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Boston University Arts Sciences Writing Program. Oscar Wilde prefaces his novel, The Picture of job retail, Dorian Gray, with a reflection on art, the artist, and the utility of both. After careful scrutiny, he concludes: “All art is quite useless” (Wilde 4). In this one sentence, Wilde encapsulates the complete principles of the Aesthetic Movement popular in Victorian England. That is to say, real art takes no part in molding the social or moral identities of society, nor should it. Art should be beautiful and pleasure its observer, but to imply further-reaching influence would be a mistake. The explosion of aesthetic philosophy in fin-de-siecle English society, as exemplified by word essay Oscar Wilde, was not confined to merely art, however. Job Retail. Rather, the proponents of english, this philosophy extended it to life itself.
Here, aestheticism advocated whatever behavior was likely to resume, maximize the beauty and happiness in one’s life, in the tradition of hedonism. To the aesthete, the usc application essay questions, ideal life mimics art; it is beautiful, but quite useless beyond its beauty, concerned only job retail, with the kant thesis, individual living it. Influences on others, if existent, are trivial at best. Many have read The Picture of Dorian Gray as a novelized sponsor for just this sort of aesthetic lifestyle. However, this story of the rise and fall of job retail, Dorian Gray might instead represent an allegory about morality meant to critique, rather than endorse, the obeying of one’s impulses as thoughtlessly and dutifully as aestheticism dictates.
In the novel, Lord Henry Wotton trumpets the a thesis statemnet, aesthetic philosophy with an elegance and resume bravado that persuade Dorian to boxing introduction, trust in the principles he espouses; the reader is often similarly captivated. It would be a mistake, however, to interpret the novel as a patent recommendation of aestheticism. To the aesthete, there is no distinction between moral and immoral acts, only between those that increase or decrease one’s happiness; yet, Dorian Gray refutes this idea, presenting a strong case for the inherent immorality of purely aesthetic lives. Dorian Gray personifies the aesthetic lifestyle in resume action, pursuing personal gratification with abandon. Yet, while he enjoys these indulgences, his behavior ultimately kills him and others, and he dies unhappier than ever. Rather than an advocate for pure aestheticism, then, Dorian Gray is a cautionary tale in which Wilde illustrates the dangers of the aesthetic philosophy when not practiced with prudence. Aestheticism, argues Wilde, too often aligns itself with immorality, resulting in a precarious philosophy that must be practiced deliberately. A Thesis. Dorian Gray is often read as an job retail explicit proclamation of the worthiness of living life in 2000 essay equals accordance with aesthetic values. This is due in part to the flourishing Aesthetic Movement of Victorian England at the time of the novel’s publication, as well as Oscar Wilde’s association with the movement itself (Becker 660).
The Aesthetic Movement, which coincided with the Industrial Revolution at the end of the nineteenth century, emphasized the artistic aspect of a man’s work in producing a variety of goods, from furniture to machines to literature (Becker 660). Oscar Wilde, however, proposed that the principles of the resume, Aesthetic Movement extend beyond the is enlightenment kant, production of mere commodities. In Joseph Pearce’s biography, The Unmasking of job retail resume, Oscar Wilde , Pearce recalls Wilde’s own perspective on the popular movement. Speaking of aestheticism, Wilde is quoted: It is indeed to become a part of the people’s life . . . I mean a man who works with his hands; and usc application questions not with his hands merely, but with his head and his heart. The evil that machinery is doing is not merely in the consequence of its work but in the fact that it makes men themselves machines also. Whereas, we wish them to be artists, that is to say men. (qtd. in job retail Pearce 144) In his exposition of aestheticism, Wilde applies the philosophy in a more universal sense, stressing the positive influences of aestheticism in one’s life beyond mere craftsmanship.
Just as the machines that mass-produce materials with the intervention of what, human thought are labeled “evil,” Wilde similarly condemns men who act as metaphorical machines, programmed to behave in accordance with society’s ideas of job retail, propriety rather than allowing themselves to word essay, act freely and achieve the greatest amount of happiness. Job Retail Resume. Wilde’s eloquent advocacy of an aesthetic lifestyle is paralleled in his depiction of Lord Henry in usc application essay questions Dorian Gray . Lord Henry lectured to the impressionable Dorian, “We are punished for our refusals. Every impulse that we strive to strangle broods in the mind, and job retail resume poisons us. . . . Resist it, and your soul grows sick with longing for the things it has forbidden itself” (Wilde 9). Wilde, through Lord Henry, laments the word essay, stifling nature of his contemporary Victorian society and job retail resume how the supposed morality it boasts necessitates self-denial and rejection of life’s most beautiful aspects. Lord Henry warns that without an enthusiastic embrace of aestheticism, one will perpetually anguish with the desire of precisely what he must deny himself, all for the sake of propriety. This philosophy espoused by Wilde and Lord Henry often leads, not surprisingly, to the conclusion that Dorian Gray is a declaration of Wilde’s, promoting the adoption of 2000 essay how many, purely aesthetic lives without qualification. This, however, is too shallow of an interpretation. Opponents of a purely aesthetic lifestyle will certainly cite what they consider an inevitability: one’s desires and job retail impulses, though when acted upon result in a more pleasurable life, will at times be undeniably immoral. It is at essay these times that the virtues of the wholly aesthetic life become questionable.
The ruination of job retail, Dorian Gray, the embodiment of unbridled aestheticism, illustrates the immorality of such a lifestyle and gravely demonstrates its consequences. Wilde uses Dorian Gray not as an advertisement for aestheticism, but rather, he uses Dorian’s life to warn against aestheticism’s hostility toward morality when uncontrolled. Wilde himself admits, in a letter to the St. James’s Gazette, that Dorian Gray “is a story with a moral. And the moral is this: All excess, as well as all renunciation, brings its own punishment” (Wilde 248).
Aestheticism does well to condemn the renunciation of desires, but it is an excessive obedience to these desires that is subversively dangerous. Therefore, in the practice of Wilde’s aestheticism, forethought and constraint are necessities, yet too often lacking, and without them, one is doomed to suffer the same fate as Dorian Gray. The character of essay, Dorian Gray and the story of his profound degeneration provide a case study examining the job retail resume, viability of purely aesthetic lives. Usc Application. Dorian lives according to what Lord Henry professes without hesitation, and what Lord Henry inspires Dorian, through persuasive rhetoric, is an attitude indifferent to consequence and job retail altogether amoral. As Wilde writes, Dorian’s newfound position is “never to accept any theory or system that would involve the sacrifice of any mode of passionate experience. Its aim, indeed was to be experience itself, and not the fruits of experience, sweet or bitter as they may be” (Wilde 125). Under Lord Henry’s mentorship, Dorian, once the epitome of wide-eyed youth, behaves with no regard for the ramifications of his actions, diligently pursuing instant gratification without thought of its implications, whether they be “sweet or bitter.” Dorian’s relationship with the actress Sibyl Vane plainly illustrates this marked change in personality. Dorian pursues Sibyl from first sights, intent on acquiring her before he ever attempts to truly know her. Indeed, Dorian’s love for Sibyl is essay questions, overtly superficial, as evidenced by Dorian’s own description of his infatuation with Sibyl: “I loved you because you were marvelous, because you had genius and intellect, because you realized the dreams of job retail, great poets and gave shape and substance to the shadows of art” (Wilde 101).
Dorian is word essay, not attracted to Sibyl’s character of personality, but rather her acting talent and enthralling performances; this is what enchants the aesthetically inclined Dorian. When Sibyl leaves the stage, then, she no longer serves a purpose in Dorian’s aesthetic life, and thus, Dorian abandons her unceremoniously. Dorian does not regret informing Sybil that, “Without your art, you are nothing” (Wilde 101). The tragedy of Sybil’s later suicide, brought about by utter despair at her desertion, is job retail, lost on Dorian, who instead enjoys the dramatic intrigue of the occasion. For Dorian, whose uncontrolled aestheticism rejects the concept of morality, the immorality of his actions goes unrecognized. In fact, Dorian declares excitedly, “It seems to me to be simply like a wonderful ending to a wonderful play. It has all the terrible beauty of a Greek tragedy, a tragedy in which I took a great part, but by is enlightenment which I have not been wounded” (Wilde 114). Here, the adverse consequences of aestheticism surface in Dorian’s life. In his pursuit of his own pleasures, a distinctly narcissistic attitude emerges, and the incompatibility of morality and unconditional aestheticism becomes all the more apparent. The emergence of job retail resume, narcissism in Dorian and its correlation with his newly adopted aesthetic philosophy is kant, integral to Wilde’s novel as it emphasizes the frequent hostility between aestheticism and morality that Wilde cautions against.
Dorian Gray exposes the immorality of self-absorption, as Dorian’s portrait becomes more disfigured with each one of Dorian’s selfish acts. This self-absorption, then, appears to job retail resume, be an inevitable consequence of what, aestheticism. Only a more deliberate practice of aestheticism may harness this egotism and job retail avoid the essay introduction, immorality Dorian embodies. Resume. Interestingly, in his essay “Come See About Me: Enchantment of the Double in The Picture of english comparison essay, Dorian Gray ,” Christopher Craft recognizes a mirroring of the Greek myth of Narcissus in the life of Dorian Gray. According to mythology, Narcissus, upon catching a glimpse of his reflection in job retail resume a pool, becomes so enraptured by it that he stood and admired it endlessly, unmoving for the rest of word essay, his life. As Craft notes, this self-absorption “is a commitment that, like Dorian’s, graduates fully until death” (Craft 113). Narcissus becomes so infatuated with himself that the rest of world effectively ceases to exist or affect him and, as Craft argues, “it is into job retail, precisely this silent delirium that Dorian unwittingly steps” when he allows Lord Henry’s aesthetic philosophy to so dominate him (Craft 113). Dorian enjoys a life of eternal youth, with only his portrait aging in parallel with Dorian’s immorality; so, as Dorian sinks into the depths of narcissism, he maintains his external beauty, and his portrait degenerates instead. Eventually, as in english comparison the myth of job retail resume, Narcissus, such egotism has its consequences. When Dorian, disgusted with the decrepit picture of the supposedly “real” him, destroys it in a fit of anger, Dorian too is 2000 word essay equals pages, destroyed. Wilde writes that after Dorian’s death, “it was not till they had examined the rings that they recognized who it was” (Wilde 220).
In the end, as a testament to the purely aesthetic life, the only legacy Dorian leaves behind—everything that identifies him as who he was—is his superficial jewelry. There is an argument, then, made by job retail Wilde for a new aestheticism, approached with more constraint than Dorian employs. This argument is based not only in the moral obligation of the introduction, individual, but with the job retail, betterment of all of society in mind. Matthew Arnold, in his essay “Culture and Anarchy,” provides reasoning against the ethos of Lord Henry’s aestheticism and an unconditional application of it. Arnold focuses on its detrimental effects on society and the possibility for usc application questions societal improvement when aesthetic tendencies are properly controlled. There appears to be agreement, then, between Wilde and Arnold; Wilde’ novel provides a failed example of the job retail resume, purely aesthetic life, and when scaled to a larger society, a similar result is word essay, understandably expected. As Arnold views his contemporary society, it is arranged hierarchically, dividing the aristocrats, the middle-class, and the working-class, all of which, Arnold laments, are inclined to live hedonistically, pursuing pleasure and only what is comfortable and easy. Job Retail Resume. Dorian Gray embodies just his defect in Arnold’s society.
Arnold argues, however, that “there are born a certain number of a thesis statemnet, natures with a curiosity about their best self with a bend for seeing things as they are . . . for simply concerning themselves with reason and the will of job retail, God, and doing their best to english comparison, make these prevail;—for the pursuit, in a word, of perfection” (Arnold 277). Arnold is optimistic that some may pursue beyond the immediately pleasurable and act to perfect themselves both morally and intellectually. This pursuit of perfection, however, is likely an arduous and uncomfortable task, and is therefore incompatible with pure aestheticism. Some concessions must be made for the absolute aesthete, then, for such transcendence occur. Dorian Gray, for much of Wilde’s novel, fails to embody Arnold’s ideal, as in resume his hedonistic life he is essay, seen “creeping at dawn out of job retail resume, dreadful houses and slinking in disguise in the foulest dens in London,” despite being once too honorable for such debauchery (Wilde 118).
Dorian exemplifies a regression in social intellect from his beginnings rather than the kind of transcendence hoped for by Arnold. 2000 Word How Many Pages. Dorian displays no such pursuit of intellectual perfection as he is slowly corrupted and in turn corrupts others, luring them with him into the slums and opium dens of London. Arnold refers to those able to transcend social classes in society as “aliens,” hinting at their rarity to the point of foreignness and to their almost mythical quality (277). Resume. The mere existence of these aliens, however, provides hope that the word essay, utter hedonists of society may learn to harness their damaging tendencies, and in doing so, better the intellectual and moral state of humankind. Wilde, too, recognizes this ability to control the hedonistic temptations associated with aestheticism, as demonstrated by the last stages of Dorian’s life. Mitsuharu Matsuoka, in his essay “Aestheticism and Social Anxiety in The Picture of Dorian Gray ,” notes that, as Dorian’s death approaches, “Dorian ultimately reacts against his lifestyle, choking on his New Hedonism,” at which point “a great sense of doom hangs over job retail, Dorian” (Matsuoka 78).
Indeed, Dorian appears to realize the consequences of his unbridled aestheticism; however, he is much too far gone to salvage. Dorian reveals his epiphany to what is enlightenment, Lord Henry: “The soul is a terrible reality. Job Retail Resume. It can be bought, and sold, and bartered away. Usc Application. It can be poisoned or made perfect. There is job retail resume, a soul in each one of us. I know it” (Wilde 211). Unfortunately for Dorian, this realization comes too late to save his soul from what is enlightenment thesis, its degradation, long-nurtured by a purely aesthetic life, and he is destroyed.
The realization itself, however, is indicative of Wilde’s argument woven throughout Dorian Gray . Job Retail Resume. Despite Wilde’s publicly advocating the principles of aestheticism, Dorian’s demise illustrates Wilde’s recognition that aestheticism needs to be properly controlled. While the pursuit of beauty and happiness in life is always Wilde’s ideal, he also implies that the consequences of one’s actions must be thought out and the impact of one’s decisions, beyond oneself, must also be carefully considered before acting on any impulse. The Aesthetic Movement in usc application fin-de-siecle England, as interpreted by Oscar Wilde, revolved around the ideal that the utility of one’s actions should be to job retail, create the maximal amount of beauty and pleasure in one’s life, and what is enlightenment nothing more. Wilde’s Dorian Gray appears, at job retail resume first glance, to promote this philosophy unequivocally. What Thesis. Indeed, a lifestyle based on this aestheticism is espoused in Wilde’s opening preface as well as throughout Lord Henry’s professorial lectures. Upon closer inspection, however, Wilde’s novel is not as wholly embracing of aestheticism as this implies. Wilde realized and depicted in the life of Dorian Gray, a need for resume a more controlled and deliberate approach to aestheticism, without which morality will inevitably be elusive. The adoption of boxing, unrestrained aestheticism, as exhibited by job retail Dorian, results in 2000 word equals pages a lack of remorse, self-absorption, and resume intellectual regression.
For the sake of comparison, preserving morality, a concept proven incompatible with pure aestheticism, more deliberation is necessary from the aesthete in deciding upon action. If, in the pursuit of one’s desires and resume of the beautiful aspects of life, the condition of others’ or of one’s own intellect is word essay, jeopardized, the enjoyment garnered must sometimes be sacrificed for the greater good. As Wilde makes clear, it is only through a more restrained philosophy that aestheticism and morality may eventually align. Arnold, Matthew. “Culture and Anarchy.” The Picture of Dorian Gray . Ed. Andrew Elfenbein. NY: Pearson Longman, 2007.
276–279. Becker-Leckrone, Megan. “Oscar Wilde (1854–1900): Aesthetic and Criticism.” The Continuum Encyclopedia of Modern Criticism and Theory 20 (2002): 658–665. Craft, Christopher. “Come See About Me: Enchantment of the Double in job retail resume The Picture of Dorian Gray .” Representations 91 (2005): 109–136. Matsuoka, Mitsuharu. “Aestheticism and Social Anxiety in The Picture of Dorian Gray. ” Journal of Aesthetic Education 29 (2003): 77–100. Pearce, Joseph.
The Unmasking of boxing essay, Oscar Wilde . NY: Ignatius Press, 2004. Wilde, Oscar. The Picture of job retail resume, Dorian Gray . Ed. Andrew Elfenbein. NY: Pearson Longman, 2007. Writing Consultants are available for all CAS WR classes. Word Essay. Appointments can be booked online. The Writing Program recently announced its competition for Fall 2018 Graduate Writing Fellowships. The Fall 2017 course catalog is available to view on the Curriculum page.
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mqseries resume Q1.What is MQ and what does it do? Ans. MQ stands for MESSAGE QUEUEING. WebSphere MQ allows application programs to use message queuing to job retail, participate in message-driven processing. Application programs can communicate across different platforms by using the appropriate message queuing software products. Q2.What is Message driven process? Ans . When messages arrive on a queue, they can automatically start an application using triggering . If necessary, the applications can be stopped when the boxing essay, message (or messages) have been processed. Q3.What are advantages of the MQ?
Ans. Job Retail. 1. Integration. 3. Assured Delivery. Q4.How does it support the Integration? Ans . Because the MQ is independent of the Operating System you use i.e. it may be Windows, Solaris,AIX.It is independent of the usc application essay, protocol (i.e. Job Retail. TCP/IP, LU6.2, SNA, NetBIOS, UDP).It is not required that both the sender and receiver should be running on the same platform. 5. What is what is enlightenment thesis, Asynchrony?
Ans. With message queuing, the job retail, exchange of messages between the sending and receiving programs is independent of time. This means that the sending and receiving application programs are decoupled; the sender can continue processing without having to wait for the receiver to acknowledge receipt of the message. The target application does not even have to be running when the message is sent. It can retrieve the message after it is has been started. Q6.what is a Message and 2000 word how many pages, what does it contain? Ans: A message is job retail resume, a string of boxing essay bytes that is meaningful to the applications that use it.
Messages are used to transfer information from one application program to job retail, another (or between different parts of the same application). The applications can be running on the same platform, or on different platforms. WebSphere MQ messages have two parts: 1. The application data . The content and structure of the application data is 2000 word essay how many, defined by the application programs that use it. 2. Job Retail. A message descriptor . The message descriptor identifies the message and a thesis statemnet, contains additional control information, such as the type of message and the priority assigned to the message by the sending application. WebSphere MQ defines the format of the message descriptor. Q7.What is the Max Length of the resume, message does MQ support/ Ans: The default maximum message length is 4 MB , although you can increase this to thesis, a maximum length of job retail resume 100 MB (where 1 MB equals 1 048 576 bytes). Ans: A queue is a data structure used to store messages. A queue manager owns each queue. The queue manager is responsible for maintaining the queues it owns, and for storing all the messages it receives onto the appropriate queues.
Q9.What are the Different Types Of Queues? Ans: Queues can be characterized by the way they are created: 1. Predefined queues are created by an administrator using the appropriate MQSC or PCF commands. 2000 Word Equals How Many. Predefined queues are permanent; they exist independently of the applications that use them and survive Web Sphere MQ restarts. 2 Dynamic queues are created when an application issues an MQOPEN request specifying the name of a model queue . Job Retail. The queue created is is enlightenment thesis, based on resume a template queue definition , which is called a model queue. Q10.How does an 2000 equals, application sends and receives messages from the Queues? Ans: Application programs send and receive messages using MQI calls.
MQOPEN: It is used to open the Require Queue. MQPUT: It is used to PUT the message in to the Required Queue. MQGET: It is used to get the message from the required Queue. MQCONNX: This command used to connect to the QueueManager. MQPUT1: It performs the putting, browsing and getting application at a time on a single queue. MQCLOSE: It closes the connection with the Queue.
MQDISC: This is used to disconnect the application with the Queuemanager. 11.What is the Algorithm followed in retrieving the Messages from the Queue? Ans: 1.First-in-first-out (FIFO). 2.Message priority, as defined in the message descriptor. Job Retail. Messages that have the same priority are retrieved on a FIFO basis.
3. Statemnet. A program request for a specific message. Q12.What are the Objects used in Web sphere MQ? Ans: 1. Queue Manager 2. Queues. 3. Channels 4. Processes 5. Name lists . Q13.Wbat is the Default port number for MQ Queue Manager? Q14.Mention the Different Types of resume MQ Queues? Ans: There are four types of Queues Available in Web sphere MQ. Local queue object : A local queue object identifies a local queue belonging to the queue manager to which the application is connected. All queues are local queues in the sense that each queue belongs to a queue manager and, for a thesis that queue manager; the queue is job retail, a local queue.
Remote queue object : A remote queue object identifies a queue belonging to another queue manager .This queue must be defined as a local queue to that queue manager.The information you specify when you define a remote queue object allows the local queue manager to find the remote queue manager, so that any messages destined for the remote queue go to the correct queue manager. Alias queue object An alias queue allows applications to access a queue by referring to it indirectly in MQI calls. When an alias queue name is used in an MQI call, the name is resolved to the name of either a local or a remote queue at run time. Word How Many Pages. This allows you to change the queues that applications use without changing the application in any way; you merely change the alias queue definition to job retail resume, reflect the name of the new queue to which the alias resolves. An alias queue is not a queue, but an object that you can use to boxing essay, access another queue. Model queue object A model queue defines a set of job retail queue attributes that are used as a template for creating a dynamic queue. Q15.How can U define Queues in MQ? Ans: Queues are defined to essay, Web Sphere MQ using: 1. Job Retail. The MQSC command DEFINE. 2. The PCF Create Queue command. Q16.What is Transmission Queue?
Ans: Transmission queues are queues that temporarily store messages that are destined for a remote queue manager. You must define at least one transmission queue for each remote queue manager to is enlightenment, which the local queue manager is to send messages directly. Q17.What is Initiation Queues? Ans: Initiation queues are queues that are used in triggering. Job Retail. A queue manager puts a trigger message on an initiation queue when a trigger event occurs. A trigger event is is enlightenment kant, a logical combination of conditions that is detected by a queue manager. Q18.What is Dead Letter Queue?
Ans: A dead-letter (undelivered-message) queue is resume, a queue that stores messages that cannot be routed to their correct destinations. Boxing Essay. This occurs when, for example, the destination queue is full. The supplied dead-letter queue is called SYSTEM.DEAD.LETTER.QUEUE. For distributed queuing, define a dead-letter queue on job retail each queue manager involved. Q19.What is essay introduction, Process Definition and resume, what are the word essay, attributes does it contain? Ans: A process definition object defines an application that starts in response to a trigger event on job retail a WebSphere MQ queue manager. The process definition attributes include the application ID , the word equals how many pages, application type , and job retail, data specific to the application. Q20 . What is channel and mention different types of equals pages channels in MQ? Ans: Channels are objects that provide a communication path from one queue manager to another. Channels are used in distributed queuing to move messages from one queue manager to another. They shield applications from the underlying communications protocols.
The queue managers might exist on the same, or different, platforms. Different types of job retail Channels: 1. Sender-Receiver Channels. 2. Requester-Server Channels. 3. Client Connection channels. 4. 2000 Word Essay. Server Connection Channels. 5. Job Retail Resume. Cluster Sender. 6. Cluster Receiver Channels. Q21What is Cluster? Ans: A cluster is a group of queue managers set up in such a way that the queue managers can communicate directly with one another over a single network, without the need for transmission queue, channel, and remote queue definitions.
Q22.What is MQ Client? Ans: A Web Sphere MQ client is a component that allows an application running on a system to issue MQI calls to a queue manager running on another system. The output from the call is sent back to the client, which passes it back to the application. Q23.What is MQ Server? Ans: A Web Sphere MQ server is a queue manager that provides queuing services to boxing introduction, one or more clients. All the Web Sphere MQ objects, for example queues, exist only on the queue manager machine (the Web Sphere MQ server machine), and not on the client. A Web Sphere MQ server can also support local Web Sphere MQ. Q24.What are commands used for creating the Queue manager from the Command prompt? Ans : crtmqm -q -d MY.DEFAULT.XMIT.QUEUE -u DEAD.LETTER.QUEUE QM1. Here -q used to define the Queue manager QM1 as a Default Queue manager.
-d is used to job retail resume, define the default transmission Queue -u is used to define the default dead letter queue. Q25.How can U make the existing Queue Manager as an default Queue Manager? Ans: On Windows systems, use the Web Sphere MQ Services snap-in to display the properties of the queue manager, and check the Make queue manager the default box. You need to stop and restart the queue manager for the change to take effect. Q26.Where are the backup files are present after creating the essay, Queue Manager? Ans: Windows systems : If you use Web Sphere MQ for Windows NT and Windows 2000, configuration information is stored in the Windows Registry. UNIX Systems : 1. When you install the product, the Web Sphere MQ configuration file (mqs.ini) is created. It contains a list of queue managers that is job retail, updated each time you create or delete a queue manager.
There is one mqs.ini file per comparison essay node. 2. When you create a new queue manager, a new queue manager configuration file (qm.ini) is resume, automatically created. This contains configuration parameters for the queue manager. Q27.What is the comparison essay, command used for starting the job retail resume, Queue Manager? Ans: strmqm QMName. Q28.What is the command used for english comparison essay stopping the Queue manager? Ans: endmqm -w QMName. The command waits until all applications have stopped and job retail resume, the queue manager has ended.
This type of shutdown does not wait for essay introduction applications to disconnect from the queue manager. Q29.What is the command used to delete the QueueManager? Ans: dltmqm QMName. Q30.How can a Client connect to a Remote Server? Ans: The client can establish a connect with the Server using the command. SET MQSERVER=SYSTEM.ADMIN.SVRCONN/TCP/IPADDRESS (PORT NO) Here SYSTEM.ADMIN.SVRCONN is the Default server connection channel used to connect to job retail, the server TCP is the protocol used. IPADDRESS is the IP address of the word essay, server PORT : Port no is the no on resume which the QueueManager is boxing introduction, running. Q33.What does MQSC Commands are used for?
Ans: You can use MQSC commands to manage queue manager objects, including the queue manager itself, clusters, channels, queues, namelists, process definitions, and authentication information objects. Q34.Is the MQSC attributes are Case sensitive? Ans: MQSC commands, including their attributes, can be written in uppercase or lowercase. Job Retail Resume. Object names in MQSC commands are folded to uppercase (that is, QUEUE and queue are not differentiated), unless the names are enclosed within single quotation marks. If quotation marks are not used, the object is processed with a name in uppercase. Q35.How can we write the MQSC commands that have too many parameters/ Ans: For commands that have too many parameters to fit on one line, use continuation characters to usc application questions, indicate that a command is resume, continued on is enlightenment the following line:
1. Job Retail Resume. A minus sign ( ) indicates that the command is to essay equals how many pages, be continued from the start of _ the following line. 2. A plus sign (+) indicates that the command is to be continued from the first nonblank character on resume the following line. Q36.What is the a thesis statemnet, Max size that Queues support in MQ. Ans. They support around 2GB of Size. Q37.How can u create a Transmission Queue from a local Queue? Ans. Change the usage attribute from normal to job retail resume, Transmission. Q38.Define a Local Queue LQ using the MQSC Commands in the QM QM1. Ans: runmqsc QM1.
Define qlocal (LQ) Q39.Display the attributes of the Queue Manager QM1? Ans: runmqsc QM1. Q40.What is Triggering? Ans: Web Sphere MQ enables you to start an application automatically when certain conditions on a queue are met. For example, you might want to start an application when the number of messages on a queue reaches a specified number. This facility is boxing essay introduction, called triggering. Q41.Explain the different types of Triggering?
Ans: There are three types of triggering. 1. FIRST: 2. EVERY 3. DEPTH. Q42.What is the Different Logging Methods available? Ans: There are two different types available. 1. Circular : The circular logging is used for restart recovery. It is the job retail, default logging method. Circular is word essay, used in Development and Testing Queues.
Circular logging keeps all restart Data in job retail resume, a ring of log files. Logging fills the first file in the ring, then moves on essay to the and so on, until all the files are full. Job Retail. It then goes back to the first file in word essay, the ring and starts This continues as long as the product is in use, and has the job retail, advantage that you never run out of log files. 2. Linear : Linear logging gives you both restart recovery and media recovery. It is used in boxing essay, Production. Linear logging keeps the log data in a continuous Sequence of files. Space is not reused, so you can always retrieve any record logged from the time that the queue manager was created. As disk space is finite, you might have to job retail, think about some form of archiving. It is an administrative task to manage your disk space for the log, reusing Or extending the existing space as necessary. Q43.What is the Default location where the logs are stored and introduction, mention the default sizes? Ans: Default location:
Windows : C:Program FilesIBMWebSphere MQlogqmgr. Q44.What is the log file size? Ans: In Web Sphere MQ for Windows NT and Win 2000, the minimum value is job retail, 32, and the maximum is 16 384. The default value is 256, giving a default log size of 1 MB. In Web Sphere MQ for UNIX systems, the minimum value is 64, and the maximum is 16 384. The default value is 1024, giving a default log size of 4 MB. Q45 what is the number for log primary and is enlightenment, secondary file allocated?
Ans: Primary log files: The number of primary log files to be allocated. The default value is 3, the minimum is 2, and the maximum is 62. Secondary log files: The number of secondary log files to be allocated. The default value is 2, the minimum is 1, and the maximum is 61. Q46.What is the difference between Persistent and Non Persistent Messages? Ans: In Web Sphere MQ, messages can be either persistent or non persistent. Persistent messages are logged and can be recovered in the event of a WebSphere MQ failure. Thus, persistent messages are guaranteed to be delivered once and only once. Nonpersistent messages are not logged. Web Sphere still guarantees to deliver them not more than once, but it does not promise to deliver them once. Q47.What is the effect of using Persistant messages?
Ans: Persistent messages are usually logged. Job Retail. Logging messages reduces the performance of your application, so use persistent messages for 2000 equals how many pages essential data only. If the job retail resume, data in a message can be discarded if the queue manager stops or fails, use a nonpersistent message. Q48.What is kant, Intercommunication? Ans: In Web Sphere MQ, intercommunication means sending messages from one Queue manager to another. The receiving queue manager could be on the same machine or another; nearby or on job retail resume the other side of the world. Comparison. It could be running on the same platform as the local queue manager, or could be on any of the job retail resume, platforms supported by Web Sphere MQ. This is called a distributed environment . Web Sphere MQ handles communication in a distributed environment such as this using Distributed Queue Management (DQM). The local queue manager is sometimes called the source queue manager and the remote queue manager is sometimes called the target queue manager or the partner queue manager. Q49.What is the Objects required for boxing essay introduction the DQM? Ans: On source QueueManager:
1. Transmission Queue 2. Remote queue definition. 3. Dead Letter Queue(recommended) 4. Sender Channel. On Target Queue Manager. 1. Local Queue 2. Dead Letter Queue 3. Receiver Channel 4.Listenr. ***.The sender and receiver channels names should be same. Q50.What is the attribute used to by the Message length? Q51.What is Message Channel agent (MCA)?
Ans: A message channel agent (MCA) is resume, a program that controls the sending and boxing essay, receiving of job retail resume messages. There is a thesis statemnet, one message channel agent at each end of a channel. One MCA takes messages from the transmission queue and puts them on the communication link. The other MCA receives messages and delivers them onto a queue on the remote queue manager. A message channel agent is job retail resume, called a caller MCA if it initiated the communication; otherwise it is english comparison essay, called a responder MCA . Q52.What is Channel initiators and resume, Listeners? Ans: A channel initiator acts as a trigger monitor for sender channels, because a transmission queue may be defined as a triggered queue. When a message arrives on a transmission queue that satisfies the triggering criteria for that queue, a message is sent to the initiation queue, triggering the channel initiator to start the. appropriate sender channel.
You can also start server channels in boxing, this way if you specified the connection name of the partner in resume, the channel definition. This means that channels can be started automatically, based upon messages arriving on the appropriate transmission queue. You need a channel listener program to start receiving (responder) MCAs. Responder MCAs are started in english comparison, response to a startup request from the job retail resume, caller MCA; the channel listener detects incoming network requests and starts the associated channel. Q53.What are attributes required for is enlightenment kant the Sender Channel? Ans: 1. The Name of the Channel. 2. The Connection name. 3. Transmission Queue Name. Q54.What are the attributes required for the Remote Queue Definition?
Ans: 1.Name of the Queue 2. Transmission Queue Name. 3. Remote QueueManager name 4. Remote Local Queue Name. Q55.Mention the No of Characters required for creating names of the MQ objects? Ans: For MQ Channels it is 20 Characters. For Remaining objects it is 48 characters. Q56.What is the command used for the running trigger monitor? Ans: Server side: runmqtrm -m QMName -q Initiation QueueName. Client side: runmqtmc -m QMName -q Initiation QueueName.
Q57.What is the command used for creating the listener? Ans: crtmqlsr -t tcp -m QMNAME -p portno. Q58.What is the job retail resume, commands used for running listener? Ans: runmqlsr -t tcp -m QMNAME -p portno. Q59.What is essay pages, command used to resume, perform task on the MQ services? Q60.What are commands used on the Command server? Ans: 1. Questions. strmqcsv : to job retail resume, start the command server. 2. 2000 Essay Pages. dspmqcsv : to display the command server. 3. endmqcsv : To end the command server.
Q61.Is there is any chance for the Message loss? Ans: If the target queuemanager doesn.t contain the dead letter queue defined and if the messages are running on a fast channel and of non persistant,Then there is a chance of the message loss. Q62.What is the job retail resume, use of clustering? Ans. Due to the use of clustering. 1. The Administrator tasks can be reduced. 2. We can achieve the Workload balance. Q63.How many no Full Repository Queue Managers are required for creating a cluster. What is the difference between full and partial repositories?
Ans: In each cluster you must select at least one, preferably two, or possibly more of the queue managers to hold full repositories. 2000 Essay Pages. A cluster can work quite adequately with only one full repository but using two improves availability. Job Retail. Every cluster has at least one (preferably two) queue managers holding full repositories of information about the queue managers, queues, and channels in a cluster. These repositories also contain requests from the english, other queue managers in the cluster for job retail updates to the information. The other queue managers each hold a partial repository, containing information about the subset of queues and queue managers with which they need to communicate. Q64.Where does the information about the messages of a QueueManager are stored when they are in cluster? Ans: Each queue manager stores its repository information in a thesis statemnet, messages on a queue called SYSTEM.CLUSTER.REPOSITORY.QUEUE . The queue managers exchange repository information in messages on a queue called SYSTEM.CLUSTER.COMMAND.QUEUE . Q65.What is the command that is used to provide authorization for the clients? Ans : setmqaut -m QMName -t queue -n Queuename -p GUEST +all. Q66. Resume. What are the 2000 equals pages, common errors u get in DQM? Ans: mqrc 2058: MQRC_Q_MGR_NAME_ERROR.
Mqrc 2059: MQRC_Q_MGR_NOT_AVAILABLE. Mqrc 2033: MQRC_NO_MSG_AVAILABLE. Mqrc 2085: MQRC_UNKNOWN_OBJECT_NAME. Mqrc 2009: MQRC_CONNECTION_BROKEN. Mqrc 2043: MQRC_OBJECT_TYPE_ERROR. Mqrc 2086: MQRC_UNKNOWN_OBJECT_Q_MGR. Mqrc 2035: MQRC_NOT_AUTHORIZED. Q67.What are different modes in which a application can connect to a Queuemanager?
Ans: 1.Binding mode: In binding mode, also known as server connection, the communication to the queue manager utilizes inter-process communications. One of the key factors that should be kept in mind is that binding mode is available only to programs running on the MQSeries server that hosts the job retail, queue manager. A program using binding mode will not run from an MQSeries client machine. Boxing Essay Introduction. Binding mode is a fast and efficient way to interact with MQSeries. Certain Facilities, such as XA transaction co-ordination by queue manager, are available only in binding mode. 2. Client Connection: Client connection uses a TCP/IP connection to the MQSeries Server and enables communications with the job retail resume, queue manager. Programs using client connections can run on an MQSeries client machine as well as on an MQSeries server machine. Client connections use client channels on the queue manager to word essay, communicate with the queue manager. The client connection does not support XA transaction coordination by job retail resume, the queue manager. Q68.What are the different types of messaging systems used by JMS?
Ans: JMS applications use either the point-to-point (PTP) or publish/subscribe style of messaging. Point-to-Point : Point-to-point messaging involves working with queues of messages. Boxing Essay. The sender sends messages to a specific queue to resume, be consumed normally by a single receiver. In point-to-point communication, a message has at most one recipient. A sending client addresses the message to the queue that holds the messages for the intended (receiving) client. Publish/Subscribe: In contrast to what kant, the point-to-point model of communication, the publish/subscribe model enables the delivery of a message to multiple recipients. A sending client addresses, or publishes, the message to a topic to which multiple clients can be subscribed. There can be multiple publishers, as well as subscribers, to a topic. Q69.What are different Channel status? Ans: Channel Status: 2.1).
Stopped 2.2). Starting 2.3). Resume. Retrying. 2.4.1). Initializing 2.4.2). Binding 2.4.3). Essay. Requesting. 2.4.4). Running 2.4.5). Paused 2.4.6). Stopping.
Q70.Is It Possible to resume, use one transmission Queue for the multiple message channels? Ans: It is possible to define more than one channel per transmission queue, but only one of these channels can be active at any one time. This is recommended for the provision of usc application essay questions alternative routes between queue managers for traffic balancing and link failure corrective action. A transmission queue cannot be used by another channel if the previous channel to use it terminated leaving a batch of messages in-doubt at the sending end. Q71.What is BATCH HEARTBEAT INTERVAL? Ans: The batch heartbeat interval allows a sending channel to resume, verify that the receiving channel is thesis, still active just before committing a batch of messages, so that if the receiving channel is job retail, not active, the batch can be backed out rather than becoming in-doubt, as would otherwise be the case. By backing out the batch, the.
messages remain available for processing so they could, for example, be redirected to another channel. Q72.What is Keep Alive Interval? Ans: The Keep Alive Interval parameter is used to kant, specify a time-out value for a channel. Job Retail. The Keep Alive Interval parameter is a value passed to the communications stack specifying the usc application, Keep Alive timing for job retail the channel. It allows you to specify a different keep alive value for each channel. The value indicates a time, in english comparison essay, seconds, and must be in the range 0 to 99999. Q73.What is LONG Retry count? Ans: Specify the maximum number of times that the channel is to try allocating a session to its partner. If the initial allocation attempt fails, the short retry count number is job retail resume, decremented and the channel retries the remaining number of times. Q74.What is the command used to test whether the channel is active or not?
Ping channel (channel name). Q75. What are the 2000 how many pages, commands that are used on client side for job retail putting and getting messages from a queue? Ans: amqsputc -q Queue name -m QMName. amqsgetc -q Queue name -m QMName. Q76.What is the Default max Queue depth? Q77.What are the administrative commands that are used in 2000 word equals pages, Publish and Subscribe? Ans: The strmqbrk command is used to start a broker. The first time this command is resume, run on a queue manager, all the relevant MQSeries objects are automatically created. strmqbrk -m MYQMGRNAME.
The dspmqbrk command is used to check the 2000 word essay equals how many, status of the job retail, broker. Usc Application Essay Questions. Possible states are: starting, running, stopping, quiescing, not active and ended abnormally. dspmqbrk -m MYQMGRNAME. The endmqbrk command is used to job retail resume, stop a broker. There are two options: -c requests a controlled shutdown (default), -i requests an immediate shutdown. endmqbrk -i -m MYQMGRNAME. Q78.What is the algorithm that is followed by MQ in clustering? Ans: WebSphere MQ uses a workload management algorithm that uses a round-robin routine to word essay, select an available queue manager to route a message to.
Q79.What is job retail resume, multiple hoping? Ans: If there is no direct communication link between the source queue manager and the target queue manager, it is possible to pass through one or more intermediate queue managers on the way to essay introduction, the target queue manager. This is known as a multi-hop. Q80.What are the platform does MQ Client support? Ans : WebSphere MQ for AIX. WebSphere MQ for HP-UX. WebSphere MQ for iSeries. WebSphere MQ for Solaris. WebSphere MQ for Windows. WebSphere MQ for z/OS. Q81.What are the Hardware requirements for WebSphere MQ client?
Ans: A WebSphere MQ client can run on Windows on job retail any Intel 486 processor based IBM PC machine or equivalent that can run Windows 98 or Windows NT® 4.0. There must be enough random access memory (RAM) and boxing essay, disk storage for the programming prerequisites (below), the job retail, WebSphere MQ client, the access methods, and the application programs. Q82.What are software requirements for WebSphere MQ client? Ans: The following are prerequisites for WebSphere MQ applications running on a Windows client. Minimum supported software levels are shown. Later levels, if any, will be supported unless otherwise stated. Microsoft Windows NT, Version 4 compatible, to include TCP/IP, NetBIOS, SNA LU 6.2, and SPX.Microsoft Windows 98.
What’s the message code for statemnet Stopping a Queue Manager? AMQ4044 Queue manager stopping. What is triggering and what are the resume, components? WebSphere MQ can start an application automatically when certain conditions on a queue are met. For example, you might want to start an application when the maximum number of messages on a queue reaches a specified number.
This facility is called triggering. There are two ways of triggering. a. Application triggering b. English. Channel Triggering. a) In the case of application triggering the components are Application queue: This is the message queue associated with an application Process: A process definition defines the application to be used to process messages from the application queue. Initiation queue: The queue manager moitors the application queue. If the trigger type of the job retail, application queue is set to Every then whenever a message is put to the application queue, the q manager looks into the process definition and puts a message having the application name and word essay, other details to the initiation queue Trigger monitor: The trigger monitor gets the trigger message from the job retail resume, initiation queue and starts the program specified. b) For channel triggering the transmission queue is what kant, monitored and when messages are put in the transmission queue, the q manager puts a message in the channel initiation queue. The channel initiator is the program which monitors the initiation queue and starts the sender MCA. For the message to reach the target queue, the channel listener has to be running in the target queue manager.
How will you change the log file size? You cannot change the log file size. Resume. For this you need to drop and usc application questions, re-create the queue manager. The number of log files primary secondary can be changed but you need to restart the Q manager for the changes to take effect. What’s the job retail resume, queue where the full and partial repository is stored?
How to determine if full repositories are in usc application essay, Synch? SYSTEM.CLUSTER.REPOSITORY.QUEUES should have the job retail resume, same depth. Also you should find something in your errorlogs if it fails. If the channels between the two FRs are able to run, trust IBM, and assume all is well use runmqsc to display all cluster objects. Redirect the output into a file Analyze both files for differences . What is Local administration and Remote administration? Local Administration: Means carrying out administration tasks on any queue managers you have defined on your local system.
Remote Administration: This allows you to issue commands from your local system that are processed on another system. Boxing Essay. For example, you can issue a remote command to change a queue definition on a remote queue manager. Job Retail. You do not have to equals how many pages, log on to that system, although you do need to have the appropriate channels defined. The queue manager and command server on the target system must be running. Runmqsc command modes? Verification Mode Direct Mode Indirect Mode. How do you set channel triggering? 1. The local queue manager places a message from an application or from a message channel agent (MCA) on resume the transmission queue.
2. When the word essay equals how many pages, triggering conditions are fulfilled, the local queue manager places a trigger message on the initiation queue. 3. The long-running channel initiator program monitors the initiation queue, and retrieves messages as they appear. 4. The channel initiator processes the trigger messages according to job retail resume, information contained in them. Boxing Essay. This information may include the channel name, in job retail resume, which case the corresponding MCA is started. 5. The channel listener running in the target q mgr starts the a thesis statemnet, receiving MCA. Difference between Control Commands used in Windows and other Os?
Control commands on are case sensitive other OS but Windows they can be used any way. What is Repository queue manager? What are Full and partial repository? A repository queue manager is a cluster queue manager that holds a full repository. A queue manager that hosts a complete set of job retail information about every queue manager in the cluster is referred to as having a full repository for boxing essay introduction the cluster. Job Retail. The other queue managers in the cluster inquire about the information in the full repositories and build up their own subsets of usc application this information in partial repositories. Job Retail Resume. A partial repository contains information about only those queue managers with which the queue manager needs to exchange messages. The queue managers request updates to 2000 essay equals how many pages, the information they need, so that if it changes, the full repository queue manager will send them the new information.
Where does each queue manager store its repository information? Where do the resume, queue managers exchange repository information? Channel initiator is the program that monitors the initiation queue and starts. A channel listener program ‘listens’ for incoming network requests and starts the appropriate receiver channel when it is needed. What is MQOO_BIND_ON_OPEN option on the MQOPEN call ? When this attribute is word essay equals, set it forces all the messages sent to this queue to be sent to the same instance of the queue (go to the same queue in cluster) Difference between MQPUT and MQPUT1 call ? The MQPUT1 call always operates as though MQOO_BIND_NOT_FIXED were in effect, that is, it always invokes the workload management routine. What happens when a queue manager fails? What happens if I put-disable a cluster queue? How long do the queue manager repositories retain information? It must be 90 days but the resume, Qm sends information to all the QM’s in boxing essay, the cluster to update its information around 30 days.
When is job retail resume, Channel security exit program called? Are called at MCA initiation and is enlightenment thesis, termination. Stopping unauthorized queue managers putting messages on your queues. Use OS security, Object Authority Manager (OAM) on WebSphere MQ user-written procedures. What is intercommunication and its components to send message ? Intercommunication means sending messages from one queue manager to another. The receiving queue manager could be on the same machine or another; nearby or on the other side of the world.
It could be running on resume the same platform as the what thesis, local queue manager, or could be on any of the platforms supported by WebSphere MQ. This is resume, called a distributed environment. Message channels Message channel agents. Transmission queues Channel initiators and listeners. What is Message Channels and How many types? Message channels are the word essay, channels that carry messages from one queue manager to another.They are Uni-directional Channels. 1. Job Retail Resume. Sender Channel 4.Receiver Channel. 2. Server Channel 5.Requester Channel. 3. Cluster-sender channel 6.Cluster-receiver channel. What are MQI channels and there types? MQI channels are the channels that carry messages from boxing essay introduction MQ Client application to the MQ server and vice versa.They are Bi-directional Channels.
1. Server-connection 2. Client-connection. 1.Sender-receiver Channel 4.Requester-server Channel. 2.Requester-sender Channel 5. Server-receiver Channel. 3.Cluster-Sender- Receiver Channel 6.Client-Server Channel. Batch Heartbeat Interval (BATCHHB): This heartbeat interval allows a sending channel to verify that the receiving channel is still active just before committing a batch of messages. If the receiving channel is job retail resume, not active, the batch can be backed out rather than becoming in-doubt, Batch interval (BATCHINT), Batch size (BATCHSZ), Channel type (CHLTYPE), Cluster (CLUSTER), Cluster namelist (CLUSNL), Connection name (CONNAME), Convert message (CONVERT), Disconnect interval (DISCINT), Heartbeat interval (HBINT), KeepAlive Interval (KAINT), Long retry count (LONGRTY), Long retry interval (LONGTMR), Maximum message length (MAXMSGL) What is essay, channel disconnect interval?
This is a time-out attribute, specified in job retail, seconds, for the server, cluster-sender, and cluster-receiver channels. The interval is measured from the essay, point at which a batch ends, that is when the batch size is reached or when the batch interval expires and job retail, the transmission queue becomes empty. If no messages arrive on the transmission queue during the specified time interval, the channel closes down. Explain the channel attribute BATCHSIZE? BATCHSIZE denotes the maximum number of comparison messages that can be sent through a channel before taking a checkpoint. This parameter is valid only for channels with a channel type (CHLTYPE) of SDR, SVR, RCVR, RQSTR, CLUSSDR, or CLUSRCVR. The value must be in the range 1 through 9999. What are the ways to start a channel? Use the resume, MQSC command START CHANNEL.
Use the control command runmqchl to start the a thesis, channel as a process. Use the channel initiator to resume, trigger the channel. Type of channel states: Inactive and Current- Stopped, Starting, Retrying and Active. What are the three options for stopping channels? QUIESCE FORCE TERMINATE. What are the components of message channel? A queue manager to usc application essay questions, communicate with another queue manager uses message channel.
The components of a message channel are. 1. Sender Message channel agent: Sender MCA is a program that transfers messages from resume a transmission queue to a communication link. 2. Receiver MCA: It transfers messages from the is enlightenment, communication link into the target queue. 3. Communication protocol: Responsible for transferring messages A message channel is unidirectional. A message channel agent (MCA) is a program that controls the sending and job retail, receiving of messages. There is one message channel agent at each end of a channel. One MCA takes messages from the transmission queue and puts them on a thesis the communication link. The other MCA receives messages and delivers them onto job retail resume a queue on the remote queue manager. Types: caller MCA and responder MCA. Due to: 1. Word Essay How Many. Xmitq is set to get disabled 2. Network Issues.
3.QueueManager Stopped 4. Job Retail Resume. Listener is not running 5.TriggerTurned Off. Explain Channel-Exit programs and what are the types? Channel-exit programs are called at defined places in word essay, the processing carried out by MCA programs. Security Exit: You can use security exit programs to job retail, verify that the partner at the other end of boxing introduction a channel is genuine. Message Exit: Message Exit can be used for Encryption on the link, message data conversion, validation of user ID, Message-retry Exit: Message-retry exit is called when an attempt to open the target queue is job retail resume, unsuccessful. Sender and receiver Exit: You can use the statemnet, send and receive exits to perform tasks such as data compression and decompression.
Channel auto-definition Exit Transport-retry Exit. What happens if DEAD letter Queue is job retail resume, not defined? If dead letter queue are not defined the Messages are placed on the Transmission Queue and the Queue Manager become Inactive. Explain Remote queue definitions? Advantages? These are definitions for queues that are owned by another queue manager. Advantages: The advantage of remote queue definitions is that they enable an application to essay pages, put a message to job retail resume, a remote queue without having to specify the name of the remote queue or the usc application questions, remote queue manager, or the name of the transmission queue. This gives you location independence. If the messages pass through one or more intermediate queue managers on the way to the target queue manager is resume, known as a multi-hop. What is programmable command format (PCF) commands?
These commands are issued from a programme for local or remote administration done by programmers. What happens if channel terminates when fast non-persistent messages are in transit? If a channel terminates while fast, non-persistent messages are in introduction, transit, the messages are lost and it is up to the application to arrange for job retail resume their recovery if required. English. If the receiving channel cannot put the message to its destination queue then it is placed on resume the dead letter queue, if one has been defined. Word Essay. If not, the message is discarded. What happens when a message cannot be delivered? Message-retry: If the MCA is unable to put a message to the target queue for a reason that could be transitory (for example, because the queue is full), the MCA has the resume, option to wait and retry the operation later. Return-to-sender: If message-retry was unsuccessful, or a different type of error was encountered, the MCA can send the message back to the originator. Dead-letter queue: If a message cannot be delivered or returned, it is put on to the dead-letter queue (DLQ).
You can use the DLQ handler to usc application essay questions, process the message. Recovery scenario –Disk Drive Full, damaged Queue manager object, Damaged single object, Automatic media recovery failure. MQ ensures that messages are not lost by maintaining records (logs) of the activities of the queue managers that handle the receipt, transmission, and delivery of messages. How to Process Messages from the Dead-letter-Queue? We can Process the DLQ messages using runmqdlq command for sending messages to the destination Queues or target Queues. Use the runmqdlq command to job retail resume, start the dead-letter queue (DLQ) handler, which monitors and handles messages on a dead-letter queue. runmqdlq QName QMgrName.
Use the Dead-Letter-Queue-Handler to perform various actions on selected messages by specifying a set of rules that can both select a message and define the action to be performed on is enlightenment kant that message. The runmqdlq command takes its input from stdin. When the command is processed, the results and a summary are put into a report that is sent to stdout. Which field of the MQDLH structure contains a reason code that identifies why the message is on the DLQ? What is completion code and reason code?
Completion code gives the status of the current transaction it can be 0, 1, 2. 0- for job retail Successful completion (MQCC_OK), 1- Warning (MQCC_WARNING), 2- call failed (MQCC_FAILED). Reason code is that which gives the reason for which the boxing essay, transaction fails it can be MQRC_NONE, MQRC_BACKED_OUT etc. This is job retail resume, a byte string that the application can use to relate one message to another, or to relate the message to other unit of work that the application is performing. Word Essay. The correlation identifier is a permanent property of the message, and job retail, persists across restarts of the queue manager. Explain commit and Back Out units of english work? When a program puts a message on a queue within a unit of work, that message is resume, made visible to other programs only when the program commits the unit of work. Commit: To commit a unit of work, all updates must be successful to preserve data integrity. If the program detects an error and decides that the put operation should not be made permanent, it can back out the unit of work. Back Out: When a program performs a back out, WebSphere MQ restores the queue by removing the messages that were put on english comparison essay the queue by that unit of resume work. The way in which the program performs the commit and 2000 essay equals how many pages, back out operations depends on the environment in which the program is running.
This is a count of the number of times that the message has been previously returned by resume, the MQGET call as part of a unit of work, and subsequently backed out. BackoutCount is the usc application essay questions, number of times the job retail resume, application tried and failed to put the messages in the Queue. What is segmentation and explain segmentation Flag? When a message is english essay, too big for resume a queue, an attempt to put the message on the queue usually fails. Segmentation is a technique whereby the queue manager or application splits the message into smaller pieces called segments, and places each segment on the queue as a separate physical message. The application that retrieves the message can either retrieve the segments one by one, or request the queue manager to reassemble the segments into a single message that is returned by essay introduction, the MQGET call. What are Namelist? when do you use it? A namelist is a WebSphere MQ object that contains a list of other WebSphere MQ objects.
Typically, namelists are used. a By trigger monitors, where they are used to identify a group of queues. a Namelists are also used with queue manager clusters to maintain a list of job retail clusters referred to by more than one WebSphere MQ object. a The advantage of using a namelist is that it is maintained independently of applications; it can be updated without stopping any of the applications that use it. Also, if one application fails, the namelist is not affected and boxing essay introduction, other applications can continue using it. Namelists are also used with queue manager clusters to maintain a list of clusters referred to job retail, by more than one WebSphere MQ object. Command to create a queue manager? crtmqm -q -d MY.DEFAULT.XMIT.QUEUE –u SYSTEM.DEAD.LETTER.QUEUE SATURN.QUEUE.MANAGER. Why is Channel RETRYINT attribute used? If a message is places in DLQ because of put inhibited or queue full condition, the word essay, DLQ handler attempts to put the message back to the destination queue. This interval is job retail resume, called as RETRYINT by default the retry interval is word essay, 60 seconds.
Receiver Cluster Receiver Requester. What is Local units of job retail resume work (uses a single-phase commit process) and Global unit of comparison essay Work (uses a two-phase commit process)? Local unit of work: Units of work that involve only the queue manager are called local units of job retail resume work. Syncpoint coordination is provided by the queue manager itself (internal coordination) using a single-phase commit process. Use global units of work when you also need to include updates to resources belonging to other resource managers. Here the coordination can be internal or external to the queue manager uses a two-phase commit.
Stopping a Queue manager manually? For Win NT: use endmqm command or WebSphere MQ service from Services on the Windows Control Panel. For Unix/AIX: use ps command to usc application questions, find the process Ids that are still running Ex: ps –ef | grep QMNAME, then use kill command to kill the running process. Endmqm -I -c -w -p Qmgrname. What are name services? The name service is an installable service that provides support to resume, the queue manager for looking up the name of the queue manager that owns a specified queue.
Problem Definition: Messages do not appear on the Queue? We must check for: has the message been put on word essay the queue successfully, are we able to get messages form the queue, can other applications get messages from the queue, has other application got exclusive access to the queue. Difference between MQSC commands and Control commands? MQSC Commands - These commands are used to job retail, handle the comparison, admin related functions for job retail the components that are present in the MQ Series. In general MQSC commands are used for creating and maintaining Message channels, Queue Managers, Clusters etc… Control Commands - These commands are used to manage the processes and services that are helpful in the functioning of the MQ Series. In general these commands are used for Channel listener, Channel Initiator, Trigger monitor etc… How is what is enlightenment kant thesis, Automatic definition of channels done? If WebSphere MQ receives an inbound attach request and cannot find an resume, appropriate receiver or server-connection channel or Cluster receiver in essay, the channel definition file (CDF), it creates a channel automatically and adds it to the CDF.
Automatic definitions are based on job retail two default definitions supplied with WebSphere MQ: SYSTEM.AUTO.RECEIVER and SYSTEM.AUTO.SVRCONN. How will we start a command server? Depending on the value of the kant, queue manager attribute, SCMDSERV, the command server is either started automatically when the queue manager starts, or must be started manually. Start: Using strmqcsv saturn.queue.manager where saturn.queue.manager is the QM name. Display: dspmqcsv Stop: endmqcsv. When we use CCSID attribute of the resume, ALTER QMGR command to thesis, change the CCSID of the QM what are the components that need to be restarted?
Stop and job retail resume, restart the queue manager, stop and restart command server (A command server processes command messages) and essay, channel programs. What is a MQ Series Configuration file (mqs.ini),Queue manager Configuration file (qm.ini)? A queue manager configuration file (qm.ini) to effect changes for specific queue managers. There is one qm.ini file for each queue manager on the node. (A queue manager configuration file, qm.ini, contains config information relevant to a specific queue manager. There is one queue manager configuration file for each queue manager. The qm.ini file is resume, automatically created when the queue manager with which it is associated is created. Word Essay. For example, the job retail resume, path and the name for a configuration file for a queue manager called QMNAME is:/var/mqm/qmgrs/QMNAME/qm.ini)
What is what is enlightenment, name transformation in naming a Queue manager Configuration File? A qm.ini file is held in the root of the directory tree occupied by the queue manager. For example, the job retail, path and the name for a configuration file for a queue manager called QMNAME is: /var/mqm/qmgrs/QMNAME/qm.ini A directory name is generated based on the queue manager name. English Comparison. This process is known as name transformation. Connecting to the queue manager (MQCONN or MQCONNX calls), Opening the object (MQOPEN or MQPUT1 calls), Putting and job retail, getting messages (MQPUT or MQGET calls), Closing the object (MQCLOSE) What is a thesis, a Websphere MQ configuration file (mqs.ini)? Contains information relevant to all the queue managers on the node.
It is created automatically during installation (The WebSphere MQ configuration file, mqs.ini, contains information relevant to all the queue managers on the node. It is created automatically during installation. The mqs.ini file for WebSphere MQ for UNIX systems is in the /var/mqm directory. It contains: v The names of the resume, queue managers v The name of the default queue manager The location of the files associated with each of them) How can we edit the word essay, configuration files? Automatically using commands that change the configuration of queue managers on the node, Manually using a standard text editor.
First Failure Support Technology For MQSeries for UNIX systems, FFST information is recorded in a file in the /var/mqm/errors directory. Resume. These errors are normally severe, unrecoverable errors, and usc application essay questions, indicate either a configuration problem with the system or an MQSeries internal error. The files are named AMQnnnnn.mm.FDC, where: nnnnn Is the ID of the job retail, process reporting the error mm Is a sequence number, normally 0 When a process creates an FFST record, it also sends a record to what, syslog. The record contains the name of the FFST file to assist in automatic problem tracking. What are logs, Log Sizes, what are uses ? Log Primary : 3 IN win a 2-253 In Unix a 2-510. Log Secondary: 2 IN win a 1-253 In Unix a 2-509.
Type of Logging in MQ. Circular: Circular logging rotates the resume, logs every and so overwrites the existing logs. Linear: Linear logging will not rotate log files but keeps the word essay how many pages, log data in a continuous sequence of job retail files. New log files are added if there is more data to be logged. Creating Damaged Objects Using Log files? 1.Rcdmqimg: Use this command to write an image of an object, or group of objects, to the log for use in media recovery.
This command can only essay questions, be used when using linear logging. Use the job retail, associated command rcrmqobj to recreate the object from the essay introduction, image. 2.Rcrmqobj: Use this command to recreate an object, or group of objects, from job retail their images contained in the log. This command can only be used when using linear logging. Use the associated command, rcdmqimg, to record the object images to word essay, the log. Types of recovery: Restart recovery: When you stop WebSphere MQ in a planned way.
Crash recovery: When a failure stops WebSphere MQ. Media recovery: To restore damaged objects. What are the locations and files of the Error Logging? IBMWebSphere MQerrors a AMQERR01.LOG, AMQERR02.LOG, AMQERR03.LOG. What are the different types of security services available in MQ Series? Access control a The access control service protects critical resources in a system by limiting access only to authorized users and their applications. Confidentiality a The confidentiality service protects sensitive information from unauthorized disclosure. Data integrity a The data integrity service detects whether there has been unauthorized modification of data. There are two ways in which data might be altered: accidentally, through hardware and transmission errors, or because of a deliberate attack, Non-repudiation. Commands For Authorization: 1.setmqaut: Command used to job retail resume, change the authorizations to a profile, object or class of objects.
Authorizations can be granted to, or revoked from, any number of boxing introduction principals or groups. 2.dspmqaut: Command to display the current authorizations to a specified object. If a user ID is a member of more than one group, this command displays the combined authorizations of all the resume, groups. Only one group or principal can be specified. 3.dmpmqaut: Command to 2000 essay how many pages, dump the current authorizations to a specified object. What are the different methods handled by MQ Series for securing a message? Cryptography Message digests. Digital signatures Digital certificates. Public Key Infrastructure (PKI) What is Cryptography, Why and job retail resume, where it is used in 2000 equals, MQ Series? Cryptography is the job retail, process of converting between readable text, called plaintext, and an unreadable form, called cipher text.
The sender converts the statemnet, plaintext message to cipher text. This part of the job retail resume, process is called encryption (sometimes encipherment).The cipher text is transmitted to the receiver. The receiver converts the cipher text message back to its plaintext form. This part of the process is called decryption (sometimes decipherment). The conversion involves a sequence of mathematical operations that change the appearance of the a thesis, message during transmission but do not affect the job retail, content. Cryptographic techniques can ensure confidentiality and protect messages against unauthorized viewing (eavesdropping), because an encrypted message is not understandable. Digital signatures, which provide an assurance of message integrity, use encryption techniques.
What is a Message Digest, Digital Signature and Digital Certificate? Message digest: Is also known as a Message Authentication Code (MAC), because it can provide assurance that the message has not been modified. The message digest is sent with the message itself. The receiver can generate a digest for the message and compare it with the word essay, sender’s digest. If the two digests are the same, this verifies the job retail resume, integrity of the message. Essay. Any tampering with the message during transmission almost certainly results in a different message digest.
Digital signature: Is formed by encrypting a particular representation of a message the encryption uses the private key of the signatory and, for resume efficiency, usually operates on a message digest rather than the message itself. Digital signatures vary with the data being signed, unlike handwritten signatures, which do not depend on the content of the document being signed. 2000 Word Essay How Many Pages. If two different messages are signed digitally by the same entity, the two signatures differ, but both signatures can be verified with the same public key, that is, the public key of the entity that signed the resume, messages. Digital certificates: Provide protection against impersonation, because a digital certificate binds a public key to its owner, whether that owner is an individual, a queue manager, or some other entity. Digital certificates are also known as public key certificates, because they give you assurances about the ownership of a public key when you use an asymmetric key scheme. What is a Secure Sockets Layer (SSL), where it is word essay equals how many, used? The Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) provides an industry standard protocol for transmitting data in a secure manner over an insecure network. Resume. The SSL protocol is widely deployed in a thesis, both Internet and Intranet applications. SSL defines methods for authentication, data encryption, and job retail, message integrity for a reliable transport protocol, usually TCP/IP. What are Cipher Suites and Cipher Specs in SSL?
Cipher Suite: Is a suite of cryptographic algorithms used by an SSL connection. A suite comprises three distinct algorithms. The key exchange and authentication algorithm, used during the SSL handshake. The encryption algorithm, used to encipher the data.The MAC (Message Authentication Code) algorithm, used to generate the message digest. Cipher Spec: Identifies the combination of the encryption algorithm and MAC algorithm. Both ends of an SSL connection must agree the same CipherSpec to be able to boxing, communicate. What are the steps to be followed in working with SSL on an UNIX environment?
1.Setting up a key repository 2.Working with a key repository. 3.Obtaining personal certificates 4.Managing digital certificates. 5.Configuring for cryptographic hardware 6.Mapping DNs to user IDs. 7.Adding personal certificates to a key repository. Websphere MQ installation naming consideration? Ensure that the machine name does not contain any spaces. Resume. If you insatall in such a machine you cannot create and Queue managers. Names for userId and introduction, group must no longer that 20 characters. WebSphere MQ messages: Messages are made up of Two parts: Message descriptor, Application data. Types of messages?
Datagram: A Message sent with no response expected. Request: A Message sent for job retail resume which a response is expected. Reply: A Response Message for word essay a requested message. Report: A Message that describes the occurrence or event. Qmanager a 10000 Msgs Maxmsglength a 4 Mb. Queue a 5000 Msgs Maxmsglength a 4 Mb. This defines the character set of character data in job retail resume, the message. If you want to set this character set to that of the queue manager, you can set this field to the constant MQCCSI_Q_MGR or MQCCSI_INHERIT.
When you get a message from a queue, compare the value of the a thesis, CodedCharSetId field with the value that your application is expecting. If the two values differ, you might need to convert any character data in job retail resume, the message or use a data-conversion message exit if one is available. Local Queue Remote Queues Alias Queues. Model Queue Dynamic Queues Cluster Queues. Queue: A safe place to store messages for word essay Prior-To-Delivery, it belongs to job retail resume, the Qmgr to which the application is connected. Model Queue: Model queue is is enlightenment, a template of a queue definition that uses when creating a dynamic queue. Alias Queue: Queue definition, which is job retail resume, Alias to an actual Local or Remote Q. Used for security and easy maintenance. Remote Queue: Object that defines a Queue belongs to another Q Manager (Logical Def).
Initiation Queue: An initiation queue is a local queue to which the queue manager writes a trigger message when certain conditions are met on another local queue. Dynamic Queue: Such a queue is defined on comparison the fly when the resume, application needs it. Dynamic queues may be retained by word essay, the queue manager or automatically deleted when the application program ends. Use- To store intermediate results. Cluster Queue: Custer queue is a local queue that is known throughout a cluster of queue managers.
Reply-To-Queue: A request message must contain the name of the queue into which the responding program must put the Reply Message. Queue Manager: Provides Messaging services and manages the Queues, Channels, and Processes that belongs to resume, it. Alias Q Manager: Queue-manager aliases, are created using a remote-queue definition with a blank RNAME. Channel: Communication Paths between Queue Managers. Default objects: (43 objects) Queues: SYSTEM.DEFAULT.LOCAL QUEUE SYSTEM.DEFAULT.MODEL.QUEUE. Channel Queues: SYSTEM.CHANNEL.INITQ SYSTEM.CHANNEL.SYNCQ.
Admin Queues: SYSTEM.ADMIN.ACCOUNTING.QUEUE. Channels: SYSTEM.AUTO.RECEIVER SYSTEM.AUTO.SVRCONN. Process Def: SYSTEM.DEFAULT.PROCESS. Services: SYSTEM.DEFAULT.SERVICE SYSTEM.BROKER. Name Lists: SYSTEM.DEFAULT.NAMELIS. Event Queues: SYSTEM.ADMIN.CHANNEL.EVENT. What are advantages of creating Aliases? Why do we create Alias? When sending messages: Re mapping the queue-manager name when sending messages, Altering or specifying the transmission queue when sending messages, Determining the destination when receiving messages, Using a queue manager as a gateway into the cluster.
Gives different application different levels of access authority to the target Queue Allows different applications to work with the same queue in 2000 essay how many, different way Simplifies maintenance, migration and workload balance. What are the parameters required to put a message on a queue (or) putting a message on queue parameters? Requires a Connection handler (Hconn), a Queue handler (Hobj), a description of the message that you want to put on job retail resume the queue (MQMD), Control information, message length, the message data itself. You can remove a message from the queue so that other programs can no longer see the message, you can copy a message, leaving the word essay, original message on the queue. This is known as browsing.
You can remove the job retail resume, message once you have browsed it. In both cases, you use the MQGET call, but first your application must be connected to the queue manager, and you must use the 2000 word, MQOPEN call to open the queue. What are Persistent Non-Persistent messages? Persistent messages survive system failures, as they are stored in system log files. However non persistent message will be lost if a system failure occurs. Persistent messages are used to job retail resume, ensure guaranteed delivery of messages to the target queue manager even if there are system failures, Non-persistent messages are used when the source can reproduce the messages. What happens when a message is english comparison, put in a PUT-INHIBITED Queue? The messages are put in the dead letter queue. If a channel is unable to put a message to the target queue because that queue is full or put inhibited, the channel can retry the operation a number of times (specified in the message-retry count attribute) at a given time interval (specified in resume, the message-retry interval attribute).
Alternatively, you can write your own message-retry exit that determines which circumstances cause a retry, and the number of statemnet attempts made. Job Retail Resume. The channel goes to a thesis, PAUSED state while waiting for the message-retry interval to finish. Syncpoint coordination is the job retail, process by which units of work are either committed or backed out with data integrity. The decision to commit or back out the word essay, changes is taken, in job retail resume, the simplest case, at the end of boxing essay a transaction. However, it can be more useful for an application to resume, synchronize data changes at other logical points within a transaction. These logical points are called syncpoints (or synchronization points) and the period of processing a set of updates between two syncpoints is called a unit of work. A trigger monitor is a continuously - running program that serves one or more initiation queues. When a trigger message arrives on an initiation queue, the trigger monitor retrieves the message.
The trigger monitor uses the information in the trigger message. Statemnet. It issues a command to start the corresponding application/channel. What are the job retail, Trigger types available Explain? EVERY: A trigger event occurs every time that a message arrives on the application queue. Use this type of essay questions trigger if you want a serving program to process only one message, then end. FIRST: A trigger event occurs only when the number of messages on the application queue changes from zero to one. Use this type of trigger if you want a serving program to start when the first message arrives on a queue, continue until there are no more messages to resume, process, then end. DEPTH: A trigger event occurs only when the number of messages on essay introduction the application queue reaches the value of the TriggerDepth attribute.
IS used to describe the store for digital certificates and their associated private keys. An in-doubt channel is a channel that is indoubt with the remote channel about job retail resume which messages has been sent and received. Queue open failed? *Reason: On an MQCONN or MQCONNX call, the value specified for questions the QMgrName parameter is not valid or not known. *Resolution: we must correct the configuration information.
*Reason Code 2085 MQRC_UNKNOWN_OBJECT_NAME. *Resolution: check for the Queue name in job retail, the QM if not found define it. Messages sent to DLQ? *Reason code: 2218 Message too big for Channel. *Investigation: Examine the usc application essay questions, contents of the dead-letter queue. Each message is job retail resume, contained in a structure that describes why the message was put to the queue, and to where it was originally addressed. Also look at previous error messages to see if the attempt to word essay, put messages to job retail, a dead-letter queue failed. *Resolution: change the channel size as required, if the channel is a cluster channel then do a REFRESH cluster so that it will reflect to the other QM’s, then reprocess the message. Message piling up in a Queue? *Investigation: Check for the log files (/var/mqm/qmgrs/qmgrname/errors/*.log), The messages were not being processed because of very high workload.
The SSL client does not have a certificate. A certificate has expired or is not yet active. A certificate is not supported. A certificate is corrupted. May be ssl version upgradation. Channel refuses to run or channel retry? *Reason: A mismatch of essay introduction name between a sending and receiving channels, Incorrect channel type specified, A receiver channel might be in stopped state, the connection might not be defined Correctly, there might be a problem with communication software. *Resolution: Alter the Queue and REFRESH the cluster to resume, reflect the change in the information stored in word essay, the partial repository.
Increase the Queue and job retail resume, Queue manager MaxMsgLength attributes, Use segmented messages (Messages can be segmented by either the application or the boxing, Queue manager), use reference message. AIX (Advance Interactive X-change) AIX logs messages as specified in /etc/syslog.conf. What is kproc? Is a kernel’s process.
What is AIX? Advance Interactive X-change. A simple calculator, Dc command takes its input from the File parameter or standard input until it reads an end-of-file character. Converts and copies a file, DD command reads the In File parameter or standard input, does the specified conversions, then copies the converted data to the Out File parameter or standard output. Deletes files if the request is confirmed, The del command displays the list of specified files and asks you to job retail resume, confirm your request to delete the group of files. Reports information about word essay space on resume file systems.
Compares text files, It can compare single files or the contents of directories. The du command displays the number of blocks used for files. Processes the command history list. What is grep command / fgrep command? Searches a file for a literal string. What is IKEYCMD command? Is a UNIX command line interface that you can use to manage keys, certificates, and certificate requests. A semaphore is word essay, a special variable that takes only whole positive numbers and upon job retail, which only two operations are allowed: wait (P) and signal (V).
They are used to ensure that a single executing process has exclusive access to a resource. A pipe is a half-duplex communication channel defined by two file descriptors, one open for boxing essay writing and one for reading, such that what is written in the former pops out in the latter. Using pipes command can be joined so one input to another. Interacts directly with the HW and provides the service to the user programs. A shell is a command interpreter. That can interact with the job retail resume, Kernel through the shell (program). We can write ASCII (text) scripts to be acted upon by the shell. A command is a program that tells the unix system to do something. What will perform a long list on all files in the current directory and what is enlightenment, recursively perform the list through all sub-directories. Used to perform special functions on the command line or within editor. ps –e This command counts the number of processes running on your computer system.
wc -l This command pipeline sort the output of the. ps –ef This command counts the number of users logged into your computer system. who | wc -l The output of the who command is piped into the wc command, which counts the number of lines in the who output. grep This command as a search command (most people wish it was named search). It is used to search for text strings within one or more files. find This command is very powerful. It can search the resume, entire filesystem for one or more files that you specify to look for. This is very helpful when a file has been lost .Ex: Find / -name Chapter1 -type f –print This command searches through the word essay, root filesystem (/) for the file named Chapter1.
If it finds the file, it prints the location to the screen. More about Vi editor: Three distinct modes of Vi Editor: Input mode Command mode Last line mode. Input Mode: Lets you type text into job retail your document. Command Mode: Lets you enter vi commands(cut, paste etc..). Last Line Mode: Lets you enter commands that appear on english essay the bottom line of the screen, and can affect the editing environment or interact with the external environment.
Notes: When you first open a file, your default mode is command mode. To switch from command mode to input mode use the command mode commands insert(i) append(a) open(o) i- insert a new text in front of job retail resume a current character. a- append new text after a current character. o- Open a new line after the essay equals, current line and start inserting text. For deleting text: These commands must all be entered from command mode. x - Delete the resume, character at the current cursor position. dew - delete the remainder of the current word.
dd - delete the word essay, line. ssndd - delete n number of lines (current line is job retail resume, line 1) d - delete to essay questions, the end of the line. Searching for text: /text search forward through the resume, document for text. ?text search backward through the usc application, document for text. n repeat the previous search. DQM: DISTRIBUTED QUEUEING MANAGEMENT. Setuping Controlling of Message Channel in Message Queuing for Q Managers on Distributed Systems.
What is queue-sharing group for z/OS ? The Client Application fails and gets return code? What is the SSL Version used in WMQ5.3? NPMSPEED FAST. What happens if the channel goes down? Nonpersistent message speed (NPMSPEED) It is used to specify the speed at job retail resume, which nonpersistent messages are to be sent. It can take on two values either ‘normal’ or ‘fast’. The default is a thesis statemnet, ‘fast’, which means that nonpersistent messages on a channel are not transferred within transactions. Non persistent messages are lost if there is a transmission failure or if the channel stops when the messages are in transit. Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) is a protocol designed to job retail resume, allow the statemnet, transmission of secure data over an insecure network.
SSL makes use of digital certificates to enable authentication of the partner. It also uses encryption to prevent eavesdropping and hash functions to job retail resume, enable detection of tampering. It can be used with both MCA channels for questions queue manager to queue manager communication and MQI channels for client applications connecting to a queue manager. A CipherSuite is a suite of cryptographic algorithms used by an SSL connection. A suite comprises three distinct algorithms: The key exchange and authentication algorithm, used during the SSL handshake. The encryption algorithm, used to encipher the data. The MAC (Message Authentication Code) algorithm, used to generate the job retail, message digest. Some important MQSC commands that work with cluster.
DISPLAY CLUSQMGR SUSPEND CLUSQMGR. RESUME CLUSQMGR REFRESH CLUSTER. What are the Advantages of clustering? Advantages: Reduced system administration. Increased high availability. Improved resource utilization.
A cluster Queue manager is a queue manager that is a member of a cluster. A queue manager can be a member of more than one cluster. What happens when we give a Refresh Cluster mqsc command ? This command issued on word essay a queue manager, the job retail, queue manager discard all locally held information about a cluster except the a thesis statemnet, FULL repository information. This enables you to perform a “cold-start” on the cluster. How to remove a Qmgr from Cluster? a Suspend queue manager.
a Remove the CLUSRCVR channel definition from the cluster by setting the resume, CLUSTER attribute to empty. a Stop the CLUSRCVR channel. a Delete the CLUSSDR channel definition. What happens when full cluster repository Qmgr goes down? If your queue manager is a full repository queue manager, alter the queue manager definition to set the english comparison, REPOS and REPOSNL attributes to job retail, blank. This sends a notification to other queue managers advising them that they must stop sending cluster information to this queue manager. When will we use RESET CLUSTER command? To forcibly remove a queue manager from the cluster and resets the cluster. How does a partial repository QM share information with other clusters when the full repos QM is down? The cluster continues to work with information from the boxing essay, other full repository. If both the full repositories are down, still the cluster continues to work with available information from the partial repository.
A repository handles the request whenever possible but if the chosen repository is not available another repos used. Job Retail Resume. When the first repository becomes available again, it collects the latest new and changed information from the others so that the queue managers are kept in synch. Boxing. The repository queue manager send messages to each other to be sure that they are both kept up to date with new information about the cluster. How do I set up a cluster and add a new QM to a cluster? Determine to which full repository the qmgr has to point to get cluster information, Define the CLUSRCVR channel, Define a CLUSSDR channel on queue manager. The components of a cluster are. a group of job retail resume queue managers.(more than one) Cluster receiver channel - to communicate with any cluster queue manager. Cluster sender channel- to communicate with any cluster queue manager. The cluster sender channel points to a full repository queue manager. Cluster transmission queue.
One transmission queue to transmit message to any cluster queue. A queue that is available to boxing, all cluster queue managers. Types of job retail cluster services ==============D. How many Transmission Queues are present in a Queue manager present in english, a Cluster? When defining a Cluster sender channel, for example if there is more than one instance in the cluster what will happen? How many cluster channel definitions are required for a QM in resume, a cluster? TWO cluster channel definitions are required: Cluster Sender channel and Cluster Receiver channel. What is Cluster queue how is it defined? A cluster queue is a queue that is hosted by a cluster queue manager and made available to other queue managers in the cluster. The cluster queue manager makes a local queue definition for the queue, specifying the word essay, name of the cluster where the queue is to be found. This definition has the effect of showing the other queue managers in the cluster that the queue is there.
The other queue managers in resume, the cluster can put messages to a cluster queue without needing a corresponding remote-queue definition. Defining a cluster-receiver channel has the effect of introducing a queue manager to one of the what kant thesis, full repository queue managers. The full repository queue manager updates the information in its full repository accordingly. Then it automatically creates a cluster-sender channel back to the queue manager, and sends the queue manager information about the cluster. Thus a queue manager learns about a cluster and a cluster learns about resume a queue manager.
Types of aliases and remote-queue definitions with clusters? Queue-manager aliases, reply-to queue aliases, and queue aliases. What is essay, a gateway queue manager and advantages of using in job retail, a cluster? This enables workload balancing for comparison essay messages coming from outside the cluster. How will you keep a cluster secure? Stopping the unauthorized Queue manager sending message to your Queue manager.
Stopping unauthorized Queue manager putting messages on your Queues. Stopping Your Queue manager putting messages to remote Queues. Preventing Queue manager from joining a cluster: Define a channel security exit program. Forcing unwanted queue manager to leave a cluster. Adding a new Queue manager to resume, a cluster? Determine the Full repository to which the usc application essay, QM should refer.
Define the CLUSRCVR channel. Define the CLUSSDR channel on the QM. Review the application for message affinities. Removing a cluster queue from a Queue manager? Indicate the Queue is no longer available – remove the job retail, CLUSTER name from the local queue definition (ALTER QLOCAL(localqueue) CLUSTER(‘’))
Disable the Queue – ALTER QLOCAL(localqueue) PUT(DISABLE) Monitor the questions, Queue until it is EMPTY. Monitor the channel to ensure that there is job retail, no in-doubt message. Delete the Queue. Removing a Queue Manager form a Cluster? Suspend the QM (SUSPEND QMGR CLUSTER(clusname)) Remove the CLUSRCVR channel definition. Stop the english essay, CLUSRCVR channel. Delete the job retail resume, CLUSSDR channel definition.
Converting an existing network to cluster? Alter two QM to make it a FULL repository MQ. Define CLUSRCVR channel on each Queue manager. Define CLUSSDR channel on what is enlightenment thesis each Queue Manager. Delete all remote Queue definitions for the existing network.
When a cluster contains more than one instance of the same queue, WebSphere MQ uses a workload management algorithm to determine the best queue manager to route a message. The algorithm uses a round-robin approach to finalize its choice between the suitable queue managers. Remove the cluster queues from the cluster. Stop all applications that have access to cluster Queue. Remove the job retail resume, repository attribute from the full repository Queue manager.
Remove Cluster channels on each Queue manager. Issue REFRESH cluster command on each Queue manager. - Which exit is a thesis, used to resume, perform compression during transmission?
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These styles are great for graphic designers, artists, or anyone who wants to add a hint of character to their job search. Template Library 5: Career Life Situations. Job Hopper Original. Mid-Level Dark Blue. Career Changer Brick Red.
Whether it’s entry-level, manager, or executive, every job seeker experiences different phases throughout their career. Some phases, like being in the middle of a complete career change or hopping around short-term jobs, are quite difficult to transfer on a resume. Fortunately, we have created a new library of word essay, templates specifically tailored to the various stages of a career. Remember: You can download any of these resume templates for job retail resume free and add the bullet points yourself, or you can make a resume in english comparison, minutes with Resume Genius’ renowned resume builder software. Resume! It can save you a lot of hassle designing and comparison essay, filling up your resume, and job retail resume, land you more interviews faster. However, if you’d still like to make the usc application essay questions resume on your own, use our industry-specific resume samples to resume give you guidance and inspiration when writing your own resume. Lastly, don’t forget to check out our professional cover letter examples. Not Sure Which Template to Choose? The answer is 2000 equals how many pages yes — if you want to. Every person’s experience is unique, so you’ll need to job retail choose a template that best reflects and promotes your skills and experiences.Our templates are built to be customizable to any industry and are great for any of the 3 resume formats. The fact is, the web is filled with so many fantastic and usc application essay, creative template designs that there is undoubtedly something for you out there.
We are proud of the job retail designs we’ve created, and have seen that they are effective at english landing interviews. But we’re not finished yet — we’ll be adding template designs to this page extensively in the near future. If you feel like creating your own, that’s fine too. Readability is king when creating a good template — it is the most important factor, followed by how the resume itself is structured to showcase your best experiences and job retail, conceal your negative ones. You may have read on the Internet that it’s inappropriate to use a resume template. You’ll hear these arguments: 1. It shows you’re lazy and uncreative, and unable to design your own.
Wrong, it shows you’re efficient. (Creating your own is fine, too.) 2. What! Since your experience is unique, a resume template won’t cut it. Wrong again. Your experience is personally unique, but you still generally fall into pattern that many other people have traveled before. 3. Job Retail! The hiring manager will be tired of looking at that resume template design because a lot of word equals how many, other people use it. That hiring manager should be fired. It’s the content of your resume that matters, not the aesthetic (unless it’s not readable.)
We hope that clears up any misconceptions you may have had. Resume! We invite you to scroll back to the top and choose from one of our many resume libraries, and start writing. cover letter for nursing. Should i include collegiate sports in my resume? And if so where? It depends how much professional experience you have. Boxing Essay! If you are a recent college grad, then it is acceptable to resume include on your resume. Good luck on the job hunt!
Good luck on the job hunt! If the usc application essay jobs are relevant to the ones you are applying for, then you can go as far back as you like. Job Retail! With regards to is enlightenment your military experience, check out our military to civilian resume guide: https://resumegenius.com/blog/go-shooting-guns-coffee-runs. Any of the templates in library 2 would be suitable for manufacturing careers. Job Retail! Best of luck! I’ve worked in the same industry for the past 13 years. Multiple employers with jobs lasting two to three years each. The jobs have been similar, so the experience looks a bit repetitive. I need to essay find a template that highlights my experience without getting bogged down in the chronology, Any suggestions?
It provides ample space for your professional experience, while also highlighting your top qualifications. Good luck on the job hunt! hi resume genius.. Job Retail! i need template resume that suitable for trainer and coach.. can u suggest to me with template is suitable.. #128578; I had a job for 7 years and during that time I wore many hats, Executive Admin, Purchasing, Vendor Management, Project Coordination, etc. How would I write that on my resume? Perhaps the what kant Company name and then all the related roles under that and the times I did those jobs? I was always the Executive Admin, but I did other jobs during that period. Yes, your suggestion is job retail resume correct. Start with the company name and included the related jobs with their own bullet points underneath. Good luck! Consider trying the ‘Job Hopper’ or the ‘Executive.’ They should able to fit all your jobs nicely.
Ive never had a job so what should I use? Most of the templates above would suit your situation, but we suggest trying the Career Changer template because it emphasizes skills over the dates of your professional experience. Boxing! (https://resumegenius.com/resume-templates/career-level-life-situation-templates#career-changer-templates) Best of luck! We suggest using the ‘Gatsby’ Template. Good luck with grad school! As far as style, we suggest our ‘Professional’ template. In terms of format, if you want to job retail include your restaurant experience, then you might want to consider using a functional format:https://resumegenius.com/resume-formats/functional-samples-writing-guide. Hope this helps! We suggest using our ‘Entry-Level’ template.
Good luck with the internship! Good Day Resume Genius.I’m a midwife by profession an has worked in word essay, a military hospital for 16 years in KSA. I’m trying to resume apply as a home based ESL educator and an email respondent . Since I’m from the medical profession, I’m having difficulty in choosing the perfect resume.The skill I know is more on word essay the medical.,clerical which involes data entry for job retail appointments and summary, interpreter and my part time informal english lessons to native speaking arabs. What template should I use? Try the what is enlightenment kant ‘Murray’ template. Good luck! Hello.
Which is good for cabin crew applicant? I have no many work experience in service. Resume! So i want to comparison essay highlight the other things. Thanks #128578; Take a look at job retail our Flight Attendant resume sample: https://resumegenius.com/resume-samples/flight-attendant-resume-example You can download it and input your own information. Which template would you recommend for a career in english comparison, education? Check out resume our teacher resume samples: https://resumegenius.com/resume-samples/teacher-resume-example You can download them and input your own experience. Try using the ‘Freeman’ template. What Kant! Best of job retail resume, luck on the promotion! Hi! What resume template would you recommend for a college freshman trying to apply for essay questions a competitive summer program with the USDA and South Dakota State University?
Sound like the ‘Entry-Level’ template would be a good fit for job retail resume what you’re trying to do. Good luck with the summer program. Hi! Which resume template would you recommend for someone trying to a thesis statemnet tap into the finance and accounting market. Looking for job retail resume an entry-level position. You should go with the ‘Entry-Level’ template. Good luck with the is enlightenment kant thesis job hunt. I have worked 32+ years as a nurse, the last 4 years taking care of my elderly father and online work. Now seeking to get back into resume, the job market for how many extra income, not necessarily in the health field, just to job retail resume earn some income and socialize. What resume do you suggest? Try the questions ‘Job Hopper’ template.
Good luck with your job search! Hi! What resume template would you recommend for a 9th grader trying to apply for a doctor (any)?? Apparently, resume making and job retail resume, interviewing is our project for the fourth quarter this year. Word Essay! I couldn’t find any clear examples on resume the web, and I was hoping you could help me out with what template I should use.. Try using the ‘Elegant 2.0’ template. Word Essay! Good luck on resume your project. Yes, if you click the View all Resume Designs button and click the download link for english essay the template pack of your choice. If you’ve never written a resume before, I’d recommend checking out our “How to job retail Write a Resume” guide to word essay get a clearer idea (it’s much more comprehensive than any answer I can give here). https://resumegenius.com/how-to-write-a-resume. Hit us up with any follow-up questions after giving that a read we’ll see if we can help further!
Good luck! Hey there Margaret, In order to best understand which template works, it’s a good idea to check out which resume format fits your particular needs; then you can take it from there. https://resumegenius.com/resume-formats. All of the templates were created by professional resume writers, so it’s hard to go wrong with any of them — it just depends on your preference. Good luck! It really depends on what job you’re applying for. Since you have substantial work experience, try quantifying that in your resume (think: any numbers that a hiring manager can look at and better understand what you accomplished during your time working there).
Check out this page and choose the resume one you find most fitting, that should be a good start: https://resumegenius.com/resume-formats. Good luck on the job hunt! Hey there hbil036, This way, you can focus on your skills qualifications critical to the job application. As an aside, you may want to look into whether you’re qualified to get back into accounting after that many years outside of the essay field. I understand that some regulations and rules change over the years — it may just be a matter of job retail resume, taking a test or updating your certifications, but I’m not certain.
If that doesn’t seem to boxing essay introduction be a problem then go with the functional resume for sure. Job Retail! Good luck on the job hunt! If you are lacking in major experience, I’d recommend using a reverse chronological format for usc application your resume. Our “Classic” template on this page should do the job retail resume trick: https://resumegenius.com/resume-templates/ Good luck at the job fair! I recommend you first check out our internship resume sample page: https://resumegenius.com/resume-samples/internship-resume-example. Afterwards, feel free to choose any format – just use a comprehensive education section instead of a professional experience section, and you should be good. Is Enlightenment Kant! Good luck landing that internship! Share Free Downloadable Resume Templates Our code geeks and HR experts are proud to introduce our new Free Resume Builder software to help you land more interviews in today’s competitive job market.
See why. How to Modify and Maximize your Resume Template. Need a resume template? Feel free to resume download one, but be sure to make small modifications to unlock your. Would You Rather Work for a Man or a Woman? Do people still care whether they work for a man or woman, or do most people simply look for a nice job. 5 Ridiculous Excuses To Calling Out Of Work That Were Surprisingly Successful.
Every office is a thesis statemnet bound to have that one person that abuses the call-out policy. These people go above and. Resume Genius' builder, resources, advice and career tips are regularly featured on some of the world's leading online and offline publications including: Our code geeks and HR experts are proud to introduce our new Free Resume Builder software to help you land more interviews in today's competitive job market. HR-proven resume templates, built-in job description bullet point phrases to job retail resume choose from, and essay, easily export to MS Word and PDF.
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How to write a resume for retail industry jobs?
11 Sales Performance Metrics that Matter Most. While revenue-per-rep is ultimately the most important sales performance metric, there are other areas sales managers should focus on. Some managers fall into the trap of becoming too focused on quota and #8220;making the number#8221; that they lose track of some vital performance metrics. Job Retail! Managers can exercise a greater degree of control over equals how many pages sales performance and job retail resume activity metrics. By focusing on word essay these key areas within their control, sales managers can bring about an improvement in sales performance and grow revenue. To help you improve the performance of your sales reps, we have outlined a number of important sales metrics and KPIs that you should focus on. Job Retail Resume! Take the time to measure how much time your reps actually spend selling. What! This step can help you identify any issues that are hampering sales performance. Time, after all, is the job retail resume most precious commodity of the sales rep. Look to eliminate sales roadblocks. For example, many reps today struggle to locate relevant content.
It is estimated that sales reps spend between 6.5 and 8.8 hours per week searching for word essay, information. If content retrieval issues are holding your sales team back, think about introducing sales enablement software that eliminates this inefficiency and improves sales performance. Job Retail! Business today is moving at an increasingly rapid pace. The rise of english, inbound marketing means companies are becoming more focused on online tactics to generate leads. However, research has shown that the life span of an online lead can be quite short. Speed of response is key. Companies that try to resume contact a lead within an hour of the initial query are seven times more likely to qualify the lead than those companies that waited even an hour longer.
Companies that wait a full 24 hours before contacting the lead are 60 times less likely to essay qualify the lead than those who responded within the first hour. Job Retail Resume! Quick response time can boost the performance of your sales team considerably. Chances are your company is making a considerable investment in marketing to build an online presence, and essay introduction develop collateral to drum up leads. Ensure this investment pays off by responding to job retail resume leads quickly and efficiently. A Thesis Statemnet! According to the AMA (American Marketing Association), 90% of marketing content goes unused by sales. At the same time investment in content marketing continues to resume rise and now counts for 16% of overall budget according to according to the Information Technology Services Marketing Association.
This kind of inefficiency can have a major impact on your team#8217;s sales performance. Implementing next generation sales content management software is one way to boost the performance levels of both sales and marketing. Prioritize software that closes the sales marketing loop and english comparison essay allows you to measure marketing collateral usage. Think about introducing systems and resume processes that allow marketing leaders to push relevant content directly to sales reps. Keeping track of comparison essay, opportunity win rate gives you some insight into the ability of your reps to close a deal. Closing ability is quite a large part of sales performance. Some of your reps might be great at networking and working a deal through the pipeline only to job retail resume consistently fail when it comes to closing. By keeping an eye on a thesis this metric you can work with reps who consistently post low opportunity rates. Sometimes sitting in with these reps on a call, or providing coaching can make all the difference. If the rep#8217;s performance continues to suffer due to low opportunity win rates, you could think about transferring the job retail rep to a new role as a sales development representative (SDR) where they can use their strengths to english comparison move leads through the pipeline. The average size of closed won deals is job retail resume, a metric which can quickly flag deals that may not be worth pursuing.
One of boxing, your priorities as a sales manager is to ensure your reps are spending their time as wisely as possible. You might also learn that reps are veering towards smaller deals because they are easier to close instead of resume, pursuing the most important opportunities. Word Essay! If your average deal size is smaller than you would like, take some time to assess your company#8217;s lead generation efforts and why they are producing leads that end up in smaller deals. Liaise with marketing about ways lead generation can be tweaked to boost sales performance. The average length of time it takes your reps to close a deal is another key metric when it comes to measuring the performance of your sales reps. Job Retail Resume! You should also look to measure the average time it takes a deal to pass through each stage of the sales pipeline. With this metric, you will quickly be able to word essay flag deals that are less likely to close by the amount of time they are taking to job retail resume progress. You will also be able to identify sales bottlenecks and take action. Perhaps your reps need some expert coaching, or if the 2000 word essay equals how many deal looks like it could amount to resume a huge time investment but the likelihood (based on statemnet average sales cycle duration) of a win is quite low, it might be time for your rep to invest their time in deals that are statistically more likely to convert.
By arming yourself with this important sales cycle information, you can quickly eliminate sales bottlenecks and give direction to job retail resume your team on how they should invest their time. This sales performance metric reflects the overall efficiency of the sales division. Total costs include salaries, commissions, expenses for your sales organization. Over time this metric can help you gauge the boxing essay introduction level of investment needed to reach a certain performance level. You will be able to tell how much of an investment it took your company to reach annual revenue. Measure your cost of sales to revenue ratio against job retail resume, the industry average to see how your levels of sales productivity stack up. 2000 Word Essay Equals Pages! According to Phocas, sales funnel leakage is a crucial metric to gauge as it indicates whether holes exist in your sales funnel. With the right measurement, you can also determine precisely where those holes are, what#8217;s causing them, and gain insights on how you might plug those leaks #8212; which aren#8217;t only leeching potentially valuable leads, but also revenue.
There are actually two key metrics that provide insight into sales funnel leakage: lead response time (mentioned earlier in this post) and rate of follow-up contact. Resume! Both of these metrics can point to the health and efficiency of your sales force. Businesses that respond promptly to leads are more likely to close deals, and persistence is, of course, crucial. Are your reps promptly reaching out to essay qualified leads? How often are they following up on leads? If there are significant time lapses between follow-ups and these leads are dropping out of the sales funnel before being deemed unqualified or not interested, you#8217;ve identified a prime opportunity to job retail resume boost your sales figures by plugging this hole. Beyond metrics pertaining to outcomes, it#8217;s also critical to evaluate sales performance based on measurable actions.
Because factors such as the time it takes a sales rep to follow up on a lead can have such a substantial impact on whether your company wins the a thesis sale, identifying the most influential actions and setting KPIs based on those goals is a highly effective way to keep your sales team on track. Resume! You can set action-based goals for word essay, your sales team at large or for individual reps (or both). These goals are typically based on job retail resume a target number of actions and a specified period (day, week, month, etc.). How Many! Geckoboard outlines a few good examples of job retail resume, action-based metrics such as: # of outreach emails sent # of usc application questions, first contact or follow-up calls made # of job retail resume, follow-up emails sent # of meetings scheduled or conducted # of proposals sent. 10. Sales Volume by usc application essay Location, Channel, or Territory. When it comes to boosting performance, the most insightful metrics are often those that can be broken down into granular views, such as the number of job retail resume, new client acquisitions per rep, per location, sales territory, or channel. The insights gained from this granular data are often actionable, enabling enterprises to word essay pinpoint new opportunities or identify the job retail most profitable sales channels. By then focusing more marketing and is enlightenment sales power on these lucrative channels or customizing your messaging to the pain points specific to a location, you can intentionally and directly influence your sales figures moving into the next cycle. While results- and action-based metrics are indicative of the health of your sales organization, it#8217;s also important to measure employee satisfaction. Ultimately, happier sales reps are more productive, and they tend to better engage with leads and close more deals.
What#8217;s more, early indicators of a drop in employee satisfaction among your sales team can be preemptive indications of upcoming losses in revenue or declines in other metrics. As such, taking rapid action to boost morale can save your company from a numbers slump.
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How to write a resume for retail industry jobs?
Error Handling and Debugging Tips for job retail Access 2007, VB, and VBA. This content is outdated and is no longer being maintained. It is provided as a courtesy for individuals who are still using these technologies. This page may contain URLs that were valid when originally published, but now link to word essay sites or pages that no longer exist. Summary: Experienced developers use a variety of job retail resume, techniques to simplify their coding and maintenance efforts. Some of the tricks are general programming styles and conventions, while others are specific to the characteristics of Microsoft Visual Basic 6.0 and Visual Basic for Applications (VBA). Hopefully, by essay, adopting such best practices techniques, you'll be able to write code that's easier to write, debug, and understand.
Not only resume can you reduce bugs during development, you can also significantly reduce the effort required to replicate and fix bugs your users encounter. A consistent coding style is questions, critical for efficient application development in job retail resume, multi-developer environments. It also increases the chance that future developers can understand your work to fix or enhance it. (20 printed pages) Luke Chung, President of FMS, Inc. Applies to: Microsoft Office Access 2007. Debugging is introduction, one of the most important skills for a developer. Job Retail Resume. Software development is all about writing code, making mistakes, and 2000 word essay equals how many pages fixing them. Strong debugging skills minimize the resume, development cycle by allowing developers to pinpoint bugs quicker, make fixes that actually address the problems encountered, and usc application essay questions verify the modifications are correct. This is particularly important as the code gets more complex. Debugging doesn’t end when the application is shipped.
Having the proper error handling in place is critical to providing quick support when users encounter crashes. Job Retail Resume. At the very least you want to essay verify it’s a problem in your application, and job retail if so, as much information as possible so you can minimize the need for user recall on english, how to reproduce the job retail, bug. Fortunately, Microsoft Access offers very powerful debugging tools during development, with the word essay, ability to add error handling routines to help debug deployed/remote applications. The most common use of the debugger is to job retail diagnose the code when a crash is encountered. If no error handling is in place, when an Access application crashes, you or your user are prompted with a message box similar to boxing introduction the one in Figure 1. Assuming that you’re not running an MDE, when you click Debug , you open the IDE at job retail, the line where the crash occurred and have the opportunity to examine the problem. Another important use of the debugger is during system development to word essay verify the code is working correctly even if a crash doesn’t occur, or to narrow down the job retail, situations where a crash occurs. The Access/VB6 debugger lets you step through each line of boxing essay, code as it runs, examine the job retail, environment (including all variables), and even change variable values and lines of code! By seeing how your code runs (which procedures get called, which IF statement branch is taken, how loops work, and so on) you gain a much better understanding of how your code work and whether it’s behaving as designed. By including a consistent error handler design with a central error handler, you can deploy applications that document the crashes your users encounter. This is essay equals how many, particularly important if you have many remote customers and can’t easily go to the offending desktop when the user calls.
With a sophisticated error handler, you can document not only the job retail, error, but other important information such as the procedure name, procedure call stack, line number where the crash occurred, and other Access environment information. With this information you’ll be able to reproduce the error quicker, and be more assured that you make the fixes necessary to address them. Most importantly, you’ll minimize the is enlightenment thesis, often frustrating process that developers and users face when trying to job retail reproduce crashes. Professional applications need to include error handling to trap unexpected errors. By using a consistent error handler, you can make sure that when crashes occur, the english comparison, user is properly informed and your program exits gracefully. Basic error handling just hides the default behavior and exits the program. Resume. Advanced error handling can include all sorts of features such as saving information about the cause of the error and the environment at the time, attempts to address the statemnet, problem, and information for the user on what they need to do next.
Before you can use error handling, you need to resume understand the Error Trapping setting. Visual Basic 6.0 and VBA let you to determine how it should behave when errors are encountered. From the IDE, look under the Tools Options setting. Make sure that error trapping is kant, not set to Break On All Errors . That setting will cause your code to job retail stop on every error, even errors you are properly handling with On Error Resume Next . Break on Unhandled Errors works in most cases but is problematic while debugging class modules. During development, if Error Trapping is set to Break on Unhandled Errors and essay equals how many pages an error occurs in a class module, the debugger stops on the line calling the class rather than the offending line in the class.
This makes finding and fixing the problem difficult. I recommend using Break in Class Modules , which stops on job retail, the actual crashing line. However, be aware that this does not work if you use raise errors in your classes via the Err.Raise command. This command actually causes an “error” and makes your program stop if Error Trapping is set to Break in essay, Class Modules . Unfortunately, users can modify this setting before launching your application so you should make sure that this is properly set when your application starts. Programmatically, the resume, option settings can be viewed and modified by using the Application.GetOption and Application.SetOption methods. Always include code in your startup routines to set the appropriate error handling level. Make Sure that Every Procedure Has Error Handling. Once the Error Trapping issue is word essay, resolved, you need to add error handling to resume your application.
Unfortunately, Visual Basic 6.0 and VBA do not support a global error handler to manage any errors that arise. You actually have to set error handling in every procedure. Without you explicitly adding error handling, Visual Basic and VBA show the default error message and then allow the user to debug your code, or just crash. At the most basic level, error handling involves the following two parts. The following section invokes the error handler. If an error occurs in the procedure, the code jumps to the line where the label “PROC_ERR” is defined. For consistency, use the essay, same label name in every procedure. The following section is where the code goes if an error occurs in job retail, the procedure. Here you can manage the word essay, error and determine what to do next.
Examine the error object ( Err ) to job retail resume see what occurred. For example, Err.Number is the word equals how many pages, error number, Err.Description is the error description, and so on. In some situations, you need to turn off error handling. For example, you might want to see if a file exists. By looking for it and managing the error if it can’t be found, you can determine whether it exists or not. Disable error handling with the following code. Turn Off Error Handling During Development and Testing. Without error handling, if an error is encountered, the debugger automatically stops on the offending line.
This is great for resume debugging and correcting mistakes. However, if error handling exists in the procedure, when an error occurs, rather than stopping on the offending line, the english comparison, code in the Error Handling section is invoked. Job Retail. This makes debugging much more difficult. An easy way to avoid this problem is to add a global constant or variable that controls when error handling is usc application essay, active. So instead of using the following code… …and then define a global constant by using the following code. Set this constant to False during development, and then to resume True when you deliver your application. That way, your users get the benefit of the error handling and you can get your work done without it.
Getting Information from the usc application essay, Error Object. When an error occurs, get information about the job retail, problem in the Error Object. This object is named Err and contains several properties. The following are the properties that you should check: Number The error number, which is boxing essay introduction, useful for testing.
A value of job retail, zero means no error. Description The built-in description of the error. What Is Enlightenment. Sometimes this doesn’t exist and job retail resume this text “Application-defined or object-defined error” is given. The error object lets you easily inform the user of the a thesis statemnet, problem. For example, rather than display a simple message that an job retail, error occurred, you can specify the exact error number and message to display. The user still might not understand it, but it can be very helpful in diagnosing the problem. There might be situations where you test for an error number but cannot be sure the Err object doesn’t already contain an error. In such cases, use the english comparison essay, Clear method to clear the object. Alternatively, you can set the error number to zero ( Err.Number = 0 ), but is not as effective as the Clear method since it does not clear the description property. Error handling can also be used to test a condition. The following code example deletes a file and job retail provides the user with error messages.
Notice how the a thesis, following syntax allows the program to continue (that is, go to the next line) even when a command cannot be executed. The Kill command triggers an error if the file being deleted doesn’t exist or is locked. We don’t care whether the object exists or not. We just want to delete it if it does. Therefore, the command to job retail ignore the error ( Resume Next ) is appropriate. On Error Resume Next effectively disables error handling from that line forward (within the procedure) and should be used with care. It should only be used before a line where a specific error is being ignored. To reset error handling, use the following code. Alternatively, the following standard error handler has an extra clause to a thesis statemnet handle situations where error handling is resume, not being used.
Notice that a test of the error number is conducted to determine if a specific error occurred. Essay Equals How Many. That is, we consider it okay if the object could not be found. However, there are other reasons that might cause a failure to delete an object that exists (for example another user has the object open, insufficient rights to delete it, and so on). Error handling only resume handles well-behaved errors; that is, errors that trigger an error number in code. Technically, these are the only types of errors you can have, but we all know that Access can crash with an IPF or GPF. Usc Application. Unfortunately, these crashes are so severe that your error handling routines are ineffective. The following parts of the debugger work together to job retail resume let you analyze how your code runs: Integrated Development Environment (IDE) Stepping Through and Over Code. Integrated Development Environment (IDE)
From the IDE, there are several things that you can do. Put the cursor on the variable, procedure, or property in what is enlightenment thesis, question and press SHIFT+F2 to see where it’s defined. You’ll jump directly to it. You can do this as often as you like to understand how your code works. Press CTRL+SHIFT+F2 to go back to where you came. Highlight the procedure that you want to run and press F5 to run it. If you want to step into it line-by-line, press F8. Resume. More explanations on running code line-by-line is given later.
Of course, running a procedure this way only works if you don’t have to pass parameters to it. If you need to, consider using the Immediate Window. Breakpoints are placed on the lines in your code so that the debugger is invoked when the program tries to execute that line. Questions. A breakpoint can be placed on any line that is actually run (not lines in the General Declarations section, or lines that define variables in a procedure). This is an extremely powerful technique to let you run your code normally until the section you’re interested in job retail, is encountered. Breakpoints can be added by essay, moving to the line desired and pressing F9, clicking with the mouse on resume, the left border, or from the Debug menu. Multiple breakpoints can be added during your debugging session.
Breakpoints are temporary and are automatically removed when you close the database. Once you are in the debugger and stopped on a line whether it’s from selecting Debug from the crash menu or a breakpoint, you have the opportunity to english comparison see the “guts” of your program. Simply move your cursor over variables to see their current values. You can also use the job retail, Immediate Window or the other Watch windows to statemnet be described later to understand all the values. The debugger gives you a variety of techniques to step through your code. Run the resume, current line and go to comparison essay the next one. Used for a line that calls a procedure to run that procedure without going into it. Job Retail Resume. This is boxing introduction, a real time saver if you don’t care about the lines in job retail, the called procedure because you assume it works correctly. The command lets you run the a thesis, procedure (and any procedures it might call), and go to the next line in the calling procedure.
Run the current procedure and go to the line after the line that called the procedure. This is resume, basically a way to simplify the boxing essay introduction, debugging process by letting you skip the remainder of the current procedure once you realize you don’t need to step into job retail resume, it any more. This command lets you set the 2000 word how many pages, next statement as any line in the current procedure including lines you’ve already run. This is job retail, extremely powerful and quite amazing when you think about it. It’s particularly useful if you run though some code and comparison then decide you should repeat it because you missed something. It’s not always the same as the first run because variables might have changed, but if you understand the resume, situation, it lets you debug again without getting to word essay the same code or situation again. Sometimes you examine different procedures as you debug your code, so the Show Next Statement menu command makes it easy to go to the currently highlighted line. In addition to seeing which line of code runs and evaluating variables as you debug, there are several other views that help you diagnose your development environment: The call stack keeps track of the job retail, procedure calling chain so you can easily see how you got to the current procedure through all the other procedures. Retrieve it under View , Call Stack , or press CTRL+L.
From this dialog box, you can click any procedure and jump immediately to boxing essay it. Before analyzing the details of the current procedure, it might be more important to job retail resume understand how and why you got there since the problem might be there rather than in the current procedure. This is the 2000 word essay equals how many pages, most basic debugging area. You can use the Immediate Window whether your code is running or not. Open the Immediate Window by pressing CTRL+G or selecting it from the IDE menu under View . Job Retail Resume. The Immediate window lets you do the a thesis, following: Evaluate expressions unrelated to your code (for example, math equations) Evaluate variables or expressions in your code (for example, a current variable value) For items that return a value, use a question mark (the old Print command) followed by the expression, similar to the following example. Press ENTER to see the value.
If your code is currently running and stopped, you can use this method to evaluate the current value of a variable. You can also use it to launch a VB6/VBA function or your function with the parameters that you want. The Immediate Window runs the function, then shows its return value. If you want to resume run a sub, none of which return a value, do not include the ? and just type the subroutine name. Rather than examining variable values individually by typing them in the Immediate Window, you can see all the local variables by selecting Locals Window from the Views menu.
This displays the boxing, entire list of local variables and their current values. Local variables are variables defined in the current procedure and resume module declaration section. Notice how each array element is shown by expanding the treeview for 2000 equals how many that variable. You can modify the value held by job retail resume, a variable by clicking on the Value column and editing it. Statemnet. This is an alternative to job retail resume modifying values from the Immediate Window. The Watch Window is similar to the Locals Window, but you specify the usc application questions, variables you want to track. You can track variables across modules and procedures and keep them in your Watch Window to see their value no matter where the job retail resume, current line is.
The first step is to add a variable to the Watch Window by placing the english comparison essay, cursor in the variable that you want to resume track and selecting Debug , Add Watch to open the following dialog box. The current variable is added to the Expression section, and the current procedure and module added to the Context sections. Questions. If you click OK , this variable is added to the Watch Window and job retail resume you can see its value whenever you look at introduction, the Watch Window. What’s most powerful about adding watches is that in addition to variables, you can also add expressions, and options to break when the value changes. The latter is particularly powerful when you are having trouble determining why a particular situation arises in your application. Maybe a variable is set in multiple places and you can’t tell which instance is causing the value to change. By setting the Watch Type option, you can quickly stop when this occurs. This stops the debugger on the line immediately after the value of the variable/expression changes. This stops the debugger on the line immediately after the value of the variable/expression evaluates as True . Resume. This is useful if you want to word essay stop when a variable becomes a particular value rather than stopping every time it changes values.
For example, if you want the job retail resume, program to stop so that you can debug when the statemnet, variable reaches 500, type the following line of code in the Expression section. So far, we’ve explored ways to debug an Access application without changing any behavior with the program itself. We’ve added breakpoints or watches that cause the program to job retail stop, but after we close Access, the database will run normally without stopping. However, there are situations where you might want to statemnet have the program stop or behave differently while debugging. Some examples include adding:
Sometimes using the Immediate Window is insufficient for resume testing a function or procedure. Maybe you want to test it multiple times and don’t want to type it each time on the Immediate Window, or maybe the procedure call is too complex to use in the Immediate Window. A Thesis Statemnet. For example, if you are passing variables that get assigned values, that can’t be done from the Immediate Window. Similarly, the procedure you are testing might require calling lots of other procedures in advance to set up the environment before you can run it. In these cases, it’s easiest to create a procedure you only use for testing. This can be a real time saver if the code you are testing is buried deep in a process and resume you don’t want to run the whole program to get there. The Debug.Print statement lets you write output to essay questions the Immediate Window.
Insert this command into resume, sections of your code where you’d like to word essay know the value of certain variables, but would rather not stop the program to get it. For example, if you’re moving through a recordset and would like to know the job retail, values of a few fields as the processing occurs, you might have code similar to the following before the other processing of the record occurs. It’s not as good as stepping through each line, but maybe this is all you need initially to a thesis statemnet see if a particular routine is running properly before narrowing your search further. The Debug.Assert statement stops your code when the Boolean value passed to it evaluates to False . For example, if you add the resume, following code, the debugger stops when x is 5. The alternative to usc application essay using Debug.Assert is to job retail use a Stop statement inside an If clause.
The equivalent to the previous code is the following. Stop statements are rare but some developers like to add it to the end of Select Case statements for what should be an impossible branch. One could argue that during development and testing, if the value should not be one of the acceptable ones, the program should stop. That’s good, but if this technique is used, before deploying the word essay, final version, Stop statements should be eliminated. Far better to resume have an error arise and trap for that than a program simply stop for the end-user. The error handling examples shown so far only manage errors in the current procedure. In a more complex application, a more advanced error handling system should be used. A single (global) error handler should process unexpected errors and reveal information beyond the error number and description. This section will reveal how your error handler can document the following: The procedure name where the word essay, error occurred.
The procedure call stack to see how the job retail, procedure was invoked. The line number where the essay introduction, error occurred. Additionally, this information is job retail, written to a file on disk so you can keep a permanent record of the problem. Gathering this information can significantly reduce the effort required for identifying, replicating, and fixing your anomalies (bugs). Unfortunately, while Visual Basic 6.0 and VBA track the english essay, procedure call stack and let you examine it under the View , Call Stack menu item while debugging, this information is resume, not available to your code. The only way to generate this is to track it yourself. To do this, you need to keep your own Call Stack of procedure names by doing the following.
Adding a procedure call ( PushCallStack ) at the beginning of the procedure and passing the procedure name to add to pages the stack. Adding a procedure call ( PopCallStack ) to the end of each procedure to remove the procedure name from the stack. Since Visual Basic 6.0 and VBA do not have a current procedure name function, the procedure name needs to be explicitly added when the PushCallStack procedure is called. The following code example illustrates how each procedure should appear. Notice how the PushCallStack procedure is invoked at the beginning of the procedure with the name of the current procedure as a parameter. The PopCallStack is job retail, called at the end of the procedure to remove the current procedure name from the stack when the word essay pages, procedure completes successfully. Job Retail. If a problem occurs, the global error handler ( GloalErrHandler ) procedure is invoked.
In most cases, the global error handler will exit the program, but if for some reason it doesn’t the code is designed to exit this procedure. Avoid Exits before the End of the Procedure. For this process to work, procedures might not quit without going to the bottom of the a thesis, procedure. That is, you can’t have code such as “Exit Sub” or “Exit Function” in the middle of your procedure; otherwise, the job retail resume, PopDebugStack routine will not be invoked and the procedure name remains on the stack. An error module should contain your error handling routines. The declarations section should define some variables used by the routines similar to what kant the following code. Adds the current procedure to the call stack array. Resume. Needs to be called at the beginning of each procedure. Removes the current procedure from the call stack array. It needs to be called at the end of each procedure, similar to the following code. Track Line Numbers to Pinpoint the Location of a Crash.
After you know which procedure crashed, it is extremely valuable to know where the error occurred. Use the Erl function to find which line of code generated the error. Statemnet. In many cases, if you know the error and the exact line where it occurred, you can immediately understand the problem and fix it. For example, the following procedure uses a random function and will show you which line it fails on. Of course in a simple procedure, the line number does not offer much, but in a larger more complicated subroutine, knowing which line crashed can save considerable time and effort replicating and fixing the problem. Unfortunately, the error line feature is only available if you explicitly added line numbers to every line of code.
This is job retail, nearly impossible to usc application questions do manually for job retail resume all but the simplest databases. Use the Total Visual CodeTools program from comparison essay, FMS to do this. All procedures should call the global error handler when an error is encountered. From this procedure, you centralize your response to handling errors. At a minimum, you should provide a message to the user and record the error information to a file. This should include the following: How to resume notify you of the error (contact information such as phone number, fax, email). The error number and description. If you’ve implemented the Push/PopCallStack routines the current procedure name and call stack. If you’ve added line numbers to your code, the error line number. Any other information about Access, the Access workspace, operating system, memory, disk space, DLLs, where files are located, and so on that might be useful for usc application your diagnoses.
A more sophisticated response might include links to web site technical support pages and product update patches. Customize this to best serve your customers based on their abilities to job retail resume troubleshoot errors. In most cases, when the global error handler is completed, it should quit the program and exit. The following function returns the current procedure name. When an unexpected error occurs, you often need to cleanup the workspace in Access before showing the messages.
The following code is a simple routine that handles some basic tasks. Documenting Crashes to usc application questions a Text File. To write to a text file, simply use the Print # command. You need to determine the name of the text file and job retail which directory it should be placed. In general, we place the error.txt file in word essay equals how many pages, the same directory as the job retail, application database. However, you might want to put it in a shared network directory (such as where the linked data database is located) or a specific error location. A text file is the best option for storing error information. Other options such as writing the data to a table or sending an english comparison, email might fail in error situations (especially out of memory errors).
Writing to a text file is resume, quick, simple, and uses minimal resources so it’s almost always successful. Write Code to Prepare the Application. Most applications require some “clean-up” before they can be distributed. Resetting properties to word essay “default” values, emptying tables, copying objects, deleting temporary or test objects, incrementing version numbers, and job retail resume a variety of other steps might be necessary before you can deploy. English Comparison. Rather than manually performing these tasks, which is prone to error, this should be automated as much as possible. Write some code to take care of these chores, and run it when you make a new build. Disable or Eliminate Debugging Code. Before delivering your application, make sure that your debugging code is removed or disabled. Code such as Stop; Debug.Print; Debug.Assert; should be eliminated or put into job retail resume, sections that won’t be invoked. For your error handler to pinpoint the exact line where an error occurs, add line numbers to every line of code.
Obviously, this would be difficult to do manually. This is word essay, one of many features in FMS’s Total Visual CodeTools. To maintain your application over time and to job retail resume track changes by version, you need to document it. Introduction. Some of this can only be done manually, but automated tools can help you not only document your application, but also detect problems that would otherwise be very difficult to detect. FMS offers many of the leading tools in this area:
Access database documentation and analysis. Generates complete object and code cross-reference. Resume. Know where procedures and a thesis statemnet variables are used. Detects over 100 types of errors and suggestions including unused objects, unused code, procedures without error handling, procedures that should be private, and job retail much more. Code Builders to simplify writing code such as new procedures with custom error handling, SQL string converters, and more. The Code Cleanup feature standardizes code indentations, adds comments and error handling, sorts procedures, and so on. Equals. It also adds line numbers to your code.
Separately, FMS also offers source code libraries that eliminate the need to write a lot of code from scratch. Lots of professionally written, tested, and documented code that you can use royalty-free. Add your own code into the system’s sophisticated code repository to easily share code among your development team. FMS also offers related tools for Visual Studio .NET and SQL Server developers. Hopefully, the tips and techniques presented here will help you create better Access and Visual Basic 6.0 applications faster. Access and job retail resume Visual Basic 6.0 offer extremely powerful and flexible debugging tools and you should take advantage of them to 2000 equals minimize the time between discovering an job retail, error and fixing it. With the proper error handling methodology and delivery preparation with line numbers, you can also debug and fix errors in deployed applications. Happy application developing! For more information, see the essay, following resources: Luke Chung founded FMS, Inc., in 1986 to provide custom database solutions.
He has directed the job retail, company’s product development and consulting services efforts as the pages, database industry evolved. In addition to being a primary author and designer of many FMS commercial products, Luke has personally provided consulting services to a wide range of clients. A recognized database expert and highly regarded authority in the Microsoft Access developer community, Luke was featured by Microsoft as an Access Hero during the Access 10-year anniversary celebration. Luke is a popular speaker at conferences in the US and job retail resume Europe, and has published many articles in word essay, industry magazines. He is resume, a past president of the Washington, DC chapter of the Entrepreneurs Organization (EO Network), serves on the Fairfax County School Superintendent's Community Advisory Council, and is a graduate of Harvard University with Bachelor and Master Degrees in Engineering and Applied Sciences.