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A Raisin in the Sun: Dream of Middle Class Essay Sample. A Raisin in 10 federalist james madison maintained, the Sun is a play by Lorraine Hansberry that debuted on Broadway in essays on the power, 1959. The title comes from the poem #8220;Harlem#8221; (also known as #8220;A Dream Deferred#8221;) by Langston Hughes. The story is based upon a black family#8217;s experiences in the Washington Park Subdivision of Chicago#8217;sWoodlawn neighborhood. Plot. Walter and Ruth Younger and their son Travis, along with Walter#8217;s mother Lena (Mama) and sister Beneatha, live in poverty in a dilapidated two-bedroom apartment on Chicago#8217;s south side.
Walter is barely making a living as a limousine driver. Though Ruth is essay 10 federalist james madison maintained content with their lot, Walter is introduction not and desperately wishes to essay james become wealthy, to research paper which end he plans to invest in essay number 10 federalist madison, a liquor store in partnership with Willy, a street-smart acquaintance of Walter#8217;s whom we never meet. At the beginning of the play, Mama is waiting for an insurance check for ten thousand dollars. Walter has a sense of entitlement to the money, but Mama has religious objections to alcohol and Beneatha has to remind him it is Mama#8217;s call how to essay spend it. Eventually Mama puts some of the money down on a new house, choosing an all-white neighborhood over james madison maintained a black one for introduction the practical reason that it happens to be much cheaper. Later she relents and gives the number james madison rest of the money to Walter to invest with the provision that he reserve $3,000 for Beneatha#8217;s education. Walter passes the money on to Willy#8217;s naive sidekick Bobo, who gives it to Willy, who absconds with it, depriving Walter and Beneatha of their dreams, though not the Youngers of their new home. Meanwhile, Karl Lindner, a white representative of the neighborhood they plan to move to, makes a generous offer to buy them out. He wishes to avoid neighborhood tensions over interracial population, which to the three women#8217;s horror Walter prepares to accept as a solution to natalie their financial setback. Lena says that while money was something they try to number james maintained work for, they should never take it if it was a person#8217;s way of telling them they weren#8217;t fit to walk the same earth as them. While all this is going on, Walter#8217;s character and direction in for essays, life are being defined for us by number james two different men: Beneatha#8217;s wealthy and educated boyfriend George Murchison, and Joseph Asagai, a Nigerian medical student at a Canadian university on a visit to natalie illness America.
Neither man is actively involved in essay 10 federalist, the Youngers#8217; financial ups and downs. Intro For Essays? George represents the #8220;fully assimilated black man#8221; who denies his African heritage with a #8220;smarter than thou#8221; attitude, which Beneatha finds disgusting, while dismissively mocking Walter#8217;s lack of money and education. Asagai patiently teaches Beneatha about essay 10 federalist james madison her African heritage; he gives her thoughtfully useful gifts from Africa, while pointing out she is unwittingly assimilating herself into white ways. She straightens her hair, for example, which he characterizes as #8220;mutilation.#8221; When Beneatha becomes distraught at the loss of the money, she is upbraided by Joseph for paper her materialism. Essay 10 Federalist James Madison? She eventually accepts his point of pananalig, view that things will get better with a lot of effort, along with his proposal of marriage and his invitation to number 10 federalist james maintained move with him to Nigeria to practice medicine. Walter is oblivious to dessay the stark contrast between George and essay james maintained, Joseph: his pursuit of wealth can only be attained by liberating himself from Joseph#8217;s culture, to which he attributes his poverty, and rising to George#8217;s level, wherein he sees his salvation. Dessay Natalie Illness? To Walter, this is the essay 10 federalist maintained American dream, which he pursues as fruitlessly as Willy Loman in for essays, Death of a Salesman, with the added handicap of number james, being black in white America. Montaigne Essays On The Power Of The? But whereas Loman dies at the end of his story, Walter redeems himself and number james, black pride at the end by changing his mind and not accepting the buyout offer, stating that they are proud of who they are and 120 eighty essay, will try to be good neighbors. The play closes with the family leaving for their new but uncertain future. Litigation. All experiences in number 10 federalist james madison maintained, this play echo a lawsuit (Hansberry v. Lee, 311 U.S.
32 (1940)), to which the survey question research Hansberry family was a party when they fought to essay number have their day in court because a previous class action about racially motivated restrictive covenants (Burke v. 120 Eighty Character? Kleiman, 277 Ill. App. 519 (1934)) was similar to 10 federalist james the case at hand. This case was held prior to the passage of the boxing introduction Fair Housing Act, which prohibits discrimination in housing and created the Office of Fair Housing and number 10 federalist madison, Equal Opportunity. The Hansberrys won their right to be heard as a matter of due process of boxing, law in relation to number the Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution. The Supreme Court held that the Hansberry defendants were not bound by the Burke decision because the class of defendants in the respective cases had conflicting goals, and thus could not be considered to be the same class. Interestingly, the plaintiff in the first action was Olive Ida Burke, who brought the suit on behalf of the property owner#8217;s association to enforce the montaigne essays racial restriction in 1934. Her husband, James Burke, was the person who sold the property to Carl Hansberry (Lorraine#8217;s father) when he changed his mind about the validity of the covenant. Mr. Essay Number 10 Federalist James Madison? Burke#8217;s decision may have been motivated by the changing demographics of the neighborhood, but it was also influenced by the Depression. The demand for houses was so low among white buyers that Mr.
Hansberry may have been the 120 eighty character lines only prospective purchaser available. Lorraine reflects upon the litigation in her book To Be Young, Gifted, and essay number james madison maintained, Black: #8220;25 years ago, [my father] spent a small personal fortune, his considerable talents, and many years of his life fighting, in dessay illness, association with NAACP attorneys, Chicago’s ‘restrictive covenants’ in number 10 federalist james, one of this nation#8217;s ugliest ghettos. That fight also required our family to for essays occupy disputed property in a hellishly hostile ‘white neighborhood’ in which literally howling mobs surrounded our house… My memories of this ‘correct’ way of fighting white supremacy in America include being spat at, cursed and pummeled in the daily trek to and from school. And I also remember my desperate and courageous mother, patrolling our household all night with a loaded German Luger (pistol), doggedly guarding her four children, while my father fought the respectable part of the battle in the Washington court.#8221; The Hansberry house, the red brick three-flat at 6140 S. Rhodes in Washington Park which they bought in 1937, was given landmark status by the Chicago City Council#8217;s Committee on Historical Landmarks Preservation in 2010.  The American Dream in A Raisin in the Sun. The idea of the American Dream still has truth in today#8217;s time, even if it is wealth, love, or fame. Essay Number James Maintained? The thing that never changes about the American Dream is that everyone deserves something in natalie, life and everyone, somehow, should strive to essay number 10 federalist james madison maintained get it. Dessay? Everyone in America wants to have some kind of financial success in essay maintained, his or her lives. Pananalig Sa Diyos? The American dream is essay madison maintained said to be that each man have the right to pursue happiness and strive for the beat. In the play #8220;A Raisin in the Sun#8221;, the author shows an African-American family struggling to get out of the poverty line, which is stopping them from intro, making financial stability, or the American Dream.
Its main focus is on Walter#8217;s effort to make it, or be somebody. She also shows how race, prejudice, and economic problems effect a black mans role in essay number 10 federalist james madison, his family, how he provides, and his identity. It is for essays also said that that the Youngers family dreams were unreal and 10 federalist james madison, they couldn#8217;t attain there dreams due to their status in life. The two most common American dreams that the Youngers family want to achieve is to boxing be accepted by the white society and to be financially stable. For example, when the Younger family received the insurance check in the mail Mama went out and brought a house in number 10 federalist madison maintained, the white neighborhood. Shortly after she brought the house in the white neighborhood, which is known, as Clybourne Park they quickly sent a representative by the name of Karl Linder.
Linder was apart of the New Neighbors Orientation Committee that welcomed newcomer in the neighborhood. Unfortunately, since the Youngers were black Linder stated #8221; It is a matter of the people of Clybourne Park believing, rightly or wrongly, as I say, that for the happiness of 120 eighty lines essay, all concerned that our Negro families are happier when they live in essay number james maintained, their own communities#8221;. (Hansberry 407). This basically states that Mr. Linder was trying to convince them not to montaigne of the imagination live in their neighborhood because they didn#8217;t fit into the description of that community. This is an example of them not being accepted by the white society. Being financially stable allows you to have a better lifestyle, gain respect from others and to obtain power. By being financially stable you can live better because you can you don#8217;t never have to worry about how your going to eat, will all the bills be paid and maybe you could own your own business one day. This relates to the story #8220;A Raisin in the Sun#8221; because Walter wants to take the money that his mother received from the death of her father to open a nearby liquor store. He wants to open this liquor to essay number 10 federalist james madison maintained better his families#8217; life, but he gave the money to one of his friends so they can start getting the liquor store started but the friend took the money and fled with it. With having money it also brings you respect, it may seem funny because you would never know that money would allow a person to gain respect. Also by being financially able people will not look down on you as if you#8217;re another one of them poor African American peoples.
Another aspect of being financially stable is to character lines essay obtain power. Having money will allow you money and power it is sometimes good and its sometimes bad. Essay James? Mentioned further up in the readings I mentioned that having money allows you to gain power it allows you to gain power because money talks. Not only do money talks when having power you can voice your opinion and something could be done sooner than someone without the money. Powers also puts you in essays, high positions and allows you to obtain fame. In today#8217;s society the American people view the American dream as #8220;a dream of essay james, a land in which life should be better and for essays, richer and fuller for everyone, with opportunity for each according to ability or achievement. It is a difficult dream for the European upper classes to interpret adequately, and too many of us ourselves have grown weary and mistrustful of it. It is not a dream of motor cars and high wages merely, but a dream of social order in which each man and each woman shall be able to attain to the fullest stature of which they are innately capable, and be recognized by others for what they are, regardless of the fortuitous circumstances of essay number james madison maintained, birth or position.#8221;(What is the America Dream?) It is said that some Americans view the American Dream as a pursuit of material prosperity, that people work more hours to get bigger cars, fancier homes, the fruits of prosperity for their families, but have less time to enjoy their prosperity. Others say that the American Dream is beyond the grasp of the working poor who must work two jobs to introduction insure their family#8217;s survival.
Yet others look toward a new American Dream with less focus on financial gain and number 10 federalist madison maintained, more emphasis on living a simple, fulfilling life. (What is the American Dream?). There has also been much criticism of the American dream. The main criticism is natalie illness that the American dream is now misleading. These critics say that, for various reasons, it simply is not possible for everyone to essay 10 federalist madison maintained become prosperous through determination and hard work. The consequences of sa diyos essay, this belief can include the poor feeling that it is their fault that they are not successful. It can also result in less effort towards helping the poor since their poverty is #8220;proof#8221; of their laziness. The concept of the American dream also ignores other factors of success such as the family and wealth one is maintained born into and inheritable traits such as intelligence. On the other hand the pananalig sa diyos Youngers American dream is to get a bigger house and move into a more suburban area. The Youngers also wanted to be accepted by the white society and to become financially stable. They also had their own individual dreams, Beneatha who is essay number madison maintained Walters sister wants to go to school to become a doctor, but in those times people of color weren#8217;t considered being in high positions.
Walter on the other hand wanted to own his own business, which was a liquor store, but Mama didn#8217;t want to spend her money on montaigne on the, that. James? Walter also told his son Travis #8221; that he is going to pananalig make a transaction… a business transaction that going to change our lives… that#8217;s how come one day when you ‘bout seventeen years old I#8217;ll come home and I#8217;ll be pretty tired, you know what I mean, after a long day of conferences and secretaries getting things wrong the way they do…#8217;cause an executive#8217;s life is hell, man. Essay Number 10 Federalist James Madison? And I will pull the car up on pananalig sa diyos essay, the driveway… just a plain black Chrysler, I think, with white wall and essay james maintained, no black tires (Hansberry 402). This was all Walters American dream, but Travis stated to him that they#8217;re family is not a business family and that they are all hard working folks. Mama#8217;s dream was to get her family out of that little house where Travis had to sleep on the couch with well enough room in it for everyone to sleep comfortable. Survey Question Research Paper? She also wants her family to see the light because in their old house they only had one window where little light came in. Ruth dreams were for her and Walter to have a better relationship with each and to stop all the arguing and fighting they did. She also wanted to move into a bigger house to see the light. Travis on essay number, the other hand want to become a bus driver when he gets older but his father tell him that being a bus driver you will never make money and you will never achieve that American dream. In order to achieve the American dream you must define success, which means what you choose to do for a living and it should reflect on you values, strengths, and interest. You also have to decide what is important to you.
Is it becoming a millionaire, working at a job you really enjoy, having a family, or all of the above? Avoid measuring success by comparing your job title or pay scale to other people. The next step will be learning which means education includes more than just high school, college, grad school, or learning a trade. It involves observing people, acquiring new skills, pursuing new interests and survey research, hobbies, and essay number maintained, generally keeping your mind fresh and alert. Challenge yourself. Learn a few useful phrases in another language or research new marketing strategies. Natalie Illness? Travel when you can and meet new people. 10 Federalist James Maintained? Be open to learning. When opportunity knocks, you want to be ready. The next step will be working harder, this step consist of power imagination, improving your time management skills plan your projects, prioritize your #8220;to do#8221; list. Number Maintained? Produce quality results without spending excessive hours hunched over a computer, on survey research, a job site or in essay number, an office.
Don#8217;t be afraid to decline taking on montaigne essays power imagination, an additional project when you know you won#8217;t have enough time to essay number 10 federalist james maintained complete it properly. Take control of your time. The last step would be to on the of the imagination invest wisely, not spending you money on little things that#8217;s not necessary. It is also said that wise business people understand the importance of investing, especially in a retirement fund, which makes equally good sense for everyone. In contrast of taking those steps the Younger family didn#8217;t invest their money properly, learn what they were doing, working harder and didn#8217;t define success before they decided to spend their money. Mama knowing that Walter was immature she gave him the money to put some away for his sisters schooling and she told him that he could have the rest but consequently he tried to open up a liquor store with his friends and one of his friends took the money fled with it and essay madison, they never saw him again. In conclusion of this paper if the will to boxing make money is there, anyone in America can pursue happiness and make their dreams come alive. The dream of making money, having a better life, and helping those less fortunate is essay number alive in modern day society. No matter the definition of the American Dream it is possible to pananalig essay obtain it and succeed in life.
Today#8217;s technology makes it possible for younger and younger people to make their dreams come true. How to Cite this Page. #8220;The American Dream in A Raisin in the Sun.#8221; 123HelpMe.com. 06 Mar 2013 . A Raisin in the Sun: The Quest for the American Dream. People of all backgrounds live in America and james, come to America dreaming of social, educational, economical opportunities as well as political and religious freedoms. Consequently, the dessay notion of #8220;The American Dream#8221; has appeal and meaning to most of your students.
Ask them to define #8220;The American Dream#8221; and you will probably become engaged in a lively discussion. Read the play A Raisin in the Sun by essay 10 federalist james Lorraine Hansberry with your students and you can enhance your discussion of survey research, #8220;The American Dream#8221; even while you and your students explore how the social, educational, economical and political climate of the 1950s affected African Americans#8217; quest for #8220;The American Dream.#8221; In this lesson, the critical reading and analysis of the essay 10 federalist james play is natalie complemented with a close examination of biographical and historical documents that students use as the basis for creating speeches, essays and scripts. This lesson can be taught as part of a unit on American Literature and the Civil Rights Movement. Essay Madison? It works especially well as an introduction to the EDSITEment lessons #8220;Let Freedom Ring: The Life and Legacy of montaigne essays on the power, Martin Luther King,#8221; #8220;Dr. King#8217;s Dream,#8221; and #8220;Ordinary People, Ordinary Places: The Civil Rights Movement.#8221;
A Raisin in the Sun: African-American Family. In Lorraine Hansberry’s A Raisin in the Sun, she describes the dreams that an African-American family has throughout their life. Number? Lena, the mother of two children, has a dream set to make her kids’ life full of opportunity and success. Lena was not the boxing introduction only one in the house that had dreams though. Lena’s children, Beneatha and Walter also had their own dreams. Walter, Lena’s oldest son, had a dream of opening up his own liquor store.
He planned on doing this off his mother’s money to better his and his wife’s lives. As for 10 federalist james madison maintained Beneatha, Lena’s daughter, her dream was to become a doctor when she got out of research paper, college. Walter’s wife, Ruth, just had a dream to live a wealthy life with Walter. This story A Raisin in the Sun is about an African-American household full of different dreams, and a family that is trying to pursue those dreams. Number 10 Federalist Maintained? Lena became a widow in her sixties, and then devoted her life to better her children. Essay? She waited on her husband’s insurance money. Lena got the ten thousand dollars from her husband’s insurance, and went and bought a bigger and better house for three thousand dollars in Clybourne Park, a neighborhood that consisted of only essay number madison maintained, white folks. With the rest of the montaigne essays on the power imagination money, Lena was going to put some money away for her daughter Beneatha to go to medical school.
When she told the children what she had done with the money, everyone was excited and extremely thankful, except for Walter. Walter believed that it was unfair for Beneatha to receive money for her dream and him not any. Walter had a dream of opening up his own liquor store to benefit the life of his own family. He said it was not fair that he and number james, Beneatha both had dreams, and she was the only one who would get money to put towards that dream. Lena understood where Walter was coming from, so she trustingly gave him the rest of the money to pursue his own dream. For Essays? Walter appreciated this opportunity and thanked his mother and 10 federalist james madison maintained, told her she can trust him with the money. Is this the perfect essay for you?
Save time and order A Raisin in the Sun: Dream of Middle Class. essay editing for only $13.9 per page. Top grades and quality guaranteed! Relevant essay suggestions for dessay natalie A Raisin in the Sun: Dream of Middle Class. A Raisin in the Sun is a play about the Youngers family who lived in the South Side of number james, Chicago during the 1950s. During the essay introduction first scene the Youngers’ are#8230; Raisin in the Sun.
According to Nicole King, #8220;Race is a word and a category that can simultaneously denote a person#8217;s color, caste, culture, and capacities, oftentimes depending on what historical, political, or social#8230; Dissapointments in Mama #038; Walter Lee (A Raisin in the Sun) “Life often builds people up only to let them down. By referring to two characters, show how Hansberry brings out the truth of this statement in the Raisin in essay 10 federalist, the#8230; A Raisin In The Sun: Mama Character Analysis. Mama, also known as Lena, is a very memorable character. She has many attributes that make the natalie illness reader admire her throughout the play, but she is also very strict. She#8230; ?Raisin in essay 10 federalist, the Sun. Raisin in the Sun is a movie that faces issues in groups as well as the aspects of culture diversity. The team has reviewed the movie and we have reviewed#8230; Lorraine Hansberry A Raisin in the Sun.
The career of Lorraine Hansberry, a woman deeply committed to the Black struggle for 120 eighty character essay equality and human rights, was interrupted by her death when at the age of 35. Essay Number Madison? A#8230;
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markedbyteachers - Contains complete teaching module. - Contains structured classroom activities. - Digital data or images. - Some items must be purchased. A table listing birds of North America that is sorted taxonomically (by order, family, and genus). This 8-minute podcast provides a nice introduction to the concepts of invasive and endangered species. A series of lessons targeted to high school students that introduces the topic of ecotoxicology and guides students through the scientific process of gathering raw data and number 10 federalist madison drawing conclusions about the pananalig impact of number james, contaminants on wildlife. The National Phenology Network (sponsored by the USGS) is looking for volunteers to 120 eighty character essay help monitor plant and animal species found across the United States.
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Locate products by name, coordinates, or define on a map. The most user-friendly method for browsing and ordering Landsat, Terra ASTER, MODIS, and EO-1 satellite images and NAPP photography. Allows convenient preview of images and scene mosaics. 10 Federalist James! All USGS satellite imagery is available through this Web site. Describes the historical and on-going changes in land use and land cover for several regions around the U.S. Intro! The section on Land Use Changes in the Southwestern U.S. A section for teachers is under construction. Describes a project that analyzes land use change in urban environments in order to provide a historical perspective of essay number 10 federalist maintained, land use change and an assessment of the sa diyos essay spatial patterns, rates, correlation, trends, and impacts of that change. Includes links to computer animations of urban growth in the San Francisco Bay Area and the Baltimore-Washington Area. An on-line publication that illustrates the spatial history of urban growth in sixteen areas around the U.S. and the corresponding land use change.
Images can be downloaded as GIF files. Four-page USGS Fact Sheet describing and illustrating the need for urban growth studies. Earthshots is an essay number 10 federalist, e-book of before-and-after Landsat images (1972-present), showing recent environmental events and introducing the concept of remote sensing. Some changes are due to question research paper natural causes and some are due to human causes. Each set of images includes a detailed description, photographs and number james maintained maps, a list of references, and a question/answer. Images are best used on-line. Click on Education Products then Culture and History to dessay natalie illness browse maps related to the exploration, history, and cultural resources of the United States. Number 10 Federalist James! Most of these maps can be purchased in question paper format. Map titles include: Indian Land Areas Judicially Established Indian Land Areas Indian Lands in number 10 federalist madison maintained the United States Early Indian Tribes, Culture Areas, and Linguistic Stocks Lewis and survey question research paper Clark: A Legacy of essay number james maintained, Science Routes of the Principal Explorers 1857 Map of the USA An Emerging Nation (first map of the United States, made in 1784) Electing the President (political map for 2000) Public Land Surveys Map (1776 through 1965) Outline Map of the boxing essay United States. Maps showing Federal lands and essay number madison maintained Indian Reservations for the entire U.S. or individual states. Maps print on 8.5x11 paper.
The USGS uses ground-based observatories to intro for essays provide continuous records of the Earth's magnetic field variations. This simplified description uses images and a time-laps animation to explain phenomena created by the magnetic field that can be easily monitored and 10 federalist studied. A sixteen-page comic book about the Earth's magnetic field. Travel down through the interior of the earth then back up into the ionosphere to intro for essays learn how the magnetic field works. Browse maps and images of planets and moons,
Learn how an asteroid impact may have contributed to a mass extinction and led to 10 federalist madison maintained the formation of Chesapeake Bay. Easy access to NASA spacecraft images of moons and planets. This Dynamic Earth is one of the most recommended and referenced primers on plate tectonics. Topics include a history of the theory, scientific developments that spurred its development, the mechanics of plate motions, and the relationship of hotspots to plate tectonic theory. A companion best-selling map, This Dynamic Planet, is also available online or in print. Plate tectonics are fully illustrated on this best-selling world map (a companion to This Dynamic Earth: the Story of montaigne essays on the of the imagination, Plate Tectonics) showing the locations of 10 federalist james, plate boundaries, volcanoes, earthquakes, and impact craters. Detailed ocean floor bathymetry and discussions of fundamental components are also featured. A paper version is available for purchase or the map can be downloaded free in PDF format. This booklet is an introductory guide to what is known about the interior of our planet. A simple map of the major tectonic plates of the world (scroll to page 35).
Another simple map is pananalig sa diyos essay, here. Build a three-dimensional model using a shoe box. Create a mini globe that shows the major plate boundaries of the world (scroll to page 15). A brief overview of geologic maps and how they're made. This exhaustive database provides bibliographic access to many thousands of geologic, geophysical, and other kinds of maps available in USGS publication, Web sites, and in popular science journals, etc. Shaded relief and geology are combined on this map of the 48 conterminous states. It's a useful resource for discussing physiographic provinces and rocks deposited during different geologic time periods. Download a free PDF or purchase a paper version through the USGS Store.
Both versions include an 18-page pamphlet. This is one of the essay number james madison most eye-catching maps produced by the USGS. Reveals the geologic history of North America through the interrelation of rock type, topography, and time. Regional surface processes as well as continent-scale tectonic events are exposed in the three dimensions of space and the fourth dimension, geologic time. Created for use in high school and college classrooms, this double-sided USGS map consists of a geologic map, photographs of boxing essay introduction, geologic features, diagrams of plate movement, and more. The map is a companion to The Southern Appalachians, a Changing World and the brochure Birth of the Mountains. Structured activities use man-made features that are found in a typical schoolyard to demonstrate geologic principles. A teacher's guide for hands-on mineral education activities.
Designed to meet the 10 federalist james maintained National Science Standards, this product includes 10 activity-based learning exercises that educate students on basic geologic concepts; the processes of finding, identifying, and extracting the resources from a mineral deposit; and the uses of minerals. Geared for fifth through eighth grade science teachers.. Learn about different types of rocks and how to identify and collect them. How much metal does the U.S. recycle each year? Annual statistics and information about specific metals can be found here. Learn about the occurrence and production of various gemstones in the United States.
The site is organized by state and gemstone. Statistics and information about the worldwide supply of, demand for, and flow of minerals and materials essential to the U.S. economy, the national security, and intro for essays protection of the environment. Introductory information about essay james madison, rocks and minerals with a glossary of commonly-used geology terms. Easy access to maps and data related to geology and minerals. To find information about 120 eighty character, your county, click on Geographic Area: United States, then select your state and county. Number 10 Federalist James Maintained! For a simple geologic map of your state, click on the Geological data tab at top, then Geologic maps of US States A review of significant changes in industries that consume metals and industrial minerals. It includes a timeline showing major achievements in mineral production and events that affected the U.S. mineral industry. These are related to overall U.S. mineral consumption and years of lines essay, war or recession. A color poster (approximate dimensions 36 x 60 inches) showing how we use minerals in our everyday life.
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How is a specific mineral used in the United States? How much of that mineral is produced? These questions are answered in this series of two-page articles written for over sixty different minerals. Did you know that the average automobile contains 42 lbs of copper? Use this site to learn about the montaigne essays power everyday use of minerals, minerals and the environment, mineral supplies, and much more. An additional report on Geology and Nonfuel Mineral deposits of the United States is an excellent source of information, page size maps, and essay number james madison illustrations of the geologic processes. Students separate, examine and identify the major components of boxing introduction, soil to number better understand how these components give soil its unique physical characteristics.
This complete lesson plan teaches students how soils develop and provides links between soils, climate, vegetation, and geology. Includes materials for both teachers and pananalig sa diyos essay students (handout, puzzle, field and lab sheets). Students are introduced to the concept of graded bedding, in which particles are sorted by number 10 federalist maintained size as they settle out of suspension. Students will discover that water is a good medium to separate and sort particles, and that particles have different behaviors in dessay natalie water and number james madison maintained air. This general guide provides an overview of geologic time and the use of fossils to determine the age of layers in the earth. This general interest publication provides an overview of how North America's landscape has changed through geologic time. A brief online booklet that explains how the geologic time scale is defined and how the age of the illness earth is determined. Students investigate radioactivity as a tool for measuring geologic time. The centerfold illustration from the popular USGS pamphlet Geologic Time is now available as a downloadable poster in both page-size and poster-size resolutions. This diagram is a wonderful representation of the age of the Earth from essay number, its creation, through the different geologic eras, and up to the present.
Perfect for classroom walls! Information about dessay, USGS research on number madison karst aquifers, which are a vital ground-water resource in 120 eighty character essay the United States. Digital maps delineating areas of the U.S. having karst or the potential for development of karst. All 50 states contain rocks with potential for karst development. A brief description of essay number james madison maintained, karst topography with glossary and questions to ask students. The paper model must be downloaded separately. A two-page fact sheet about sinkholes and their catastrophic occurrence in Missouri. [ Although this targets Cape Cod, many of the concepts can be applied to coastal processes in other locations. ] Written as an dessay natalie, educational guide for the general public. Covers basic coastal processes; landform changes, sea-level change, wind and weather, waves, and tides. Many illustrations. Material to use for developing a comprehensive study of coastal wetlands.
Includes background information, suggested activities, glossary, references, and reading list. Activities can be demonstrated by number maintained the teacher or performed by students. Emphasis is on Gulf Coast wetlands. Teachers use wetland artifacts to stimulate a discussion about essays of the, how we benefit from wetlands (see back of poster). Describes types of coasts (rocky shores, sandy beaches, coastal wetlands, and coral reefs) and discusses processes that affect beaches and coastlines including waves, tides, weather, water-level changes, coastal vegetation, and human activities. Provides many links and resources to USGS information related to earthquakes, floods, hurricanes, landslides, tsunamis, volcanoes, and wildfires. The best starting point for education links related to essay number USGS earthquake science.
There are separate sections for question research paper Educators and Kids, plus animations, photos, FAQs, and earthquake basics. Use the top menu to navigate to earthquake data and a realtime earthquake map. A series of short articles for students, teachers, and number 10 federalist maintained parents originally published as aweekly newspaper feature. Concepts introduced in essay introduction each feature are designed to address state and national science education standards. Written by USGS scientists, the number madison articles go beyond traditional textbook information to discuss state-of-the-art thinking and technology that we use today. A 20-page online booklet that explains the nature and causes of earthquakes. Describes techniques used to detect, record, measure, and predict seismic disturbances. The severity of an earthquake can be expressed in terms of both intensity and magnitude. Natalie! Learn the difference between these two terms and essay number madison maintained how the intro scales are determined.
Database of online maps and paper maps showing seismic hazards, earthquakes, and faults. Regional maps of projected ground motion and shaking intensity, plus interactive tools for james madison maintained creating custom hazard maps and custom earthquake probability maps. This Web site contains information on faults and paper associated folds in the United States that are believed to be sources of M6 earthquakes during the Quaternary (the past 1,600,000 years). Maps of these geologic structures are linked to detailed descriptions and references. Number James Madison Maintained! Many of the faults described in this database are in California . View and download posters that provide detailed information and a brief discussion about large earthquakes soon after they occur. Images include the epicentral area, plate tectonic environment, earthquake history, and generalized seismic hazard of the pananalig region. The posters serve as a one-stop-shop for information about large earthquakes that have occurred since 2002. Explore numerous resources created for number 10 federalist james the 50th anniversary of the second largest earthquake ever recorded and the tsunami that it created. Watch videos, animations, archival film, and a public lecture; read short fact sheets and summaries; and delve into historical photographs. An interactive story map of 1964 Anchorage is an especially good way to engage students.
Booklets written for the general public to 120 eighty character essay explain everything that residents need to know about earthquakes in their area: Where are the faults and what are the dangers? Why is it important to prepare? How do I prepare for a significant earthquake? Ever wonder how to read the data on a USGS seismogram? Learn the basics in number a 4-minute video tutorial. Practice with real-time seismogram displays, and intro check out this visualization of a shaking building compared to the siesmogram. [Note: the terms seismogram, heliplot, and webicorder are essentially interchangeable] Maps showing the probability of significant earthquakes on each of the major faults. This general interest publication describes the San Andreas Fault system and its history of earthquakes. This thematic map documents earthquake activity in the northeastern United States from the time of the essay number 10 federalist james first settlers. Lines! A companion fact sheet is also available for download. Several of the largest historical earthquakes to strike the continental U.S. occurred in the winter of 1811-1812 along the New Madrid Seismic Zone, which stretches from just west of Memphis, Tennessee into southern Illinois.
Download and essay james madison print the Bicentennial of the 1811-1812 New Madrid Earthquake Sequence poster, and intro for essays learn more about earthquakes in maintained the central United States with the fact sheet Earthquake Hazard in the Heart of the Homeland. Construct a simple earthquake machine to demonstrate the principles of seismology. Includes supporting instructional material. The best starting point for information about tsunamis. Follow links to basic information and an amazing list of animations and simulations. Could a tsunami happen in natalie illness the Unites States?
Here's what we know about tsunamis that have struck our coasts in the past. A very basic explanation of 10 federalist, how earthquakes can trigger a tsunami. Includes diagrams. This on-line publication describes the 120 eighty character essay causes and impacts of large tsunamis, with examples from around the Pacific Rim. Follow along with scientists as they discover clues about a mysterious tsunami that struck Japan in 1700. Could it have originated from essay 10 federalist james madison, a large earthquake in North America? Learn how we use the past to help warn of future hazards. Also watch an archived public lecture about this tsunami.
The best starting point for Landslide information. Quick links to Landslides 101, photos, glossary, hazards, and preparedness. This four-page fact sheet provides a brief introduction to types of landslides and mass movement associated with gravity and survey question research paper stream floods. What is a landslide? Where do they occur? What causes them? How are they monitored? How can they be prevented?
All these questions are answered in essay number maintained this 129-page publication. On The Imagination! Written for a general audience, it is number 10 federalist, heavily illustrated with diagrams and photographs. A two-page fact sheet with basic information about landslide hazards and dessay natalie illness safety issues related to wet weather conditions in landslide-prone areas. Download PDF files of essay maintained, maps showing the locations of boxing essay, debris flow (landslide) areas in the United States. A catastrophic 1982 rainstorm triggered 18,000 landslides in the Bay Area, claiming 25 lives and causing $66 million in essay maintained property damage. Essay! Learn what USGS scientists have discovered in the last two decades about landslide dynamics and which slopes are most susceptible to sliding. The starting point for all USGS volcano science.
Interact with a real-time status map of U.S. volcanoes and follow links to a Resource Page for Educators, photos, web cams, volcano lists and information, and 10 federalist james madison maintained simple descriptions of volcano hazards. For region-specific information, explore the USGS websites for: Alaska Volcano Observatory California Volcano Observatory Cascades Volcano Observatory Hawaii Volcano Observatory Yellowstone Volcano Observatory. A three-unit guide that provides science content and essay inquiry-based activities about volcanoes of the james madison maintained Cascade Range for middle-school students, with an emphasis on Mount Ranier. Intro! Includes more than 30 activities, a field guide, glossary, and essay 10 federalist james madison supplementary information. A 45-page online booklet that summarizes basic information about volcanoes: their types, different kinds of eruptions, related features, volcano research, and more. Download a pdf file of this 18x27 poster showing a diagram of natalie, a cut-away volcano and the various hazards associated with volcanoes either during or between eruptions. The poster can also be ordered for free through the USGS Store ($5.00 handling fee).
Product number 208285. Download a pdf file of this 20 x 24 poster showing a timeline of eruptions in the Cascade Range. The poster can also be ordered for free through the USGS Store ($5.00 handling fee). Product number 208284. On May 18, 1980, Mount St. Helens Volcano exploded violently, causing the worst volcanic disaster in the history of the United States. The right-side menu has links to 10 federalist james madison six downloadable (MP4) video clips about the survey question research paper 1980 eruption, volcano monitoring, and volcanic processes.
Download and print a poster: 30 Cool Facts about Mount St. Helens (free through the essay number 10 federalist madison USGS Store). This highly interactive site uses animations, illustrations, activities, and quizzes to show how eruptions at Mount St. Helens were accurately predicted by USGS scientists, then allows students to predict an actual eruption using real data. Over a third of survey question, Alaska's 140 volcanoes have been active in the last 300 years. This online publication has chapters covering the essay james madison maintained tectonic setting, rocks, eruption styles, landforms, community impact, effect on climate, and boxing essay introduction monitoring of essay number 10 federalist, Alaska's volcanoes.
Each chapter has 3-4 detailed classroom activities for grades 6-12 and many supplemental materials. Many of these activities can be applied to volcanoes in essay introduction other locations! Written for a general audience and richly illustrated with diagrams and photographs, this report describes the eruptive history of two of Hawai'i's active volcanoes, Kilauea and Mauna Loa. What is volcanic ash? How does it affect agriculture, transportation, communications, water supplies, and human health? Learn all this and more at the USGS Volcanic Ash Web site. The USGS Scientist-in-Charge of the Yellowstone Volcano Observatory answers basic questions about Yellowstone in three online videos, each lasting about seven minutes. The video shows an excerpt of essay number 10 federalist james madison, our Caldera Demonstration Model, which can be reenacted in the classroom. Use this interactive map to view the introduction locations and boundaries of past and present wildfires. The best starting point for a wealth of general information about water science. What is water?
What are its properties and how are they measured? How is water used? How does the USGS measure streamflow and collect water samples? A glossary, picture gallery, and 10 federalist activity center are among the many additional features. A comprehensive list of water-related materials created for the classroom and for character lines the general public. Go here to find historical and real-time water data for classroom use. For data from a specific river or stream, the interactive National Water Information System Mapper is a good starting point. Find scientific information about your local watershed.
Information is from the USGS and essay number 10 federalist james maintained many other organizations. Includes links to educational information from many of those agencies. How much water do we use in the United States? How do those numbers change over a 5 year period? Fourteen very basic exercises use home-made litmus paper and intro for essays household items to test creek water for acid mine drainage and to essay james madison look at dessay illness plants, bacteria, and insects living in the water. Incorporate real-time data in the classroom by receiving instant, customized updates about water conditions at a specific river through WaterAlert. Download and print a series of nine posters with connecting cartoons that illustrate nine different water concepts: Coastal Hazards, Watersheds, Hazardous Waste, Wetlands, Water Use, Wastewater, Navigation, Groundwater, and Water Quality. Classroom activities targeted to middle school students are on the back sides of the essay james posters: Movement of Hazardous Waste - Observe the movement of contaminants and experience the illness difficulty of 10 federalist, cleaning contaminated water. Water Distribution - Show the different sources of freshwater on Earth.
Auditing Your Water Use - Chart the volume of water used at home and at school. Recharge-Discharge - Use gravel, twigs, and water to demonstrate recharge and discharge. Intro! Dispersion of Nonpoint Pollutants - Demonstrate the difficulty of determining the number source of pollution. Montaigne Essays Of The! How Substances are Measured in Water - Food coloring in cups of water help students visualize and calculate extremely small concentrations of a material in water. This gateway to number james madison ground water information and data is an excellent starting point for learning about groundwater. Includes links to maps, real-time data, ground water basics, publications, and selected topics.
A very simple explanation of ground water and pananalig sa diyos aquifers. Diagrams are included. A short booklet that describes how groundwater occurs and how its quality is assessed. James! Contains a good glossary. Five groundwater-related lesson plans for for essays grades 6-8, complete with forms, diagrams, and supporting information. Although these were designed to be taught by an instructor and a water professional working together, a thoughtful educator could easily handle the lessons on their own. Learn about the essay 10 federalist james ground-water resources of regional areas that collectively cover the U.S. and its territories. Text and maps are used to describe the climate, physiography, geology, land use, major aquifers, and ground-water withdrawals for each region.
An aquifer is an underground layer of permeable rock, sediment, or soil that yields water. This site describes different kinds of aquifers and question where they are located. Ground water provides about 40 percent of the Nation's public water supply. Written for the general public, this publication contains numerous diagrams and maps. Written for the general public, this online publication includes a chapter on the hydrologic cycle and has many excellent diagrams that illustrate the interactions of groundwater and 10 federalist madison maintained surface water. Discusses issues related to water supply, water quality, and degradation of aquatic environments. Written for the general public, this heavily illustrated 36-page booklet describes groundwater issues that might impact students who get their water from wells, such as water-level declines and contamination. The best starting point for information about current and past floods. Includes links to character essay alerts, maps, photographs, and videos. A 13-page on-line publication that describes the geographic and climatic factors that influence the essay number james madison maintained occurrence and montaigne power of the impacts of large floods in the United States.
During the 20th century, floods were the number-one natural disaster in the United States in terms of the number of lives lost and property damage. This 4-page fact sheet briefly describes the essay number madison maintained different types of floods and lists the 32 most significant floods during the paper 20th century. The term 100-year flood is part of the national lexicon, but is often a source of confusion. Download and/or print this free poster that attempts to explain the 10 federalist james maintained concept, probabilistic nature, and question inherent uncertainties of the 100-year flood to the layman. Print full-size at 44 x 38 or on 11 x 17 paper.
Students use macaroni or beans to calculate the statistics of essay 10 federalist james maintained, floor recurrence (see back side of boxing essay, poster). Frequently Asked Questions about floods and droughts. Page Last Modified: Wednesday, 14-Jun-2017 12:12:18 EDT.
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The points of james madison in writing the federalist 10
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The points of james madison in writing the federalist 10
Christmas Holiday Essays and Research Papers. The Christmas Holiday in our home. May, 29th, 2012 If someone was to simply ask what their favorite holiday of james, . the year is, they would expect Christmas to be the answer. For most of the 120 eighty character lines people who have the pleasure of being able to essay number james madison maintained, celebrate this holiday , they would usually agree. In my family, this would certainly be the automatic response.
The holiday Christmas , means a lot of memorable family time and a breath from our chaotic lives. My two oldest sisters are able to return home from. Christmas , Christmas carol , Christmas Eve 1087 Words | 3 Pages. Mark Sanchez Principles of 120 eighty lines essay, Microeconomics Black Friday Black Friday, the number 10 federalist james madison day after thanksgiving, is the 120 eighty biggest shopping day of the essay year by far. It is . the beginning of the traditional Christmas shopping season. The term dates back to as far as 1966. Thought to of originated on the east coast by the year 2000 it was a term known throughout the United States.
Black Friday is the most profitable day for many companies in the United States. Merchants and the media have used it instead to refer to. Black Friday , Christmas and holiday season , Economics 846 Words | 3 Pages. very own amusement park complete with a Ferris wheel, rollercoaster and pananalig, a host of essay 10 federalist maintained, thrill rides. Every year on Children's Day, a national . Montaigne Essays On The Power Of The! holiday in Japan, they open the 10 federalist maintained doors to the public free of charge. Additionally, every Christmas season, the whole park is decorated appropriate to the holiday season and opened in montaigne on the power of the the evening hours so everyone can enjoy the holiday lights. During these two times of the year, the park actually lives up to its potential.
The rest of the year, the park and zoo are dismally. Christmas and madison maintained, holiday season , Edward Albee , Edward Albee's At Home at the Zoo 1475 Words | 4 Pages. crowed and opened the boxing essay introduction cellophane box that contained the phones. Essay Number 10 Federalist James Maintained! The sheriffs did a great job and stopped it right away. They escorted the gentlemen who . opened the box out of the montaigne essays power of the imagination store. We rang out with our items totaling $433.26, which were all Christmas presents for our children a total of 10 federalist, 19 presents which would make each present an average cost of $22.00, this made for boxing essay introduction success. In order for us to get great success came with much preparation.
I would be beneficial for essay 10 federalist madison maintained anyone that is going. Black Friday , Christmas and essay, holiday season , Consumer debt 3205 Words | 7 Pages. Away and essay number 10 federalist madison maintained, Other Related Text Essay. Boxing Essay Introduction! (Yr 11 Standard) terrible. Gow emphasises the strong influence that the 10 federalist james setting can have by placing the characters in a number of typical Australian holiday . places, and dessay natalie, having the play set during the holiday season. The beach, Caravan Park and the luxury hotel on the gold coast depict the importance of the Australian values and idea of essay james madison maintained, spending time with family during the pananalig sa diyos essay hot Christmas season at 10 federalist madison popular Australian destinations. As a result of the play being set in for essays the 1960s Gow uses comments and jokes of 10 federalist maintained, that time. Australia , Christmas and illness, holiday season , Culture of Australia 1083 Words | 3 Pages. these situations, shopping on madison Black Friday. For half a century Black Friday has become an unofficial retail holiday in intro the United States.
It is . a day that offers incredible discounts and killer deals, and most notoriously, it brings a frenzy of number 10 federalist james maintained, crazed shoppers to local retailers looking to save on purchases. Marketing strategies, paired with consumers’ need to locate the best deals on Christmas gifts has led to Black Friday being celebrated as a consumption ritual comparable in importance to Thanksgiving. Black Friday , Christmas and holiday season , Consumer 1717 Words | 6 Pages. goals. The vital investments the montaigne of the company has been making are towards web services, online security known as cloud services.
The reported loss affected the . stock price with a decline for the month of August (Ray, 1). With the preparation done for the holiday seasons Amazon hired nearly 70,000 workers to assist during the number shopping season. Montaigne! Amazon introduced a new program called “Amazing Selling Machine” in order to educate and number 10 federalist james madison, teach upcoming entrepreneurs about question success in the e-commerce market. 40 percent. Amazon Kindle , Amazon.com , Christmas and holiday season 1008 Words | 5 Pages. icon. Right in time for essay james madison maintained the holiday season – and with just two weeks of planning - Ogilvy PR sent Maggie shopping. Accompanied by Hollywood . hunks, Chace Crawford of the popular television show Gossip Girls and Cameron Mathison from Dancing with the Stars, Miss Maggie Moo hit the stores in New York. Following their shopping spree, Maggie and her dates donated thousands of dollars worth of books, toys and games to the Marine Toys for Tots Foundation. To spread more holiday cheer, they visited the Elizabeth. Brand , Chace Crawford , Christmas and holiday season 451 Words | 3 Pages.
Descriptive writing on a busy Airport. There's always that early morning rush and panic when you think you’re all set to go on essay introduction holiday . You check you have packed everything and that . the young children are settled and securely strapped in to number 10 federalist madison maintained, their seats. As you drive away from the house your mind is intro going over a list of belongings you have packed when you realize you've forgotten something. Luckily you’re only a few minutes down the road so your dad turns round and drives back. Of course there is always one person who has forgotten to.
Christmas and essay number 10 federalist james madison, holiday season , Family , Linkin Park 960 Words | 3 Pages. displaying of lines, Christmas trees, and exchanging of number 10 federalist maintained, gifts are traditions normally associated with the festive celebration. Although many . traditions seen today makes modern Christmas intriguing to Christians and Non-Christians alike, it is sa diyos essay far from the essay 10 federalist james madison maintained European Pagan festivals it was derived from. In an effort to show possible elements that came to encompass this Christian holiday , one can look at the representation of the intro modifications each region has included to their Christmas celebration. This. Ancient Rome , Christian denomination , Christianity 1719 Words | 6 Pages. CS Wholesale Grocers: Self-Managed Teams. one of the number 10 federalist james madison maintained busiest season ever for the company. Pananalig Essay! CS Wholesale Grocers grew into a multimillion dollar business by securing military bases and large . supermarket accounts, such as AP supermarkets, which is now CS' largest customer. With the busy Holiday season ahead and increasing demand from number james, AP, Cohen is concerned about his company's ability to service the character lines customers.
In order to number james madison, deliver, the company had continued to essay, expand its workforce. Eventually, the rapid growth was detrimental to cost and. Christmas and holiday season , Knitting , Leonard Cohen 1743 Words | 5 Pages. Unit 1 Assignment :Building Customer Sales and Loyalty. merchandise and saving available in madison store, plus tens of thousands of online exclusives. Pananalig Sa Diyos! When a customer visit Kohl’s.com they will find brand new offers . Essay James Madison! throughout the holiday season, and convenient new navigation features showcasing, What’s New, Best Sellers, and Customers' Top Rated, this help customers plan and purchase holiday gifts easily (Kohl's Factbook, 2011). 120 Eighty Essay! At Kohls.com, customers will enjoy Kohl's seasonal promotions found in store, including the option to essay number 10 federalist james madison maintained, redeem Kohl's Cash online. 2010s , Brand , Christmas and boxing essay, holiday season 793 Words | 4 Pages. Consumer Behavior on essay james madison maintained Black Friday.
while getting their holiday shopping done. Research was done online, and also through personal experiences. By understanding what retailers and survey, . consumers hope to accomplish on number james madison this day can have a positive impact on everyone. Consumers are able to essay, get what they want with the least amount of turmoil, and madison maintained, retailers are able to turn a profit. This research can be most helpful to question paper, merchants, as it will help them to understand what a consumer wants, and what they expect the unofficial holiday to be like. A complication. Christmas and holiday season , Consumer , Consumer protection 2433 Words | 6 Pages.
The Lottery Comparison of Tradition. a tradition we, as Americans, like to call Black Friday. Black Friday is the day following Thanksgiving Day in the United States, often regarded as the . beginning of the Christmas shopping season. To get people in the spirit, most major retailers open before the sun comes up and offers promotional sales to kick off the holiday shopping season. Americans consider “getting in essay number the spirit,” by waking at intro the crack of dawn to pry items out of other people’s hands while at the same time getting pushed. Black Friday , Christmas and holiday season , Human 1086 Words | 3 Pages. Three Simple Techniques to Eliminate Wordiness. __) 11. The winning proposal blended ideas from teams around the world. 10 Federalist James! The teams were from Austria, Canada, and Greenland. Introduction! (Strategy __) 12.
The . message from the HR director clearly stated that no employee could take a vacation during the holiday season. (Strategy __) 13. Although there are two people conducting interviews, only one will make the final decision. (Strategy __) 14. Green-tech start-ups often require vast sums of capital. In addition, green-tech start-ups often need the. Christmas and holiday season , Existential quantification , Private equity 919 Words | 5 Pages.
Toys R Us: from Yesterday to Tomorrow. online toys sales, compared to $650 million in essay number 10 federalist online sales in 1999 . In 1998 Etoys.com was the number one online toy merchant, stunning industry . watchers-and complacent offline retailers-by selling $23 million in toys and natalie illness, related products during the holiday season. In 1999 Etoys.com topped the market again with $151 million in sales. Analysts attributed Etoys.com win to the company's superior web store user-interface that enabled shoppers find items easily and quickly. Exhibit 1 shows the selected. Amazon.com , Christmas and holiday season , Electronic commerce 2490 Words | 7 Pages. if he could complete the project by Christmas , which was only essay number 6 months away. Although the plan had work scheduled from May 2003 to June 2005, . Chris needed to determine if it was feasible to reduce the 120 eighty schedule by 10 federalist james maintained 15 months in order to meet his CEO’s needs.
Statement of the Problem: The purpose of this study is to sa diyos, evaluate the likelihood that AD High Tech will be able to implement an online store, comparable to that of its competitors, in time for the 2003 holiday shopping season. Key Problems: Competitors. Christmas and holiday season , Construction , Critical path method 1661 Words | 6 Pages. Five Characteristics of Us Market. holding quite a few credit cards.
The third is to update Americans on consumer goods faster, a lot of daily use no more than a year, not because they are . often old and out of buying a new, but because of new and hate the james madison maintained old fresh face fashion, holidays or discounted goods would give rise to the wishes of their purchase. Montaigne On The Power! Finally, because the United States has high labor costs, with wages higher than 5 U.S. dollars per hour, and some industries and regions is higher than 10 U.S. dollars per hour. Brand , Christmas and holiday season , Goods 1643 Words | 4 Pages. Holidays: Christmas Music and People. 103-008 2 December 2012 What Has Happened to the Holidays ? Pastor Jeff Kaputsa from Wilmington’s very own Life Point Church presented his . sermon in the following way: “Many people in today’s society can fill in the following phrase: “It’s the most __________ time of the year.” When they hear this phrase, many minds think directly to the ever popular Christmas song “It’s the Most Wonderful Time of the Year”. Is it really though? Is Christmas the “Most Wonderful Time” for essay number 10 federalist james maintained every family. ” Many. All Saints , Black Friday , Christmas 2001 Words | 5 Pages. FedEx Holiday Customer Service Dilemma. ?Running head: FedEx Customer Service: A Management Dilemma The FedEx Customer Service Holiday Dilemma Southern New . Hampshire University QSO 500 Problem Background Federal Express, also known as FedEx, is a delivery service business headquartered in Memphis, Tennessee. The company offers delivery services in all 50 states and across several U.S territories.
FedEx offers services internationally, although this research will be focused on U.S. operations. FedEx’s mission. Christmas , Christmas and holiday season , Customer 1749 Words | 13 Pages. Holiday 1) a time of rest from work, school etc [= vacation American English] 2) a period of time when you travel to another place for . pleasure [= vacation American English] 3) a day fixed by for essays law on which people do not have to go to work or school. E.g.The 4th of July is essay number james maintained a national holiday in the US. Character Essay! 4) the holiday season, the holidays a) American English-the period between Thanksgiving and New Year b) British English-the period in number james madison the summer when most people take a holiday . Bible , Christianity , Christmas 857 Words | 3 Pages. The Holidays The meaning of holidays is 120 eighty essay essentially a time we embark moments and share time with love one’s. In the United . Essay James Madison Maintained! Sates, holidays are a very superior time that many of us embrace.
Many can think back on holidays that they’ve encountered and for essays, recollect favorable moments. For many, it is the time of the year when people seem to grasp inside of one another and distinguish the best of 10 federalist madison, things. Clearly, to some amount the “ holiday season” gives people a sense of pleasure. All Saints , All Souls' Day , Christmas 659 Words | 4 Pages. Andrea Perez October 22, 2012 English 115 Mahta Rosenfeld The War on question Christmas In the United States, strange things are happening during . the holiday season. A jolly “Merry Christmas ” is met with offense, nativity scenes illicit anger, and people are fighting over tradition! People have named this “The War on number madison Christmas ”, which is a tad dramatic, but there is 120 eighty essay a ridiculous amount of unnecessary conflict surrounding the holiday season. These conflicts primarily began to arise in the 1950s, due to. Christianity , Christmas , Christmas and holiday season 1189 Words | 4 Pages. ?Brooke Boyd English/Comp Mrs. Goslin 31 March 2014 Childhood Christmas to Adulthood Christmas Christmas . as a child for me was very fun.
I got many presents from Santa as well as many from relatives. Christmas was probably my favorite holiday of the year, to me it meant that if I was good enough Santa would bring me presents. Most of the time I was very good and never got into trouble. Essay Madison Maintained! In my family when you go from childhood to adulthood it becomes a big deal. For starters you open presents. Adult , Adulthood , Basement 992 Words | 3 Pages. Russian Holidays Our holiday traditions play an integral part in defining who we are as people, in boxing introduction that, we all enjoy . celebrating holidays , whether it??s Christmas , the New Year, or Easter. Essay 10 Federalist James Madison Maintained! Russians feel the same way, although their holidays and traditions differ a little from American ones.
In chronological order, the dessay first holiday is celebrated on January 1st and 2nd and essay number 10 federalist madison, just happens to be the most popular and most notable holiday - The New Year. As in the United States, Russians celebrate. Christmas , Moscow , Orthodox Church 1014 Words | 3 Pages. Introduction Thesis (Purpose Statement): The purpose of this paper is to define what Christmas is, explain how it is celebrated in intro for essays some parts . of Mexico, and essay number 10 federalist james maintained, describe some typical Christmas foods associated with it. Body Paragraph 1 Topic Sentence: Studying the essay definition of the word Christmas can help us understand the background behind this holiday . Supporting Sentences Christmas , coming from Old English Cristes maesse or Christ's mass, is a celebration of the nativity of Jesus Christ. 1912 , 1918 , 1927 455 Words | 3 Pages. Retail Visual Merchandising Execution. Merchandising. Another reason for me to visit their store is because Diesel is one of essay number 10 federalist madison, my favourite retailers in the local. Theme The theme is about . Christmas , which falls during the winter holidays . As shown in the photos in for essays the appendix, the window display features ornaments, string lights, and a big star.
These are props that represent Christmas . There is another theme, which is urban life. This is a merchandise theme because the clothes are the essay 10 federalist james madison type of clothes worn in the city. The background. Christmas , Christmas and intro for essays, holiday season , Display window 907 Words | 3 Pages. CHRISTMAS HOLIDAY Christmas is an essay number james maintained, annual commemoration of the birth of Jesus Christ celebrated . generally on December 25th around the world. Every year more than 400 million people celebrate Xmas around the world — that makes Xmas one of the world’s biggest religious and commercial festivities. The celebration on the 25th of December starts with Christmas Eve, the boxing essay evening of December 24. Popular customs include exchanging gifts, decorating Christmas trees, attending church.
Christmas , Christmas Eve , Christmas tree 442 Words | 2 Pages. ?My Christmas Today we are surrounded by many people from distinct cultures and essay number 10 federalist james maintained, backgrounds. Aside from what the years have changed in . society, most cultures still celebrate their heritage culture. Essays On The Power Of The! I, for essay number james madison maintained one of many, fall into sa diyos essay that category. Number James Maintained! Being Hispanic we are very familiar with having big families, meaning that during the holidays there is something always going on. Therefore Christmas time is my personal favorite time of the year. We celebrate it with all the family gathering, food, Posada. 2003 singles , Alcazar , Biblical Magi 1049 Words | 3 Pages. ?4 minuten spreken over survey question research, “Is christmas getting to commercialized?” Christmas is the fun party par excellence. In the cold and . dark winter months it is the ideal time when family and friends are together.
Christmas is an annual commemoration of the birth of Jesus and a widely observed holiday , celebrated generally on December 25, by billions of people around the world. But it’s increasingly likely that it will become too commercialized. Or is it already commercialized? Let’s start with the number james madison defenition. Christmas , Commerce , Jesus 930 Words | 3 Pages. A holiday is a day designated as having special significance for which individuals, a government, or a religious group have deemed that . Pananalig Sa Diyos Essay! observation is essay 10 federalist james maintained warranted. It is generally an official (more common) or unofficial observance of religious, national, or cultural significance, often accompanied by sa diyos essay celebrations or festivities. Contents [hide] 1 Etymology 2 Regional meaning 2.1 Australia, Canada, UK 2.2 U.S.A. 3 Types of holiday (observance) 3.1 Religious holidays 3.2 Northern Hemisphere winter. Australia Day , Calendar of saints , Christmas 980 Words | 4 Pages. The True Meaning of Christmas Has Survived Its Commercial Exploitation.
The True Meaning of Christmas Has Survived its Commercial Exploitation. The Christmas holiday throughout the . Essay Madison Maintained! 20th Century and presently until today, has been an integral part of the essays on the power of the imagination U.S. economy. Commercial exploitation of Christmas has been systematic and thorough (Barnett, 84). This means that corporations and retailers spend millions of dollars each year to essay 10 federalist james maintained, promote their products during the holiday season in montaigne of the imagination a variety of different ways. For example, Christmas commercials for various department. Christkind , Christmas , Christmas and holiday season 1534 Words | 5 Pages. the child straight or make the parent take drastic measures in the future. This is the perfect summary as to the event that occurred in number maintained a New York Macy’s . Department Store when I was four years old.
The Christmas holiday season was very hectic. My mother wanted to question research paper, finish her holiday shopping, but unfortunately, none of madison maintained, my babysitters were available and my father was at work, so Mom had no other course of action except to take me along with her. At the entrance to Macy’s, Mom told me loud and. Christmas , Christmas and holiday season , English-language films 810 Words | 3 Pages. Religious Holidays Paper There are various religious holidays that are celebrated worldwide by the many differing religions. . Each holiday celebrates a certain prophet, event, or date that is important to their specific belief. Dessay Natalie! Two such religious holidays are the Muslim Eid al-Fitr and the Christian Christmas . Eid-al Fitr is an important Muslim holiday that signifies the number 10 federalist maintained end of the month of Ramadan. It is also called The Feast of Breaking Fast, The Sugar Feast and The Sweet Festival. Pananalig Essay! The month.
Christianity , Christmas , Christmas tree 892 Words | 3 Pages. The Truth about james madison maintained Holidays As December approaches the air all around becomes filled with the smell of essay, Christmas . Without . Essay James Madison Maintained! thinking, people get out their trees, put up their decorations, and start buying their gifts. To do all these things is normal; almost a force of habit. Boxing Introduction! These habits are customs that people look forward to and treasure. For some, though, holidays have deeper meanings. They hold a deeper meaning, and are sacred and essay maintained, pure, in intro a way. To them, they have deep religious roots that span. Christmas , Christmas and holiday season , Christmas carol 1646 Words | 4 Pages. how important that day, and the holiday shopping season in general, is to essay number james madison maintained, retailers. Power Of The Imagination! Holiday sales are estimated to make up as . much as 40 percent of retailers’ annual revenues and number maintained, 50 percent of their annual profits. It should be no surprise then that retailers will pull out every trick in the book to get shoppers out and buying during the question paper holiday season.
Retailers often must walk a fine line, however, in how they present their offers. Retailers often order their holiday inventories in 10 federalist maintained the spring, and. Black Friday , Christmas , Christmas and holiday season 1035 Words | 3 Pages. ?Savage 1 Kelly Savage Feb. 12, 2015 English A M/W Christmas and Easter Christmas and Easter are both really well known . holidays around the world. Survey Paper! They are enjoyed by many every year. Both are Christian Holidays but also secular, so celebrated along with those with no religious affiliation. Christmas celebrates the essay number james madison birth of Jesus Christ and question research paper, is set on a fixed date every year, December 25th. Easter celebrates Jesus’ Resurrection and its date fluctuates because it lands on the first Sunday after. Christianity , Christmas , Christmas Eve 955 Words | 3 Pages. Literature “The Origins of Christmas ” Christmas is a holiday celebrated by members of the religion of . Christianity.
The holiday acknowledges the birth of the Christian prophet Jesus Christ. It is celebrated on December 25th by 10 federalist james maintained an estimated two billion members of the Christian religion. Sa Diyos Essay! The holiday is also celebrated by many non-Christians, who highlight the number 10 federalist secular aspects of the holiday . Character Essay! Many of the 10 federalist james madison maintained symbols, traditions, and rituals widely attributed to Christmas have been discovered by scholars. Christianity , Christmas , Father Christmas 804 Words | 3 Pages. Sociologial Analysis of Christmas. TITLE- SOCIOLOGIAL ANALYSIS OF CHRISTMAS In this paper I will discuss Social Theories such as Structural Functionalism, Conflict theory; . with emphasis on Karl Marx’s early work and 120 eighty lines essay, how it relates to the conflict theory and Symbolic interaction. I intend to define and discuss relevant sociological terms of these theories and how these theories could apply to number 10 federalist madison, my favorite holiday which is Christmas . Structural Functionalism as defined by Functionolists such as Auguste Comte and Herbert Spencer. Christmas , Conflict theory , Karl Marx 844 Words | 3 Pages.
Ngwudike English 104 03-05-2013 Commercializing Christmas The season of love and giving hit the shopping malls on Black Friday; the . Research! stores fill with the latest gifts and the bargain shoppers begin the hunt for essay number 10 federalist the perfect Christmas gift. Americans across the country mark this season, senselessly “buying” love for one another, while simultaneously degrading the very spirit of the holiday season: love. Thus, as the bells toll for the Christmas cheer, the deepening greed of our culture begins. Ayn Rand , Black Friday , Capitalism 516 Words | 2 Pages. Christmas Vs Eid In the building with the blue windows and the diamond shaped roof tops, children dressed in red and green with rosy . cheeks, were gaily singing: “Jingle Bells, Jingle Bells, Jingle all the way! Oh what fun it is to ride in natalie illness a one more hoppin’ slay! Hey! . Merry Christmas and 10 federalist madison, a Happy New Year!” In the essay building across the street, with the pink windows and james maintained, the mosque behind it, families were visiting each other in their newly bought clothes and question research paper, shining shoes, wishing each. Christmas , Eid al-Adha , Eid ul-Fitr 1100 Words | 3 Pages.
12/16/12 206 What Does the Holiday Season Mean to Me? Holiday season has begun! Christmas will arrive and New . Years later on. 10 Federalist Maintained! People get exited just hearing these holidays . If you ask some people what does this mean to on the of the, you, they would have no idea. Some people would have an essay 10 federalist maintained, answer. They might say that they would donate, visit families, or just help people get a smile on their face. The holiday season helps people get together or it just mends past mistakes. The holiday season also means a lot to. Christmas and holiday season , Debut albums , Gift 575 Words | 2 Pages. Devin Greenlaw 3/2/13 2nd Period Love the Holiday (Billie Holiday Report) Born Eleanora Fagan on April 7, 1915 in . Philadelphia, PA; the amazing jazz vocalist never imagined she was going to become one of the biggest jazz musicians of all time.
Rose Primarily in Baltimore, MD with her mother, Sady Fagan, who gave birth to Billie at the age of nineteen. Billie was raised primarily with her mother. Her father, believed to be Clarence Holiday who was a successful jazz musician himself, wasn’t. Benny Goodman , Billie Holiday , Jazz 900 Words | 3 Pages. Many holidays are linked to faiths and religions. Dessay Illness! There are many holidays such as Tet holiday , Easter . Number Madison! holiday , Labor Day…that being celebrate around the world. Among all those holiday , I think the most meaningful holiday is Christmas holiday . Christmas is an survey question, annual commemoration of the birth of essay james madison, Jesus Christ and boxing essay, it’s celebrated as a major festival and 10 federalist james madison maintained, public holiday in countries around the world, including many whose populations are mostly non- Christian. People celebrate Christmas Day in illness many. Biblical Magi , Christmas , Christmas Eve 835 Words | 3 Pages. Stuck Inside This Fall? Fun Things to Do!
similar. Making clay ornaments for james madison maintained Christmas gifts, painting, then baking them is always a lot of fun. You can make little clay beads to string . into necklaces and bracelets, picture frames for the family photo. the possibilities are endless and easily achievable after a fun trip to for essays, Hobby Lobby or Michael's craft stores. Are there classes in my area that we can go to? This is the time of year when people are thinking of making hand-made gifts for number the holiday season.
There are classes galore. Child , Christmas and holiday season , Cooking 429 Words | 2 Pages. Christmas holiday ?Christian festival celebrating the birth of Jesus. On The Power Imagination! The English term Christmas (“mass on . Christ’s day”) is of fairly recent origin. The earlier term Yule may have derived from the Germanic jol or the Anglo-Saxon geol, which referred to the feast of the winter solstice. The corresponding terms in other languages—Navidad in Spanish, Natale in Italian, Noel in French—all probably denote nativity. James Maintained! The German word Weihnachten denotes “hallowed night.” Since the paper early 20th century. Advent , Calendar of saints , Christianity 1698 Words | 5 Pages. HOLIDAYS AND CUSTOMS American Holidays People in every culture celebrate holidays . Although the word . Number James Madison Maintained! holiday literally means holy day, most American holidays are not religious, but commemorative in nature and origin. Because the 120 eighty character lines nation is blessed with rich ethnic heritage it is possible to trace some of the American holidays to diverse cultural sources and essay 10 federalist madison, traditions, but all holidays have taken on a distinctively American flavor. Boxing! In the United States, the word holiday is synonymous with.
Christmas , Federal holidays in the United States , Holidays in the United States 1413 Words | 5 Pages. English: Holidays * I love the holidays . The nippy weather, smells of all that great food and the general merriment in the . atmosphere as everyone celebrates in his or her own way. If you can look past the consumerism that’s saturated the season, then the holidays can really be a great time. Sydney In Sydney, the james largest, oldest, and essay, most beautiful of Australia's cities, the essay 10 federalist monumental doesn't figure prominently. There are no great pyramids, no historic ruins, no monuments or buildings that warrant. Australia Day , Culture , Egyptian pyramids 829 Words | 3 Pages. Halloween vs. Christmas the best holidays These are both one of the most important holidays to the United . States maybe even to the world. They bring people joy, happiness, and it mostly brings people together to celebrate.
These two holidays are very important in different ways. They both bring a different concept. Essay! But what are the essay 10 federalist madison maintained differences and similarities of this holiday , keep reading this and maybe I’ll help you find out a little about these two wonderful holidays . Pananalig Essay! For Halloween Halloween is. All Saints , All Souls' Day , Christianity 1017 Words | 3 Pages. | Executive Summary: AD has decided that, to remain competitive, they must create an online shopping site that allows their customers to order their . products over the internet. Their decision to have the site up and running in time for the Christmas shopping season has only given them 150 days, including the weekends, to achieve the task, which has been calculated out at essay 10 federalist maintained 555 days based on pananalig the tasks involved. Due to number 10 federalist james maintained, the severe price restrictions that will be realized if they attempt to complete.
Christmas and boxing, holiday season , Cost , Costs 1903 Words | 8 Pages. Name 00/00/00 Lang. Arts Holiday Research Project Christmas in Spain Many countries celebrate their . holidays in many different ways compared to us. What they do may be weird or out essay number madison, of the normal to us. But, what they do are their traditions, and what we do are our traditions. So, it’s not weird or out of the normal it’s just different. That’s what I thought the first time I read about power of the this country.
My partner Andrea and I chose the holiday Christmas and the country Spain. In. Biblical Magi , Christmas , Christmas Eve 886 Words | 3 Pages. American holidays are strikingly different in origin and show surprising similarities in the manner of their celebration. No matter what the . 10 Federalist James Maintained! holiday's origin is, they all seem to be the same thing. A holiday has simply become, for most Americans, a day off from work, though some (for example, Thanksgiving and Christmas ) retain some individuality. The major holidays in the USA are: New Year's Day, January, 1st: People stay awake until after midnight on December 31st to watch the essay introduction Old Year out. Christmas , Halloween , Holiday 999 Words | 3 Pages.
loyalty where each channel is optimized to meet the essay 10 federalist maintained customers’ needs and boxing essay, exceed their expectations. Multi-channel retailers, like all retail organizations, . Essay James Madison! have two primary goals: sales and loyalty. These goals assume critical importance during the holiday season when retailers have the opportunity to build their brands, draw in new customers and for essays, strengthen their share of wallet with existing customers. For the multi-channel retailer, an additional challenge lies in making sure that all channels work. Christmas and holiday season , Customer satisfaction , Department store 6185 Words | 20 Pages. Greediness vs.
Gratefulness Christmas is one of the most incredible times of the year; snow on number james maintained the ground, a warm fire in essays the living room, . and twinkly lights around every turn. When I was young, I loved Christmas . 10 Federalist! Toys and treats had me in a daze for essay almost a week straight. I was a typical kid, and my focus during any holiday was, “What do I get? Who brought me presents?”. I never realized the true meaning of essay james madison maintained, why we have holidays , other than presents, until I was seventeen years old.
As I’ve. Barbie , Black Friday , Christmas 979 Words | 3 Pages. As every year draws to an end, so the survey question research paper atmosphere of Christmas starts to number maintained, fill the air. Question Research! The 25th of December is 10 federalist madison maintained a day that has caught the heart . of most Christians and filled it with gratitude- for it is said - that it is the day that Jesus Christ was born. It is marked on calendars as a public holiday , but it is natalie written on hearts as a celebration of the birth of our savior. Essay Number James Maintained! It is the time when families and friends gather together, bearing gifts for one another and where feelings of boxing essay, love are evident. Christ , Christianity , Christmas 1504 Words | 4 Pages. Topic: Planning Your Holiday General Purpose: To inform Specific Purposes: At the end of my speech, the audience will be able to plan . their holidays efficiently. Central Idea: Planning ahead before going on essay 10 federalist james madison a holiday include setting a budget, reading up about the getaway destination and drawing up an itinerary, and packing light and right. I. Introduction A. Attention material: Vacation is fun.
Who doesn’t love to go on survey question a vacation? It is a perfect way to spend time with your loved. Holiday , Management , Travel 1160 Words | 4 Pages. would help the essay company gain a new competitive edge. That’s why, it was decided that it would be the intro company’s top priority. In this report, we address a . problem the company is facing which is meeting the essay number 10 federalist james madison deadline for launching an online store before Christmas . For Essays! The project will cost around 1 million USD and essay 10 federalist madison maintained, will be finished by the 27th of November according to the initial plan; however, as outlined later, finishing by this deadline is too risky. We are presenting two alternatives for carrying out the. Christmas and holiday season , Construction , Critical path method 4238 Words | 13 Pages. retailers are struggling mightily to sell anything at dessay illness close to full price. Essay Number Madison Maintained! Viewing the discount-heavy model as a race to the bottom — and a confusing, . Question! inefficient one at that — some retailers are going cold turkey on major markdowns, even during the busy holiday shopping season. The most obvious proponent of this approach is JCPenney, which promised a “no more fake prices” makeover earlier this year, featuring the elimination of number maintained, coupons, nonstop sales, and inflated original prices in one fell swoop.
The. Christmas and holiday season , Department store , Magnificent Mile 634 Words | 2 Pages. onto the natalie sidewalks making crunchy sounds as you step among them. Fall presents a time of year when we put away our sandals and bathing suits and take out our . scarves, boots and sneakers. The weather becomes breezier and the nights come faster. 10 Federalist Madison Maintained! The holiday season is around the corner allowing us time away from school to be with our families to celebrate. In my opinion, nothing can go wrong in the fall. Power! The season is too cheery and number 10 federalist james madison maintained, joyful for any negativity to go on. Question! As I stepped off of campus and walked.
Air pollution , Christmas and essay, holiday season , Earth 762 Words | 2 Pages. An essay discussing the christian holidays Christmas and holy sunday. Compare/contrast the two and how they effect the religion and essay, modern american society. Christianity as a whole has many different holidays and days of obligation, from essay number 10 federalist madison, The Sabbath, which occurs every seven days, to . holidays like Christmas and Easter which are observed only intro once a year. Christmas is probably the most note able of all these.
Not only is it observed by the Christians but it has become so ingrained in modern American society it is expected by all to receive a Christmas break in late December. Employers often give a Christmas bonus around the time to all of their employees. Christianity , Christmas , Christmas tree 926 Words | 3 Pages.
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Laura Kipnis’s Endless Trial by Title IX. September 20, 2017. Students and educators now live in a world where expressing an opinion about sexual harassment can be sincerely perceived as sexual harassment. In 2015, Laura Kipnis, a film-studies professor at Northwestern University, published a polemic in The Chronicle of Higher Education titled “ Sexual Paranoia Strikes Academe .” Kipnis argued that students’ sense of vulnerability on campus was expanding to an unwarranted degree, partly owing to new enforcement policies around Title IX, which prohibits sex discrimination at educational institutions that receive federal funds. The new Title IX policies on sexual misconduct which were then sweeping campuses perpetuated “myths and fantasies about power,” Kipnis wrote, which enlarged the invasive power of institutions while undermining the number james madison, goal of intro for essays educating students in critical thinking and resilience. “If you wanted to produce a pacified, cowering citizenry, this would be the method,” she concluded. Kipnis wrote of a philosophy professor, Peter Ludlow, whom Northwestern disciplined for essay 10 federalist james maintained sexual harassment; Kipnis questioned the logic of the essay, accusations against him. One of Ludlow’s accusers, a graduate student (unnamed in Kipnis’s essay), then joined a fellow graduate student in number 10 federalist james madison, the philosophy department in filing Title IX complaints against Kipnis, under Northwestern’s sexual-misconduct policy. Through her essay and a subsequent tweet about the essay, Kipnis was alleged to have violated the part of the sexual-misconduct policy prohibiting “retaliation”; additionally, she was alleged to have created a “hostile environment” and a “chilling effect” on complaints. Northwestern launched a formal Title IX investigation of Kipnis. Most people under Title IX investigation don’t speak publicly about natalie illness it, even to defend themselves. Essay James Madison? But Kipnis responded by publishing a follow-up essay in the Chronicle , called “ My Title IX Inquisition ,” decrying the investigation as a misuse of Title IX that allowed “intellectual disagreement to be redefined as retaliation.” On the boxing essay introduction, same day, Northwestern cleared Kipnis of essay wrongdoing, finding that “viewpoint expression” is not retaliation, and that a “reasonable person” in the complainant’s position “would not suffer a hostile environment on account of” the essay and the tweet.
Earlier this month, Betsy DeVos, the question paper, Secretary of Education, delivered a policy speech on Title IX that focussed on essay 10 federalist, the need for fair process for boxing both accusers and the accused. She also stated that “schools have been compelled by Washington to enforce ambiguous and incredibly broad definitions of assault and harassment,” stemming from over-compliance with the Department’s 2011 “Dear Colleague” letter, which DeVos has made clear will be replaced by new regulations after a formal rulemaking process. Individuals “have faced investigation and essay number james madison maintained punishment simply for speaking their minds or teaching their classes,” she said. The investigation of Kipnis helped to fuel the debate on research, Title IX and academic freedom. In the meantime, Kipnis told me something that had only just been made public in a court filing.
Her 2015 Title IX investigation, she said, was not her last; she was investigated again, just this past summer. Back in essay number, 2015, the first investigation of Kipnis immediately triggered several other complaints. Montaigne Essays On The Of The? A professor whom Kipnis brought to essay madison her interview as her “support person” also had a Title IX retaliation complaint filed against him, after he spoke to the faculty senate about his concerns that the survey question research, Kipnis investigation threatened academic freedom. Essay James? An additional Title IX complaint at the same time also accused Kipnis of “involvement in and/or approval of” the faculty support person’s statement to essay the faculty senate. (Both of those complaints were eventually dropped.) Drawing on her experience, Kipnis wrote the book “Unwanted Advances,” which was published in April. After Northwestern terminated Ludlow’s employment, he gave Kipnis access to confidential records in essay james maintained, the graduate student’s successful Title IX complaint against him, along with thousands of sa diyos essay texts and essay 10 federalist james madison e-mails between them. Kipnis writes that “the more I learned about his situation, the sa diyos essay, more I saw his case as a lens through which the excesses and hypocrisies of the current campus hysteria came into focus.” Kipnis devotes a chapter of “Unwanted Advances” to her theory that Ludlow was falsely accused. In a letter to the editor in the Daily Northwestern , the 10 federalist madison, Northwestern Philosophy Graduate Student Association objected that Kipnis “unfairly portrayed our colleague,” the paper, graduate student. In May, the essay number james maintained, graduate student sued Kipnis and her publisher, HarperCollins, for defamation. (A HarperCollins representative told me that the dessay, company does not comment on pending litigation.) The suit alleges that the book falsely suggests that the graduate student and james madison maintained Ludlow had a consensual dating relationship, falsely insinuates that her allegation of dessay natalie rape was untrue, and falsely claims that she is a “serial Title IX filer.” It also makes an number 10 federalist maintained, invasion-of-privacy claim, alleging that Kipnis’s book publicly disclosed private facts, including the plaintiff’s prior relationship with a married professor at another school, and details intimate conversations from her relationship with Ludlow. It’s puzzling that the plaintiff is staking part of her lawsuit on the alleged falsehood of the essay introduction, statement that she is a “serial Title IX filer.” Kipnis mentions in essay 10 federalist james madison maintained, the book that the dessay, graduate student was a complainant in six Title IX complaints; in the suit, the plaintiff acknowledges two, one against essay number 10 federalist madison Ludlow and one against Kipnis. Intro? But days before filing the defamation suit, in May, the graduate student joined four Northwestern faculty members and essay number james five other graduate students as a complainant in yet another Title IX complaint against Kipnis, this time based on the publication of “Unwanted Advances.”
Kipnis told me that she was surprised when Northwestern once again launched a formal Title IX investigation of her writing. (A spokesperson from pananalig sa diyos essay Northwestern did not respond to essay 10 federalist james maintained a request for lines comment by press time.) Kipnis said that investigators presented her with a spreadsheet laying out dozens of quotations from essay number 10 federalist james maintained her book, along with at least eighty written questions, such as “What do you mean by this statement?,” “What is the source/are the sources for this information?,” and “How do you respond to the allegation that this detail is not necessary to your argument and that its inclusion is montaigne power of the imagination, evidence of retaliatory intent on your part?” Kipnis chose not to answer any questions, following the standard advice of counsel defending the court case. She did submit a statement saying that “these complaints seem like an essay number 10 federalist james madison, attempt to bend the campus judicial system to punish someone whose work involves questioning the campus judicial system, just as bringing Title IX complaints over my first Chronicle essay attempted to do two years ago.” In other words, the process was the punishment. Possible evidence of retaliatory purpose, she learned, included statements in intro for essays, the book that aggressively staked out essay 10 federalist james madison maintained her refusal to keep quiet, expressed in her trademark hyperbole. Her prior Title IX investigation, she writes, “has made me a little mad and possibly a little dangerous. . . 120 Eighty Character Lines Essay? . 10 Federalist James Maintained? I mean, having been hauled up on complaints once, what do I have to lose? ‘Confidentiality’? ‘Conduct befitting a professor’? Kiss my ass. In other words, thank you to pananalig sa diyos essay my accusers: unwitting collaborators, accidental muses.” Also presented as possible evidence was her Facebook post quoting a book review—“Kipnis doesn’t seem like the sort of enemy you’d want to attract, let alone help create”—on which Kipnis had commented, “I love that.” If Kipnis did engage in retaliation or violate confidentiality, those infractions would be impossible to untangle from her book’s performance of james maintained her protest. “Unwanted Advances” sharply criticizes both the use of Title IX to silence political opponents and the secrecy that can enable abuse and overreach in campus Title IX processes. The latest iteration of Northwestern’s investigation of Kipnis took a month to complete, and again ruled in her favor. The university concluded that she did not retaliate or engage in sexual harassment by pananalig sa diyos discussing mostly public information about pseudonymous students in a book meant to critique the essay number 10 federalist james maintained, Title IX landscape, including false accusations and the use of Title IX to punish those critical of 120 eighty character essay Title IX.
Though she didn’t honor the essay number madison maintained, confidentiality of university investigations, Northwestern recognized that confidentiality is a request rather than a requirement in its sexual-misconduct policy. Northwestern’s decision letter did suggest, however, that the dean of Kipnis’s school might still choose to survey research sanction her for possible violations of the university’s policy on “civility and mutual respect.” The evidence: her statements after the number james maintained, book’s publication, in e-mails, on social media, and in survey research, talks, in which she questioned the veracity and reliability of the graduate student’s account and hoped that “the book will cause a bit of a shit storm.” The university said that these “behaviors could be interpreted as demeaning and/or intimidating.” Kipnis objected that her statements rebutting charges of inaccuracy in her book could not legitimately be construed as “incivility.” The dean ultimately found that Kipnis did not violate the civility policy, and that was the end of the matter. The U.S. Supreme Court has remarked, in Oncale v. Sundowner Offshores Services, in essay number 10 federalist madison, 1998, that sexual-harassment law is not intended to become a “general civility code.” But lack of “civility” can easily serve as a fallback accusation when a Title IX complaint doesn’t pan out. And Title IX can be deployed to make life difficult for a person one despises, for whatever reasons—good or bad.
Two professors I spoke to said that they have experienced this phenomenon firsthand. Nicholas Wolfinger, a professor of family and consumer studies, said that he was on the receiving end of this dynamic at the University of Utah, where he has been at odds with his colleagues for question paper years. He told me it is because he has been openly contemptuous of colleagues who are “dead wood” and do not produce scholarship. Wolfinger was accused last year, under the school’s Title IX policy, of “being aggressive, rude, or dismissive of female faculty members” and “making unwelcome/unwanted sexual jokes or comments to other faculty members in the department” over number 10 federalist james maintained, the previous twelve-year period. Examples included his reference to menstruation as “riding the cotton pony,” exclaiming “Fuck!” at a faculty meeting, and intro recounting stories of essay number 10 federalist james madison maintained proposing to his wife at a strip club.
The university’s investigation found him not responsible for Title IX sexual harassment and gender discrimination, but his dean still decided to impose an administrative reprimand and suspension for “unprofessional behavior,” specifically with reference to his use of profanity and the “constant stream of insults that you direct at others, particularly those berating and intro for essays belittling your colleagues.” (Wolfinger has written about his Title IX process, but his piece did not mention the reprimand and suspension for unprofessional behavior.) It seems that the wish to knock off unlikable and essay ill-behaving colleagues can lead to dessay natalie illegitimate use of the Title IX process to punish them, even if there is no finding of responsibility. Ultimately, Wolfinger made a deal to work part-time without giving up tenure, a result that he says both he and his colleagues were happy with. A professor who previously taught at a small college in California told me a related story. He was an outspoken critic of the school’s president, administration, and board, asking “too many questions” and james madison maintained calling for transparency regarding the school’s management, curricular, and financial problems. Illness? The administration demanded that he resign or face termination for violation of Title IX.
When he didn’t resign, the school launched a Title IX investigation, with no complainant, that accused him of sexually harassing a former student five years earlier—but the former student sent the essay 10 federalist james maintained, school a signed affidavit saying that the charges were baseless. The college decided to montaigne on the of the drop the Title IX charges, but it terminated the professor anyway for not living up to its standard of conduct, citing an alleged instance of public drunkenness (which he denies), his use of profanity (an e-mail in which he used the term “bullshit”), and what the college deemed to be immoral correspondence with a woman who had no connection to the school. (The professor has managed to find a new position at a foreign university.) For many, Title IX has become synonymous with the imperative to address sexual assault among students. But Title IX can also be used to discourage disagreement, deter dissent, deflect scrutiny, or register disapproval of people whom colleagues find loathsome. The problem is not with Title IX itself, much less the 10 federalist madison maintained, generic capacity of essay any rule to be used as a pretext for unrelated ends. Rather, it is the growing tendency to essay number 10 federalist maintained try, in the words of Kipnis’s book, “to bend Title IX into an all-purpose bludgeon.” This warping is made possible by ambiguous and undisciplined understandings—misunderstandings—of sexual harassment and its harms. Kipnis’s rebuke of common slippages and boxing introduction conflations, whereby “gropers become rapists and accusers become Survivors,” anticipated a situation in which expression of her opinions about a sexual-harassment allegation could be sincerely perceived as an number, act of essays on the power sexual harassment. Perhaps, in this environment, the complaint that followed the number james madison, publication of “Unwanted Advances” was inevitable. Kipnis implied as much in “My Title IX Inquisition”: “by writing these sentences,” she was “risking more” complaints.
That risk is now built into the professional life of those of us in for essays, universities who engage on subjects related to gender and sexuality. Like Kipnis, I routinely hear from teachers who say they are refraining from teaching and writing on 10 federalist james maintained, such topics for fear of attracting Title IX complaints, which bring possibilities of termination, demotion, pay cuts, and tens of thousands of dollars in pananalig, legal fees, especially for the swelling ranks of teachers who, unlike Kipnis and me, do not have tenure. Yet debate on these topics is crucial to the pursuit of 10 federalist james maintained sex equality, as much as participants may disagree on what that means. Question Paper? As the Education Department under Secretary DeVos undertakes new rulemaking under Title IX, it will be important to 10 federalist james madison maintained be more explicit about how it may better protect the core educational activity of a campus: the pananalig sa diyos essay, production of knowledge and the expression of ideas. At this moment, Title IX is essay number james, too often conscripted to serve purposes antithetical to the education of 120 eighty character citizens in a democracy, in which disagreement, dissent, or disapproval should lead to argument, not to an infinite loop of institutional investigation. Jeannie Suk Gersen is essay james maintained, a contributing writer for newyorker.com, and a professor at intro Harvard Law School. Ginsburg Slaps Gorsuch in Gerrymandering Case.
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In Georgia, undocumented immigrants, who are banned from the top public universities, have a school of their own.