose when and how they responded and would be able to present the account in their own terms. This resulted in the parents of 30 young adults with cancer sending their stories. The call for narratives, in accordance with accepted ethical practice (Grbich 1999), assured potential respondents that their identities would not be disclosed in sat essay any resulting publication. Indeed Grbich goes as far as saying that respondents should be told explicitly how confidentiality and anonymity will be maintained. It was therefore not questioned by anyone involved in the research project when, during the transcription phase, pseudonyms were allocated to all the characters within the narratives. The transcriber selected the pseudonyms on an apparently arbitrary basis. For the first dozen or so transcripts this allocation of pseudonyms remained unquestioned. However, as the data continued to be submitted, my fellow researcher and I began to query the process. Extended Essay? At first we simply doubted the appropriateness of the 2000 how many pages renaming.
For example, a respondent called Gabrielle was renamed 'Joan', although somehow this did not appear to be an 'equivalent' name. But as the research progressed we also began to question whether some respondents might prefer to history be referred to astrology in publications by essay history, their own names. Sat Essay Score? The parents who had been brave enough to send the extended history narratives had shared with us some of the most intensely painful and intimate details of their family's lives. How would they feel if they had been allocated a random pseudonym and what would be the effect of seeing their lost son or daughter referred to 2000 essay equals pages by another's name? As a result of our unease at the allocation of pseudonyms, all participants were written to and asked if they would prefer to be called by their own names or to be allocated a pseudonym in any publication using extracts from their narratives. To our surprise only seven of the respondents said that they would like pseudonyms to be allocated. Thus about threequarters of the respondents specified that they would like their own names used.
Despite the disquiet that caused us to question the use of pseudonyms, the overwhelming desire for the use of essay, real names challenged our assumptions about the accepted norm that respondents prefer anonymity. But in sat essay score spite of our attempts to satisfy the extended history wishes of respondents, after the publication of a journal article based on the research (Grinyer and Thomas 2001) it became apparent that at least one respondent had made a mistake in her request for terrorism and religion essay, the use of extended history, pseudonyms. After the publication of the article, all respondents were sent a copy. Many replied thanking us for raising important issues and helping other families facing similar problems. However, one parent with whom we had had frequent correspondence prior to the article's publication, did not reply to 2000 essay us. It was not until some months later, before the publication of a book based on essay the narratives (Grinyer 2002), that we again contacted her in relationship to the use of photographs she had sent. She replied apologising for her earlier lack of response and said that despite her request that we use pseudonyms, when she had seen her words attributed to another's name, and essays on christianity and slavery, reference to her dead son also allocated a pseudonym, she realised she had made a grave error. In her own words:
I was very moved by the whole article and extended history, the experiences of dessay natalie, other parents. I have one major regret that I can now express, but at the time it meant that I just couldn't respond to your letter. Looking back I was very disappointed not to see Stephen's and extended essay history, my name in print. Even though my words were there, I felt as though I had somehow lost ownership of them and had betrayed Stephen's memory. That was entirely my own fault. What Is Enlightenment Thesis? I know that you followed my original wishes but this was a great mistake on my part. I was also upset because my family and friends found it odd as well. They expected and wanted. our names too.
Please if you use any of my writing or photographs in the future can you be sure to use all our real names . . Extended Essay? I had been looking forward to the transcript of your article in order to share other's experiences, but without our real names I didn't feel part of dessay illness, it. I didn't show it to anyone because I knew they would not have recognised Steve. Gabrielle (real name, emphasis in original) Fortunately, this change of extended essay history, heart became known before the manuscript of the book had been submitted and so the names could be changed in time for publication. After receiving this letter we questioned whether the other parents asking for anonymity might also feel the same. Interestingly, when going through the list of those asking for pseudonyms we found that most of essays and slavery, them came from the parents of a son or daughter who had survived the cancer (only seven of the young people in extended history the study had survived). Only two requests for pseudonyms were from parents whose son or daughter had died. And Slavery? We had no means of knowing if the decisions on names relating to the seven surviving young adults had been taken in consultation with them, but our assumption was that it had been a joint decision and in extended essay these cases we made the on christianity judgement to allow the essay history pseudonym to terrorism essay remain unquestioned. While there are ethical issues about who should take the decision relating to the allocation of names -- these were after all young people legally entitled to make their own medical decisions -- it was not felt appropriate to pursue the essay history matter and verify the process of consultation that might have taken place within the family.
However, again making a judgement based on is enlightenment thesis what we knew of the circumstances, one of the two respondents whose son had died and who had requested pseudonyms was contacted and asked if she would like to reconsider her original decision and instead to have the real names of herself, her son and wider family used in the book about to be published. This parent telephoned the same day the letter arrived and said that she and her family had decided they would change their minds and would like their real names to be used. In contrast, we contacted one respondent who had opted for her real name to be used to suggest that she might like to reconsider. This was because she had provided some personal details of family members that we feared she might find embarrassing if published. However, despite our suggestion that she consider pseudonyms, she reiterated her wish for real names to be used. Thus it is clear how problematic it is to make judgements on behalf of others, however well intentioned. In addition to extended essay the issues discussed thus far, there are practical problems associated with the use and astrology essay, allocation of pseudonyms, the essay mixing of real names and essays, pseudonyms and history, the changing of names after they have been embedded within a text. The first practical problem that was faced during the writing of the book was that there was a mixture of what kant thesis, real names and history, pseudonyms, and that some of those allocated pseudonyms wanted them to be changed to their real names, while some of those whose real names had been used wanted pseudonyms. The reallocation of names to accord with respondents' wishes proved a time consuming and complex matter. To have anticipated at the outset of the research process that such issues might arise would have saved hours of complex editing. The second problem was whether those who wished to have pseudonyms should be able to select their own name.
In using real names there was already some duplication that necessitated the equals use of extended history, initials to distinguish them. To have risked yet more respondents wishing to be known by names already used seemed problematic. Yet there is always the danger that allocating names to dessay illness respondents will result in them being called by extended essay, a name that has bad associations or that they simply cannot relate to. Who makes the choice, the researcher, the transcriber or the respondent? This may be of some importance as all are likely to make different choices that will have an impact on the outcome for the respondent. In this case the resulting text has a mix of real names and pseudonyms. While these could have been differentiated by the use of italics, a decision was made not to show which were which as the reader does not need this information. The research amongst the parents of young adults with cancer raised a number of dessay natalie, unexpected practical and extended history, ethical issues, none of what is enlightenment thesis, which appear to be covered in orthodox guidelines or texts on the practice of essay, research. While it is astrology, essential that the interests of research participants should be protected, there does appear to extended history be a risk that accepted practice embedded into ethical guidelines and legal requirements may not always be experienced by respondents in the ways anticipated by the researcher.
The balance of sat essay 800, protecting respondents from harm by essay, hiding their identity while at the same time preventing 'loss of what is enlightenment, ownership' is an issue that needs to extended essay history be addressed by each researcher on an individual basis with each respondent. Even then, it is still possible that respondents will make the 'wrong' choice, as did Gabrielle in this research. Therefore, where possible, to dessay natalie show respondents their words in print at a draft stage so that they can make a more informed judgment may be the only way in extended essay history which to maximise the chance that their wishes are fulfilled. Even then it may be that unexpected feelings are aroused after publication. However, if researchers are aware of the issues and consult with respondents as fully as possible throughout the research and publication process there will be less chance of research participants feeling that they have lost ownership of sat essay, their stories. There is after all an extended history ethical dimension to a researcher deciding on behalf of respondents that their identity should be concealed without verifying the respondents' wishes. Finally, it must be acknowledged that the research project in question has a number of features that distinguish it. What Is Enlightenment Kant Thesis? It deals with a very emotional and personal issue, the responses were entirely 'voluntary', there was continuing contact between the research team and the respondents and no institution that might wish to maintain secrecy was involved. There may also have been stronger motivation for respondents in such an area to have their experiences recognised and acknowledged. Essay History? Nevertheless, it still challenges assumptions about the identification of respondents in sensitive research.
Barnes J. (1979) Who Should Know What? Penguin, Harmondsworth. British Sociological Association (1992) Statement of Ethical Practice, Sociology , Vol. 26, No. 4, pp. 703-707. Data Protection Act (1998) Reprinted incorporating corrections (2000), The Stationery Office, Norwich. Grbich C. (1999) Qualitative Research in Health , Sage, London. Grinyer A. (2002) Cancer in young adults: through parents' eyes , Open University Press, Buckingham, (accepted for publication). Grinyer A. (2001) Ethical dilemmas in non-clinical health research, Nursing Ethics , 8 (2), pp.123-132. Grinyer A. and Thomas C. (2001) Young Adults with Cancer: The effect on Parents and Families, The International Journal of dessay natalie, Palliative Nursing , April 2001.
Vol.7 No.4 pp. Essay History? 162-170. Heath C. and Luff P. (1995) Explicating face-to-face interaction, Researching Social Life , (Gilbert N. Ed.) Sage, London, pp. 36-326. Newell R. (1995) Questionnaires, Researching Social Life , (Gilbert N. Ed.) Sage, London, pp. 94-115. Procter M. (1995) Measuring Attitudes, Researching Social Life , (Gilbert N. Ed.) Sage, London, pp.116-134. Robson C. Real World Research , Blackwell, Oxford.
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